New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
 genus Z..

The species below (from genus Z..) have attracted recent attention in the literature.
Samples of their
keyword and crop use/product entries from the Website
may assist in explaining the recent increase in mentions in the literature.

For keywords: Species, family and the term Internet resources have been omitted, below; 
the number after each keyword is the number of papers in which the keyword and the species have been mentioned together.
  Larger numbers will be more reliable.

For crop use/product: The percentages after each crop use/product enabled the 68 crop uses/products to be ranked for each individual species;
 the footnote below the table explains the superscripts (1-9) included in the crop use/product column

Listings of species attracting attention by common name, keyword or crop use/product are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.

Species name

Common name(s)




Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Zantedeschia aethiopica

Calla Lily

Constructed Wetland (14), Cut Flowers (13), Ornamental Plants (10), South Africa (7), Chlorophyll (6), Metals (6), Preservative Solution (6), Senescence (6), Wastewater (6)…

Cut Flower (77.90), Wastewater Treatment (17.59)…

Zanthoxylum nitidum


Alkaloids (9), Medicinal Plants (6), Nitidine Chloride (6), Traditional Chinese Medicine (5), Benzophenanthridine Alkaloids (4), Anti-Inflammatory Activity (3)…

Medicinal (81.05)…

Zanthoxylum piperitum


Essential Oil (12), Medicinal Plants (9), Cytotoxicity (6), Spices (6), Antioxidant Activity (5), Genotoxicity (5), Oxidative Stress (5), Plant Extracts (5), Repellent Activity (5)…

Essential Oil (33.44), Flavouring/Spice (26.67)…

Zea mays


Corn (8215), Crop Yield (3565), Nitrogen (1675), Grain Yield (1596), Roots (1498), Crop Rotation (1474), Hybrids (1445)…

Details Not Available

Zingiber cassumunar


Essential Oils (11), Essential Oil (10), Antimicrobial Activity (9), Antibacterial Activity (7), Antifungal Activity (7), Antioxidant Activity (7), Rhizomes (6), Anti-Inflammatory (5)…

Essential Oil (44.89), Medicinal (13.77), Flavouring/Spice (10.61), Pesticide5 (6.33)…

Zingiber officinale

Garden Ginger

Ginger (286), Medicinal Plants (110), Antioxidant (75), Essential Oils (65), Rhizomes (64), Plant Extracts (56), Oxidative Stress (55), Ethnobotany (48), Herbal Medicine (47), Spices (46), Antioxidant Activity (44), India (42)…

Medicinal (46.72), Flavouring/Spice (21.10), Essential Oil (6.52), Timber9 (5.23)…

Zingiber zerumbet

Bitter Ginger

Zerumbone (42), Apoptosis (18), Essential Oils (13), Ginger (13), Cytotoxicity (10), Ethnobotany (10), Traditional Medicine (10), Flavonoids (9), Antibacterial (8)…

Essential Oil (26.46), Medicinal (25.82), Pesticide5 (9.51), Flavouring/Spice (7.31), Timber9 (5.97)…

Zinnia elegans


Cell Wall (41), Lignin (41), Nitric Oxide (40), Peroxidase (40), Programmed Cell Death (35), Lignification (32), Xylem (31), Cellulose (23), Hydrogen Peroxide (23)…

Cut Flower (51.03), Grain Legume2 (10.76), Medicinal (6.95)…

Zizania latifolia

Manchurian Wildrice

Constructed Wetland (12), Nutrient Removal (10), Wetland (10), Plant Pathogenic Fungi (9), Rice (9), Wastewater Treatment (9), Decomposition (7), DNA Methylation (7), Emergent Macrophytes (7)…

Wastewater Treatment (54.70), Aquatic (38.99)…

Ziziphus lotus


Medicinal Plants (11), Tunisia (10), Ethnobotany (9), Morocco (8), Facilitation (6), Herbivory (6), Israel (6), Biogeography (5), Diversity (5), Spain (5)…

Medicinal (21.29), Food For Humans (13.65), Honey3 (8.79), Breeding (7.02), Fuelwood (6.68), Ornamental (5.24)…

Ziziphus mauritiana

Indian Jujube

India (64), Cultivars (27), Sahel (19), Drought (17), Osmotic Adjustment (16), Leaves (13), Medicinal Plants (12), West Africa (12), Arid Zones (11), Fruits (11), Growth (11), Ripening (10)…

Fruit (28.52), Biofuel (12.74), Fuelwood (7.49), Rubber (6.09), Tannin (4.91)…

Zizyphus jujuba


Polysaccharides (30), Antioxidant Activity (23), Antioxidant (18), Polysaccharide (18), Plant Biochemistry (17), Plant Physiology (16), Herbal Medicine (12), Horticultural Crops (11), Flavonoids (10)…

Fruit (23.48), Starch (18.80), Medicinal (17.55), Timber9 (9.22), Weed (5.47)…

Zizyphus spina-christi


Oxidative Stress (12), Antioxidant (11), Liver (9), Anti-Inflammatory (8), Aflatoxins (7), Antinociceptive (7),

Aflatoxin (6), Diabetes (6), Insulin (6), Diabetes Mellitus (5)…

Poison (23.51), Oilseed/Fat4 (15.95), Medicinal (10.12), Fruit (8.24), Timber9 (6.40), Weed (5.00)…

Zostera marina


Seagrass (299), Eelgrass (97), Eutrophication (97), Photosynthesis (69), Growth (55), Seagrasses (55), Nitrogen (54), Macroalgae (47), Restoration (47), Aquatic Plants (40)…

Seagrass (97.33)…


Footnote re most likely scope for crop use/product: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product.  Examples are provided below (1-9, and superscripts in the crop use/product column, above) for those terms which were influenced in this manner:

1[Some species were identified as “cereal” but were actually species frequently associated with cereals, perhaps as weeds of cereal crops]
2[Some species were identified as “grain legume” but were actually species frequently associated with grain legumes, such as weeds of grain legume crops]
3[Some species were identified as “honey” but were actually studies on flower structure or pollination]
4[Some species were identified as “oilseed/fat” but were actually species frequently associated with oilseeds, such as weeds of oilseed crops]
5[Some species identified as “pesticide” were not sources of pesticides but were commercial crops whose production requires pesticides]
6[Some species were identified as “pseudocereal” but were actually species frequently associated with pseudocereals in some manner]
7[This term referred to plant species that provide or require shade]
8[This term referred to plant species whose product may be used for smoking but also includes those species whose seeds may require smoke to germinate]
9[This term identified plant species that naturally grow amongst timber in a forest (or on timber, such as a lichen), as well as those with a timber product; it also identified some species whose product may have been described as “woody”]


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RIRDC New Crop Industries Handbook
530 pages
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essential oils, tea tree oil, wildflowers and natives, bioenergy, organic farming

Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct; Wiley Online Library; High Wire; Oxford Journals; USDA National Agricultural Library; for synonyms: The Plant List; for common names:; etc.

All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 

Contact: Webmaster, Australian New Crops Website
Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW