New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
 genus T..

The species below (from genus T..) have attracted recent attention in the literature.
Samples of their
keyword and crop use/product entries from the Website
may assist in explaining the recent increase in mentions in the literature.

For keywords: Species, family and the term Internet resources have been omitted, below; 
the number after each keyword is the number of papers in which the keyword and the species have been mentioned together.
  Larger numbers will be more reliable.


For crop use/product: The percentages after each crop use/product enabled the 68 crop uses/products to be ranked for each individual species;
 the footnote below the table explains the superscripts (1-9) included in the crop use/product column

Listings of species attracting attention by common name, keyword or crop use/product are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.


Species name


Common name(s)

 


Keywords

 


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Talisia esculenta

 

Lectin (17), Insecticidal Activity (6), Toxicity (5), Larvicidal Activity (4)…

Fuelwood (20.26), Sweetener (16.85), Cane/Bamboo (15.66), Starch (12.88)…

Tamarindus indica

Tamarind

Xyloglucan (57), Medicinal Plants (47), Adsorption (44), Biosorption (43), Antioxidant Activity (35), Ethnobotany (34), Traditional Medicine (30), Tamarinds (29), India (22), Antioxidants (19), Polysaccharides (19)…

Tannin (17.65), Medicinal (15.72), Starch (8.53), Dye (7.64), Fuelwood (6.53), Plant Gum (6.19), Weed (5.28)…

Tamarix chinensis

Five-Stamen Tamarisk

Riparian (25), Saltcedar (24), Invasive Species (23), Riparian Vegetation (18), Evapotranspiration (14), Remote Sensing (13), Tamarisk (11), China (10)…

Wastewater Treatment (52.56), Timber9 (14.58), Cosmetics (13.90)…

Tanacetum parthenium

Feverfew

Parthenolide (64), Medicinal Plants (55), Sesquiterpene Lactones (37), Feverfew (36), Migraine (36), Plants (25), Allergic Contact Dermatitis (22), Plant Extracts (22), Apoptosis (20)…

Medicinal (52.02), Cereal1 (15.08), Essential Oil (5.61)…

Tasmannia lanceolata

 

Tasmania (11), Wildfire (5), Australia (4), Angiosperm Evolution (3), Antimicrobial Activity (3), Essential Oils (3), Flavonoids (3), Phenolic Compounds (3), Phylogeography (3), Plant Extracts (3), Polygodial (3), Polyphenols (3), Vegetation (3)…

Flavouring/Spice (41.96), Food Dye (16.35), Cosmetics (10.34), Pesticide5 (6.85)…

Terminalia arjuna

 

Antioxidant (48), Adsorption (43), Activated Carbon (35), Medicinal Plants (34), Apoptosis (30), Oxidative Stress (29), India (25), Antioxidant Activity (22), Lipid Peroxidation (18), Arjunolic Acid (16)…

Medicinal (20.29), Oilseed/Fat4 (18.03), Tannin (15.89), Dye (10.67), Poison (8.19)…

Terminalia bellerica

 

Medicinal Plants (14), Antioxidant (13), Gallic Acid (7), Phenolic Compounds (7), Antifungal (6), Antispasmodic (6), Cytotoxicity (6), Flavonoids (6), NMR (6), Antidiabetic (5)…

Medicinal (36.66), Tannin (28.48), Dye (6.86)…

Terminalia catappa

Tropical Almond

Biodiesel (27), Antioxidant Activity (18), Medicinal Plants (16), Antioxidant (15), Transesterification (15), Apoptosis (14), Corilagin (13), Leaves (13), Ethnobotany (12), Plant Extracts (12), Traditional Medicine (11)…

Biofuel (63.24), Tannin (6.15), Fruit (5.76)…

Terminalia chebula

Myrobalan

Antioxidant (51), Medicinal Plants (41), Wound Healing (38), Ayurveda (27), Antioxidant Activity (26), Oxidative Stress (26), India (23), Anti-Inflammatory (22), Tensiometer (21), Gallic Acid (19), Diabetes (18)…

Medicinal (36.28), Tannin (35.95)…

Tetraclinis articulata

Arar Tree

Drought (10), Morocco (7), Evolution (5), Hydraulic Conductivity (5), Pleistocene (5), Conservation (4), Embolism (4), Gymnosperms (4), Iberian Peninsula (4), North Africa (4), Spain (4), Argentina (3)…

Shade7 (26.98), Resin (25.81), Charcoal (19.82), Essential Oil (9.12)…

Teucrium chamaedrys

Wall Germander

Ethnobotany (18), Medicinal Plants (17), Herbal Medicine (11), Essential Oil (10), Traditional Medicine (10), Allelopathy (9), Essential Oils (9), Hepatotoxicity (8), Turkey (8)…

Medicinal (54.81), Poison (17.37)…

Thellungiella salsuginea

Saltwater Cress

Salt Tolerance (7), Crucifer (4), Gene Expression Regulation (4), Phytoalexin (4), Wasalexins (4)…

Genetics (22.11), Model (20.32), Oilseed/Fat4 (15.42), Sweetener (10.97), Breeding (9.74)…

Theobroma cacao

Cacao

Cocoa (153), Brazil (115), Fungal Diseases Of Plants (109), Plant Pathogenic Fungi (85), Chocolate (81), Disease Resistance (81)…

Grain Legume2 (29.94), Beverage (21.79), Dietary Fibre (6.84), Nut (5.11), Weed (4.98)…

Theobroma grandiflorum

Theobroma

Agroforestry (16), Ascorbic Acid (16), Brazil (14), Aroma (11), Cupuassu (11), Kinetics (10), Rheology (10)…

Fruit (40.58), Beverage (16.01), Starch (8.91), Companion Plant (4.24),..

Thinopyrum ponticum

Tall Wheatgrass

Wheat (24), Disease Resistance (19), Intergeneric Hybridization (18), Hybrids (16), Salinity (15), Forage Grasses (14), Salt Tolerance (13)…

Forage (57.57), Cereal1 (15.87), Breeding (13.14)…

Thymus capitatus

Thymus

Essential Oil (40), Essential Oils (36), Carvacrol (25), Antioxidant Activity (23), Thymol (18), Antimicrobial Activity (15), Antifungal Activity (13), Antimicrobial (9), Antibacterial Activity (8)…

Essential Oil (67.26), Pesticide5 (15.58), Honey3 (9.29)…

Thymus vulgaris

Garden Thyme

Essential Oils (285), Essential Oil (212), Thyme (110), Thymol (108), Antioxidant Activity (87), Carvacrol (72), Gynodioecy (60), Medicinal Plants (57), Antioxidants (56), Plant Extracts (52)…

Essential Oil (79.46), Flavouring/Spice (7.11), Pesticide5 (5.60)…

Tibouchina granulosa

Brazilian Glorytree

Agroforestry (3), Coffee (3), Climate Change Adaptation (2), On-Farm Experiments (2), Soil Quality, Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest (2), Tree Biodiversity (2)…

Cane/Bamboo (36.98), Fruit (25.92), Wastewater Treatment (6.37)…

Tithonia diversifolia

Tree Marigold

Soil Fertility (35), Kenya (29), Phosphorus (26), Medicinal Plants (25), Green Manures (22), Leaves (21), Corn (20), Nitrogen (19), Nutrient Availability (18), Grain Yield (14)…

Green Manure (19.45), Allelopathy (16.21), Companion Plant (15.37), Medicinal (6.83)…

Trachyspermum ammi

Ajowan Caraway

Essential Oil (33), Essential Oils (23), Thymol (18), Medicinal Plants (17), Plant Extracts (14), Antibacterial Activity (10), Antioxidant (9), Antioxidant Activity (9), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (9), P-Cymene (9), Chemical Composition (8)…

Essential Oil (59.41), Flavouring/Spice (18.77)…

Tragopogon miscellus

Moscow Salsify

Polyploidy (30), Speciation (13), Hybridization (11), Evolution (8), Allopolyploidy (7), Gene Expression (6), Flow Cytometry (4), Meiosis (4), Microarray (4), Tetraploidy (4), Washington (4)…

Model (69.65), Genetics (20.51), Breeding (4.68)…

Trapa natans

Water Chestnut

Aquatic Plants (14), Macrophytes (13), Adsorption (12), Invasive Species (12), Starch (12), Water Chestnut (12), Wetlands (12), Biological Control (11), Eutrophication (9)…

Aquatic (60.51), Starch (30.94)…

Triadica sebifera

Chinese Tallow

Invasive Species (30), Texas (12), Biomass (10), Louisiana (9), Seedlings (9), Introduced Species (8), Climate Change (7), Biological Control (6), China (6)…

Cane/Bamboo (28.99), Timber9 (18.51), Resin (15.31), Wastewater Treatment (5.80)…

Tribulus terrestris

Puncturevine

Medicinal Plants (44), Saponins (24), Testosterone (20), Weed Control (19), Antioxidant (16), Steroidal Saponins (16), Plant Biochemistry (15), Plant Physiology (15), Aphrodisiac (14), Ethnobotany (14), Weeds (14)…

Medicinal (59.71), Weed (9.00), Timber9 (5.83)…

Trichosanthes dioica

Pointed Gourd

India (10), Microscopy (10), Stomata (8), Decolorization (6), Wound Healing (6), Xylem (6), Excision (5), Fluorescence Quenching (5), Incision (5), Physicochemical (5), Diabetes (4)…

Dye (75.56), Medicinal (12.22)…

Tridax procumbens

Coatbuttons

Medicinal Plants (28), Wound Healing (16), Antioxidant (12), Ethnobotany (11), India (10), Plant Extracts (10), Ethnomedicine (9), Diabetes Mellitus (8), Antibacterial Activity (7), Antioxidant Activity (7)…

Weed (42.16), Medicinal (29.44), Timber9 (6.80)…

Trifolium campestre

Field Clover

Biodiversity (21), Species Richness (15), Conservation (13), Mediterranean (10), Vegetation (10), Greece (9), Restoration (9), Endozoochory (8), Grassland (8), Grazing (8), Disturbance (7), Diversity (7)…

Ornamental (24.67), Weed (18.44), Revegetation (9.25), Medicinal (7.02)…

Trifolium pallescens

 

Glacier Foreland (10), Alpine (4), Primary Succession (4), Herbchronology (3), Plant Ecology (3), Rhizosphere (3), Abandoned Cropland (2), ACC Oxidase (2), Alpine Grasslands (2)…

Genetics (60.69), Ornamental (13.92), Soil Amelioration (9.31), Resin (9.11)…

Trifolium repens

White Clover

Grazing (251), Nitrogen (190), White Clover (137), Botanical Composition (135), Roots (134), Grassland (131), Pastures (131), Growth (122), Leaves (122), Nitrogen Fixation (119), Phosphorus (112)…

Details Not Available

Trigonella foenum-graecum

Sicklefruit Fenugreek

Fenugreek (106), Diabetes (66), Medicinal Plants (55), Antioxidant (37), Diabetes Mellitus (35), Oxidative Stress (34), Antioxidant Activity (32), Diosgenin (28)…

Medicinal (19.23), Flavouring/Spice (18.11), Oilseed/Fat4 (10.21), Timber9 (8.69), Starch (5.29)…

Trillium grandiflorum

White Trillium

Herbivory (21), Spatial Genetic Structure (20), Seed Dispersal (19), Gene Flow (17), Phylogeography (16), Spatial Autocorrelation (16), Dispersal (12), Browsing (11), Genetic Structure (11)…

Breeding (37.10), Fruit (12.06), Ornamental (8.11), Boundary (6.89), Medicinal (5.75)…

Tripterygium wilfordii

 

Triptolide (152), Apoptosis (44), Celastrol (44), Inflammation (30), Rheumatoid Arthritis (29), Medicinal Plants (21), NF-Κb (17), Angiogenesis (16), Diterpenoids (16), Immunosuppression (16), Traditional Chinese Medicine (16)…

Medicinal (62.76), Poison (15.48)…

Triticum aestivum

Common Wheat

Wheat (6768), Crop Yield (4139), Cultivars (4109), Winter Wheat (2552), Disease Resistance (2147), Grain Yield (1700), Nitrogen (1687), Crop Rotation (1672), Leaves (1662), Genes (1572), Genetic Variation (1454), Plant Breeding (1454)…

Cereal1 (Other Details Not Available)…

Triticum durum

Durum Wheat

Wheat (236), Durum Wheat (155), Photosynthesis (44), Cultivars (42), Drought (42), Barley (39), Lactic Acid Bacteria (38), Yield (36)…

Cereal1 (81.66)…

Triticum monococcum

 

Wheat (169), Genes (45), Genome (42), Durum Wheat (40), Barley (37), Plant Breeding (37)…

Cereal1 (76.71)…

Triticum turgidum

Rivet Wheat

Durum Wheat (626), Cultivars (480), Wheat (473), Genetic Variation (260), Crop Yield (239), Genotype (235), Disease Resistance (223), Plant Breeding (192), Seeds (175), Genes (171), Grain Yield (166)…

Cereal1 (80.07)…

Tsuga canadensis

Eastern Hemlock

Forest Trees (63), Climate Change (62), Disturbance (52), Invasive Species (48), Forest Ecology (43), Canopy Gaps (41), Mortality (39), Michigan (38), Massachusetts (36)…

Timber9 (66.81), Shade7 (6.32)…

Tulbaghia violacea

 

Medicinal Plants (13), Traditional Medicine (9), Botanical Diversity (6), Commercial Potential (6), Medicinal Bulbs (6), New Products (6), Phenolic Compounds (6), Plant Extracts (6), Research And Development (6), South Africa (6)…

Smoking8 (48.49), Cut Flower (14.15), Medicinal (11.20), Pesticide5 (6.90)…

Tylosema esculentum

 

Marama Bean (19), Morama Bean (11), Marama (10), Botswana (6), Storage Stability (6), Vitamin E (5), Flour (4), Functional Properties (4), Grain Legume2 (4), Microstructure (4), Soya Bean (4), Antioxidant Activity (3), Beverages (3)…

Grain Legume2 (68.19), Food For Humans (11.49), Oilseed/Fat4 (5.21), Nutraceutical (3.30)…

Typha angustifolia

Narrowleaf Cattail

Constructed Wetlands (64), Wetlands (50), Constructed Wetland (46), Wetland (41), Phosphorus (36), Nitrogen (33), Invasive Species (31), Macrophytes (30), Wetland Plants (29)…

Wastewater Treatment (43.73), Aquatic (31.12), Dye (15.77)…

Typha domingensis

Southern Cattail

Wetlands (61), Phosphorus (57), Wetland (49), Macrophytes (30), Everglades (29), Constructed Wetland (23), Salinity (23), Eutrophication (21), Nitrogen (21), Cattail (19), Florida (19), Nutrients (19), Constructed Wetlands (18)…

Aquatic (61.52), Wastewater Treatment (26.35), Insectivorous (5.56)…

Typha latifolia

Broadleaf Cattail

Constructed Wetlands (124), Wetlands (124), Wetland (95), Constructed Wetland (93), Nitrogen (77), Phosphorus (76), Wastewater Treatment (72), Pollen (69), Macrophytes (62), Phytoremediation (56)…

Wastewater Treatment (64.97), Aquatic (26.87)…

Typha orientalis

 

Adsorption (18), New Zealand (15), Wetland (15), Wastewater Treatment (12), Constructed Wetland (11), Nutrient Removal (11), Constructed Wetlands (10)…

Wastewater Treatment (54.14), Aquatic (31.99), Food Dye (7.76)…

Typhonium flagelliforme

 

Apoptosis (20), Decolorization (16), Phytoremediation (9), Cytotoxicity (5), Dye Mixture (4), Leukemia (4), Mitochondria (4), Textile Effluent (4), Antioxidant (3)…

Dye (96.77)…

 

Footnote re most likely scope for crop use/product: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product.  Examples are provided below (1-9, and superscripts in the crop use/product column, above) for those terms which were influenced in this manner:

1[Some species were identified as “cereal” but were actually species frequently associated with cereals, perhaps as weeds of cereal crops]
2[Some species were identified as “grain legume” but were actually species frequently associated with grain legumes, such as weeds of grain legume crops]
3[Some species were identified as “honey” but were actually studies on flower structure or pollination]
4[Some species were identified as “oilseed/fat” but were actually species frequently associated with oilseeds, such as weeds of oilseed crops]
5[Some species identified as “pesticide” were not sources of pesticides but were commercial crops whose production requires pesticides]
6[Some species were identified as “pseudocereal” but were actually species frequently associated with pseudocereals in some manner]
7[This term referred to plant species that provide or require shade]
8[This term referred to plant species whose product may be used for smoking but also includes those species whose seeds may require smoke to germinate]
9[This term identified plant species that naturally grow amongst timber in a forest (or on timber, such as a lichen), as well as those with a timber product; it also identified some species whose product may have been described as “woody”]

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW