Australian New Crops Web Site 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Keywords Index
Un..

Short-cuts to the most frequent Keywords which start with the letters, above:
[Uncertainty]  [understorey]  [Understorey vegetation]  [understory]  [Understory plants]  [Understory species]  [Understory vegetation]  [Uneven-aged management]  [Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau]  [uniconazole]  [United Kingdom]  [United States]  [universal primers]  [University of Rome]  [unpredictable cold waves]  [unsaturated fatty acids]

Find Keyword, Choose Species:
(keywords in left column; number of species associated in some way with the keyword in central column; species in right column, with occurrences in brackets)

un

6

Cannabis_sativa (1), Citrullus_lanatus (1), Glycine_max (1), Nicotiana_tabacum (1), Phaseolus_vulgaris (1), Trifolium_subterraneum (1)

UN Convention on Biological Diversity

4

Corymbia_peltata (3), Endiandra_anthropophagorum (2), Hovea_parvicalyx (2), Narcissus_spp (2)

UN/ECE ICP-Forests Intercalibration Course

12

Ailanthus_altissima (1), Clematis_vitalba (1), Crataegus_monogyna (1), Fraxinus_excelsior (1), Laburnum_alpinum (1), Prunus_serotina (1), Ribes_alpinum (1), Salix_alba (1), Tilia_cordata (1), Tilia_platyphyllos (1), Viburnum_lantana (1), Viburnum_opulus (1)

un3 gene

1

Avena_sativa (1)

un6 gene

1

Avena_sativa (1)

un8 gene

1

Avena_sativa (1)

Una de gato

1

Capsicum_annuum (1)

Uña de gato

3

Banisteriopsis_caapi (1), Urera_baccifera (1), Valeriana_officinalis (1)

unacceptable dietary risk

1

Lantana_camara (1)

unaccounted fertilizer nitrogen

1

Brassica_oleracea (1)

Unaerated tea

5

Camellia_sinensis (2), Galax_urceolata (2), Solanum_melongena (2), Vaccinium_macrocarpon (2), Vaccinium_myrtillus (2)

Unaltered soil samples

2

Brachypodium_retusum (1), Juniperus_oxycedrus (1)

Unani

83

Crocus_sativus (5), Cinnamomum_zeylanicum (4), Aquilaria_agallocha (3), Cinnamomum_tamala (3), Citrus_medica (3), Cydonia_oblonga (3), Elettaria_cardamomum (3), Punica_granatum (3), Terminalia_chebula (3), Acacia_arabica (2), Ageratum_conyzoides (2), Allium_sativum (2), Allium_sativum (2), Aloe_barbadensis (2), Apium_graveolens (2), Argyreia_speciosa (2), Asarum_europaeum (2), Asparagus_racemosus (2), Azadirachta_indica (2), Berberis_aristata (2), Boerhavia_diffusa (2), Borago_officinalis (2), Boswellia_serrata (2), Cassia_occidentalis (2), Cassytha_filiformis (2), Cichorium_intybus (2), Coccinia_grandis (2), Commiphora_opobalsamum (2), Cuscuta_reflexa (2), Cymbopogon_jwarancusa (2), Desmodium_gangeticum (2), Emblica_officinalis (2), Eugenia_jambolana (2), Ficus_benghalensis (2), Ficus_glomerata (2), Ficus_infectoria (2), Ficus_religiosa (2), Glycyrrhiza_glabra (2), Mimusops_elengi (2), Panax_ginseng (2), Phyllanthus_emblica (2), Piper_longum (2), Piper_nigrum (2), Pisonia_aculeata (2), Pistacia_lentiscus (2), Prosopis_spicigera (2), Psidium_guajava (2), Rosa_damascena (2), Santalum_album (2), Solanum_nigrum (2), Syzygium_aromaticum (2), Tamarindus_indica (2), Terminalia_arjuna (2), Withania_somnifera (2), Zingiber_officinale (2), Aegle_marmelos (1), Aloysia_triphylla (1), Althaea_officinalis (1), Cercis_siliquastrum (1), Curcuma_longa (1), Cymbopogon_citratus (1)Elaeagnus_angustifolia (1), Equisetum_arvense (1), Equisetum_telmateia (1), Hibiscus_sabdariffa (1), Hygrophila_spinosa (1), Hyssopus_officinalis (1), Launaea_intybacea (1), Malus_pumila (1), Matricaria_recutita (1), Mentha_longifolia (1), Mentha_spicata (1), Momordica_dioica (1), Orthosiphon_stamineus (1), Paronychia_argentea (1), Rheum_emodi (1), Rosa_gallica (1), Rubia_cordifolia (1), Salvia_fruticosa (1), Sambucus_nigra (1), Spartium_junceum (1), Spondias_pinnata (1), Syzygium (1)

Unani medicine

60

Crocus_sativus (4), Curcuma_longa (3), Emblica_officinalis (3), Piper_nigrum (3), Acanthus_ilicifolius (2), Aerva_lanata (2), Allium_cepa (2), Aloe_barbadensis (2), Apium_graveolens (2), Aquilaria_agallocha (2), Asparagus_racemosus (2), Bruguiera_sexangula (2), Camellia_sinensis (2), Cardiospermum_halicacabum (2), Careya_arborea (2), Cassia_occidentalis (2), Cichorium_intybus (2), Cuscuta_reflexa (2), Foeniculum_vulgare (2), Glycyrrhiza_glabra (2), Momordica_charantia (2), Nigella_sativa (2), Phyllanthus_niruri (2), Plantago_major (2), Prunus_amygdalus (2), Rheum_emodi (2), Rosa_damascena (2), Rubia_cordifolia (2), Solanum_nigrum (2), Solanum_xanthocarpum (2), Syzygium (2), Tamarix_dioica (2), Acacia_arabica (1), Adiantum_capillus-veneris (1), Aegiceras_majus (1), Allium_sativum (1), Allium_sativum (1), Anacyclus_pyrethrum (1), Avicennia_africana (1), Avicennia_officinalis (1), Cassia_fistula (1), Cinnamomum_tamala (1), Cinnamomum_zeylanicum (1), Citrus_medica (1), Cydonia_oblonga (1), Daucus_carota (1), Dorema_ammoniacum (1), Elettaria_cardamomum (1), Eleusine_coracana (1), Hibiscus_sabdariffa (1), Madhuca_indica (1), Malus_pumila (1), Myristica_fragrans (1), Paronychia_argentea (1), Punica_granatum (1), Rhizophora_mucronata (1), Syzygium_aromaticum (1), Trianthema_portulacastrum (1), Vitex_negundo (1), Withania_somnifera (1)

unani medicine in Indo–Pakistan subcontinent

2

Artemisia_annua (1), Boswellia_serrata (1)

Unani System of medicine

4

Allium_sativum (1), Allium_sativum (1), Curcuma_longa (1), Terminalia_arjuna (1)

Un-approved GEM

4

Agrostis_stolonifera (2), Arabidopsis_thaliana (2), Brassica_rapa (2), Zea_mays (1)

Unapproved GMO

5

Amaranthus_caudatus (2), Brassica_rapa (2), Carthamus_tinctorius (2), Brassica_napus (1), Zea_mays (1)

Un-approved GMO

4

Agrostis_stolonifera (2), Arabidopsis_thaliana (2), Brassica_rapa (2), Zea_mays (1)

Unapproved indications

1

Amanita_phalloides (5)

unapproved transgenic rice lines

1

Oryza_sativa (1)

Unaspis citri

1

Citrus_paradisi (2)

Unaspis euonymi

10

Euonymus_fortunei (9), Euonymus_japonicus (6), Euphorbia_epithymoides (2), Coreopsis_verticillata (1), Cucurbita_moschata (1), Euonymus_kiautschovicus (1), Iberis_umbellata (1), Pachysandra_terminalis (1), Phacelia_tanacetifolia (1), Solidago_canadensis (1)

Unaspis yanonensis

5

Citrus_grandis (1), Citrus_limon (1), Citrus_reticulata (1), Citrus_tachibana (1), Fortunella_japonica (1)

unassigned viruses

1

Elaeis_guineensis (1)

unattenuated plane sound waves - studied in acoustics

1

Cocos_nucifera (1)

unauthorised GMO

1

Zea_mays (1)

Unavailable carbohydrates

8

Ananas_comosus (1), Araucaria_angustifolia (1), Cicer_arietinum (1), Musa_acuminata (1), Musa_paradisiaca (1), Phaseolus_vulgaris (1), Pisum_sativum (1), Zea_mays (1)

unavailable protein

2

Laminaria_japonica (1), Undaria_pinnatifida (1)

Unavailable water

1

Cotoneaster_dammeri (1)

Unawareness

3

Lecanographa_hypothallina (1), Lobelia_frutescens (1), Mezonevron_hymenocarpum (1)

unbaited traps

1

Pseudotsuga_menziesii (1)

Unbalance and Excess Of Amino Acids

2

Phaseolus_vulgaris (1), Ribes_nigrum (1)

Unbalanced data

1

Iris_virginica (1)

Unbalanced diets

1

Helianthus_annuus (1)

Unbalanced magnetron sputtering

3

Artemisia_dracunculus (1), Origanum_majorana (1), Satureja_hortensis (1)

unbalanced male contribution

1

Abies_nordmanniana (1)

Unbalanced structure

3

Acacia_tortilis (1), Celtis_africana (1), Ficus_thonningii (1)

unbiased estimates

2

Oryza_sativa (1), Pinus_sylvestris (1)

Unbiased estimating equation

1

Populus_balsamifera (1)

unbiased estimator

1

Zea_mays (1)

Unbiased estimators

1

Pinus_palustris (1)

Unbiased profiling

3

Hevea_brasiliensis (1), Lobelia_anceps (1), Zea_mays (1)

unbiased rogers distance

1

Elaeis_guineensis (1)

unbound bilirubin

1

Artemisia_scoparia (1)

unbound docking

2

Triticum_aestivum (2), Erythrina_caffra (1)

Unbounded distributed delays

3

Lecanographa_hypothallina (1), Lobelia_frutescens (1), Mezonevron_hymenocarpum (1)

Unbounded domain

1

Rosa_x (2)

Unbounded domains

1

Rosa_x (3)

unbound-unbound docking

1

Triticum_aestivum (1)

unbranched mutant

1

Hyoscyamus_niger (1)

unbranched olefinic hydrocarbons

1

Spilanthes_oleracea (1)

unbranched plants

1

Ricinus_communis (1)

unbranched shoots support

1

Larix_decidua (1)

UNBS1450

7

Calotropis_procera (4), Antiaris_toxicaria (1), Calotropis_gigantea (1), Carica_papaya (1), Digitalis_lanata (1), Nerium_oleander (1), Taraxacum_officinale (1)

Unburied paleosols

1

Shorea_robusta (1)

unburned carbon

1

Jatropha_curcas (1)

Unburned carbons

1

Eucalyptus_globulus (2)

Unburned patches

6

Abies_magnifica (2), Pinus_nigra (2), Picea_mariana (1), Pinus_banksiana (1), Pinus_halepensis (1), Populus_tremuloides (1)

Unburnt bush fallow

1

Colocasia_esculenta (1)

unburnt Mediterranean vegetation

1

Cistus_monspeliensis (1)

unburnt patch

1

Cenchrus_ciliaris (1)

Unburnt residues [UR)

2

Parthenium_hysterophorus (1), Prunus_domestica (1)

UNC-40/Frazzled

1

Triticum_aestivum (1)

unc-49

2

Amanita_muscaria (2), Camellia_japonica (2)

UNC-6/Netrin

1

Triticum_aestivum (1)

unc-85

1

Arabidopsis_thaliana (1)

uncaged lizard populations, in desert habitats - competition, strongly episodic

4

Lemna_gibba (1), Lythrum_salicaria (1), Pinus_taeda (1), Salvinia_natans (1)

Uncaging

1

Carica_papaya (1)

Uncanopied subhabitat

8

Acacia_erioloba (1), Acacia_erubescens (1), Acacia_hebeclada (1), Acacia_karroo (1), Acacia_mellifera (1), Acacia_tortilis (1), Colophospermum_mopane (1), Grewia_flava (1)

Uncapping

1

Zea_mays (1)

uncarbonized seeds

1

Chenopodium_sp. (1)

Uncarina spp.

6

Carphochaete_bigelovii (1), Erigeron_annuus (1), Marchantia_polymorpha (1), Pedalium_murex (1), Salvia_plebeia (1), Sesamum_indicum (1)

Uncarine E

2

Cephalanthus_occidentalis (1), Uncaria_ferrea (1)

Uncarines

1

Uncaria_lanosa (1)

Uncased tobacco

1

Nicotiana_tabacum (2)

UNCCD

2

Acacia_mellifera (3), Striga_asiatica (3)

uncensored data sets

2

Desmodium_heterocarpon (1), Desmodium_ovalifolium (1)

unceratinty

3

Lecanographa_hypothallina (1), Lobelia_frutescens (1), Mezonevron_hymenocarpum (1)

uncertain origin

2

Halophila_ovalis (1), Phragmites_australis (1)

Uncertain outcomes

2

Cladium_mariscus (3), Crataegus_monogyna (2)

Uncertain population

3

Caulerpa_taxifolia (1), Miconia_calvescens (1), Tamarix_ramosissima (1)

uncertain reasoning

1

Gleditsia_triacanthos (1)

Uncertainties

18

Fagus_sylvatica (4), Picea_abies (4), Pinus_sylvestris (4), Avena_barbata (3), Eriophorum_vaginatum (3), Arabidopsis_thaliana (2), Brassica_napus (2), Kobresia_myosuroides (2), Littorella_uniflora (2), Lupinus_albus (2), Moricandia_arvensis (2), Pinus_contorta (2), Pinus_pinaster (2), Allium_porrum (1), Buxbaumia_viridis (1), Prunus_avium (1), Triticum_aestivum (1), Zea_mays (1)

uncertainties in model estimates

3

Picea_abies (1), Pinus_contorta (1), Pinus_sylvestris (1)

Uncertainty

372

Zea_mays (25), Triticum_aestivum (19), Pinus_sylvestris (18), Glycine_max (11), Oryza_sativa (11), Abies_lasiocarpa (7), Acer_saccharum (7), Fagus_sylvatica (7), Picea_abies (7), Pinus_taeda (7), Abies_concolor (6), Betula_pendula (6), Calluna_vulgaris (6), Pinus_ponderosa (6), Pseudotsuga_menziesii (6), Solanum_tuberosum (6), Betula_pubescens (5), Epacris_grandis (5), Picea_glauca (5), Pinus_resinosa (5), Abies_balsamea (4), Abies_magnifica (4), Betula_papyrifera (4), Bromus_tectorum (4), Calocedrus_decurrens (4), Caulerpa_taxifolia (4), Cunninghamia_lanceolata (4), Erica_tetralix (4), Phalaris_arundinacea (4), Quercus_robur (4), Abies_amabilis (3), Acer_macrophyllum (3), Albizia_lebbeck (3), Arbutus_menziesii (3), Bertholletia_excelsa (3), Beta_vulgaris (3), Ceratophyllum_demersum (3), Cryptomeria_japonica (3), Curcuma_longa (3), Eucalyptus_globulus (3), Faidherbia_albida (3), Gliricidia_sepium (3), Hordeum_marinum (3), Juncus_effusus (3), Paspalum_distichum (3), Phragmites_australis (3), Pinus_contorta (3), Pinus_lambertiana (3), Pinus_nigra (3), Populus_balsamifera (3), Quercus_ilex (3), Thuja_plicata (3), Vallisneria_spiralis (3), Abies_grandis (2), Abies_procera (2), Acer_pseudoplatanus (2), Adenostoma_fasciculatum (2), Alnus_rubra (2), Alnus_tenuifolia (2), Alopecurus_myosuroides (2), Aquilaria_malaccensis (2)Araucaria_araucana (2), Arundinella_hirta (2), Arundo_donax (2), Avena_sativa (2), Blechnum_occidentale (2), Boswellia_papyrifera (2), Buddleja_davidii (2), Buxus_sempervirens (2), Calamagrostis_canadensis (2), Campylopus_introflexus (2), Caragana_microphylla (2), Cardamine_hirsuta (2), Castanea_dentata (2), Casuarina_equisetifolia (2), Casuarina_obesa (2), Ceanothus_verrucosus (2), Cladophora_prolifera (2), Cucumis_melo (2), Cynodon_dactylon (2), Deschampsia_cespitosa (2), Digitaria_sanguinalis (2), Draba_oligosperma (2), Echinacea_angustifolia (2), Epacris_acuminata (2), Epacris_apsleyensis (2),

……….to see all species listed for this Keyword please click here

Uncertainty analysis

63

Zea_mays (6), Eucalyptus_globulus (4), Bromus_inermis (3), Fagus_sylvatica (2), Picea_abies (2), Picea_mariana (2), Picea_sitchensis (2), Pinus_banksiana (2), Sorghum_bicolor (2), Abies_alba (1), Acacia_aneura (1), Acacia_harpophylla (1), Achnatherum_hymenoides (1), Alnus_rubra (1), Ambrosia_dumosa (1), Atriplex_vesicaria (1), Banksia_marginata (1), Banksia_ornata (1), Betula_pendula (1), Betula_platyphylla (1), Carduus_nutans (1), Carpinus_betulus (1), Carpinus_caroliniana (1), Casuarina_pusilla (1), Cryptolepis_bifida (1), Cryptomeria_japonica (1), Cunninghamia_lanceolata (1), Elaeis_guineensis (1), Eragrostis_eriopoda (1), Eremophila_gilesii (1), Eucalyptus_grandis (1), Eucalyptus_nitens (1), Eucalyptus_obliqua (1), Eucalyptus_pauciflora (1), Eucalyptus_sieberi (1), Eucalyptus_urophylla (1), Fragaria_vesca (1), Juniperus_ashei (1), Nothofagus_cunninghamii (1), Oryza_sativa (1), Pinus_contorta (1), Pinus_massoniana (1), Pinus_nigra (1), Pinus_ponderosa (1), Pinus_pumila (1), Pinus_radiata (1), Pinus_resinosa (1), Pinus_taeda (1), Posidonia_oceanica (1), Potamogeton_pectinatus (1), Primula_veris (1), Prunus_amygdalus (1), Purshia_tridentata (1), Quercus_buckleyi (1), Quercus_fusiformis (1), Quercus_petraea (1), Quercus_serrata (1), Saccharum_officinarum (1), Salix_caprea (1), Schizachyrium_scoparium (1), Solanum_tuberosum (1)Spartina_alterniflora (1), Ulex_europaeus (1)

uncertainty analysis)

3

Panicum_virgatum (1), Quercus_virginiana (1), Sorghastrum_nutans (1)

Uncertainty assessment

5

Abies_alba (2), Fagus_sylvatica (1), Larix_decidua (1), Picea_abies (1), Quercus_robur (1)

Uncertainty awareness

1

Avena_sativa (2)

uncertainty cascade, the climate change premise

1

Torreya_taxifolia (1)

Uncertainty coefficient

1

Abies_lasiocarpa (1)

uncertainty coping

2

Populus_deltoides (1), Populus_nigra (1)

Uncertainty discount

1

Carthamus_tinctorius (1)

Uncertainty estimation

12

Acacia_caven (3), Acacia_salicina (3), Acacia_saligna (3), Eucalyptus_occidentalis (3), Acacia_melanoxylon (2), Avena_sativa (2), Leucaena_leucocephala (2), Prosopis_glandulosa (2), Prunus_avium (2), Taxodium_distichum (2), Picea_abies (1), Quercus_robur (1)

Uncertainty estimations

5

Secale_cereale (2), Trifolium_pratense (2), Vicia_faba (2), Brassica_napus (1), Triticum_aestivum (1)

Uncertainty factor

18

Abutilon_theophrasti (2), Bellis_perennis (2), Polygonum_convolvulus (2), Prunella_vulgaris (2), Centaurea_cyanus (1), Cerastium_arvense (1), Chrysanthemum_leucanthemum (1), Convolvulus_arvensis (1), Epipactis_helleborine (1), Geum_canadense (1), Inula_helenium (1), Ipomoea_hederacea (1), Lycopus_americanus (1), Oryza_sativa (1), Rudbeckia_hirta (1), Rumex_crispus (1), Solidago_canadensis (1), Triticum_aestivum (1)

uncertainty intervals

2

Erica_tetralix (1), Pinus_nigra (1)

uncertainty level in richness predictions

4

Abies_balsamea (1), Larix_laricina (1), Pinus_banksiana (1), Populus_balsamifera (1)

Uncertainty modelling

1

Alopecurus_myosuroides (1)

uncertainty principle

5

Acer_rubrum (1), Quercus_ellipsoidalis (1), Rubus_allegheniensis (1), Solidago_altissima (1), Solidago_missouriensis (1)

Uncertainty regions

1

Hylococcus_sericeus (1)

uncertainty, around climate change effect on ecosystem

1

Torreya_taxifolia (1)

Uncertainty, randomness and symbolic data

2

Amanita_muscaria (1), Amanita_phalloides (1)

Uncertainty/sensitivity

1

Brassica_chinensis (1)

uncharged tRNA

1

Oryza_sativa (1)

Uncinacarpan

5

Armillaria_mellea (1), Desmodium_intortum (1), Desmodium_uncinatum (1), Juniperus_chinensis (1), Striga_hermonthica (1)

Uncinanone A, B And C

7

Desmodium_canum (1), Desmodium_uncinatum (1), Orobanche_minor (1), Sophora_tetraptera (1), Striga_asiatica (1), Striga_gesnerioides (1), Striga_hermonthica (1)

Uncinanone D

5

Armillaria_mellea (1), Desmodium_intortum (1), Desmodium_uncinatum (1), Juniperus_chinensis (1), Striga_hermonthica (1)

Uncinanone E

5

Armillaria_mellea (1), Desmodium_intortum (1), Desmodium_uncinatum (1), Juniperus_chinensis (1), Striga_hermonthica (1)

Uncinaria stenocephala

2

Parmelia_sulcata (1), Platismatia_glauca (1)

uncinatine

1

Consolida_ambigua (1)

uncinine

1

Artabotrys_hexapetalus (1)

unclassified fungicides

1

Triticum_aestivum (1)

unclassified herbicides

18

Abutilon_theophrasti (3), Zea_mays (3), Raphanus_sativus (2), Saccharum_officinarum (2), Amaranthus_retroflexus (1), Chenopodium_album (1), Cyperus_esculentus (1), Echinochloa_frumentacea (1), Glycine_max (1), Gossypium_hirsutum (1), Jacquemontia_tamnifolia (1), Lemna_minor (1), Lemna_paucicostata (1), Pennisetum_setaceum (1), Senna_occidentalis (1), Setaria_faberi (1), Spinacia_oleracea (1), Triticum_aestivum (1)

unclassified insecticides

7

Beta_vulgaris (2), Agrostis_palustris (1), Agrostis_stolonifera (1), Festuca_arundinacea (1), Gossypium_hirsutum (1), Oryza_sativa (1), Triticum_aestivum (1)

unclassified plant viruses

20

Nicotiana_tabacum (3), Avena_sativa (2), Olea_europaea (2), Triticum_aestivum (2), Zea_mays (2), Allium_ascalonicum (1), Allium_cepa (1), Allium_porrum (1), Allium_sativum (1), Allium_sativum (1), Beta_vulgaris (1), Commelina_diffusa (1), Cucumis_melo (1), Ipomoea_batatas (1), Musa_paradisiaca (1), Oryza_sativa (1), Pennisetum_purpureum (1), Prunus_persica (1), Saccharum_officinarum (1), Sesbania_grandiflora (1)

unclassified remote-sensing imagery

3

Acer_macrophyllum (1), Alnus_rubra (1), Arbutus_menziesii (1)

unclear mycorrhizal or parasitic relationship

1

Picea_mariana (1)

unclonable sequence

1

Spinacia_oleracea (1)

uncoated specimens

1

Tropaeolum_majus (1)

Uncoating ATPase

2

Bauhinia_forficata (1), Sinapis_alba (1)

uncollapsed green fibers

1

Gossypium_hirsutum (1)

Uncommon causes

1

Averrhoa_carambola (2)

uncommon fatty acids

23

Aloe_arborescens (1), Ammi_majus (1), Ammi_visnaga (1), Arachis_hypogaea (1), Borago_officinalis (1), Cannabis_sativa (1), Cassia_acutifolia (1), Cassia_angustifolia (1), Cassia_senna (1), Cicuta_virosa (1), Echinacea_angustifolia (1), Echinacea_purpurea (1), Falcaria_vulgaris (1), Hedera_helix (1), Lunularia_cruciata (1), Panax_ginseng (1), Rhus_radicans (1), Ricinus_communis (1), Sterculia_foetida (1), Stokesia_laevis (1), Toxicodendron_radicans (1), Vernonia_galamensis (1), Vicia_faba (1)

Uncompetitive

2

Asparagus_officinalis (1), Cichorium_intybus (1)

uncompetitive inhibition

5

Petroselinum_hortense (1), Spinacia_oleracea (1), Stellaria_media (1), Triticum_aestivum (1), Zea_mays (1)

Uncompetitive inhibitor

3

Macaranga_tanarius (1), Morus_alba (1), Syagrus_romanzoffiana (1)

Uncomplicated malaria

2

Argemone_mexicana (1), Artemisia_annua (1)

uncomplicated upper respiratory diseases

3

Andrographis_paniculata (1), Echinacea_purpurea (1), Eleutherococcus_senticosus (1)

unconditional and conditional variances

3

Aegilops_cylindrica (1), Gossypium_barbadense (1), Gossypium_hirsutum (1)

unconditional genetic variance

1

Oryza_sativa (1)

unconditional QTL

4

Arabidopsis_thaliana (2), Glycine_max (2), Oryza_sativa (2), Phaseolus_vulgaris (1)

unconditional QTL mapping

2

Oryza_sativa (2), Zizania_palustris (2)

unconditional response

1

Phaseolus_vulgaris (1)

unconditional stimulus

1

Phaseolus_vulgaris (1)

Unconditioned and conditioned responses

1

Phaseolus_vulgaris (1)

unconditioned fear

1

Phaseolus_vulgaris (1)

Unconfined aquifer

87

Acacia_mangium (2), Acer_rubrum (2), Amelanchier_canadensis (2), Amphicarpum_purshii (2), Aronia_arbutifolia (2), Betula_populifolia (2), Brasenia_schreberi (2), Carex_striata (2), Cephalanthus_occidentalis (2), Chamaecyparis_thyoides (2), Chamaedaphne_calyculata (2), Cladium_mariscoides (2), Clethra_alnifolia (2), Cyperus_dentatus (2), Eucalyptus_urophylla (2), Panicum_verrucosum (2), Panicum_virgatum (2), Pinus_nigra (2), Pinus_rigida (2), Proserpinaca_pectinata (2), Prosopis_velutina (2), Rhexia_virginica (2), Rhododendron_viscosum (2), Rhynchospora_alba (2), Rhynchospora_fusca (2), Rhynchospora_inundata (2), Sarcobatus_vermiculatus (2), Sassafras_albidum (2), Scirpus_cyperinus (2), Scirpus_longii (2), Scleria_reticularis (2), Smilax_rotundifolia (2), Sphagnum_angermanicum (2), Sphagnum_bartlettianum (2), Sphagnum_cuspidatum (2), Sphagnum_flavicomans (2), Sphagnum_henryense (2), Sphagnum_macrophyllum (2), Sphagnum_magellanicum (2), Sphagnum_palustre (2), Sphagnum_papillosum (2), Sphagnum_pulchrum (2), Sphagnum_recurvum (2), Sphagnum_tenerum (2), Tamarix_chinensis (2), Triadenum_virginicum (2), Utricularia_geminiscapa (2), Utricularia_subulata (2), Vaccinium_corymbosum (2), Vaccinium_macrocarpon (2), Woodwardia_virginica (2), Xyris_difformis (2), Xyris_smalliana (2), Decodon_verticillatus (1), Dichanthelium_hirstii (1), Drosera_filiformis (1), Drosera_intermedia (1), Dulichium_arundinaceum (1), Eleocharis_flavescens (1), Eleocharis_microcarpa (1), Eleocharis_robbinsii (1)Eleocharis_tricostata (1), Eriocaulon_aquaticum (1), Eriocaulon_compressum (1), Eubotrys_racemosa (1), Eucalyptus_globulus (1), Eucalyptus_grandis (1), Fimbristylis_autumnalis (1), Gaultheria_procumbens (1), Gaylussacia_baccata (1), Gaylussacia_dumosa (1), Gaylussacia_frondosa (1), Hypericum_canadense (1), Ilex_glabra (1), Juncus_militaris (1), Juncus_pelocarpus (1), Kalmia_angustifolia (1), Lyonia_ligustrina (1), Lyonia_mariana (1), Nymphaea_odorata (1), Nymphoides_cordata (1), Nyssa_sylvatica (1), Orontium_aquaticum (1), Pinus_radiata (1), Pinus_sylvestris (1), Rauvolfia_serpentina (1), Vaccinium_vitis-idaea (1)

unconfined Chalk aquifer

10

Carex_nigra (2), Carex_rostrata (2), Cirsium_palustre (2), Cladium_mariscus (2), Eleocharis_sphacelata (2), Hydrocharis_morsus-ranae (2), Juncus_subnodulosus (2), Schoenus_nigricans (2), Molinia_caerulea (1), Phragmites_australis (1)

Unconfined esker aquifer

2

Pinus_sylvestris (2), Vaccinium_vitis-idaea (2)

Unconfined layer

9

Ammophila_arenaria (1), Asparagus_aphyllus (1), Calluna_vulgaris (1), Cynodon_dactylon (1), Eleocharis_palustris (1), Juniperus_phoenicea (1), Lavandula_stoechas (1), Mentha_pulegium (1), Myrtus_communis (1)

Unconnected disciplines

8

Butea_monosperma (1), Cissus_quadrangularis (1), Emblica_officinalis (1), Ginko_biloba (1), Nigella_sativa (1), Petasites_japonicus (1), Rheum_undulatum (1), Semecarpus_anacardium (1)

Unconscious selection

10

Echium_pininana (3), Gentiana_lutea (3), Cynoglossum_officinale (2), Metasequoia_glyptostroboides (2), Primula_veris (2), Sabatia_angularis (2), Sinapis_alba (1), Triticum_aestivum (1), Vitellaria_paradoxa (1), Zea_mays (1)

Unconstrained ordination

17

Agrostis_capillaris (1), Aira_praecox (1), Arenaria_serpyllifolia (1), Campylopus_introflexus (1), Carex_arenaria (1), Cerastium_fontanum (1), Ceratodon_purpureus (1), Chamerion_angustifolium (1), Dicranum_scoparium (1), Festuca_ovina (1), Galium_saxatile (1), Hypnum_cupressiforme (1), Polytrichum_commune (1), Rhytidiadelphus_squarrosus (1), Rubus_fruticosus (1), Rumex_acetosella (1), Senecio_jacobaea (1)

Unconstrained stream reach

3

Acer_macrophyllum (1), Alnus_rubra (1), Thuja_plicata (1)

uncontaminated soils

1

Triticum_aestivum (1)

uncontrolled atmosphere storage

1

Theobroma_cacao (2)

uncontrolled gene spread

1

Triticum_aestivum (1)

uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock

1

Polygonum_cuspidatum (2)

Uncontrolled hypertension

2

Allium_sativum (2), Allium_sativum (2)

Unconventional

64

Adansonia_digitata (2), Bactris_gasipaes (2), Bassia_butyracea (2), Bauhinia_monandra (2), Butyrospermum_paradoxum (2), Caesalpinia_pulcherrima (2), Cajanus_cajan (2), Capsicum_frutescens (2), Chrysophyllum_albidum (2), Citrullus_lanatus (2), Citrullus_vulgaris (2), Coriandrum_sativum (2), Cressa_cretica (2), Cucumeropsis_edulis (2), Cucumeropsis_mannii (2), Cucumis_melo (2), Cucurbita_moschata (2), Cucurbita_pepo (2), Cymbopogon_citratus (2), Cyperus_esculentus (2), Dacryodes_edulis (2), Azadirachta_indica (1), Brassica_oleracea (1), Calophyllum_inophyllum (1), Citrus_sinensis (1), Garcinia_indica (1), Garcinia_kola (1), Garcinia_mangostana (1), Gingko_biloba (1), Glycine_max (1), Guizotia_abyssinica (1), Hevea_brasiliensis (1), Hibiscus_esculentus (1), Hura_crepitans (1), Inga_edulis (1), Lagenaria_siceraria (1), Luffa_acutangula (1), Lupinus_montanus (1), Madhuca_longifolia (1), Mangifera_indica (1), Monodora_myristica (1), Moringa_oleifera (1), Myrtus_communis (1), Nigella_sativa (1), Olea_cuspidata (1), Opuntia_ficus-indica (1), Pachira_aquatica (1), Pentaclethra_macrophylla (1), Persea_americana (1), Phaseolus_lunatus (1), Physcomitrella_patens (1), Prosopis_africana (1), Punica_granatum (1), Rosa_canina (1), Sclerocarya_birrea (1), Solanum_melongena (1), Solanum_nigrum (1), Sphenostylis_stenocarpa (1), Tamarindus_indica (1), Telfairia_occidentalis (1), Terminalia_catappa (1)Vateria_indica (1), Vitellaria_paradoxa (1), Zizyphus_mauritiana (1)

unconventional crops

6

Cannabis_sativa (1), Crambe_abyssinica (1), Glycine_max (1), Phaseolus_vulgaris (1), Securigera_varia (1), Taraxacum_kok-saghyz (1)

unconventional drugs

6

Arctium_lappa (1), Panax_ginseng (1), Rheum_palmatum (1), Rumex_acetosella (1), Ulmus_fulva (1), Viscum_album (1)

unconventional farm enterprises

1

Prunus_dulcis (1)

Unconventional feed

1

Azadirachta_indica (1)

Unconventional food-items

1

Gmelina_arborea (1)

unconventional foods

1

Colocasia_esculenta (1)

Unconventional forages

2

Carthamus_tinctorius (1), Cichorium_intybus (1)

Unconventional germplasm evaluation

7

Lathyrus_ochrus (1), Lathyrus_sativus (1), Vicia_ervilia (1), Vicia_narbonensis (1), Vicia_pannonica (1), Vicia_sativa (1), Vicia_villosa (1)

unconventional G-proteins

1

Arabidopsis_thaliana (1)

unconventional medicine

10

Gingko_biloba (2), Ginkgo_biloba (2), Anthemis_nobilis (1), Arctium_lappa (1), Citrus_hystrix (1), Ecballium_elaterium (1), Echinacea_angustifolia (1), Inula_helenium (1), Tagetes_patula (1), Withania_somnifera (1)

unconventional natural sources

9

Actinidia_polygama (1), Artemisia_absinthium (1), Boschniakia_rossica (1), Citrus_x (1), Ledum_palustre (1), Melilotus_alba (1), Myrica_gale (1), Myristica_fragrans (1), Nepeta_cataria (1)

unconventional oil seeds

1

Citrullus_colocynthis (1)

Unconventional oils

7

Amaranthus_cruentus (1), Amaranthus_hybridus (1), Amaranthus_hypochondriacus (1), Camelina_sativa (1), Corylus_avellana (1), Echium_vulgare (1), Telfairia_occidentalis (1)

unconventional oilseeds

2

Pentaclethra_macrophylla (1), Phaseolus_mungo (1)

Unconventional oxygenation

1

Luffa_cylindrica (1)

unconventional secretion

8

Arabidopsis_thaliana (5), Solanum_nigrum (2), Solanum_tuberosum (2), Tropaeolum_majus (2), Medicago_truncatula (1), Nicotiana_tabacum (1), Oryza_sativa (1), Zea_mays (1)

Unconventional sources

16

Abelmoschus_esculentus (1), Cinnamomum_zeylanicum (1), Coccinia_cordifolia (1), Coriandrum_sativum (1), Cucurbita_maxima (1), Delonix_regia (1), Dolichos_lablab (1), Eleusine_coracana (1), Lens_esculenta (1), Luffa_acutangula (1), Phaseolus_coccineus (1), Phaseolus_mungo (1), Sechium_edule (1), Sorghum_vulgare (1), Trichosanthes_anguina (1), Trigonella_foenumgraecum (1)

Unconventional therapy

3

Aloe_vera (1), Clematis_armandii (1), Tribulus_terrestris (1)

Unconverted forestlands

15

Andira_inermis (1), Brosimum_alicastrum (1), Cecropia_schreberiana (1), Cupania_americana (1), Cyathea_arborea (1), Dacryodes_excelsa (1), Guarea_guidonia (1), Inga_fagifolia (1), Inga_vera (1), Roystonea_borinquena (1), Spathodea_campanulata (1), Swietenia_macrophylla (1), Syzygium (1), Tabebuia_heterophylla (1), Thouinia_striata (1)

uncooked

1

Glycine_max (1)

Uncooked beans

1

Phaseolus_vulgaris (1)

uncorrelated rates model

16

Cephalotaxus_Siebold (1), Cycas_revoluta (1), Ephedra_altissima (1), Ephedra_torreyana (1), Gnetum_africanum (1), Juniperus_wallichiana (1), Metasequoia_Miki (1), Nephrolepis_exaltata (1), Picea_breweriana (1), Pinus_cembra (1), Pinus_mugo (1), Pinus_peuce (1), Pinus_strobus (1), Pinus_wallichiana (1), Zamia_furfuracea (1), Zamia_pumila (1)

Uncorrelated relaxed Bayesian clock

29

Anaphalis_margaritacea (3), Angianthus_micropodioides (3), Argentipallium_obtusifolium (3), Argyroglottis_turbinata (3), Craspedia_variabilis (3), Actinobole_uliginosum (2), Aster_novae-angliae (2), Decazesia_hecatocephala (2), Ewartia_catipes (2), Fitzwillia_axilliflora (2), Ixiolaena_tomentosa (2), Leucochrysum_stipitatum (2), Millotia_perpusilla (2), Millotia_tenuifolia (2), Ozothamnus_whitei (2), Pithocarpa_pulchella (2), Pogonolepis_stricta (2), Polycalymma_stuartii (2), Pycnosorus_globosus (2), Quinetia_urvillei (2), Siloxerus_multiflorus (2), Sondottia_glabrata (2), Stuartina_muelleri (2), Tagetes_patula (2), Toxanthes_perpusilla (2), Vellereophyton_dealbatum (2), Haeckeria_ozothamnoides (1), Helianthus_annuus (1), Senecio_vulgaris (1)

uncorrelated relaxed molecular clock

27

Abobra_tenuifolia (1), Buxus_sempervirens (1), Carya_glabra (1), Casuarina_equisetifolia (1), Ceratophyllum_demersum (1), Chrysolepis_sempervirens (1), Coriaria_nepalensis (1), Coriaria_ruscifolia (1), Coriaria_sarmentosa (1), Corynocarpus_laevigatus (1), Corynocarpus_rupestris (1), Datisca_cannabina (1), Datisca_glomerata (1), Dicentra_eximia (1), Ecballium_elaterium (1), Hillebrandia_sandwicensis (1), Hydrastis_canadensis (1), Juglans_nigra (1), Lardizabala_biternata (1), Mahonia_bealei (1), Marah_macrocarpus (1), Menispermum_canadense (1), Pachysandra_procumbens (1), Podophyllum_peltatum (1), Quercus_rubra (1), Sanguinaria_canadensis (1), Tetrameles_nudiflora (1)

Uncorrelated scale-free networks

3

Quercus_falcata (2), Viburnum_tinus (2), Pinus_pinaster (1)

Uncoupled oxidative phosphorylation

1

Ginkgo_biloba (1)

uncoupled protein-3

1

Solanum_tuberosum (1)

uncoupled static equations

1

Pseudotsuga_menziesii (1)

uncoupled-respiration

1

Xanthium_strumarium (1)

Uncoupler

20

Clusia_rosea (3), Dionaea_muscipula (2), Echinochloa_crusgalli (2), Mimosa_pudica (2), Pleurotus_ostreatus (2), Agaricus_campestris (1), Amaranthus_hypochondriacus (1), Centaurea_solstitialis (1), Curcuma_longa (1), Drimys_winteri (1), Helianthella_quinquenervis (1), Panicum_coloratum (1), Plantago_coronopus (1), Polygonum_punctatum (1), Salix_viminalis (1), Saxifraga_cernua (1), Solanum_tuberosum (1), Spinacia_oleracea (1), Triticum_aestivum (1), Zea_mays (1)

Uncoupler-inhibitor

1

Alchornea_latifolia (1)

Uncouplers

17

Amaranthus_hypochondriacus (3), Caesalpinia_crista (2), Selaginella_lepidophylla (2), Amaranthus_retroflexus (1), Chenopodium_album (1), Echinochloa_crusgalli (1), Elodea_densa (1), Galium_aparine (1), Helianthus_annuus (1), Linum_usitatissimum (1), Polygonum_lapathifolium (1), Samanea_saman (1), Sinapis_alba (1), Solanum_tuberosum (1), Stellaria_media (1), Triticum_aestivum (1), Vicia_faba (1)

Uncoupling

14

Clusia_rosea (3), Garcinia_cowa (3), Garcinia_livingstonei (3), Garcinia_ovalifolia (3), Garcinia_xanthochymus (3), Nigella_sativa (2), Arabidopsis_thaliana (1), Arum_maculatum (1), Chenopodium_rubrum (1), Karwinskia_humboldtiana (1), Secale_cereale (1), Spinacia_oleracea (1), Symplocarpus_foetidus (1), Vitis_vinifera (1)

Uncoupling action

1

Secale_cereale (1)

uncoupling activity

2

Acer_pseudoplatanus (1), Spinacia_oleracea (1)

uncoupling activity.

1

Spinacia_oleracea (1)

Uncoupling agents

1

Myrica_gale (1)

Uncoupling effect

1

Pleurotus_ostreatus (1)

uncoupling mechanism

2

Vitis_vinifera (2), Solanum_tuberosum (1)

Uncoupling mitochondrial protein

1

Symplocarpus_foetidus (1)

uncoupling of oxidation and phosphorylation

1

Triticum_aestivum (1)

Uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation

3

Vaccinium_angustifolium (2), Xanthium_strumarium (2), Nigella_sativa (1)

Uncoupling protein

26

Arabidopsis_thaliana (8), Oryza_sativa (3), Triticum_aestivum (3), Abies_cephalonica (2), Antiaris_toxicaria (2), Capsicum_annuum (2), Diospyros_kaki (2), Nicotiana_sylvestris (2), Populus_deltoides (2), Symplocarpus_foetidus (2), Zea_mays (2), Alocasia_macrorrhiza (1), Alocasia_odora (1), Eucalyptus_pauciflora (1), Helianthus_annuus (1), Helianthus_tuberosus (1), Physcomitrella_patens (1), Picea_abies (1), Picea_sitchensis (1), Quercus_alba (1), Ricinus_communis (1), Saxifraga_cernua (1), Solanum_tuberosum (1), Spinacia_oleracea (1), Theobroma_cacao (1), Vitis_vinifera (1)

uncoupling protein 1

1

Undaria_pinnatifida (3)

Uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1)

1

Artemisia_frigida (1)

Uncoupling protein-1

1

Momordica_charantia (1)

Uncoupling protein-3

1

Pisum_sativum (1)

Uncoupling proteins

3

Arabidopsis_thaliana (1), Triticum_aestivum (1), Vitis_vinifera (1)

uncoupling.

1

Acer_pseudoplatanus (1)

uncp genes

2

Citrus_paradisi (1), Galanthus_nivalis (1)

Uncropped wildlife strips

10

Achillea_millefolium (1), Adonis_annua (1), Bromus_sterilis (1), Chrysanthemum_leucanthemum (1), Crataegus_monogyna (1), Festuca_rubra (1), Galium_aparine (1), Papaver_hybridum (1), Triticum_aestivum (1), Valerianella_dentata (1)

unculturable

8

Hippophae_rhamnoides (1), Oryza_sativa (1), Pinus_sylvestris (1), Populus_deltoides (1), Silene_nutans (1), Solanum_tuberosum (1), Trifolium_pratense (1), Vitis_vinifera (1)

Unculturable bacterium

2

Solanum_aethiopicum (1), Solanum_melongena (1)

Uncultured microorganisms

1

Leptospermum_scoparium (1)

Uncultured soil microorganisms

1

Vanilla_planifolia (2)

Uncultured strains

18

Allocasuarina_torulosa (3), Alnus_cordata (3), Alnus_crispa (3), Alnus_incana (3), Alnus_rubra (3), Alnus_viridis (3), Casuarina_cunninghamiana (3), Casuarina_equisetifolia (3), Casuarina_glauca (3), Comptonia_peregrina (3), Elaeagnus_angustifolia (3), Alnus_glutinosa (2), Colletia_spinosissima (2), Hippophae_rhamnoides (2), Morella_pensylvanica (2), Myrica_gale (2), Purshia_tridentata (2), Shepherdia_canadensis (2)

uncut flowers and their life - terminated by color changes, flower closure, petal wilting or petal abscission

57

Acacia_dealbata (1), Acacia_mollissima (1), Adiantum_raddianum (1), Ammi_majus (1), Antirrhinum_majus (1), Argyranthemum_frutescens (1), Asparagus_asparagoides (1), Aster_novi-belgii (1), Banksia_prionotes (1), Ceratonia_siliqua (1), Chorisia_insignis (1), Chrysanthemum_morifolium (1), Dahlia_variabilis (1), Dianthus_barbatus (1), Dianthus_plumarius (1), Euphorbia_pulcherrima (1), Euphorbia_terracina (1), Gaillardia_grandiflora (1), Gerbera_jamesonii (1), Gladiolus_natalensis (1), Gypsophila_paniculata (1), Hedera_helix (1), Helianthus_tuberosus (1), Heliconia_psittacorum (1), Hydrangea_macrophylla (1), Iberis_sempervirens (1), Ipomoea_nil (1), Ipomoea_purpurea (1), Iris_germanica (1), Kalanchoe_blossfeldiana (1), Lathyrus_odoratus (1), Persea_americana (1), Pharbitis_nil (1), Podocarpus_macrophyllus (1), Polianthes_tuberosa (1), Polystichum_munitum (1), Prunus_armeniaca (1), Prunus_cerasus (1), Prunus_serrulata (1), Prunus_triloba (1), Ribes_sanguineum (1), Rosmarinus_officinalis (1), Rumohra_adiantiformis (1), Scabiosa_atropurpurea (1), Scabiosa_caucasica (1), Sinapis_alba (1), Strelitzia_reginae (1), Syringa_vulgaris (1), Tagetes_patula (1), Taxus_baccata (1), Telopea_speciosissima (1), Thryptomene_calycina (1), Thryptomene_saxicola (1), Triteleia_laxa (1), Vicia_faba (1), Vitis_vinifera (1), Zantedeschia_aethiopica (1)

UND/U-box/ARM repeat

6

Arabidopsis_thaliana (2), Bruguiera_gymnorrhiza (2), Brassica_napus (1), Nicotiana_tabacum (1), Oryza_sativa (1), Solanum_tuberosum (1)

undarioides

1

Undaria_pinnatifida (1)

Undeca-2E-ene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide

3

Echinacea_angustifolia (2), Echinacea_purpurea (2), Spilanthes_acmella (2)

Undeca-2-ene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide

2

Echinacea_angustifolia (3), Echinacea_purpurea (3)

undecalipopeptide

1

Zea_mays (1)

undecan-2-one

4

Chenopodium_multifidum (1), Chrysactinia_mexicana (1), Inga_marginata (1), Zanthoxylum_alatum (1)

undecane

8

Acacia_praecox (1), Anthriscus_cerefolium (1), Hypericum_triquetrifolium (1), Magnolia_acuminata (1), Magnolia_denudata (1), Nymphaea_lotus (1), Victoria_amazonica (1), Vitis_vinifera (1)

undecanesulfonate

1

Solanum_tuberosum (1)

undecanoic acid

2

Rheum_palmatum (1), Ricinus_communis (1)

undecanols

2

Ruta_chalepensis (1), Ruta_graveolens (1)

undecanones

2

Ruta_chalepensis (1), Ruta_graveolens (1)

Undecaprenol

1

Magnolia_kobus (1)

undecaprenyl diphosphate

5

Abies_grandis (3), Arabidopsis_thaliana (2), Hevea_brasiliensis (1), Lithospermum_erythrorhizon (1), Salvia_officinalis (1)

Undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase

1

Magnolia_kobus (1)

Undecaprenyl phosphate

1

Rhus_typhina (1)

Undecatrienes

1

Aristolochia_spp (1)

undecenoic acid

2

Rheum_palmatum (1), Ricinus_communis (1)

Undecylenic acid

3

Ricinus_communis (3), Achillea_millefolium (1), Annona_muricata (1)

Undegraded dietary protein

2

Brachiaria_mutica (1), Chloris_gayana (1)

undegraded protein

1

Eragrostis_curvula (1)

undegraded zone

2

Chromolaena_odorata (1), Panicum_maximum (1)

undemutrition

1

Panicum_maximum (1)

under canopy soils

2

Pinus_halepensis (1), Rosmarinus_officinalis (1)

under compensatory growth response

6

Bouteloua_gracilis (1), Dupontia_fisheri (1), Pinus_resinosa (1), Plantago_maritima (1), Schizachyrium_scoparium (1), Themeda_triandra (1)

under developed embryos

1

Coleogyne_ramosissima (1)

Under storey vegetation

8

Asparagus_racemosus (1), Eucalyptus_pauciflora (1), Heteropogon_contortus (1), Lantana_camara (1), Mallotus_philippensis (1), Pinus_pinaster (1), Pinus_resinosa (1), Rhus_parviflora (1)

under story

1

Prunus_serotina (1)

under-/over-dosage

1

Piper_methysticum (1)

Underbalance perforation

1

Hibiscus_sabdariffa (2)

under-branch height

1

Eucalyptus_tereticornis (1)

undercompensation

1

Glycine_max (1)

Undercropping

1

Festuca_pratensis (1)

undercut application system

1

Secale_cereale (1)

Undercutter

1

Triticum_aestivum (2)

undercutter tillage

1

Triticum_aestivum (2)

undercutters

3

Glycine_max (1), Setaria_pumila (1), Setaria_viridis (1)

undercutting

20

Pinus_taeda (2), Acer_negundo (1), Amaranthus_hybridus (1), Bromus_inermis (1), Chenopodium_album (1), Cornus_stolonifera (1), Festuca_rubra (1), Fraxinus_pennsylvanica (1), Galinsoga_parviflora (1), Juglans_regia (1), Larix_kaempferi (1), Picea_sitchensis (1), Pinus_caribaea (1), Pinus_radiata (1), Polygonum_persicaria (1), Prunus_virginiana (1), Pseudotsuga_menziesii (1), Secale_cereale (1), Solidago_gigantea (1), Vicia_americana (1)

Underdeveloped countries

4

Arnica_montana (1), Casearia_sylvestris (1), Dalbergia_monetaria (1), Veratrum_album (1)

underdeveloped embryo

13

Chaerophyllum_tainturieri (1), Illicium_floridanum (1), Illicium_parviflorum (1), Lamium_amplexicaule (1), Nuphar_lutea (1), Nymphaea_alba (1), Nymphaea_lotus (1), Nymphoides_peltata (1), Papaver_rhoeas (1), Schisandra_glabra (1), Sorghum_halepense (1), Veronica_arvensis (1), Viola_arvensis (1)

underdeveloped embryos

3

Aristolochia_californica (1), Aristolochia_macrophylla (1), Aristolochia_tomentosa (1)

underdeveloped world issues

2

Vitis_rotundifolia (1), Vitis_vinifera (1)

underdevelopment

3

Caesalpinia_bonduc (1), Hibiscus_tiliaceus (1), Scaevola_plumieri (1)

underdispersion

2

Cerastium_arvense (1), Cytisus_scoparius (1)

under-dispersion

8

Antennaria_dioica (1), Carex_cryptolepis (1), Cyathea_media (1), Elymus_repens (1), Hieracium_pilosella (1), Hypochoeris_maculata (1), Poa_compressa (1), Ranunculus_repens (1)

underdominance

2

Aegilops_crassa (1), Artemisia_tridentata (1)

underdrainage

1

Fragaria_ananassa (1)

Under-drained systems

1

Pinus_halepensis (1)

underemployment

1

Oryza_sativa (1)

underestimation

5

Chamaecyparis_obtusa (2), Cryptomeria_japonica (1), Eurya_japonica (1), Pinus_radiata (1), Salvia_divinorum (1)

Underexploited food source

1

Lepidium_meyenii (1)

underexploited tropical plants

1

Solanum_quitoense (1)

underexploited weeds

1

Saccharum_spontaneum (1)

under-explored crops

9

Acacia_nilotica (1), Adhatoda_vasica (1), Aloe_barbadensis (1), Azadirachta_indica (1), Dalbergia_sissoo (1), Jatropha_gossypifolia (1), Panicum_virgatum (1), Salvadora_persica (1), Ziziphus_mauritiana (1)

underfermented cocoa beans

1

Theobroma_cacao (1)

under-fermented cocoa beans

1

Theobroma_cacao (1)

Under-five children

1

Eragrostis_tef (1)

undergraduate

7

Brachythecium_rivulare (2), Bryum_argenteum (2), Funaria_hygrometrica (2), Lilium_tigrinum (2), Ceratodon_purpureus (1), Marchantia_polymorpha (1), Pteris_aquilina (1)

undergraduate biochemistry lab

1

Solanum_tuberosum (1)

undergraduate education

1

Salvia_divinorum (1)

Undergraduate laboratory

1

Triticum_aestivum (1)

Undergraduate research

2

Cocos_nucifera (2), Hydrangea_macrophylla (2)

Undergrazing

10

Bromus_tectorum (1), Carrichtera_annua (1), Collema_tenax (1), Diploschistes_scruposus (1), Haloxylon_aphyllum (1), Physconia_muscigena (1), Plantago_coronopus (1), Poa_bulbosa (1), Pterygoneurum_ovatum (1), Tortula_muralis (1)

Under-grazing

22

Brachypodium_pinnatum (2), Briza_media (2), Campanula_rotundifolia (2), Carex_caryophyllea (2), Carex_flacca (2), Centaurea_nigra (2), Cirsium_acaule (2), Festuca_ovina (2), Filipendula_vulgaris (2), Helianthemum_nummularium (2), Hippocrepis_comosa (2), Koeleria_macrantha (2), Leontodon_hispidus (2), Linum_catharticum (2), Lotus_corniculatus (2), Plantago_lanceolata (2), Plantago_media (2), Poterium_sanguisorba (2), Pulsatilla_patens (2), Pulsatilla_vulgaris (2), Scabiosa_columbaria (2), Thymus_pulegioides (2)

underground

8

Acacia_senegal (1), Amphicarpum_purshii (1), Astilbe_biternata (1), Emex_spinosa (1), Lagenaria_siceraria (1), Lamium_amplexicaule (1), Vicia_faba (1), Zea_mays (1)

underground BAiting

2

Dianthus_caryophyllus (1), Gypsophila_paniculata (1)

underground branching

10

Chamaecyparis_obtusa (1), Rhus_typhina (1), Rubus_crataegifolius (1), Rubus_hispidus (1), Rubus_idaeus (1), Rubus_microphyllus (1), Rubus_nessensis (1), Rubus_pubescens (1), Senecio_vulgaris (1), Solidago_altissima (1)

underground breeding

1

Prunus_americana (2)

underground buds

3

Aegopodium_podagraria (1), Calystegia_sepium (1), Convolvulus_arvensis (1)

Underground coal gasification (UCG)

1

Acacia_nilotica (4)

Underground competition

7

Bromus_setifolius (2), Hordeum_comosum (2), Poa_ligularis (2), Celmisia_longifolia (1), Eucalyptus_pauciflora (1), Poa_costiniana (1), Trifolium_repens (1)

underground dynamics

9

Acer_palmatum (1), Hebeloma_crustuliniforme (1), Hebeloma_mesophaeum (1), Laccaria_laccata (1), Larix_kaempferi (1), Pinus_densiflora (1), Pinus_muricata (1), Suillus_bovinus (1), Suillus_luteus (1)

underground feeding

1

Pinus_sylvestris (1)

underground heating pipes

1

Asparagus_officinalis (1)

Underground herbivory

7

Alchornea_latifolia (1), Brosimum_alicastrum (1), Cedrela_odorata (1), Manilkara_zapota (1), Schizolobium_parahybum (1), Sterculia_apetala (1), Swietenia_macrophylla (1)

underground insect herbivory

1

Lupinus_arboreus (1)

underground interactions

1

Pinus_ponderosa (1)

Underground invasion mechanism

1

Ageratina_adenophora (1)

Underground nuclear explosion

16

Chamaenerion_angustifolium (3), Eleocharis_palustris (3), Allium_schoenoprasum (2), Betula_pendula (2), Juniperus_communis (2), Picea_abies (2), Pleurozium_schreberi (2), Populus_tremula (2), Rubus_chamaemorus (2), Suillus_luteus (2), Typha_latifolia (2), Vaccinium_myrtillus (2), Vaccinium_oxycoccos (2), Vaccinium_vitis-idaea (2), Betula_papyrifera (1), Pinus_sylvestris (1)

Underground orchid

12

Betula_pendula (1), Corallorhiza_trifida (1), Epipogium_roseum (1), Eulophia_zollingeri (1), Hexalectris_spicata (1), Liparis_liliifolia (1), Melaleuca_hamata (1), Melaleuca_scalena (1), Melaleuca_uncinata (1), Rhizanthella_gardneri (1), Rhizanthella_slateri (1), Salix_repens (1)

Underground organ

6

Cichorium_intybus (3), Galanthus_nivalis (3), Helianthus_tuberosus (3), Arabidopsis_thaliana (2), Oryza_sativa (1), Triticum_aestivum (1)

underground organs

8

Helianthus_tuberosus (4), Asparagus_officinalis (2), Dioscorea_rotundata (2), Xanthosoma_sagittifolium (2), Bidens_gardneri (1), Elephantopus_mollis (1), Taraxacum_officinale (1), Vicia_graminea (1)

underground parts

22

Agrostis_stolonifera (2), Cynodon_dactylon (2), Solanum_tuberosum (2), Arabidopsis_thaliana (1), Artemisia_absinthium (1), Aster_tataricus (1), Avena_sativa (1), Bellis_perennis (1), Brassica_napus (1), Bromus_inermis (1), Carex_nigra (1), Carthamus_tinctorius (1), Corylus_avellana (1), Phytolacca_dodecandra (1), Pinus_strobus (1), Populus_tremuloides (1), Pseudotsuga_menziesii (1), Raphanus_sativus (1), Rhodiola_rosea (1), Ruscus_aculeatus (1), Solidago_virgaurea (1), Triticum_aestivum (1)

underground pit storage stuctures

1

Colocasia_esculenta (1)

Underground plant movement

23

Aegopodium_podagraria (1), Ajuga_reptans (1), Allium_ursinum (1), Anthriscus_sylvestris (1), Arum_maculatum (1), Chlorogalum_pomeridianum (1), Duchesnea_indica (1), Elymus_lanceolatus (1), Foeniculum_vulgare (1), Fragaria_vesca (1), Hemerocallis_fulva (1), Hieracium_pilosella (1), Lapeirousia_laxa (1), Linaria_vulgaris (1), Mirabilis_jalapa (1), Nothoscordum_inodorum (1), Pancratium_maritimum (1), Polygonum_cuspidatum (1), Potentilla_anserina (1), Potentilla_inclinata (1), Solidago_altissima (1), Triteleia_hyacinthina (1), Zamia_pumila (1)

underground plant organs

1

Solanum_tuberosum (1)

Underground plant part (root)

5

Calamagrostis_arundinacea (2), Calla_palustris (2), Calluna_vulgaris (2), Hylocomium_splendens (1), Vaccinium_myrtillus (1)

Underground plant part [root)

2

Pleurozium_schreberi (1), Pteridium_aquilinum (1)

Underground reserve organ

6

Cichorium_intybus (2), Helianthus_tuberosus (2), Polymnia_sonchifolia (2), Taraxacum_officinale (2), Cynara_scolymus (1), Phleum_pratense (1)

underground screens

1

Quercus_douglasii (1)

underground seeds

2

Medicago_rigidula (1), Vicia_sativa (1)

underground shoots

1

Phyllostachys_edulis (1)

underground storage

10

Colocasia_esculenta (2), Arachis_hypogaea (1), Dichrostachys_cinerea (1), Dioscorea_alata (1), Dioscorea_cayenensis (1), Dioscorea_esculenta (1), Ipomoea_batatas (1), Manihot_esculenta (1), Sorghum_bicolor (1), Zea_mays (1)

underground storage organ

2

Asparagus_officinalis (1), Festuca_pratensis (1)

Underground storage organs

6

Polypodium_aureum (2), Smilax_sp. (2), Dioscorea_bulbifera (1), Dioscoreophyllum_cumminsii (1), Elaeis_guineensis (1), Manihot_esculenta (1)

underground termitaria

2

Acacia_cyclops (1), Olea_europaea (1)

underground traps

1

Syagrus_romanzoffiana (1)

Underground urban structures

1

Alnus_japonica (1)

underground water

4

Prunus_mume (1), Raphanus_sativus (1), Spinacia_oleracea (1), Trifolium_alexandrinum (1)

underground water pipes

1

Allium_fistulosum (1)

Undergrowth

20

Deschampsia_flexuosa (2), Abies_lasiocarpa (1), Abies_sachalinensis (1), Abies_veitchii (1), Anemone_nemorosa (1), Asarum_europaeum (1), Convallaria_majalis (1), Fraxinus_excelsior (1), Hylocomium_splendens (1), Luzula_pilosa (1), Picea_engelmannii (1), Picea_glehnii (1), Pinus_contorta (1), Pinus_parviflora (1), Pleurozium_schreberi (1), Polytrichum_formosum (1), Quercus_robur (1), Taxus_cuspidata (1), Tsuga_heterophylla (1), Vaccinium_vitis-idaea (1)

Undergrowth species

4

Deschampsia_flexuosa (1), Empetrum_nigrum (1), Vaccinium_myrtillus (1), Vaccinium_vitis-idaea (1)

Undergrowth vegetation

10

Arbutus_unedo (1), Chamaecyparis_obtusa (1), Cistus_salviifolius (1), Hedera_helix (1), Quercus_ilex (1), Rubus_ulmifolius (1), Sasa_senanensis (1), Sasa_veitchii (1), Smilax_aspera (1), Viburnum_tinus (1)

underlying anxiety heightened perioperatively, warranting management

1

Hypericum_perforatum (1)

Underlying causes

1

Aquilaria_malaccensis (2)

underlying causes of diseases - selective and less toxic drugs

1

Papaver_somniferum (1)

Underlying driving forces

1

Vitis_vinifera (1)

underlying geology

3

Collinsia_sparsiflora (1), Dryas_integrifolia (1), Eucalyptus_regnans (1)

Underlying mechanisms

1

Holcus_lanatus (1)

underlying physical mechanisms of processes - governed by partial differential equations (PDEs)

1

Ficus_carica (1)

Undernutrition

47

Adansonia_digitata (2), Basella_alba (2), Bidens_pilosa (2), Boscia_senegalensis (2), Brassica_sp. (2), Celosia_argentea (2), Ceratotheca_triloba (2), Chenopodium_album (2), Cleome_gynandra (2), Cleome_monophylla (2), Colocasia_esculenta (2), Corchorus_olitorius (2), Corchorus_tridens (2), Crotalaria_ochroleuca (2), Cucurbita_pepo (2), Maerua_crassifolia (2), Manihot_esculenta (2), Manihot_utilissima (2), Momordica_balsamina (2), Portulaca_quadrifida (2), Semecarpus_anacardium (2), Senna_occidentalis (2), Sida_acuta (2), Sisymbrium_thellungii (2), Solanum_macrocarpon (2), Solanum_sp. (2), Urtica_urens (2), Brassica_oleracea (1), Cannabis_sativa (1), Cicer_arietinum (1), Emex_australis (1), Ensete_ventricosum (1), Euphorbia_hirta (1), Galinsoga_parviflora (1), Hibiscus_esculentus (1), Ipomoea_batatas (1), Lupinus_angustifolius (1), Moringa_oleifera (1), Ocimum_gratissimum (1), Portulaca_oleracea (1), Solanum_nigrum (1), Sonchus_oleraceus (1), Talinum_triangulare (1), Urtica_dioica (1), Vernonia_amygdalina (1), Vigna_unguiculata (1), Zea_mays (1)

underpass

1

Artemisia_tridentata (1)

underpasses

8

Pinus_elliottii (2), Piscidia_piscipula (2), Avicennia_germinans (1), Conocarpus_erectus (1), Laguncularia_racemosa (1), Rhizophora_mangle (1), Saw_palmetto (1), Serenoa_repens (1)

Underplant

9

Araucaria_cunninghamii (1), Ceratopetalum_apetalum (1), Elaeocarpus_grandis (1), Flindersia_australis (1), Flindersia_brayleyana (1), Flindersia_ifflaiana (1), Grevillea_robusta (1), Pinus_elliottii (1), Swietenia_macrophylla (1)

underplanting

84

Quercus_rubra (11), Calamagrostis_canadensis (9), Picea_glauca (9), Populus_tremuloides (8), Abies_balsamea (6), Betula_papyrifera (5), Corylus_cornuta (5), Pinus_strobus (5), Thuja_plicata (5), Abies_grandis (4), Acer_saccharum (4), Alnus_rubra (4), Epilobium_angustifolium (4), Pinus_banksiana (4), Pseudotsuga_menziesii (4), Tsuga_heterophylla (4), Ostrya_virginiana (3), Pinus_resinosa (3), Pinus_taeda (3), Acacia_mangium (2), Acer_macrophyllum (2), Acer_rubrum (2), Acer_spicatum (2), Fraxinus_americana (2), Imperata_cylindrica (2), Liquidambar_styraciflua (2), Persea_borbonia (2), Picea_abies (2), Picea_sitchensis (2), Pinus_palustris (2), Pinus_sylvestris (2), Prunus_serotina (2), Quercus_alba (2), Schizachyrium_scoparium (2), Symplocos_tinctoria (2), Thuja_occidentalis (2), Tilia_americana (2), Abies_alba (1), Acer_carpinifolium (1), Acer_circinatum (1), Acer_pensylvanicum (1), Adenocarpus_complicatus (1), Alnus_incana (1), Arbutus_menziesii (1), Berberis_nervosa (1), Betula_alleghaniensis (1), Betula_populifolia (1), Blechnum_spicant (1), Carya_illinoinensis (1), Cornus_alternifolia (1), Eucalyptus_cloeziana (1), Fagus_grandifolia (1), Fraxinus_nigra (1), Fraxinus_pennsylvanica (1), Gaultheria_shallon (1), Holodiscus_discolor (1), Liriodendron_tulipifera (1), Lolium_multiflorum (1), Malus_pumila (1), Picea_mariana (1), Pinus_canariensis (1)Pinus_radiata (1), Pinus_tabuliformis (1), Pittosporum_resiniferum (1), Polystichum_munitum (1), Populus_grandidentata (1), Prunus_emarginata (1), Prunus_pensylvanica (1), Pteridium_aquilinum (1), Quercus_garryana (1), Quercus_macrocarpa (1), Quercus_petraea (1), Robinia_pseudoacacia (1), Rubus_idaeus (1), Rubus_spectabilis (1), Rubus_ursinus (1), Sequoia_sempervirens (1), Sequoiadendron_giganteum (1), Swietenia_macrophylla (1), Toona_australis (1), Toxicodendron_diversilobum (1), Tsuga_canadensis (1), Ulmus_americana (1), Vaccinium_parvifolium (1)

Under-planting

11

Acacia_auriculiformis (1), Acer_rubrum (1), Acer_saccharum (1), Betula_populifolia (1), Calamagrostis_canadensis (1), Dipterocarpus_alatus (1), Epilobium_angustifolium (1), Imperata_cylindrica (1), Prunus_serotina (1), Quercus_rubra (1), Quercus_velutina (1)

underprivileged school girls

1

Amaranthus_gangeticus (1)

underreporting rate

1

Teucrium_chamaedrys (1)

underseed legumes

3

Eragrostis_tef (1), Scorpiurus_muricatus (1), Triticum_turgidum (1)

underseeding

4

Silphium_perfoliatum (1), Trifolium_hybridum (1), Trifolium_pratense (1), Zea_mays (1)

undersized silver fish - over-abundance of silver fish becoming a problem

7

Azolla_filiculoides (2), Crassula_helmsii (1), Heracleum_mantegazzianum (1), Hydrocotyle_ranunculoides (1), Impatiens_glandulifera (1), Ludwigia_grandiflora (1), Myriophyllum_aquaticum (1)

under-soil heating

1

Raphanus_sativus (1)

undersow

3

Arctotheca_calendula (1), Avena_sativa (1), Capsella_bursa-pastoris (1)

undersowing

55

Triticum_aestivum (14), Zea_mays (8), Avena_sativa (6), Festuca_pratensis (6), Glycine_max (6), Trifolium_subterraneum (6), Lolium_multiflorum (4), Phleum_pratense (4), Brassica_oleracea (3), Solanum_tuberosum (3), Spergula_arvensis (3), Trifolium_pratense (3), Trifolium_repens (3), Dactylis_glomerata (2), Medicago_lupulina (2), Medicago_truncatula (2), Melilotus_officinalis (2), Secale_cereale (2), Trifolium_fragiferum (2), Trifolium_resupinatum (2), Vicia_villosa (2), Agropyron_desertorum (1), Allium_porrum (1), Arachis_hypogaea (1), Beta_vulgaris (1), Brassica_juncea (1), Brassica_rapa (1), Cajanus_cajan (1), Chrysanthemum_morifolium (1), Crotalaria_grahamiana (1), Daucus_carota (1), Festuca_rubra (1), Gossypium_hirsutum (1), Humulus_lupulus (1), Linum_perenne (1), Linum_usitatissimum (1), Lupinus_albus (1), Lupinus_polyphyllus (1), Macroptilium_atropurpureum (1), Onobrychis_viciifolia (1), Pennisetum_clandestinum (1), Poa_pratensis (1), Polygonum_aviculare (1), Psathyrostachys_juncea (1), Salvia_officinalis (1), Sesbania_sesban (1), Tagetes_patula (1), Tephrosia_vogelii (1), Thinopyrum_intermedium (1), Trifolium_alexandrinum (1), Trifolium_hirtum (1), Trifolium_hybridum (1), Trifolium_incarnatum (1), Trifolium_rueppellianum (1), Vicia_faba (1)

Undersown cover crop

3

Abutilon_theophrasti (1), Ipomoea_tricolor (1), Trifolium_resupinatum (1)

undersown crops

3

Daucus_carota (1), Phacelia_tanacetifolia (1), Spergula_arvensis (1)

Understanding

1

Erica_tetralix (1)

understanding agronomic trait inheritance in maize

1

Zea_mays (1)

understanding biomass decay community

3

Casuarina_cunninghamiana (1), Pennisetum_americanum (1), Schizophyllum_commune (1)

understanding biotechnology and genetics

2

Iris_nelsonii (1), Triticum_aestivum (1)

understanding cellulases

1

Pleurotus_ostreatus (1)

understanding cranberry biology and management in 1980s

3

Agastache_rugosa (1), Vaccinium_macrocarpon (1), Zizania_aquatica (1)

understanding disease processes and mechanisms in controlling disease

1

Papaver_somniferum (1)

understanding gene action - paramount importance to plant breeders

5

Festuca_pratensis (1), Secale_cereale (1), Solanum_tuberosum (1), Triticum_aestivum (1), Zea_mays (1)

understanding genetic affinities between maize and other grasses - enhancing plant breeders' ability

7

Elymus_abolinii (1), Festuca_drymeja (1), Hypochoeris_maculata (1), Pseudoroegneria_spicata (1), Tripsacum_dactyloides (1), Zea_luxurians (1), Zea_mays (1)

understanding implications - nature of individual versus group change

11

Ambrosia_artemisiifolia (2), Bromus_tectorum (2), Prunus_laurocerasus (2), Pueraria_lobata (2), Centaurea_solstitialis (1), Cirsium_arvense (1), Manihot_esculenta (1), Microstegium_vimineum (1), Oryza_sativa (1), Toxicodendron_radicans (1), Vigna_unguiculata (1)

understanding mycorrhized plant needs

20

Abies_alba (1), Alnus_cordata (1), Anagallis_foemina (1), Cedrus_deodara (1), Cistus_incanus (1), Galeopsis_angustifolia (1), Helianthemum_salicifolium (1), Pinus_excelsa (1), Pinus_halepensis (1), Pinus_nigra (1), Pinus_pinea (1), Populus_alba (1), Populus_nigra (1), Quercus_cerris (1), Quercus_coccifera (1), Salix_alba (1), Salix_caprea (1), Silene_vulgaris (1), Tilia_cordata (1), Tilia_spp (1)

understanding natural defence strategies

2

Thalassia_testudinum (1), Zostera_marina (1)

understanding of desertification, restoration trajectories

2

Agave_deserti (1), Prosopis_glandulosa (1)

understanding of food biochemistry

1

Gingko_biloba (1)

understanding of sources of biological diversity - in stressed, fragmented natural ecosystems

43

Fouquieria_splendens (2), Fraxinus_velutina (2), Pinus_cembroides (2), Pinus_palustris (2), Pinus_strobiformis (2), Platanus_wrightii (2), Populus_fremontii (2), Prosopis_juliflora (2), Quercus_arizonica (2), Quercus_emoryi (2), Quercus_gambelii (2), Quercus_hypoleucoides (2), Quercus_oblongifolia (2), Quercus_rugosa (2), Vauquelinia_californica (2), Abies_concolor (1), Abies_lasiocarpa (1), Acer_glabrum (1), Acer_grandidentatum (1), Agave_palmeri (1), Agave_schottii (1), Alnus_oblongifolia (1), Aloysia_wrightii (1), Arctostaphylos_pungens (1), Bouteloua_curtipendula (1), Calliandra_eriophylla (1), Carnegiea_gigantea (1), Celtis_reticulata (1), Cupressus_arizonica (1), Dasylirion_wheeleri (1), Dodonaea_viscosa (1), Encelia_farinosa (1), Jamesia_americana (1), Janusia_gracilis (1), Juglans_major (1), Juniperus_deppeana (1), Muhlenbergia_emersleyi (1), Muhlenbergia_porteri (1), Nolina_microcarpa (1), Pinus_ponderosa (1), Pseudotsuga_menziesii (1), Simmondsia_chinensis (1), Yucca_schottii (1)

understanding parasite life cycles

4

Areca_catechu (1), Artemisia_annua (1), Carica_papaya (1), Hedysarum_coronarium (1)

understanding peanut flavor - unique and pleasant flavors during roasting

1

Arachis_hypogaea (1)

understanding policies guiding behavior, in restoration management

2

Agave_deserti (1), Prosopis_glandulosa (1)

understanding quantitative inheritance - in maize and breeding methodology

1

Zea_mays (1)

understanding resistance mechanisms in rigid ryegrass in Australia - reduction in translocation of herbicide, possible mechanisms of resistance

4

Echinochloa_colona (1), Lolium_rigidum (1), Lolium_subulatum (1), Urochloa_panicoides (1)

understanding riverine ecology

1

Potamogeton_crispus (1)

understanding spatio-temporal dynamics of populations - their expansion and retraction, main pursuits in ecology and biogeography

1

Acacia_nilotica (2)

understanding statistical tests and multiple testing problems

1

Medicago_truncatula (1)

understanding statistical tests-whether statistically significant

1

Medicago_truncatula (1)

Understanding TCM

2

Artemisia_annua (1), Panax_ginseng (1)

understanding trade-off, financial, human and social capacity for implementation

1

Portulacaria_afra (2)

understanding viral infection effect on IgE production

2

Ambrosia_artemisiifolia (1), Toxicodendron_radicans (1)

understanding wetlands - moving target

5

Gordonia_lasianthus (1), Persea_borbonia (1), Populus_deltoides (1), Sabal_minor (1), Taxodium_distichum (1)

understorey

396

Acer_rubrum (6), Fagus_grandifolia (6), Abies_balsamea (4), Acer_platanoides (4), Prunus_serotina (4), Quercus_robur (4), Acacia_praecox (3), Acer_pensylvanicum (3), Acer_saccharum (3), Aechmea_distichantha (3), Anemone_nemorosa (3), Corylus_avellana (3), Ilex_opaca (3), Pinus_pinaster (3), Prunus_pensylvanica (3), Ranunculus_ficaria (3), Rubus_chamaemorus (3), Tsuga_canadensis (3), Urtica_dioica (3), Acer_campestre (2), Aegopodium_podagraria (2), Aextoxicon_punctatum (2), Alangium_javanicum (2), Alchornea_latifolia (2), Amomyrtus_luma (2), Andromeda_polifolia (2), Anemone_ranunculoides (2), Aristotelia_chilensis (2), Aster_divaricatus (2), Athyrium_filix-femina (2), Azara_serrata (2), Betula_alleghaniensis (2), Betula_nana (2), Betula_populifolia (2), Brachypodium_sylvaticum (2), Chamaedaphne_calyculata (2), Circaea_lutetiana (2), Cirsium_arvense (2), Cladina_rangiferina (2), Dryopteris_carthusiana (2), Embothrium_coccineum (2), Enteromorpha_intestinalis (2), Epilobium_angustifolium (2), Equisetum_arvense (2), Eriophorum_vaginatum (2), Eucryphia_cordifolia (2), Fraxinus_americana (2), Fraxinus_nigra (2), Gaultheria_procumbens (2), Gevuina_avellana (2), Hedera_helix (2), Hylocomium_splendens (2), Ilex_decidua (2), Ledum_palustre (2), Mallotus_penangensis (2), Oxalis_acetosella (2), Picea_glauca (2), Pinus_resinosa (2), Pinus_sylvestris (2), Populus_grandidentata (2), Populus_tremuloides (2)Prestoea_acuminata (2), Psychotria_berteriana (2), Psychotria_brachiata (2), Pteridium_esculentum (2), Quercus_alba (2), Quercus_laurifolia (2), Quercus_nigra (2), Rhododendron_maximum (2), Rourea_surinamensis (2), Rubus_fruticosus (2), Schinopsis_balansae (2), Sphagnum_magellanicum (2), Syzygium (2), Tilia_americana (2), Ulmus_americana (2), Vaccinium_myrtillus (2), Vaccinium_oxycoccos (2), Vaccinium_uliginosum (2), Abies_amabilis (1), Acacia_catechu (1), Acacia_dealbata (1), Acacia_pulchella (1),

……….to see all species listed for this Keyword please click here

Under-storey

5

Ceratonia_siliqua (2), Cupressus_sempervirens (2), Pinus_brutia (2), Pinus_halepensis (2), Pistacia_lentiscus (2)

Understorey biomass

14

Agrostis_capillaris (1), Agrostis_curtisii (1), Anemone_nemorosa (1), Asphodelus_albus (1), Blechnum_spicant (1), Carex_pilulifera (1), Cytisus_striatus (1), Digitalis_purpurea (1), Erica_arborea (1), Hedera_helix (1), Lonicera_periclymenum (1), Potentilla_erecta (1), Teucrium_scorodonia (1), Vaccinium_myrtillus (1)

understorey bird

8

Amomyrtus_luma (1), Berberis_buxifolia (1), Berberis_darwinii (1), Chusquea_quila (1), Drimys_winteri (1), Eucryphia_cordifolia (1), Gevuina_avellana (1), Ulex_europaeus (1)

Understorey competition

10

Abies_lasiocarpa (1), Acacia_dealbata (1), Acacia_mearnsii (1), Acacia_melanoxylon (1), Corymbia_calophylla (1), Eucalyptus_delegatensis (1), Eucalyptus_globulus (1), Eucalyptus_marginata (1), Eucalyptus_regnans (1), Picea_engelmannii (1)

Understorey composition

28

Acacia_dealbata (2), Agrostis_parviflora (1), Australina_pusilla (1), Australopyrum_pectinatum (1), Austrodanthonia_bipartita (1), Betula_pubescens (1), Bossiaea_laidlawiana (1), Cassinia_aculeata (1), Cirsium_vulgare (1), Cornus_sericea (1), Eucalyptus_diversicolor (1), Eucalyptus_marginata (1), Eucalyptus_regnans (1), Eucalyptus_sieberi (1), Gonocarpus_teucrioides (1), Leptospermum_scoparium (1), Lindera_benzoin (1), Lonicera_maackii (1), Platylobium_formosum (1), Pomaderris_aspera (1), Pteridium_esculentum (1), Senecio_linearifolius (1), Sticherus_lobatus (1), Taraxacum_officinale (1), Tetrarrhena_juncea (1), Trillium_grandiflorum (1), Urtica_incisa (1), Viola_hederacea (1)

understorey control

5

Castanea_sativa (1), Fagus_sylvatica (1), Hedera_helix (1), Rosa_canina (1), Trifolium_repens (1)

understorey density

4

Acacia_dealbata (1), Australina_pusilla (1), Pomaderris_aspera (1), Urtica_incisa (1)

Understorey diversity

17

Acer_campestre (3), Acer_pseudoplatanus (3), Acer_saccharum (3), Fagus_sylvatica (3), Fraxinus_excelsior (3), Acer_platanoides (2), Carpinus_betulus (2), Prunus_avium (2), Quercus_petraea (2), Quercus_robur (2), Sorbus_torminalis (2), Tilia_cordata (2), Tilia_platyphyllos (2), Ulmus_glabra (2), Carpinus_caroliniana (1), Pinus_pinea (1), Quercus_suber (1)

understorey evaporation

8

Allosyncarpia_ternata (1), Eucalyptus_miniata (1), Eucalyptus_porrecta (1), Eucalyptus_tetrodonta (1), Eucalyptus_viminalis (1), Larix_gmelinii (1), Planchonia_careya (1), Terminalia_ferdinandiana (1)

understorey gap

13

Acronychia_pubescens (1), Baloghia_inophylla (1), Euodia_micrococca (1), Eupomatia_laurina (1), Guioa_semiglauca (1), Quintinia_sieberi (1), Randia_benthamiana (1), Rhodomyrtus_psidioides (1), Sarcopteryx_stipitata (1), Stenocarpus_salignus (1), Stenocarpus_sinuatus (1), Tasmannia_insipida (1), Tsuga_heterophylla (1)

Understorey gaps

1

Albizia_adianthifolia (1)

Understorey gas exchange

2

Adenocaulon_bicolor (1), Deschampsia_flexuosa (1)

understorey genera

1

Aeschynanthus_pulcher (1)

understorey herbs

3

Allium_tricoccum (1), Tiarella_cordifolia (1), Viola_pubescens (1)

Understorey light

8

Abies_alba (1), Abies_balsamea (1), Athyrium_filix-femina (1), Carpinus_betulus (1), Carpinus_caroliniana (1), Dicranum_undulatum (1), Picea_excelsa (1), Sorbus_aucuparia (1)

Understorey light availability

7

Anemone_nemorosa (1), Hedera_helix (1), Ilex_aquifolium (1), Luzula_sylvatica (1), Ranunculus_ficaria (1), Taxus_baccata (1), Taxus_brevifolia (1)

Understorey light conditions

3

Abies_alba (1), Fragaria_vesca (1), Oxalis_acetosella (1)

understorey light level

4

Parinari_costata (2), Aquilaria_malaccensis (1), Diospyros_pilosanthera (1), Elaeocarpus_longipetiolatus (1)

understorey management

3

Fagopyrum_esculentum (1), Phacelia_tanacetifolia (1), Vicia_faba (1)

Understorey manipulation

3

Eucalyptus_radiata (1), Eucalyptus_saligna (1), Toona_australis (1)

understorey modification

24

Acer_platanoides (2), Anagallis_arvensis (2), Aristida_ramosa (2), Brunoniella_australis (2), Bursaria_spinosa (2), Chloris_ventricosa (2), Cirsium_vulgare (2), Conyza_sumatrensis (2), Cyperus_gracilis (2), Prunus_serotina (2), Desmodium_varians (1), Dichondra_repens (1), Eucalyptus_crebra (1), Galium_propinquum (1), Hypericum_perforatum (1), Impatiens_capensis (1), Indigofera_australis (1), Lomandra_filiformis (1), Lonicera_maackii (1), Olea_europaea (1), Oplismenus_aemulus (1), Schinus_molle (1), Themeda_australis (1), Verbena_bonariensis (1)

understorey palms

11

Archontophoenix_cunninghamiana (1), Banksia_cuneata (1), Carpentaria_acuminata (1), Cecropia_obtusifolia (1), Chamaedorea_elegans (1), Eichhornia_paniculata (1), Ptychosperma_bleeseri (1), Salvia_pratensis (1), Syzygium (1), Syzygium_nervosum (1), Washingtonia_filifera (1)

Understorey plant

2

Phyllanthus_calycinus (1), Robinia_pseudoacacia (1)

understorey plant communities

14

Abies_balsamea (1), Acer_rubrum (1), Aralia_nudicaulis (1), Galium_triflorum (1), Gaultheria_procumbens (1), Pinus_resinosa (1), Polygala_paucifolia (1), Rosa_acicularis (1), Rubus_pubescens (1), Rubus_strigosus (1), Sanguinaria_canadensis (1), Trientalis_borealis (1), Tsuga_canadensis (1), Vaccinium_myrtilloides (1)

Understorey plant species

22

Arctostaphylos_uva-ursi (3), Deschampsia_flexuosa (3), Dicranum_polysetum (3), Empetrum_nigrum (3), Equisetum_sylvaticum (3), Hylocomium_splendens (3), Betula_nana (2), Betula_pubescens (2), Carex_brunnescens (2), Lycopodium_clavatum (2), Nephroma_arcticum (2), Pinus_contorta (2), Pleurozium_schreberi (2), Pohlia_nutans (2), Polytrichum_commune (2), Polytrichum_juniperinum (2), Solidago_virgaurea (2), Vaccinium_uliginosum (2), Vaccinium_vitis-idaea (2), Blechum_pyramidatum (1), Picea_abies (1), Pinus_sylvestris (1)

Understorey planting

5

Acrocarpus_fraxinifolius (2), Amomum_villosum (2), Antiaris_toxicaria (2), Mangifera_sylvatica (2), Toona_ciliata (2)

understorey plants

35

Abies_balsamea (2), Acer_rubrum (2), Eucalyptus_sieberi (2), Gaultheria_hispidula (2), Hylocomium_splendens (2), Pinus_banksiana (2), Pleurozium_schreberi (2), Sticherus_bifidus (2), Betula_papyrifera (1), Cecropia_schreberiana (1), Cladina_rangiferina (1), Clintonia_borealis (1), Cyathea_arborea (1), Dacryodes_excelsa (1), Dicranopteris_linearis (1), Dicranopteris_pectinata (1), Dryopteris_carthusiana (1), Empetrum_nigrum (1), Epilobium_angustifolium (1), Equisetum_sylvaticum (1), Ilex_mucronata (1), Kalmia_angustifolia (1), Linnaea_borealis (1), Myrica_faya (1), Oxalis_montana (1), Picea_glauca (1), Picea_mariana (1), Populus_tremuloides (1), Rubus_idaeus (1), Sphagnum_girgensohnii (1), Sphagnum_magellanicum (1), Sphagnum_splendens (1), Terminalia_myriocarpa (1), Vitis_californica (1), Zea_mays (1)

Understorey productivity

9

Acer_spicatum (2), Pinus_banksiana (2), Abies_balsamea (1), Betula_papyrifera (1), Corylus_cornuta (1), Picea_glauca (1), Picea_mariana (1), Pinus_ponderosa (1), Populus_tremuloides (1)

Understorey protection

3

Alnus_tenuifolia (1), Picea_glauca (1), Populus_balsamifera (1)

understorey regeneration

27

Acacia_dealbata (1), Agathis_australis (1), Australina_pusilla (1), Cassinia_aculeata (1), Clematis_aristata (1), Dianella_tasmanica (1), Eucalyptus_delegatensis (1), Euchiton_involucratus (1), Gahnia_sieberiana (1), Galium_australe (1), Geranium_potentilloides (1), Gonocarpus_humilis (1), Hedycarya_angustifolia (1), Histiopteris_incisa (1), Hydrocotyle_hirta (1), Poa_ensiformis (1), Pomaderris_aspera (1), Prostanthera_melissifolia (1), Pteridium_esculentum (1), Rubus_ulmifolius (1), Sambucus_gaudichaudiana (1), Sonchus_oleraceus (1), Stellaria_flaccida (1), Tetrarrhena_juncea (1), Urtica_incisa (1), Wahlenbergia_communis (1), Zieria_arborescens (1)

understorey removal

7

Alstroemeria_aurea (1), Austrocedrus_chilensis (1), Berberis_darwinii (1), Fagus_grandifolia (1), Ribes_magellanicum (1), Tsuga_heterophylla (1), Vicia_nigricans (1)

understorey restoration

13

Arctotheca_calendula (1), Bothriochloa_macra (1), Dichanthium_sericeum (1), Echium_plantagineum (1), Eucalyptus_albens (1), Hordeum_leporinum (1), Hypochoeris_radicata (1), Paspalidium_jubiflorum (1), Paspalum_dilatatum (1), Romulea_rosea (1), Silybum_marianum (1), Themeda_australis (1), Themeda_triandra (1)

understorey shrub

13

Acer_rubrum (2), Rhododendron_maximum (2), Abies_balsamea (1), Betula_occidentalis (1), Eucalyptus_pauciflora (1), Euonymus_kiautschovicus (1), Fagus_grandifolia (1), Hedera_helix (1), Kalmia_latifolia (1), Quercus_alba (1), Quercus_rubra (1), Smilax_australis (1), Vinca_major (1)

Understorey shrub community

1

Hunteria_zeylanica (1)

Understorey shrub species

12

Arbutus_unedo (2), Arctostaphylos_uva-ursi (2), Betula_papyrifera (2), Cistus_ladanifer (2), Helianthemum_bicknellii (2), Pinus_muricata (2), Pinus_pinaster (2), Pinus_sabiniana (2), Pinus_sylvestris (2), Pseudotsuga_menziesii (2), Quercus_ilex (2), Rhizopogon_luteolus (2)

Understorey species

25

Agrostis_capillaris (3), Athyrium_filix-femina (3), Blechnum_spicant (3), Calluna_vulgaris (3), Cardamine_flexuosa (3), Cardamine_pratensis (3), Castanea_sativa (3), Deschampsia_flexuosa (2), Erica_vagans (2), Festuca_rubra (2), Fraxinus_excelsior (2), Hedera_helix (2), Hypericum_androsaemum (2), Ilex_aquifolium (2), Juncus_effusus (2), Lathyrus_linifolius (2), Oxalis_acetosella (2), Pteridium_aquilinum (2), Rubus_ulmifolius (2), Ruscus_aculeatus (2), Veronica_chamaedrys (2), Viola_riviniana (2), Fagus_sylvatica (1), Harpephyllum_caffrum (1), Quercus_robur (1)

understorey tree

12

Acacia_cornigera (1), Acacia_sphaerocephala (1), Cecropia_peltata (1), Eurya_japonica (1), Fagus_grandifolia (1), Hibiscus_vitifolius (1), Pteris_aquilina (1), Quercus_mongolica (1), Quercus_serrata (1), Ryparosa_javanica (1), Ryparosa_sp. (1), Zea_mays (1)

understorey trees

12

Acer_rubrum (1), Carpinus_caroliniana (1), Carya_ovata (1), Cercis_canadensis (1), Fraxinus_americana (1), Juniperus_virginiana (1), Pinus_virginiana (1), Prunus_serotina (1), Quercus_alba (1), Rhus_typhina (1), Ulmus_alata (1), Ulmus_rubra (1)

Understorey vegetation

338

Rubus_idaeus (9), Vaccinium_myrtillus (8), Pinus_strobus (7), Fagus_grandifolia (6), Fraxinus_americana (6), Pinus_pinaster (6), Vaccinium_vitis-idaea (6), Acer_rubrum (5), Arisaema_triphyllum (5), Betula_alleghaniensis (5), Betula_papyrifera (5), Fagus_sylvatica (5), Pleurozium_schreberi (5), Populus_tremuloides (5), Abies_balsamea (4), Acer_saccharum (4), Anemone_nemorosa (4), Gaultheria_shallon (4), Hylocomium_splendens (4), Pinus_taeda (4), Quercus_petraea (4), Quercus_robur (4), Trientalis_europaea (4), Abies_alba (3), Abies_amabilis (3), Abies_grandis (3), Acer_pseudoplatanus (3), Alnus_incana (3), Athyrium_filix-femina (3), Calluna_vulgaris (3), Chamaecyparis_obtusa (3), Cryptomeria_japonica (3), Cytisus_scoparius (3), Eucalyptus_populnea (3), Fraxinus_excelsior (3), Fraxinus_mandshurica (3), Galium_odoratum (3), Gymnocarpium_dryopteris (3), Larix_gmelinii (3), Picea_abies (3), Pinus_resinosa (3), Pinus_sylvestris (3), Quercus_alba (3), Quercus_phellos (3), Quercus_rubra (3), Rubus_fruticosus (3), Solidago_virgaurea (3), Vaccinium_uliginosum (3), Agrostis_capillaris (2), Allium_tricoccum (2), Andromeda_polifolia (2), Aster_divaricatus (2), Betula_pendula (2), Betula_pubescens (2), Brachythecium_reflexum (2), Calocedrus_decurrens (2), Cardamine_flexuosa (2), Carpinus_caroliniana (2), Carya_cordiformis (2), Ceratodon_purpureus (2), Chenopodium_album (2)Cirsium_vulgare (2), Cladina_rangiferina (2), Deschampsia_cespitosa (2), Deschampsia_flexuosa (2), Dicranum_scoparium (2), Dryopteris_carthusiana (2), Dryopteris_intermedia (2), Enemion_biternatum (2), Epilobium_angustifolium (2), Festuca_arundinacea (2), Fragaria_vesca (2), Fraxinus_nigra (2), Hepatica_nobilis (2), Hordelymus_europaeus (2), Larix_kaempferi (2), Ledum_palustre (2), Linnaea_borealis (2), Lycopodium_annotinum (2), Molinia_caerulea (2), Ostrya_virginiana (2), Oxalis_acetosella (2), Phlox_divaricata (2),

……….to see all species listed for this Keyword please click here

Under-storey vegetation

9

Anemone_nemorosa (1), Frangula_alnus (1), Holcus_mollis (1), Juniperus_communis (1), Oxalis_acetosella (1), Potentilla_erecta (1), Rumex_acetosa (1), Veronica_chamaedrys (1), Vicia_sepium (1)

Understorey wildfire

1

Palicourea_guianensis (1)

understorey-elimination

4

Aristida_stricta (1), Ilex_glabra (1), Pinus_elliottii (1), Serenoa_repens (1)

understory

1529

Pseudotsuga_menziesii (87), Picea_abies (74), Pinus_sylvestris (73), Populus_tremuloides (66), Pinus_ponderosa (59), Acer_saccharum (57), Pinus_taeda (52), Picea_glauca (47), Picea_mariana (40), Tsuga_heterophylla (40), Acer_rubrum (39), Fagus_sylvatica (38), Pinus_strobus (37), Pinus_contorta (36), Quercus_rubra (35), Pinus_radiata (30), Pinus_banksiana (28), Pinus_palustris (25), Fagus_grandifolia (23), Abies_balsamea (22), Picea_sitchensis (19), Quercus_robur (19), Epilobium_angustifolium (18), Pinus_pinaster (17), Quercus_alba (17), Thuja_plicata (17), Tsuga_canadensis (17), Rubus_idaeus (16), Kalmia_latifolia (15), Pinus_resinosa (15), Prunus_serotina (15), Juniperus_occidentalis (14), Gaultheria_shallon (13), Vaccinium_vitis-idaea (13), Abies_grandis (12), Artemisia_tridentata (12), Liriodendron_tulipifera (12), Pteridium_aquilinum (12), Vaccinium_myrtillus (12), Abies_alba (11), Acacia_mangium (11), Betula_pendula (11), Calluna_vulgaris (11), Lonicera_maackii (11), Pinus_echinata (11), Quercus_montana (11), Quercus_velutina (11), Abies_lasiocarpa (10), Arctostaphylos_uva-ursi (10), Betula_alleghaniensis (10), Betula_pubescens (10), Bromus_tectorum (10), Hylocomium_splendens (10), Microstegium_vimineum (10), Pinus_halepensis (10), Abies_amabilis (9), Betula_papyrifera (9), Cornus_florida (9), Cryptomeria_japonica (9), Cytisus_scoparius (9), Dactylis_glomerata (9)Deschampsia_flexuosa (9), Eucalyptus_globulus (9), Eucalyptus_marginata (9), Eucalyptus_regnans (9), Acer_pseudoplatanus (8), Alliaria_petiolata (8), Alnus_rubra (8), Festuca_arundinacea (8), Kalmia_angustifolia (8), Linnaea_borealis (8), Quercus_petraea (8), Rhododendron_maximum (8), Eucalyptus_camaldulensis (7), Hedera_helix (7), Larix_kaempferi (7), Liquidambar_styraciflua (7), Pleurozium_schreberi (7), Purshia_tridentata (7), Quercus_ilex (7), Aristida_stricta (6), Berberis_thunbergii (6), Calamagrostis_canadensis (6), Cistus_ladanifer (6), Cladina_rangiferina (6),

……….to see all species listed for this Keyword please click here

Under-story

4

Molinia_caerulea (1), Prunus_serotina (1), Quercus_robur (1), Rhododendron_maximum (1)

Understory abundance

14

Acacia_macrostachya (2), Acacia_tortilis (2), Andropogon_gayanus (2), Calluna_vulgaris (2), Digitaria_horizontalis (2), Euclasta_condylotricha (2), Hackelochloa_granularis (2), Microchloa_indica (2), Pennisetum_pedicellatum (2), Pennisetum_polystachion (2), Rottboellia_exaltata (2), Schizachyrium_sanguineum (2), Vitellaria_paradoxa (2), Wissadula_amplissima (2)

Understory birds

6

Aristotelia_chilensis (1), Azara_integrifolia (1), Bertholletia_excelsa (1), Fraxinus_chinensis (1), Hymenaea_courbaril (1), Pinus_patula (1)

Understory BRDF

1

Empetrum_nigrum (1)

Understory clearing

1

Pinus_palustris (1)

Understory communities

53

Aralia_nudicaulis (5), Cornus_canadensis (5), Calamagrostis_canadensis (4), Maianthemum_canadense (4), Picea_glauca (4), Rosa_acicularis (4), Rubus_pubescens (4), Viburnum_edule (4), Abies_balsamea (3), Achillea_millefolium (3), Alnus_crispa (3), Amelanchier_alnifolia (3), Populus_tremuloides (3), Epilobium_angustifolium (2), Fragaria_vesca (2), Fragaria_virginiana (2), Galium_boreale (2), Galium_triflorum (2), Goodyera_repens (2), Lathyrus_venosus (2), Linnaea_borealis (2), Lonicera_involucrata (2), Mertensia_paniculata (2), Mitella_nuda (2), Moneses_uniflora (2), Ribes_oxyacanthoides (2), Rosa_woodsii (2), Trientalis_borealis (2), Vicia_americana (2), Acer_negundo (1), Asplenium_platyneuron (1), Aster_dumosus (1), Bignonia_capreolata (1), Bromus_madritensis (1), Carex_laevivaginata (1), Centaurea_solstitialis (1), Cerastium_glomeratum (1), Clematis_virginiana (1), Fraxinus_pennsylvanica (1), Galium_aparine (1), Geum_canadense (1), Juncus_tenuis (1), Juniperus_virginiana (1), Parthenocissus_quinquefolia (1), Picea_mariana (1), Potentilla_simplex (1), Prunus_serotina (1), Quercus_velutina (1), Solidago_canadensis (1), Solidago_erecta (1), Solidago_speciosa (1), Taraxacum_officinale (1), Vaccinium_vitis-idaea (1)

understory community

44

Acer_palmatum (1), Aesculus_sylvatica (1), Agrostis_scabra (1), Amelanchier_utahensis (1), Arabis_holboellii (1), Artemisia_tridentata (1), Asclepias_asperula (1), Brickellia_grandiflora (1), Bromus_tectorum (1), Calamagrostis_canadensis (1), Castanea_crenata (1), Ceanothus_fendleri (1), Chenopodium_sp. (1), Collinsia_parviflora (1), Deschampsia_flexuosa (1), Elymus_elymoides (1), Geum_urbanum (1), Juniperus_osteosperma (1), Lactuca_serriola (1), Lupinus_argenteus (1), Monardella_glauca (1), Oenothera_caespitosa (1), Pascopyrum_smithii (1), Phlox_longifolia (1), Picea_glauca (1), Pinus_contorta (1), Pinus_edulis (1), Pinus_ponderosa (1), Poa_fendleriana (1), Polygonum_douglasii (1), Polypodium_virginianum (1), Polytrichum_juniperinum (1), Populus_tremuloides (1), Prunus_grayana (1), Purshia_mexicana (1), Quercus_gambelii (1), Quercus_mongolica (1), Quercus_serrata (1), Rhus_trilobata (1), Ribes_cereum (1), Robinia_neomexicana (1), Rosa_acicularis (1), Shepherdia_canadensis (1), Viburnum_edule (1)

understory competition

12

Abies_amabilis (2), Epilobium_angustifolium (2), Abies_alba (1), Deschampsia_flexuosa (1), Gaultheria_shallon (1), Picea_abies (1), Picea_mariana (1), Picea_sitchensis (1), Pinus_resinosa (1), Rumex_obtusifolius (1), Thuja_plicata (1), Tsuga_heterophylla (1)

Understory composition

82

Agrostis_capillaris (2), Aira_caryophyllea (2), Aira_praecox (2), Arenaria_montana (2), Bellis_perennis (2), Calluna_vulgaris (2), Castanea_sativa (2), Cerastium_glomeratum (2), Erica_arborea (2), Erica_cinerea (2), Hippocrepis_comosa (2), Jasione_montana (2), Luzula_forsteri (2), Ornithopus_compressus (2), Petrorhagia_prolifera (2), Teesdalia_nudicaulis (2), Trifolium_campestre (2), Vulpia_bromoides (2), Acacia_bidwillii (1), Alstonia_constricta (1), Alternanthera_denticulata (1), Amaranthus_interruptus (1), Aristida_latifolia (1), Aristida_lazaridis (1), Boerhavia_dominii (1), Bothriochloa_ewartiana (1), Breynia_oblongifolia (1), Brunoniella_acaulis (1), Brunoniella_australis (1), Bursaria_incana (1), Canthium_oleifolium (1), Capillipedium_parviflorum (1), Chamaecrista_mimosoides (1), Citriobatus_spinescens (1), Cleome_viscosa (1), Clerodendrum_floribundum (1), Cynosurus_echinatus (1), Dichanthium_sericeum (1), Digitaria_ammophila (1), Digitaria_brownii (1), Digitaria_ciliaris (1), Dodonaea_stenophylla (1), Drypetes_deplanchei (1), Echinochloa_colona (1), Eucalyptus_xanthoclada (1), Euphorbia_vachellii (1), Eustrephus_latifolius (1), Flueggea_leucopyrus (1), Glycine_clandestina (1), Glycine_tomentella (1), Goodenia_hirsuta (1), Gossypium_australe (1), Hakea_lorea (1), Heteropogon_contortus (1), Heteropogon_triticeus (1), Hibiscus_meraukensis (1), Indigofera_colutea (1), Indigofera_hirsuta (1), Indigofera_linnaei (1), Ipomoea_plebeia (1), Lotus_corniculatus (1)Panicum_decompositum (1), Pinus_pinaster (1), Pinus_sylvestris (1), Plantago_lanceolata (1), Portulaca_oleracea (1), Quercus_ilex (1), Rhynchosia_minima (1), Scleria_mackaviensis (1), Sehima_nervosa (1), Sida_spinosa (1), Sigesbeckia_orientalis (1), Solanum_ellipticum (1), Sorghum_plumosum (1), Sporobolus_australasicus (1), Stylosanthes_hamata (1), Themeda_triandra (1), Tribulus_micrococcus (1), Trifolium_pratense (1), Urochloa_panicoides (1), Waltheria_indica (1), Wedelia_spilanthoides (1)

understory control

36

Arisaema_triphyllum (2), Aster_cordifolius (2), Galium_triflorum (2), Geum_canadense (2), Parthenocissus_quinquefolia (2), Phryma_leptostachya (2), Pilea_pumila (2), Polygonum_virginianum (2), Prunus_serotina (2), Agastache_nepetoides (1), Carex_blanda (1), Carex_davisii (1), Carya_ovata (1), Caulophyllum_thalictroides (1), Cryptotaenia_canadensis (1), Diarrhena_americana (1), Elymus_hystrix (1), Elymus_villosus (1), Eupatorium_purpureum (1), Fagus_sylvatica (1), Fraxinus_excelsior (1), Pinus_taeda (1), Prunus_spinosa (1), Quercus_robur (1), Quercus_rubra (1), Rhinanthus_minor (1), Scrophularia_marilandica (1), Smilacina_racemosa (1), Solidago_flexicaulis (1), Solidago_ulmifolia (1), Teucrium_canadense (1), Thalictrum_dasycarpum (1), Tilia_americana (1), Ulmus_americana (1), Verbesina_alternifolia (1), Zizia_aurea (1)

Understory cover

7

Abies_alba (1), Deschampsia_flexuosa (1), Festuca_altissima (1), Ilex_aquifolium (1), Luzula_luzuloides (1), Luzula_sylvatica (1), Ulmus_glabra (1)

Understory cover and biomass

7

Picea_glauca (1), Picea_sitchensis (1), Pinus_contorta (1), Pinus_ponderosa (1), Pseudotsuga_menziesii (1), Thuja_plicata (1), Tsuga_heterophylla (1)

Understory cutting

7

Acer_rubrum (1), Kalmia_latifolia (1), Liriodendron_tulipifera (1), Nyssa_sylvatica (1), Oxydendrum_arboreum (1), Rhododendron_calendulaceum (1), Rhododendron_maximum (1)

Understory density

3

Frangula_alnus (2), Quercus_robur (2), Sorbus_aucuparia (2)

Understory development

27

Alysicarpus_vaginalis (1), Anacardium_excelsum (1), Apeiba_tibourbou (1), Calophyllum_brasiliense (1), Casuarina_equisetifolia (1), Cedrela_odorata (1), Cissus_erosa (1), Cochlospermum_vitifolium (1), Enterolobium_cyclocarpum (1), Eucalyptus_robusta (1), Guazuma_ulmifolia (1), Hura_crepitans (1), Imperata_cylindrica (1), Melochia_nodiflora (1), Mimosa_pudica (1), Muntingia_calabura (1), Ochroma_pyramidale (1), Phyllanthus_niruri (1), Picea_engelmannii (1), Pinus_caribaea (1), Pinus_contorta (1), Saccharum_spontaneum (1), Spiracantha_cornifolia (1), Spondias_mombin (1), Sporobolus_indicus (1), Tectona_grandis (1), Tsuga_heterophylla (1)

Understory diversity

50

Cercocarpus_ledifolius (2), Cunninghamia_lanceolata (2), Eucalyptus_marginata (2), Ficus_variegata (2), Hevea_brasiliensis (2), Litsea_glutinosa (2), Mikania_micrantha (2), Abies_grandis (1), Axonopus_compressus (1), Elytraria_imbricata (1), Hippocratea_volubilis (1), Inga_edulis (1), Iresine_diffusa (1), Lactuca_serriola (1), Larix_occidentalis (1), Lathyrus_sylvestris (1), Ledum_glandulosum (1), Lupinus_latifolius (1), Lupinus_wyethii (1), Madia_glomerata (1), Phacelia_hastata (1), Picea_abies (1), Pinus_monticola (1), Piper_aduncum (1), Polemonium_occidentale (1), Polygonum_ramosissimum (1), Potentilla_diversifolia (1), Pseudotsuga_menziesii (1), Ranunculus_acris (1), Ranunculus_uncinatus (1), Ribes_montigenum (1), Ribes_viscosissimum (1), Rosa_gymnocarpa (1), Rosa_woodsii (1), Rubus_leucodermis (1), Ruellia_brevifolia (1), Salmea_scandens (1), Sisymbrium_altissimum (1), Smilacina_racemosa (1), Sorbus_sitchensis (1), Spondias_mombin (1), Tabebuia_serratifolia (1), Terminalia_oblonga (1), Thalictrum_occidentale (1), Urera_baccifera (1), Vaccinium_deliciosum (1), Vaccinium_membranaceum (1), Verbascum_thapsus (1), Viola_orbiculata (1), Zanthoxylum_fagara (1)

understory ecology

10

Allium_porrum (1), Betula_papyrifera (1), Erythrina_abyssinica (1), Funtumia_africana (1), Paxillus_involutus (1), Picea_abies (1), Picea_sitchensis (1), Pinus_sylvestris (1), Syzygium (1), Tradescantia_fluminensis (1)

understory evapotranspiration

2

Betula_platyphylla (1), Larix_gmelinii (1)

Understory fern removal

6

Acacia_mangium (2), Baeckea_frutescens (2), Eriachne_pallescens (2), Eucalyptus_urophylla (2), Pinus_massoniana (2), Rhodomyrtus_tomentosa (2)

Understory flora

28

Abies_balsamea (1), Anemone_virginiana (1), Aralia_nudicaulis (1), Aralia_racemosa (1), Asarum_canadense (1), Betula_alleghaniensis (1), Betula_populifolia (1), Carex_lurida (1), Carya_cordiformis (1), Cirsium_arvense (1), Cornus_sericea (1), Dryopteris_intermedia (1), Fagus_grandifolia (1), Fraxinus_americana (1), Galeopsis_tetrahit (1), Galium_palustre (1), Hieracium_caespitosum (1), Hydrophyllum_virginianum (1), Ilex_verticillata (1), Juglans_cinerea (1), Lactuca_canadensis (1), Myrica_gale (1), Parthenocissus_quinquefolia (1), Pinus_resinosa (1), Sambucus_canadensis (1), Smilacina_racemosa (1), Spiraea_alba (1), Thelypteris_noveboracensis (1)

Understory fuels

1

Pinus_resinosa (1)

understory herbicide applications

22

Fagus_grandifolia (2), Frangula_caroliniana (2), Parthenocissus_quinquefolia (2), Phytolacca_americana (2), Pinus_echinata (2), Prunus_serotina (2), Quercus_alba (2), Acer_rubrum (1), Asimina_triloba (1), Carya_tomentosa (1), Cornus_florida (1), Dioscorea_villosa (1), Glycine_max (1), Lablab_purpureus (1), Liriodendron_tulipifera (1), Lonicera_japonica (1), Nyssa_sylvatica (1), Oxydendrum_arboreum (1), Pinus_taeda (1), Sassafras_albidum (1), Toxicodendron_radicans (1), Vigna_sinensis (1)

Understory herbs

51

Alstroemeria_aurea (2), Aralia_hispida (2), Asclepias_quadrifolia (2), Asclepias_syriaca (2), Chamerion_angustifolium (2), Cucurbita_maxima (2), Delphinium_glaucum (2), Epilobium_canum (2), Fagus_sylvatica (2), Impatiens_capensis (2), Ipomopsis_longiflora (2), Kalmia_latifolia (2), Lobelia_cardinalis (2), Mertensia_paniculata (2), Monarda_fistulosa (2), Moneses_uniflora (2), Piper_hispidum (2), Populus_tremuloides (2), Trifolium_repens (2), Vicia_americana (2), Abies_concolor (1), Achillea_millefolium (1), Achlys_triphylla (1), Adenocaulon_bicolor (1), Anemone_deltoidea (1), Anemone_oregana (1), Arctostaphylos_patula (1), Ceanothus_velutinus (1), Chimaphila_menziesii (1), Cirsium_vulgare (1), Clintonia_borealis (1), Clintonia_uniflora (1), Corallorhiza_maculata (1), Elymus_glaucus (1), Epilobium_angustifolium (1), Goodyera_oblongifolia (1), Iris_chrysophylla (1), Metrosideros_polymorpha (1), Penstemon_anguineus (1), Picea_abies (1), Ribes_lacustre (1), Ribes_lobbii (1), Ribes_sanguineum (1), Rosa_gymnocarpa (1), Rubus_leucodermis (1), Rubus_parviflorus (1), Rubus_ursinus (1), Sambucus_mexicana (1), Symphoricarpos_albus (1), Tragopogon_pratensis (1), Trillium_ovatum (1)

understory interference

3

Acer_pensylvanicum (1), Fagus_grandifolia (1), Hydrangea_arborescens (1)

understory invasion.

7

Ilex_anomala (1), Metrosideros_polymorpha (1), Phaeomeria_magnifica (1), Pittosporum_undulatum (1), Pueraria_lobata (1), Zingiber_officinale (1), Zingiber_zerumbet (1)

understory layer

28

Oxalis_acetosella (2), Pinus_massoniana (2), Pinus_resinosa (2), Allium_ursinum (1), Anemone_nemorosa (1), Carpinus_betulus (1), Carpinus_caroliniana (1), Cryptomeria_japonica (1), Cunninghamia_lanceolata (1), Erythronium_americanum (1), Fagus_sylvatica (1), Fraxinus_excelsior (1), Galium_aparine (1), Galium_odoratum (1), Hepatica_nobilis (1), Huperzia_lucidula (1), Lamium_galeobdolon (1), Maianthemum_canadense (1), Milium_effusum (1), Picea_abies (1), Picea_sitchensis (1), Rumex_obtusifolius (1), Stachys_sylvatica (1), Stellaria_holostea (1), Stellaria_nemorum (1), Syzygium (1), Ulmus_glabra (1), Vaccinium_myrtillus (1)

Understory light

24

Picea_glauca (3), Abies_alba (2), Abies_balsamea (2), Picea_abies (2), Pinus_sylvestris (2), Pinus_uncinata (2), Abies_lasiocarpa (1), Acer_rubrum (1), Amelanchier_arborea (1), Calamagrostis_canadensis (1), Cedrela_odorata (1), Cercis_canadensis (1), Epilobium_angustifolium (1), Fraxinus_americana (1), Hymenaea_courbaril (1), Larix_occidentalis (1), Oxydendrum_arboreum (1), Picea_engelmannii (1), Pteridium_aquilinum (1), Quercus_coccinea (1), Quercus_montana (1), Quercus_muehlenbergii (1), Quercus_rubra (1), Sassafras_albidum (1)

Understory light conditions

6

Acer_saccharum (1), Carya_cordiformis (1), Fagus_grandifolia (1), Fraxinus_americana (1), Ostrya_virginiana (1), Zanthoxylum_americanum (1)

Understory light regime

5

Cupressus_lusitanica (1), Eucalyptus_globulus (1), Grevillea_robusta (1), Pinus_caribaea (1), Pinus_patula (1)

Understory management

12

Acacia_crassicarpa (2), Acacia_mangium (2), Cassia_alata (2), Eucalyptus_urophylla (2), Ilex_asprella (2), Melastoma_candidum (2), Miscanthus_sinensis (2), Rhodomyrtus_tomentosa (2), Setaria_italica (2), Fagopyrum_sagittatum (1), Lobularia_maritima (1), Picea_glauca (1)

understory plant density

1

Pharus_latifolius (1)

Understory plant species

10

Aegopodium_podagraria (1), Bromus_erectus (1), Convallaria_majalis (1), Deschampsia_flexuosa (1), Galium_odoratum (1), Geum_urbanum (1), Holcus_lanatus (1), Milium_effusum (1), Poa_nemoralis (1), Stellaria_nemorum (1)

Understory plants

139

Acacia_crassicarpa (2), Amorpha_herbacea (2), Andropogon_ternarius (2), Aristida_beyrichiana (2), Aristida_stricta (2), Carphephorus_bellidifolius (2), Chrysopsis_gossypina (2), Conradina_glabra (2), Ctenium_aromaticum (2), Desmodium_ciliare (2), Eucalyptus_urophylla (2), Imperata_cylindrica (2), Lantana_canescens (2), Lechea_cernua (2), Lespedeza_hirta (2), Liatris_elegans (2), Liatris_gracilis (2), Liatris_tenuifolia (2), Licania_michauxii (2), Parnassia_caroliniana (2), Paspalum_distichum (2), Paspalum_notatum (2), Passiflora_sexflora (2), Pinus_palustris (2), Pityopsis_graminifolia (2), Plantago_sparsiflora (2), Polygonella_basiramia (2), Pseudophoenix_sargentii (2), Rhus_michauxii (2), Sabal_etonia (2), Serenoa_repens (2), Solidago_odora (2), Sorghastrum_nutans (2), Sorghastrum_secundum (2), Sporobolus_junceus (2), Tridens_flavus (2), Ximenia_americana (2), Ziziphus_celata (2), Achillea_millefolium (1), Acronychia_pedunculata (1), Ageratum_conyzoides (1), Aglaia_elaeagnoidea (1), Aglaia_exstipulata (1), Agrostistachys_borneensis (1), Agrostistachys_indica (1), Alstonia_scholaris (1), Antiaris_toxicaria (1), Aphanamixis_polystachya (1), Arachniodes_aristata (1), Artocarpus_heterophyllus (1), Asparagus_racemosus (1), Bactris_major (1), Bactris_maraja (1), Begonia_malabarica (1), Begonia_picta (1), Berberis_darwinii (1), Bromus_tectorum (1), Calluna_vulgaris (1), Canarium_strictum (1), Carludovica_palmata (1), Casearia_esculenta (1)Cassine_glauca (1), Cecropia_obtusifolia (1), Chenopodium_graveolens (1), Chrysophyllum_roxburghii (1), Cirsium_wheeleri (1), Cleidion_spiciflorum (1), Clematis_sp. (1), Dendrocalamus_hamiltonii (1), Dendrocalamus_strictus (1), Dendrocnide_sinuata (1), Derris_trifoliata (1), Descurainia_obtusa (1), Dimocarpus_longan (1), Dioscorea_oppositifolia (1), Elettaria_cardamomum (1), Elymus_elymoides (1), Erycibe_paniculata (1), Eupatorium_glandulosum (1), Festuca_arizonica (1), Ficus_hispida (1), Ficus_microcarpa (1),

……….to see all species listed for this Keyword please click here

understory protection

2

Picea_glauca (1), Populus_tremuloides (1)

Understory recovery

9

Acer_pseudoplatanus (2), Alnus_glutinosa (2), Anemone_nemorosa (2), Fagus_sylvatica (1), Lamium_galeobdolon (1), Lonicera_periclymenum (1), Populus_X (1), Primula_elatior (1), Stellaria_holostea (1)

Understory regeneration

41

Calophyllum_brasiliense (2), Cecropia_obtusifolia (2), Cordia_alliodora (2), Dendropanax_arboreus (2), Miconia_affinis (2), Miconia_impetiolaris (2), Miconia_punctata (2), Palicourea_guianensis (2), Andira_inermis (1), Annona_montana (1), Calathea_lutea (1), Casearia_sp. (1), Cassia_sp. (1), Castilla_elastica (1), Cecropia_peltata (1), Cedrela_odorata (1), Clidemia_hirta (1), Commelina_diffusa (1), Costus_speciosus (1), Genipa_americana (1), Gmelina_arborea (1), Gouania_polygama (1), Guarea_guidonia (1), Hamelia_patens (1), Heliconia_irrasa (1), Heliconia_latispatha (1), Imperata_cylindrica (1), Iriartea_deltoidea (1), Laetia_procera (1), Nectandra_membranacea (1), Ocotea_leucoxylon (1), Paullinia_fuscescens (1), Piper_glabrescens (1), Psychotria_brachiata (1), Pterocarpus_officinalis (1), Pueraria_phaseoloides (1), Sabicea_villosa (1), Sapium_glandulosum (1), Solanum_sp. (1), Syzygium_malaccense (1), Virola_sebifera (1)

understory reinitiation

3

Pinus_strobus (1), Populus_grandidentata (1), Populus_tremuloides (1)

Understory re-initiation stage

15

Acer_carpinifolium (1), Acer_japonicum (1), Callicarpa_japonica (1), Castanea_crenata (1), Chamaecyparis_obtusa (1), Eurya_japonica (1), Hovenia_dulcis (1), Larix_kaempferi (1), Ligustrum_obtusifolium (1), Lycopodium_serratum (1), Oplismenus_undulatifolius (1), Pinus_elliottii (1), Quercus_mongolica (1), Quercus_serrata (1), Smilax_china (1)

understory release

3

Agropyron_cristatum (1), Agropyron_desertorum (1), Artemisia_tridentata (1)

understory removal

27

Acacia_crassicarpa (4), Acacia_dealbata (4), Pterocarpus_santalinus (4), Bischofia_javanica (3), Cassia_alata (3), Delonix_regia (3), Dillenia_indica (3), Eucalyptus_delegatensis (3), Eucalyptus_urophylla (3), Hedysarum_fruticosum (3), Syzygium_jambos (3), Acacia_mangium (2), Araucaria_cunninghamii (2), Quercus_dentata (2), Syzygium (2), Abies_concolor (1), Abies_grandis (1), Abies_magnifica (1), Betula_alleghaniensis (1), Circaea_alpina (1), Eucalyptus_saligna (1), Lycopodium_annotinum (1), Moneses_uniflora (1), Pyrola_americana (1), Ribes_lacustre (1), Streptopus_amplexifolius (1), Thuja_plicata (1)

Understory response

30

Antennaria_parvifolia (2), Ceanothus_fendleri (2), Muhlenbergia_montana (2), Pinus_palustris (2), Pinus_ponderosa (2), Pseudocymopterus_montanus (2), Rosa_woodsii (2), Solidago_velutina (2), Androsace_septentrionalis (1), Astragalus_humistratus (1), Blepharoneuron_tricholepis (1), Bromus_tectorum (1), Chenopodium_graveolens (1), Chenopodium_leptophyllum (1), Elymus_elymoides (1), Epilobium_brachycarpum (1), Erigeron_divergens (1), Festuca_arizonica (1), Gayophytum_diffusum (1), Juniperus_osteosperma (1), Lomatium_foeniculaceum (1), Lupinus_kingii (1), Pinus_edulis (1), Pinus_taeda (1), Plantago_argyrea (1), Quercus_gambelii (1), Silene_scouleri (1), Sporobolus_cryptandrus (1), Trifolium_gymnocarpon (1), Verbascum_thapsus (1)

Understory richness

18

Achillea_millefolium (1), Amelanchier_alnifolia (1), Arctostaphylos_uva-ursi (1), Calamagrostis_rubescens (1), Carex_concinnoides (1), Carex_geyeri (1), Carex_rossii (1), Cirsium_vulgare (1), Collinsia_parviflora (1), Festuca_idahoensis (1), Fragaria_virginiana (1), Larix_occidentalis (1), Mahonia_repens (1), Pinus_ponderosa (1), Potentilla_recta (1), Salix_scouleriana (1), Spiraea_betulifolia (1), Symphoricarpos_albus (1)

Understory saplings

8

Abies_amabilis (1), Abies_balsamea (1), Abies_lasiocarpa (1), Betula_pendula (1), Betula_pubescens (1), Pinus_strobus (1), Rubus_idaeus (1), Xanthium_canadense (1)

Understory seedling dynamics

12

Acer_circinatum (1), Acer_rubrum (1), Acer_saccharum (1), Berberis_thunbergii (1), Fraxinus_americana (1), Lonicera_maackii (1), Lonicera_tatarica (1), Lythrum_salicaria (1), Pinus_strobus (1), Prunus_americana (1), Pyrus_malus (1), Rhamnus_cathartica (1)

Understory shrubs

3

Carpinus_betulus (1), Cornus_sanguinea (1), Corylus_avellana (1)

Understory species

291

Acer_pensylvanicum (1), Acer_spicatum (1), Achillea_millefolium (1), Actaea_pachypoda (1), Actaea_rubra (1), Adiantum_pedatum (1), Ageratina_altissima (1), Agrimonia_gryposepala (1), Agrimonia_striata (1), Alnus_incana (1), Alnus_viridis (1), Amelanchier_alnifolia (1), Amelanchier_arborea (1), Amelanchier_bartramiana (1), Amelanchier_laevis (1), Amelanchier_sanguinea (1), Anaphalis_margaritacea (1), Andromeda_polifolia (1), Anemone_canadensis (1), Anemone_virginiana (1), Antennaria_parlinii (1), Apocynum_androsaemifolium (1), Aquilegia_canadensis (1), Arabis_drummondii (1), Aralia_nudicaulis (1), Aronia_melanocarpa (1), Athyrium_filix-femina (1), Aulacomnium_palustre (1), Barbilophozia_barbata (1), Bazzania_trilobata (1), Betula_alleghaniensis (1), Blepharostoma_trichophyllum (1), Botrychium_virginianum (1), Brachythecium_populeum (1), Brachythecium_reflexum (1), Brachythecium_rutabulum (1), Brachythecium_salebrosum (1), Brachythecium_velutinum (1), Buellia_disciformis (1), Calamagrostis_canadensis (1), Callicladium_haldanianum (1), Calypogeia_neesiana (1), Calypso_bulbosa (1), Campylium_chrysophyllum (1), Campylium_stellatum (1), Cardamine_diphylla (1), Carex_arctata (1), Carex_brunnescens (1), Carex_communis (1), Carex_deweyana (1), Carex_intumescens (1), Carex_pensylvanica (1), Carex_retrorsa (1), Carex_trisperma (1), Centaurea_nigra (1), Chamaedaphne_calyculata (1), Chrysosplenium_americanum (1), Cinna_latifolia (1), Circaea_alpina (1), Cirsium_muticum (1), Cladina_rangiferina (1)Cladina_stellaris (1), Cladonia_cenotea (1), Cladonia_coniocraea (1), Cladonia_deformis (1), Cladonia_squamosa (1), Cladonia_uncialis (1), Claytonia_caroliniana (1), Climacium_dendroides (1), Clinopodium_vulgare (1), Clintonia_borealis (1), Comptonia_peregrina (1), Conioselinum_chinense (1), Coptis_trifolia (1), Corallorhiza_maculata (1), Corallorhiza_trifida (1), Cornus_alternifolia (1), Cornus_canadensis (1), Cornus_sericea (1), Corylus_cornuta (1),

……….to see all species listed for this Keyword please click here

Understory species composition

69

Abies_lasiocarpa (1), Achillea_millefolium (1), Agoseris_aurantiaca (1), Agoseris_glauca (1), Anaphalis_margaritacea (1), Antennaria_rosea (1), Arabis_drummondii (1), Arctostaphylos_uva-ursi (1), Arnica_cordifolia (1), Arnica_mollis (1), Bromus_carinatus (1), Calamagrostis_canadensis (1), Calamagrostis_rubescens (1), Caltha_leptosepala (1), Carex_geyeri (1), Carex_haydeniana (1), Carex_hoodii (1), Carex_microptera (1), Carex_occidentalis (1), Carex_phaeocephala (1), Carex_raynoldsii (1), Carex_rossii (1), Ceanothus_velutinus (1), Cirsium_arvense (1), Cirsium_centaureae (1), Danthonia_intermedia (1), Deschampsia_cespitosa (1), Epilobium_angustifolium (1), Epilobium_halleanum (1), Erigeron_peregrinus (1), Erythronium_grandiflorum (1), Fragaria_virginiana (1), Gentianella_amarella (1), Geranium_richardsonii (1), Hieracium_albiflorum (1), Hieracium_gracile (1), Juncus_drummondii (1), Juniperus_communis (1), Ligusticum_porteri (1), Linaria_vulgaris (1), Lonicera_involucrata (1), Lupinus_argenteus (1), Orthilia_secunda (1), Osmorhiza_depauperata (1), Pedicularis_racemosa (1), Penstemon_saxosorum (1), Penstemon_whippleanus (1), Phleum_alpinum (1), Pinus_albicaulis (1), Pinus_contorta (1), Plantago_tweedyi (1), Poa_compressa (1), Poa_fendleriana (1), Poa_nervosa (1), Potentilla_fissa (1), Pyrola_chlorantha (1), Ribes_inerme (1), Rosa_woodsii (1), Salix_scouleriana (1), Senecio_crassulus (1), Senecio_eremophilus (1)Shepherdia_canadensis (1), Sibbaldia_procumbens (1), Solidago_multiradiata (1), Taraxacum_laevigatum (1), Trisetum_spicatum (1), Trisetum_wolfii (1), Vaccinium_scoparium (1), Veronica_wormskjoldii (1)

Understory species diversity

46

Abies_alba (2), Abies_balsamea (2), Acer_spicatum (2), Alnus_crispa (2), Alnus_incana (2), Aralia_nudicaulis (2), Athyrium_filix-femina (2), Betula_papyrifera (2), Calamagrostis_canadensis (2), Cinna_latifolia (2), Cladina_rangiferina (2), Clintonia_borealis (2), Coptis_trifolia (2), Cornus_canadensis (2), Cornus_stolonifera (2), Corylus_cornuta (2), Dicranum_flagellare (1), Dicranum_montanum (1), Dicranum_ontariense (1), Dicranum_polysetum (1), Diervilla_lonicera (1), Gaultheria_hispidula (1), Gaultheria_procumbens (1), Gaultheria_shallon (1), Goodyera_repens (1), Hylocomium_splendens (1), Kalmia_angustifolia (1), Ledum_groenlandicum (1), Linnaea_borealis (1), Lycopodium_annotinum (1), Lycopodium_dendroideum (1), Picea_glauca (1), Picea_mariana (1), Pinus_banksiana (1), Pleurozium_schreberi (1), Populus_tremuloides (1), Prunus_pensylvanica (1), Pteridium_aquilinum (1), Rubus_idaeus (1), Rubus_pubescens (1), Sorbus_decora (1), Sphagnum_girgensohnii (1), Trientalis_borealis (1), Vaccinium_angustifolium (1), Vaccinium_myrtilloides (1), Viola_sp. (1)

Understory structure

8

Acer_campestre (2), Corylus_avellana (2), Alnus_glutinosa (1), Crataegus_monogyna (1), Fraxinus_excelsior (1), Prunus_spinosa (1), Quercus_robur (1), Rubus_fruticosus (1)

Understory succession

27

Achyranthes_bidentata (1), Achyranthes_japonica (1), Ailanthus_altissima (1), Akebia_quinata (1), Akebia_trifoliata (1), Aphananthe_aspera (1), Ardisia_crenata (1), Ardisia_japonica (1), Aucuba_japonica (1), Callicarpa_japonica (1), Celtis_sinensis (1), Chamaecyparis_obtusa (1), Commelina_communis (1), Cornus_controversa (1), Eleusine_indica (1), Eragrostis_ferruginea (1), Eurya_japonica (1), Ligustrum_japonicum (1), Magnolia_kobus (1), Ophiopogon_japonicus (1), Oplismenus_undulatifolius (1), Parthenocissus_tricuspidata (1), Pinus_contorta (1), Pinus_ponderosa (1), Setaria_faberi (1), Trachycarpus_fortunei (1), Zelkova_serrata (1)

Understory tree

1

Arbutus_xalapensis (1)

understory trees

2

Cecropia_obtusifolia (1), Dryobalanops_aromatica (1)

Understory vegetation

877

Achillea_millefolium (11), Acer_rubrum (10), Acer_saccharum (10), Aralia_nudicaulis (10), Epilobium_angustifolium (10), Tsuga_heterophylla (10), Lycopodium_annotinum (9), Populus_tremuloides (9), Rosa_acicularis (9), Abies_balsamea (8), Acer_spicatum (8), Fagus_sylvatica (8), Linnaea_borealis (8), Pinus_sylvestris (8), Rubus_idaeus (8), Arisaema_triphyllum (7), Betula_alleghaniensis (7), Betula_papyrifera (7), Corylus_cornuta (7), Oxalis_acetosella (7), Rubus_spectabilis (7), Trientalis_borealis (7), Abies_grandis (6), Alnus_rubra (6), Calamagrostis_canadensis (6), Clintonia_borealis (6), Cornus_canadensis (6), Hylocomium_splendens (6), Picea_glauca (6), Pinus_contorta (6), Polystichum_munitum (6), Populus_balsamifera (6), Prunus_pensylvanica (6), Pseudotsuga_menziesii (6), Rubus_parviflorus (6), Tsuga_canadensis (6), Vaccinium_vitis-idaea (6), Abies_lasiocarpa (5), Acacia_mangium (5), Alnus_crispa (5), Anaphalis_margaritacea (5), Arctostaphylos_uva-ursi (5), Baeckea_frutescens (5), Fagus_grandifolia (5), Fraxinus_americana (5), Galium_triflorum (5), Hepatica_nobilis (5), Maianthemum_canadense (5), Orthilia_secunda (5), Picea_glehnii (5), Pinus_ponderosa (5), Pinus_strobus (5), Pleurozium_schreberi (5), Polytrichum_juniperinum (5), Pteridium_aquilinum (5), Rubus_allegheniensis (5), Sambucus_racemosa (5), Vaccinium_parvifolium (5), Viburnum_edule (5), Vicia_americana (5), Acer_circinatum (4)Alliaria_petiolata (4), Amelanchier_alnifolia (4), Apocynum_androsaemifolium (4), Arnica_cordifolia (4), Betula_glandulosa (4), Betula_lenta (4), Carex_pensylvanica (4), Circaea_alpina (4), Cirsium_vulgare (4), Cynodon_dactylon (4), Delphinium_glaucum (4), Dicranum_scoparium (4), Fragaria_virginiana (4), Fraxinus_excelsior (4), Gaultheria_shallon (4), Hedera_helix (4), Heracleum_lanatum (4), Hieracium_albiflorum (4), Ledum_groenlandicum (4), Mertensia_paniculata (4), Peltigera_aphthosa (4), Picea_mariana (4), Pinus_resinosa (4), Prosopis_juliflora (4),

……….to see all species listed for this Keyword please click here

Understory vegetation cover

8

Abies_concolor (2), Amelanchier_alnifolia (2), Arctostaphylos_patula (2), Calocedrus_decurrens (2), Pinus_jeffreyi (2), Pinus_ponderosa (2), Ribes_cereum (2), Symphoricarpos_albus (2)

understory vegetation removal

1

Fagus_sylvatica (1)

understory.

3

Allium_porrum (1), Trifolium_subterraneum (1), Vicia_faba (1)

Understory–climate relationship

7

Picea_glauca (1), Picea_sitchensis (1), Pinus_contorta (1), Pinus_ponderosa (1), Pseudotsuga_menziesii (1), Thuja_plicata (1), Tsuga_heterophylla (1)

Understory–overstory relationship

7

Picea_glauca (1), Picea_sitchensis (1), Pinus_contorta (1), Pinus_ponderosa (1), Pseudotsuga_menziesii (1), Thuja_plicata (1), Tsuga_heterophylla (1)

Understory-overstory relationships

9

Abies_amabilis (1), Abies_balsamea (1), Abies_concolor (1), Abies_grandis (1), Abies_magnifica (1), Arctostaphylos_patula (1), Artemisia_tridentata (1), Ceanothus_velutinus (1), Juniperus_occidentalis (1)

Understory-thin

8

Abies_concolor (1), Abies_magnifica (1), Arctostaphylos_nevadensis (1), Calocedrus_decurrens (1), Ceanothus_cordulatus (1), Pinus_jeffreyi (1), Pinus_lambertiana (1), Symphoricarpos_mollis (1)

under-the-canopy sprinklers, microsprinklers - lessening danger of salt damage to wetted leaves

5

Citrus_limon (1), Citrus_paradisi (1), Citrus_reticulata (1), Poncirus_trifoliata (1), Severinia_buxifolia (1)

under-tree irrigation

1

Pyrus_communis (1)

underuse

1

Gingko_biloba (1)

underuse of digoxin in heart failure - Approaches to Appropriate use

1

Digitalis_lanata (1)

under-utilised crops

7

Phaseolus_lunatus (2), Sphenostylis_stenocarpa (2), Vicia_faba (1), Vigna_sinensis (1), Vigna_unguiculata (1), Voandzeia_subterranea (1), Zea_mays (1)

underutilised fish

1

Rosmarinus_officinalis (1)

Underutilised fruit

5

Canarium_pimela (2), Chrysophyllum_africanum (2), Dacryodes_edulis (2), Mucuna_sloanei (2), Vigna_subterranea (2)

Underutilised legumes

7

Cicer_arietinum (2), Eleusine_coracana (2), Lathyrus_maritimus (2), Macrotyloma_uniflorum (2), Vigna_sinensis (2), Vigna_unguiculata (2), Phaseolus_vulgaris (1)

Underutilised plants

27

Abelmoschus_manihot (1), Adansonia_digitata (1), Aegle_marmelos (1), Artocarpus_heterophyllus (1), Bactris_gasipaes (1), Cajanus_cajan (1), Cajanus_cinereus (1), Ceratonia_siliqua (1), Chenopodium_quinoa (1), Colocasia_esculenta (1), Coriandrum_sativum (1), Dioscorea_rotundata (1), Diospyros_kaki (1), Eleusine_coracana (1), Eragrostis_tef (1), Garcinia_mangostana (1), Ipomoea_batatas (1), Kerstingiella_geocarpa (1), Lablab_purpureus (1), Leucaena_leucocephala (1), Metroxylon_sagu (1), Plectranthus_esculentus (1), Populus_nigra (1), Sesamum_indicum (1), Setaria_italica (1), Sphenostylis_stenocarpa (1), Vitellaria_paradoxa (1)

Underutilised tropical fruit tree species

8

Adansonia_digitata (2), Allanblackia_floribunda (2), Pinus_patula (2), Sclerocarya_birrea (2), Spondias_purpurea (2), Eucalyptus_grandis (1), Faidherbia_albida (1), Tamarindus_indica (1)

underutilization

5

Bactris_gasipaes (1), Inga_edulis (1), Pouteria_caimito (1), Solanum_sessiliflorum (1), Theobroma_grandiflorum (1)

Underutilized

2

Carica_papaya (3), Pandanus_tectorius (3)

underutilized crop

3

Vigna_subterranea (2), Phaseolus_mungo (1), Vigna_unguiculata (1)

underutilized crops

11

Adansonia_digitata (2), Lathyrus_cicera (2), Artocarpus_altilis (1), Byrsonima_crassifolia (1), Glycine_max (1), Lathyrus_sativus (1), Phaseolus_lunatus (1), Plectranthus_esculentus (1), Setaria_italica (1), Sphenostylis_stenocarpa (1), Vigna_subterranea (1)

Underutilized fruit

19

Syzygium (2), Averrhoa_bilimbi (1), Carissa_carandas (1), Cynometra_cauliflora (1), Cynometra_sp. (1), Flacourtia_rukam (1), Garcinia_parvifolia (1), Garcinia_prainiana (1), Mangifera_foetida (1), Mangifera_indica (1), Mangifera_odorata (1), Phyllanthus_emblica (1), Pouteria_campechiana (1), Psidium_guajava (1), Solanum_tuberosum (1), Syzygium_cumini (1), Syzygium_jambos (1), Syzygium_malaccense (1), Ziziphus_mauritiana (1)

Underutilized fruit species

4

Arachis_hypogaea (1), Pennisetum_glaucum (1), Sesamum_indicum (1), Sorghum_bicolor (1)

underutilized fruit tree

1

Garcinia_indica (1)

underutilized fruits

5

Adansonia_digitata (2), Asimina_triloba (2), Crataegus_aestivalis (2), Eriobotrya_japonica (1), Ficus_carica (1)

Underutilized green leafy vegetable

3

Ipomoea_batatas (2), Spartium_junceum (2), Sorghum_bicolor (1)

Underutilized legume

10

Anacardium_occidentale (2), Canavalia_cathartica (2), Canavalia_ensiformis (2), Canavalia_maritima (2), Glycine_max (2), Mucuna_pruriens (2), Phaseolus_vulgaris (2), Pisum_sativum (2), Pithecellobium_jiringa (2), Vigna_unguiculata (2)

Under-utilized legume

8

Cajanus_cajan (1), Cajanus_cinereus (1), Cassia_laevigata (1), Cassia_tora (1), Cicer_arietinum (1), Mucuna_pruriens (1), Sophora_microphylla (1), Tamarindus_indica (1)

Underutilized legumes

8

Cajanus_cajan (2), Cicer_arietinum (2), Dolichos_biflorus (2), Lathyrus_maritimus (2), Macrotyloma_uniflorum (2), Vigna_subterranea (2), Vigna_unguiculata (2), Phaseolus_vulgaris (1)

Underutilized plants

4

Momordica_cochinchinensis (2), Rosa_roxburghii (2), Hippophae_rhamnoides (1), Hippophae_salicifolia (1)

Underutilized species

41

Albizia_lebbeck (3), Dioclea_megacarpa (3), Enterolobium_contortisiliquum (3), Hymenaea_courbaril (3), Senna_obtusifolia (3), Amaranthus_caudatus (2), Artocarpus_altilis (2), Artocarpus_communis (2), Artocarpus_incisa (2), Artocarpus_mariannensis (2), Chenopodium_pallidicaule (2), Cocos_nucifera (2), Digitaria_exilis (2), Glycine_max (2), Hippophae_rhamnoides (2), Mangifera_indica (2), Prosopis_juliflora (2), Prosopis_pallida (2), Sesamum_indicum (2), Annona_cherimola (1), Chenopodium_quinoa (1), Chrysophyllum_albidum (1), Cucurbita_maxima (1), Cucurbita_pepo (1), Cyrtosperma_chamissonis (1), Dacryodes_edulis (1), Gnetum_africanum (1), Lupinus_mutabilis (1), Moringa_oleifera (1), Oryza_sativa (1), Paulownia_tomentosa (1), Phaseolus_vulgaris (1), Setaria_italica (1), Solanum_tuberosum (1), Solidago_canadensis (1), Stylosanthes_scabra (1), Tamarindus_indica (1), Vigna_marina (1), Vigna_subterranea (1), Zea_mays (1),