New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
 genus R..

The species below (from genus R..) have attracted recent attention in the literature.
Samples of their
keyword and crop use/product entries from the Website
may assist in explaining the recent increase in mentions in the literature.

For keywords: Species, family and the term Internet resources have been omitted, below; 
the number after each keyword is the number of papers in which the keyword and the species have been mentioned together.
  Larger numbers will be more reliable.


For crop use/product: The percentages after each crop use/product enabled the 68 crop uses/products to be ranked for each individual species;
 the footnote below the table explains the superscripts (1-9) included in the crop use/product column

Listings of species attracting attention by common name, keyword or crop use/product are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.


Species name


Common name(s)

 


Keywords

 


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Racomitrium lanuginosum

Racomitrium Moss, Woolly Fringe-Moss, Hoary Rock-Moss, Woolly Moss

Nitrogen Deposition (34), Moss (28), Bryophytes (23),Biosorption (16), Sphagnum (15), Bryophyte (14), Peat (13)…

Turf (62.91), Resin (13.95), Bioindicator (11.36)…

Ramalina farinacea

Farinose Cartilage Lichen

Lichens (46), Lichen (23), Air Pollution (18), Biomonitoring (13), Biodiversity (10), Forest Management (9), Epiphytic Lichens (8), Cyanolichens (7), Spain (7), Italy (6), Lead (6)…

Bioindicator (82.16), Ornamental (4.66)…

Ramalina lacera

Cartilage Lichen

Lichens (20), Lichen (14), Air Pollution (13), Biomonitoring (7), Heavy Metals (7), Photosynthesis (7), Arsenic (3), Chlorophyll (3)…

Bioindicator (87.16), Phytoextractive (9.02)…

Ranunculus acris

Showy Buttercup, Meadow Buttercup, Giant Buttercup, Tall Buttercup

Biodiversity (52), Grassland (30), Grazing (29), Species Richness (27), Pollen (26), Restoration (25), Species Diversity (23), Climate Change (22), Competition (22), Pollen Analysis (22), Vegetation (21)…

Ornamental (23.08), Hemiparasite (12.25), Forage (8.37), Medicinal (8.32), Honey3 (7.23), Poison (6.84), Boundary (5.35)…

Ranunculus adoneus

Alpine Buttercup, Western Wild Buttercup

Polyploidy (20), Gene Flow (13), Flow Cytometry (11), Climate Change (9), Local Adaptation (9), Phenotypic Plasticity (9), Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (8), Phenology (8), Adaptation (6), Ecological Speciation (6), Phylogeography (6)…

Boundary (24.65), Breeding (20.45), Hemiparasite (12.50), Ornamental (6.47), Fruit (6.29), Medicinal (5.61)…

Ranunculus glacialis

Glacier Buttercup, Glacier Crowfoot

Phylogeography (43), AFLP (21), Chloroplast (17), Photosynthesis (17), Alpine Plants (12), Climate Change (12), Alpine (11), Alps (10), Arctic (9), Genetic Diversity (9), Glacial Refugia (9), PTOX (9)…

Model (38.98), Breeding (11.33), Genetics (8.51), Shade7 (8.33), Erosion Control (7.68)…

Ranunculus macranthus

Large Buttercup

Chloroplast Genome (5), RNA Editing (4), Desiccation Tolerance (3), Phylogeny (3), Taxon Sampling (3), 454 Pyrosequencing (2), Chloroplast/Plastid Genome (2), Cpdna Phylogenomics (2), Gene Sampling (2), Genomics (2), Inverted Repeat (2), Metabolomics (2), Monocot Phylogeny (2), Oil Palm (2), Phylogenetic Effect Of Natural Selection And Nucleotide Substitution Rate (2), Proteomics (2), Resurrection Plants (2), Smilax (2)…

Rubber (55.31), Hemiparasite (31.61), Genetics (7.40)…

Raphanus raphanistrum

Wild Radish, Jointed Charlock

Herbicide Resistance (54), Pollination (49), Weeds (46), Gene Flow (36), Herbivory (30), Natural Selection (28), Weed Control (28), Introgression (25), Resistance (23)…

Weed (62.70), Cereal1 (5.03), Honey3 (4.93)…

Rauvolfia tetraphylla

Be Still Tree, Devil-Pepper

Antibacterial Activity (4), Callus (4), Human Pathogen (4), Phytochemical (4), Agrobiodiversity (3), Antioxidant Activity (3)…

Ornamental (43.98), Medicinal (24.88), Green Manure (4.97)…

Reseda luteola

Weld, Dyer's Rocket, Dyer's Weed, Woold, Yellow Weed

Flavonoids (21), Luteolin (19), HPLC (16), Natural Dyes (12), Dyes (10), Natural Dye (9), Wool (8), Dye (7), Extraction (6), Glucosinolates (6), Textile (6), Weld (6), Apigenin (5)…

Dye (98.02)…

Retama monosperma

Bridal Broom, Bridal Veil Broom

Pulp (7), Non-Wood (4), Paper (4), Rice Straw (4), Diversity (3), Keystone Species (3), Phylogeny (3), Tortoise (3)…

Paper Pulp (51.84), Timber9 (13.69), Green Manure (7.92), Revegetation (5.06)…

Retama raetam

Retem, Rotem

Streptozotocin (12), Jordan (11), Aqueous Extract (9), Biodiversity (9), Medicinal Plants (9), Abiotic Stress (7), Desert (7), Diabetes Mellitus (7), Drought (7), Israel (7)…

Medicinal (22.83), Starch (10.92), Weed (8.40), Oilseed/Fat4 (7.98), Timber9 (7.30), Pesticide5 (5.63)…

Rhamnus alaternus

Italian Buckthorn, Mediterranean Buckthorn

Mediterranean (15), Antioxidant Activity (11), Myrmecochory (11), Seed Dispersal (11), Drought (10), Flavonoids (10), Spain (10), Ames Test (9), Sicily (9),..

Fruit (46.10), Charcoal (11.08), Weed (6.53)…

Rhaphiolepis indica

Indian Hawthorn, India Hawthorn

Seed Dispersal (6), Cultivars (4), Species Diversity (4), Colored Varieties (3), Container-Grown Plants (3), Dispersal Limitation (3), Evergreen Broad-Leaved Forest (3), Patents (3)…

Ornamental (32.79), Timber9 (14.28), Shade7 (13.12)…

Rheum emodi

Himalayan Rhubarb

Anthraquinones (17), Chrysophanol (10), Antioxidant (9), Emodin (9), Antimicrobial (8), Antioxidant Activity (8), Anthocyanins (7), Anthraquinone (7), Antimicrobial Activity (7)…

Dye (55.02), Plant Grafting (19.65), Medicinal (9.68)…

Rheum officinale

Chinese Rhubarb, Yΰo Yςng Dΰ Huαng

Emodin (48), Rhubarb (31), Apoptosis (25), Anthraquinones (23), Traditional Chinese Medicine (23), Medicinal Plants (13), Rhein (13), Pharmacokinetics (11)…

Medicinal (69.15), Plant Grafting (6.47)…

Rheum palmatum

Chinese Rhubarb, Turkish Rhubarb, Turkey Rhubarb, Chinese Rhubarb, Indian Rhubarb, Russian Rhubarb, Rhubarb Root, Da-Huang

Emodin (72), Rhubarb (33), Apoptosis (29), Traditional Chinese Medicine (28), Anthraquinones (25), Rhein (19), Aloe-Emodin (18), Chalcone Synthase (16), Medicinal Plants (16)…

Medicinal (64.43)…

Rhinanthus minor

Arctic Rattlebox, Little Yellow Rattle, Yellow Rattle, Cockscomb

Grazing (17), Hemiparasite (17), Restoration (17), Parasitic Plants (16), Biodiversity (15), Conservation (15), Dispersal (15), Competition (14), Nitrogen (13), Succession (13), Grassland Restoration (12)…

Hemiparasite (96.72)…

Rhizanthella gardneri

Western Underground Orchid

Mycorrhiza (8), Mycoheterotrophy (6), Chloroplast Genome (4), Symbiosis (4), Ectomycorrhiza (3), Evolution (3), Orchid (3), Orchid Mycorrhiza (3)…

Hemiparasite (85.87), Nutraceutical (6.45)…

Rhizophora apiculata

Mangrove, Bakhaw Lalaki, Randho, Πu'c, Garjan

Mangrove (93), Mangroves (49), Thailand (16), Decomposition (15), Growth (15), Antioxidant Activity (13), Salinity (13), Remote Sensing (10)…

Charcoal (45.47), Tannin (41.91)…

Rhizophora mangle

Red Mangrove

Mangrove (180), Mangroves (116), Salinity (46), Nitrogen (40), Photosynthesis (34), Stable Isotopes (31), Belize (29), Florida (29), Growth (29), Wetlands (28), Mangrove Forests (27)…

Seagrass (42.80), Cane/Bamboo (18.04), Tannin (17.00)…

Rhizophora mucronata

Mangrove, Loop-Root Mangrove, Red Mangrove, Asiatic Mangrove, Rooiwortelboom, Isikhangathi, Umhlume

Mangrove (87), Mangroves (63), Stable Isotopes (16), Salinity (15), Growth (12), Dendrochronology (11), Kenya (10), Mangrove Forests (10)…

Seagrass (46.85), Timber9 (12.93), Soil Amelioration (8.24), Fuelwood (4.90)…

Rhodiola rosea

Roseroot Stonecrop, Golden Root, Rose Root, Roseroot, Western Roseroot, Aaron's Rod, Arctic Root, King's Crown, Orpin Rose

Salidroside (62), Medicinal Plants (29), Oxidative Stress (27), Apoptosis (19), Antioxidant (17), Plant Extracts (14), Adaptogens (12), Depression (12), Herbal Medicines (12), Antioxidant Activity (10)…

Medicinal (59.63), Resin (13.68), Nutraceutical (4.92)…

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa

Rose Myrtle

Rhodomyrtone (7), China (6), Reforestation (5), Forest Succession (4), Antibacterial Activity (3)…

Fuelwood (57.12), Shade7 (14.75), Smoking8 (8.59)…

Rhus chinensis

Chinese Sumac, Nutgall Tree

Galla Chinensis (9), Antioxidant Activity (6), Chinese Herbs (5), Diabetes (5), Ethnobotany (5), PGG (5), Phenolics (5), Succession (5), Antioxidant (4), Conservation (4), Medicinal Plants (4), Polyphenols (4), Tannins (4)…

Medicinal (30.08), Tannin (23.32), Revegetation (10.32), Cosmetics (7.47)…

Rhus copallinum

Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Dwarf Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac

Species Richness (6), Forest Management (5), Biodiversity (4), Developmental Instability (4), Disturbance (4), Intensive Forestry (4), Brownfield (3)…

Timber9 (27.64), Green Manure (14.72), Forage (12.78), Wastewater Treatment (8.56), Cane/Bamboo (8.21)…

Rhus coriaria

Sicilian Sumac, Elm-Leaved Sumach, Tanner's Sumach

Medicinal Plants (20), Ethnobotany (13), Turkey (11), Antioxidant Activity (10), Antioxidants (10), Traditional Medicine (10), Antibacterial Activity (9), Gallic Acid (9), Sumac (9), Oregano (7), Tannins (7)…

Flavouring/Spice (39.53), Tannin (23.39), Medicinal (17.96)…

Rhus verniciflua

Chinese Lacquer Tree, Japanese Lacquer Tree, Japanese Sumac, Varnish Tree

Apoptosis (44), Antioxidant (18), Antioxidant Activity (18), Butein (16), Inflammation (16), Sulfuretin (13), Flavonoids (11), Oxidative Stress (10)…

Poison (39.46), Oilseed/Fat4 (10.92), Medicinal (9.92)…

Ribes magellanicum

Wild Currant

Patagonia (11), Cattle (4), Central Patagonia (3), Chile (3), Fire (3), Last Glacial Termination (3), Nothofagus Forest (3), Nothofagus Forests (3)…

Fruit (29.08), Charcoal (19.50), Ornamental (8.02), Poison (6.35)…

Ricinus communis

Castorbean, Castor Oil Plant

Ricin (178), Castor Beans (154), Enzyme Activity (114), Lectins (98), Lectin (91), Seeds (91), Castor Oil (88), Biodiesel (79), Endosperm (74), Gene Expression (72), Phloem (72), Medicinal Plants (71)…

Grain Legume2 (24.50), Oilseed/Fat4 (15.55), Biofuel (10.80), Poison (10.31), Timber9 (7.01), Sweetener (6.46)…

Robinia pseudoacacia

Black Locust, False Acacia

Biomass (47), Honey (36), Forest Trees (35), Leaves (33), Loess Plateau (33), Wood (33), Forestry (32), Invasive Species (31), Nitrogen (31), Climate Change (30), Biodiversity (29), Growth (29), Lectin (28)…

Timber9 (36.01), Honey3 (34.29), Medicinal (6.59)…

Rorippa palustris

Bog Yellowcress, Fernald's Yellowcress, Hispid Yellowcress, Western Bog Yellowcress, Bog Marshcress, Common Yellowcress…

Seed Bank (9), Species Richness (8), Diversity (6), Resprouting (6), Succession (6), Adventitious Buds (5), Aquatic Plants (5), Ordination (5), Restoration (5), Wetland (5), Defoliation (4)…

Aquatic (44.56), Forage (16.46), Revegetation (10.45), Weed (10.09)…

Rosa canina

Dog Rose, Dog-Rose

Medicinal Plants (48), Ethnobotany (38), Biodiversity (20), Conservation (18), Rose Hips (16), Spain (16), Vegetation (16), Antioxidant Activity (15), Turkey (15), Antioxidant (14), Ascorbic Acid (13)…

Medicinal (39.29), Fruit (10.30), Weed (7.36), Poison (5.16)…

Rosa chinensis

Chinese Rose, Yueji, China Rose

Micropropagation (11), Flowers (10), Rose (9), Cultivars (8), Flavonoids (8), Leaves (8), Medicinal Plants (8), Phenolic Compounds (8), Shoots (8), Ornamental Plants (7), Rooting (7), Rootstocks (7)…

Plant Grafting (47.68), Cut Flower (35.50)…

Rosa laevigata

Cherokee Rose

Antioxidant Activity (8), Total Flavonoids (5), Phenolics (4), Tannin (4), DNA Barcode (3), Herbal Medicine (3), Herbal Tea (3)…

Beverage (47.45), Medicinal (17.28), Tannin (12.20)…

Rosa rubiginosa

Sweet Briar, Sweet Brier, Eglantine

Antioxidant (9), Carotenoids (8), Solubility (8), Functional Properties (7), Antioxidant Activity (6), Diffusivity (6), Drying (6), Ethanol (6), Exotic Species (6)…

Nut (37.38), Dietary Fibre (19.54), Fruit (6.63), Nutraceutical (5.66)…

Rosmarinus officinalis

Rosemary, Anthos

Rosemary (256), Essential Oils (230), Essential Oil (185), Antioxidant Activity (171), Antioxidants (156), Antioxidant (114), Plant Extracts (111), Carnosic Acid (85), Medicinal Plants (79)…

Essential Oil (65.65), Flavouring/Spice (9.27), Honey3 (5.77)…

Rubia cordifolia

Common Madder, Indian Madder, Manjistha, Majith, Tamaralli, Manditti

Anthraquinones (22), Medicinal Plants (22), Antioxidant (21), Anthraquinone (15), Cytotoxicity (14), Hepatoprotective (14), Antioxidants (12), Lipid Peroxidation (12), Oxidative Stress (12), Mollugin (11)…

Dye (76.35), Medicinal (8.47)…

Rubus armeniacus

Himalayan Blackberry

Oregon (5), Slope Stability (5), Invasive Species (4), Biological Invasions (3), Black Cottonwood (3), California (3), Disease Transmission (3), European Beech (3), Introduced Species (3), Norway Spruce (3), Silver Fir (3), Vineyards (3),…

Ornamental (25.10), Pesticide5 (17.75), Hemiparasite (14.37), Wastewater Treatment (7.33), Timber9 (6.18), Medicinal (5.22)…

Rubus caesius

European Dewberry

Biodiversity (15), Species Richness (9), Ethnobotany (7), Grazing (7), Vegetation (7), Conservation (6), Europe (6), Food Plants (6), Mediterranean (6)…

Timber9 (33.06), Medicinal (10.97), Beverage (7.51), Starch (5.44)…

Rubus chamaemorus

Cloudberry

Climate Change (31), Peatland (25), Sphagnum (24), Dioecy (21), Permafrost (18), Pollen (17), Peatlands (16), Holocene (14), Alaska (13), Boreal Forest (13), Decomposition (12), Small Fruits (12), Tundra (12)…

Fruit (35.69), Tannin (9.10), Weed (7.56), Charcoal (6.70), Medicinal (6.56)…

Rubus glaucus

Andes Berry

Anthocyanins (19), Phenolic Compounds (10), Food Analysis (9), Antioxidants (8), Anthocyanin (7), Antioxidant (7), Antioxidant Activity (7), Food Composition (7), Phenolics (7)…

Fruit (39.78), Food Dye (19.94), Tannin (15.80), Dietary Fibre (5.78)…

Rubus nivalis

Snow Raspberry

No Duplicate Keywords

Fruit (28.75), Timber9 (10.23), Breeding (7.01), Beverage (6.94), Shade7 (6.88), Genetics (6.22), Medicinal (5.11),

Rubus niveus

Snowpeaks Raspberry

Species Richness (4), Alien Species (3), Disturbance (3), Plant Invasions (3), Antinematodal Activity (2), Bioeconomy (2), Biogeography (2)…

Hemiparasite (19.45), Fuelwood (15.83), Fruit (9.36), Smoking8 (6.86)…

Rubus ulmifolius

Elmleaf Blackberry

Ethnobotany (31), Medicinal Plants (22), Spain (20), Mediterranean (19), Italy (17), Antioxidant (13), Biodiversity (11), Portugal (11), Species Richness (11), Antimicrobial Activity (10), Arsenic (10), Antioxidant Activity (9), Flavonoids (9)…

Medicinal (25.77), Fruit (14.32), Poison (6.43), Honey3 (5.99)…

 

Footnote re most likely scope for crop use/product: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product.  Examples are provided below (1-9, and superscripts in the crop use/product column, above) for those terms which were influenced in this manner:

1[Some species were identified as “cereal” but were actually species frequently associated with cereals, perhaps as weeds of cereal crops]
2[Some species were identified as “grain legume” but were actually species frequently associated with grain legumes, such as weeds of grain legume crops]
3[Some species were identified as “honey” but were actually studies on flower structure or pollination]
4[Some species were identified as “oilseed/fat” but were actually species frequently associated with oilseeds, such as weeds of oilseed crops]
5[Some species identified as “pesticide” were not sources of pesticides but were commercial crops whose production requires pesticides]
6[Some species were identified as “pseudocereal” but were actually species frequently associated with pseudocereals in some manner]
7[This term referred to plant species that provide or require shade]
8[This term referred to plant species whose product may be used for smoking but also includes those species whose seeds may require smoke to germinate]
9[This term identified plant species that naturally grow amongst timber in a forest (or on timber, such as a lichen), as well as those with a timber product; it also identified some species whose product may have been described as “woody”]

 


RIRDC Farm Diversity Website: http://www.farmdiversity.com.au/

 

Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC)
Home Page

RIRDC New and Developing Plant Industries
Home Page

includes publications and project reports

RIRDC New Crop Industries Handbook
530 pages
as pdf download


RIRDC
essential oils, tea tree oil, wildflowers and natives, bioenergy, organic farming


Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


Contact: Webmaster, Australian New Crops Website
australiannewcrops@gmail.com
Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW