New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
 genus V..

The species below (from genus V..) have attracted recent attention in the literature.
Samples of their
keyword and crop use/product entries from the Website
may assist in explaining the recent increase in mentions in the literature.

For keywords: Species, family and the term Internet resources have been omitted, below; 
the number after each keyword is the number of papers in which the keyword and the species have been mentioned together.
  Larger numbers will be more reliable.


For crop use/product: The percentages after each crop use/product enabled the 68 crop uses/products to be ranked for each individual species;
 the footnote below the table explains the superscripts (1-9) included in the crop use/product column

Listings of species attracting attention by common name, keyword or crop use/product are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.


Species name


Common name(s)

 


Keywords

 


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Vaccinium angustifolium

Lowbush Blueberry

Blueberries (129), Anthocyanins (47), Crop Yield (38), Nova Scotia (36), Blueberry (33), Maine (27), Leaves (24), Disturbance (20), Phenolics (20)…

Fruit (57.60), Nutraceutical (6.95)…

Vaccinium macrocarpon

Cranberry

Cranberries (76), Cranberry (69), Proanthocyanidins (35), Anthocyanins (31), Antioxidants (20), Phenolic Compounds (20), Antioxidant (19), Flavonoids (19)…

Fruit (44.44), Pesticide5 (7.42), Beverage (6.68), Nutraceutical (6.63), Timber9 (6.44), Tannin (5.38)…

Vaccinium myrtillus

Whortleberry

Anthocyanins (105), Climate Change (62), Nitrogen (57), Flavonoids (56), Antioxidant Activity (52), Boreal Forest (46), Bilberry (38)…

Fruit (14.04), Charcoal (13.45), Beverage (10.99), Weed (10.55), Timber9 (8.79), Nutraceutical (8.66)…

Vaccinium oxycoccos

Small Cranberry

Sphagnum (21), Climate Change (9), Peatland (9), Bog (8), Cranberries (8), Nitrogen (8), Bogs (7), Holocene (7), Peat (7), Peatlands (7)…

Charcoal (38.55), Nutraceutical (10.04), Fruit (6.86), Vegetable (5.67), Ornamental (5.09)…

Vaccinium uliginosum

Bog Blueberry

Climate Change (74), Arctic (47), Tundra (31), Nitrogen (27), Permafrost (24), Alaska (22), Phylogeography (21), Succession (21), Boreal Forest (19)…

Charcoal (22.50), Ornamental (13.26), Medicinal (9.76), Turf (8.50), Fruit (7.68), Timber9 (5.73)…

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Lingonberry

Climate Change (62), Boreal Forest (52), Nitrogen (52), Sweden (37), Succession (33), Biodiversity (30), Photosynthesis (29)…

Timber9 (21.52), Nutraceutical (10.74), Charcoal (10.31), Tannin (8.01), Weed (7.15), Fruit (6.20)…

Valeriana officinalis

Garden Valerian

Medicinal Plants (58), Valerian (43), Insomnia (34), Essential Oil (27), Anxiety (26), Plant Extracts (23), Roots (23), Valepotriates (23), Herbal Medicines (20), Valerenic Acid (20), Herbal Medicine (18)…

Medicinal (74.64)…

Vallisneria americana

American Eelgrass

Aquatic Plants (34), Macrophytes (33), Invasive Species (24), Competition (18), Water Quality (16), Aquatic Macrophytes (15), Growth (14), Macrophyte (14)…

Aquatic (95.47)…

Vallisneria natans

 

Ammonium (9), Oxidative Stress (9), Eutrophication (8), Growth (8), Microcystins (7), Aquatic Plants (6), Cyanobacteria (6), Malondialdehyde (6), Microcystin (6)…

Aquatic (90.59)…

Vanilla planifolia

Vanilla

Vanillin (51), Vanilla (18), Vanilla Beans (18), Biosynthesis (14), Ferulic Acid (12), Biotransformation (10), Elicitation (8), Micropropagation (8), Peroxidase (8)…

Flavouring/Spice (46.50), Grain Legume2 (21.51), Beverage (7.31)…

Verbascum thapsus

Common Mullein

Medicinal Plants (27), Disturbance (19), Ethnobotany (18), Biological Control (15), Phenotypic Plasticity (15), Biological Invasions (14), Invasive Species (14), Exotic Species (13), Herbivory (11)…

Medicinal (49.16), Weed (6.71), Psychoactive (5.10)…

Verbena officinalis

Herb Of The Cross

Medicinal Plants (51), Ethnobotany (33), Verbascoside (14), Biodiversity (13), Neuroprotection (11), Plants (11), Herbs (9), Plant Extracts (9), Spain (9)…

Medicinal (80.73)…

Vernicia fordii

Tungoil Tree

Tung Oil (19), Biodiesel (14), China (10), Gene Expression (10), Triacylglycerol (10), Fatty Acids (8), Transesterification (7), Seeds (6), Blended Oil (5)…

Biofuel (81.63), Oilseed/Fat4 (12.07)…

Vernicia montana

Mu Oil Tree

Blending (11), Biodiesel (9), Tung Oil (9), Diesel (6), Blended Oil (5), Fuel Properties (5), Linear Regression (5), Transesterification (5), Antioxidant (4), Jatropha Oil (4), Oxidation Stability (4), Biodiesel Ethyl Esters (3)…

Biofuel (98.03)…

Vernonia amygdalina

 

Medicinal Plants (62), Traditional Medicine (25), Uganda (23), Malaria (20), Nigeria (18), Antioxidant (17), Plant Extracts (17), Ethnobotany (16), Antioxidants (12)…

Medicinal (48.11), Hemiparasite (10.06), Vegetable (7.47)…

Veronica persica

Birdeye Speedwell

Weeds (32), Biodiversity (23), Weed Control (21), Organic Farming (18), Herbicide (17), Species Richness (10), Herbicides (9), Seedbank (9), Species Diversity (9), Wheat (9), Agroecology (8)…

Weed (87.00)…

Vetiveria zizanioides

Vetivergrass

Phytoremediation (48), Phytoextraction (27), Heavy Metals (18), Vetiver Grass (16), Essential Oil (15), India (15), Lead (15), Essential Oils (14)…

Phytoextractive (42.37), Phytoamelioration (21.33), Boundary (10.45), Essential Oil (9.63), Erosion Control (5.47)…

Viburnum tinus

Laurustinus

Spain (13), Leaves (12), Ornamental Woody Plants (10), Sudden Oak Death (10), Mediterranean (8), Canary Islands (7), Ornamental Plants (7)…

Honey3 (25.70), Ornamental (25.43), Shade7 (13.43)…

Vicia cracca

Bird Vetch

Biodiversity (32), Species Richness (24), Restoration (17), Grassland (15), Grazing (14), Conservation (13), Plant Diversity (13), Succession (13), Vegetation (13), Disturbance (11), Management (11), Phylogeny (11)…

Weed (14.16), Ornamental (13.68), Hemiparasite (12.20), Boundary (9.00), Honey3 (8.63), Medicinal (6.45), Fruit (5.39), Soil Amelioration (5.08)…

Vicia faba

Horsebean

Faba Beans (698), Crop Yield (286), Guard Cells (275), Leaves (250), Photosynthesis (235), Abscisic Acid (215), Stomata (206), Growth (195), Seeds (188), Nitrogen Fixation (185)…

Grain Legume2 (More Details Not Available)

Vicia narbonensis

Purple Broad Vetch

Seed Development (12), Crop Yield (11), Starch (11), Chemical Composition (10), Phenology (10), Straw (9), Callus (8), Faba Bean (8), Gene Expression (8), Genotype (8), Seeds (8)…

Grain Legume2 (42.57), Starch (19.17), Cereal1 (16.95)…

Vigna unguiculata

Blackeyed Pea

Cowpeas (517), Crop Yield (446), Cultivars (390), Nigeria (307), Intercropping (216), Cowpea (207), Seeds (202)…

Grain Legume2 (More Details Not Available)

Viola arvensis

European Field Pansy

Weed Control (41), Weeds (33), Biodiversity (26), Organic Farming (23), Herbicides (16), Cyclotides (15), Species Richness (13), Glyphosate (11), Conservation (10), Integrated Weed Management (10)…

Weed (86.46)…

Virola calophylla

Virola

Seed Dispersal (17), Tropical Forest (9), Frugivory (6), Species Richness (6), Microhabitat (5), Peru (5), Seed Predation (5), Vαrzea (5), Maternity Analysis (4), Seed Rain (4), Seed Shadow (4)…

Fruit (53.81), Cereal1 (8.66), Ornamental (8.38), Nut (6.16)…

Vitellaria paradoxa

Shea Butter

Burkina Faso (40), Agroforestry (28), West Africa (19), Shea Butter (17), Mali (14), Medicinal Plants (14), Savanna (13), Seeds (13), Traditional Medicine (12)…

Nut (74.66), Fruit (5.90)…

Vitex negundo

Chinese Chastetree

Medicinal Plants (42), Antioxidant (24), Anti-Inflammatory (18), Ethnobotany (18), Plant Extracts (17), Antibacterial Activity (15), Antioxidant Activity (14), Flavonoids (14), India (14)…

Insect Repellent (51.05), Medicinal (26.24)…

Vitis amurensis

Amur Grape

Resveratrol (30), Grapevine (15), Apoptosis (9), Grapes (9), SIRT1 (8), Disease Resistance (7), Genetic Variation (7), Anthocyanin (6)…

Beverage (65.73), Poison (9.11)…

Vitis riparia

Riverbank Grape

Grapes (37), Rootstocks (34), Hybrids (29), Grapevine (25), Leaves (24), Genetic Variation (20), Cultivars (17), Dormancy (17), Disease Resistance (15)…

Plant Grafting (81.13), Beverage (13.19)…

Vitis rupestris

Sand Grape

Grapevine (37), Hybrids (31), Rootstocks (30), Grapes (29), Leaves (26), Somatic Embryogenesis (23), Cultivars (21), Disease Resistance (21)…

Plant Grafting (76.08), Beverage (19.26)…

Vitis vinifera

Wild Grape

Grapes (1727), Cultivars (785), Wine Grapes (606), Leaves (542), Viticulture (465), Anthocyanins (417), Wine Cultivars (411), Plant Pathogenic Fungi (366), Crop Yield (342), California (335)…

Details Not Available

Volvariella volvacea

 

Mushroom (53), Mushrooms (52), Lectin (37), Laccase (33), Fungi (23), Purification (19), Plants (18), Free Amino Acids (16), Horticultural Crops (16)…

Starch (17.66), Fruit (16.57), Dye (16.15), Sweetener (11.63)…

Vulpia myuros

Rat-Tail Fescue

Grazing (15), Biodiversity (9), Competition (9), Disturbance (9), Plant Diversity (9), Weed Control (9), Biological Invasions (8), California (8), Restoration (8), Arsenic (7)…

Revegetation (23.98), Weed (17.47), Green Manure (11.15), Medicinal (7.73), Allelopathy (6.29)…

 

Footnote re most likely scope for crop use/product: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product.  Examples are provided below (1-9, and superscripts in the crop use/product column, above) for those terms which were influenced in this manner:

1[Some species were identified as “cereal” but were actually species frequently associated with cereals, perhaps as weeds of cereal crops]
2[Some species were identified as “grain legume” but were actually species frequently associated with grain legumes, such as weeds of grain legume crops]
3[Some species were identified as “honey” but were actually studies on flower structure or pollination]
4[Some species were identified as “oilseed/fat” but were actually species frequently associated with oilseeds, such as weeds of oilseed crops]
5[Some species identified as “pesticide” were not sources of pesticides but were commercial crops whose production requires pesticides]
6[Some species were identified as “pseudocereal” but were actually species frequently associated with pseudocereals in some manner]
7[This term referred to plant species that provide or require shade]
8[This term referred to plant species whose product may be used for smoking but also includes those species whose seeds may require smoke to germinate]
9[This term identified plant species that naturally grow amongst timber in a forest (or on timber, such as a lichen), as well as those with a timber product; it also identified some species whose product may have been described as “woody”]

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW