New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
 genus O..

The species below (from genus O..) have attracted recent attention in the literature.
Samples of their
keyword and crop use/product entries from the Website
may assist in explaining the recent increase in mentions in the literature.

For keywords: Species, family and the term Internet resources have been omitted, below; 
the number after each keyword is the number of papers in which the keyword and the species have been mentioned together.
  Larger numbers will be more reliable.


For crop use/product: The percentages after each crop use/product enabled the 68 crop uses/products to be ranked for each individual species;
 the footnote below the table explains the superscripts (1-9) included in the crop use/product column

Listings of species attracting attention by common name, keyword or crop use/product are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.


Species name


Common name(s)

 


Keywords

 


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Ocimum americanum

Limehairy, Hoary Basil

Essential Oils (19), Medicinal Plants (14), Biosorption (12), Essential Oil (12), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (10), Hexavalent Chromium (10), Plant Extracts (10), Ethnobotany (9)…

Essential Oil (33.89), Medicinal (26.96), Smoking8 (9.59), Insect Repellent (6.88)…

Ocimum basilicum

Sweet Basil, Basil, Thai Basil

Essential Oils (193), Basil (157), Essential Oil (145), Medicinal Plants (75), Antioxidant Activity (62), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (55), Antioxidant (49), Leaves (48), Linalool (43)…

Essential Oil (69.38), Flavouring/Spice (6.75), Pesticide5 (4.59)…

Ocimum gratissimum

African Basil, Clove Basil, Wild Basil, Efinrin, Daidoya, Nchuawu

Essential Oil (72), Essential Oils (63), Medicinal Plants (60), Plant Extracts (28), Antifungal (25), Antioxidant (22), Basil (19), Antimicrobial Activity (18)…

Essential Oil (67.31), Medicinal (7.20)…

Ocimum sanctum

Holy Basil, Tulasi

Medicinal Plants (48), Oxidative Stress (41), Antioxidant (36), Diabetes (33), Diabetes Mellitus (30), Apoptosis (26), Antioxidants (24), Essential Oil (24)…

Medicinal (39.72), Oilseed/Fat4 (14.09), Essential Oil (8.88), Pesticide5 (5.37), Timber9 (5.31)…

Ocimum tenuiflorum

Holy Basil, Tulasi

Plant Extracts (45), Medicinal Plants (37), Leaves (32), India (26), Essential Oils (18), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (17), Rats (17), Eugenol (13), Medicinal Properties (13)…

Medicinal (58.53), Essential Oil (9.94), Flavouring/Spice (6.69)…

Oemleria cerasiformis

Indian Plum, Osoberry

Dioecy (6), British Columbia (5), Gender Differences (4), Sex Ratio (4), Fire (3), Oregon (3), Paleoecology (3), Anthropogenic Burning (2), Antioxidant Enzymes (2)…

Fruit (52.69), Charcoal (30.02)…

Oenanthe javanica

Java Waterdropwort, Japanese Parsley, Chinese Celery, Stolon Waterdropwort

Nutrient Removal (7), Wetland Plants (7), Ethnobotany (6), Radial Oxygen Loss (5), Anti-HBV Activity (4), Constructed Wetland (4), Medicinal Plants (4), Photosynthesis (4), Antioxidant Activity (3), Antioxidant Capacity (3), Heavy Metals (3)…

Vegetable (29.17), Medicinal (18.32), Wastewater Treatment (8.22), Aquatic (5.54), Phytoextractive (4.02)…

Oenothera biennis

Common Evening Primrose, Evening Star, Sun Drop

Linolenic Acid (28), Fatty Acids (24), Plant Fats And Oils (19), Seed Oils (19), Seeds (17), Evening Primrose Oil (15), Lipid Peroxidation (15), Γ-Linolenic Acid (15), Dietary Supplements (13)…

Nutraceutical (24.43), Genetics (16.25), Oilseed/Fat4 (16.16), Medicinal (7.02), Timber9 (5.98), Tannin (4.54)…

Oenothera macrocarpa

Bigfruit Evening Primrose, Missouri Evening Primrose, Ozark Sundrop, Fremont's Evening Primrose, Oklahoma Evening Primrose

Herbivores (3), Herbivory (3), Pollination (3), Pollinators (3), Breeding System (2)…

Fruit (40.14), Honey3 (30.24), Breeding (11.59)…

Olea europaea

African Olive, European Olive, Olive

Olives (851), Cultivars (538), Olive Oil (387), Spain (328), Leaves (271), Phenolic Compounds (200), Italy (190), Genetic Variation (159), Crop Yield (151), Food Composition (144)…

No Details Available

Onobrychis viciifolia

Sainfoin, Common Sainfoin

Tannins (80), Sheep (51), Alfalfa (35), Condensed Tannins (35), Digestibility (24), Sainfoin (24), Forage (22)…

Tannin (77.23), Forage (13.11)…

Oplismenus undulatifolius

 

Diversity (3), Iran (3), Adaptive Strategy (2), Altitude (2), Beech (2), Caspian Forests (2), Community Characteristics (2), Coppice Management (2), Distribution (2), Ecological Species Groups (2), Environment (2), Floor Vegetation (2), Growth Form (2), Herbaceous Vines (2), Hierarchical Bayesian Model (2), Intact Rate (2), Japanese Macaque (2), Karst Habitat (2), Kinkazan (2), Plant Water Potential (2), Seed Dispersal (2), Shifting Mosaic (2), Site Classification (2), Soil Fertility (2), Species Abundance (2), Succession (2), Temperate Region (2), Temporary Water Deficit (2), Tree Seedlings (2)…

Ornamental (47.94), Timber9 (9.96), Charcoal (8.20), Sweetener (6.35), Nutraceutical (4.67)…

Opuntia dillenii

Erect Pricklypear, Erect Prickly Pear, Nopal Estricto

Antioxidant Activity (13), Response Surface Methodology (12), Flavonoids (8), Betacyanins (7), Prickly Pear (7), Food Analysis (6), Chemical Composition (5)…

Fruit (42.49), Food Dye (27.63)…

Opuntia ficus-indica

Barbary Fig, Indian Fig Opuntia, Barbary Fig, Cactus Pear, Spineless Cactus, Prickly Pear

Antioxidant Activity (56), Betalains (44), Oxidative Stress (37), Mexico (35), Antioxidant (34), Antioxidants (34), Cactus Pear (33), Prickly Pear (32), Medicinal Plants (30)…

Fruit (28.00), Rubber (21.64), Starch (6.91), Dye (6.24), Timber9 (5.42)…

Opuntia megacantha

 

Antimicrobial (7), Diabetes Mellitus (7), Anthelmintic (6), Phenolic Compounds (6), Streptozotocin (5), Cyclooxygenase Inhibition (4), Medicinal Plants (4), Saponins (4), Ache (3), Antibacterial (3), Antifungal (3)…

Tannin (57.63), Dye (19.38), Medicinal (5.56)…

Opuntia streptacantha

 

Spray Drying (16), Prickly Pear (12), Diabetes Mellitus (10), Betalains (8), Lead (8), Adsorption (7), Biosorption (7), Insulin (7), Mexico (7), Diabetes (6), Medicinal Plants (6)…

Food Dye (24.84), Medicinal (17.31), Beverage (10.41), Nutraceutical (9.67), Rubber (6.76), Industrial Product (4.53)…

Orbignya phalerata

Babassu, Babassu Palm, Babaηu, Cusi

Brazil (9), Amazonia (8), Attalea (5), Anti-Inflammatory (4), Anti-Inflammatory Activity (4), Babassu Oil (4), Open Tropical Rain Forest (4)…

Nut (33.73), Biofuel (19.72), Starch (17.60), Fuelwood (7.22)…

Orchis morio

Green-Winged Orchid, Green-Winged Orchid, Green-Veined Orchid

Glucomannan (7), Nitrogen (7), Polysaccharides (7), Salep (7), Orchis (6), Conservation (5), Biomass Production (4), Growth (4), Mucilage (4), Phosphorus (4)…

Rubber (60.21), Honey3 (17.75)…

Origanum dictamnus

Dittany Of Crete, Cretan Dittany, Hop Majoram

Essential Oil (27), Essential Oils (18), Antioxidant Activity (16), Carvacrol (13), Phenolic Compounds (10), Medicinal Plants (9), Antioxidant (8), Antimicrobial (7), Antimicrobial Activity (6)…

Essential Oil (66.50), Pesticide5 (15.92), Flavouring/Spice (6.37)…

Origanum majorana

Sweet Marjoram, Marjoram

Essential Oils (71), Essential Oil (40), Medicinal Plants (28), Antioxidant (25), Marjoram (24), Antioxidant Activity (22), Plant Extracts (22)…

Essential Oil (56.95), Flavouring/Spice (23.53), Pesticide5 (6.81)…

Origanum onites

Pot Marjoram, Cretan Oregano, Turkish Oregano, Pot Marjoram, R'gani

Essential Oil (32), Essential Oils (26), Carvacrol (21), Antioxidant Activity (18), Oregano (18), Plant Extracts (14), Medicinal Plants (13), Chemical Composition (12)…

Essential Oil (83.15), Flavouring/Spice (5.54)…

Origanum syriacum

Bible Hyssop, Biblical-Hyssop, Lebanese Oregano, Syrian Oregano

Essential Oil (34), Essential Oils (25), Antioxidant Activity (16), Antioxidant (14), Antimicrobial Activity (11), Carvacrol (10), Oregano (10), Antifungal Activity (9), Medicinal Plants (8)…

Essential Oil (89.44)…

Origanum vulgare

Oregano

Essential Oils (214), Oregano (145), Essential Oil (112), Antioxidant Activity (85), Plant Extracts (75), Medicinal Plants (60), Carvacrol (58), Antioxidants (55), Antioxidant (48)…

Essential Oil (79.31), Flavouring/Spice (6.52), Pesticide5 (5.53)…

Orobanche ramosa

Hemp Broomrape, Branching Broomrape

Parasitic Plants (46), Seed Germination (27), Weed Control (23), Broomrape (21), Weeds (21), Biological Control (19)…

Hemiparasite (91.12)…

Orthilia secunda

Sidebells Wintergreen

Succession (9), Vegetation (7), Boreal Forest (5), Conservation (5), Phylogeography (5), Spruce (5), Understory Vegetation (5), Ground Vegetation (4), Vascular Plants (4)…

Charcoal (28.50), Shade7 (20.28), Timber9 (16.64), Boundary (7.19)…

Orthosiphon aristatus

Kumis Kucing, Misai Kucing, Cat's Whiskers, Java Tea

Medicinal Plants (23), Plant Extracts (18), Rosmarinic Acid (11), Medicinal Properties (10), Leaves (9), Antioxidant Activity (8), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (8), Traditional Medicine (7)…

Medicinal (40.87), Poison (11.57), Ornamental (6.87), Beverage (5.16), Timber9 (5.09)…

Oryza australiensis

 

Rice (15), Genome (12), Genomics (11), Interspecific Hybridization (7), Nucleotide Sequences (7), Phylogeny (7)…

Breeding (42.93), Genetics (26.34), Cereal1 (9.29)…

Oryza glaberrima

African Rice

Rice (68), Cultivars (34), Interspecific Hybridization (22), Genetic Variation (19), Genotype (18), Domestication (14), Hybrids (14)…

Weed (40.60), Cereal1 (30.30), Breeding (6.76)…

Oryza longistaminata

Longstamen Rice, Red Rice

Rice (18), Chromosome Mapping (13), Molecular Sequence Data (12), Nucleotide Sequences (12), Interspecific Hybridization (11), Loci (10), Genetic Markers (9)…

Weed (38.49), Genetics (19.72), Breeding (7.42), Allelopathy (5.86), Cereal1 (5.42)…

Oryza meridionalis

 

Genome (7), Phylogeny (7), Rice (7), Interspecific Hybridization (5), Taxonomy (5)…

Genetics (36.70), Breeding (22.50), Cereal1 (15.01), Aquatic (9.38)…

Oryza nivara

 

Rice (25), Cultivars (13), Domestication (13), Wild Relatives (13), Genetic Variation (12), Genome (10), Interspecific Hybridization (8), Nucleotide Sequences (8), Genetic Markers (7)…

Cereal1 (69.15), Genetics (8.51), Breeding (6.81), Model (5.23)…

Oryza rufipogon

Brownbeard Rice, Wild Rice, Red Rice

Rice (116), Genetic Variation (36), Wild Relatives (33), Interspecific Hybridization (32), Domestication (31), Genetic Diversity (28), Cultivars (25), Loci (23)…

Cereal1 (47.33), Breeding (23.78), Weed (7.00), Genetics (5.97)…

Oryza sativa

Rice, Asian Rice

Rice (6561), Cultivars (2022), Crop Yield (1654), Gene Expression (1584), Molecular Sequence Data (1497), Nucleotide Sequences (1482), Genes (1301), Leaves (1138), India (1070)…

No Details Available

Osmanthus fragrans

Sweet Osmanthus, Fragrant Osmanthus, Sweet Olive, Fragrant Tea Olive

Melanin (7), Physical And Chemical Properties (7), Volatile Compounds (7), Antioxidant Activity (6), Antioxidant (5), Flowers (5), Neuroprotection (5), Plant Biochemistry (5), Plant Physiology (5), Red Pigment (5)…

Poison (63.74), Cosmetics (10.15), Essential Oil (6.82), Food Dye (3.91)…

Ostrya virginiana

Chisos Hophornbeam, American Hophornbeam, Eastern Hophornbeam, Hardhack, Ironwood, Leverwood, Hophornbeam

Succession (15), Disturbance (14), Northern Hardwoods (13), Regeneration (11), Coarse Woody Debris (10), Canopy Gaps (8), Competition (8)…

Timber9 (65.60), Shade7 (11.29)…

Oxalis corniculata

Creeping Woodsorrel, Procumbent Yellow-Sorrel, Sleeping Beauty

Medicinal Plants (24), Biodiversity (10), Ethnobotany (10), Conservation (8), Traditional Medicine (8), Urbanization (8), Weed Control (8), Herbicides (7), Species Richness (7), Succession (7), Plant Communities (6), Uganda (6)…

Medicinal (55.91), Hemiparasite (5.05)…

Oxalis tuberosa

Oca, Uqa, New Zealand Yam

Peru (15), Food Composition (9), Oca (9), Antioxidant Activity (8), Tubers (8), Baking (7), Bolivia (7), Food Analysis (7), Phenolic Compounds (7)…

Starch (60.89), Nutraceutical (8.16)…

Oxyria digyna

Alpine Mountainsorrel, Mountain Sorrel, Wood Sorrel, Alpine Sorrel, Alpine Mountain-Sorrel

Climate Change (15), Photosynthesis (14), Respiration (12), Temperature (12), Arctic (9), Glacier Foreland (8), Holocene (8), Adaptation (6), Macrofossils (6), Phylogeography (6), Pollen (6), Vegetation (6)…

Ornamental (20.78), Honey3 (11.10), Charcoal (8.66), Boundary (7.60), Starch (6.36), Poison (6.03), Fruit (5.49)…

 

Footnote re most likely scope for crop use/product: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product.  Examples are provided below (1-9, and superscripts in the crop use/product column, above) for those terms which were influenced in this manner:

1[Some species were identified as “cereal” but were actually species frequently associated with cereals, perhaps as weeds of cereal crops]
2[Some species were identified as “grain legume” but were actually species frequently associated with grain legumes, such as weeds of grain legume crops]
3[Some species were identified as “honey” but were actually studies on flower structure or pollination]
4[Some species were identified as “oilseed/fat” but were actually species frequently associated with oilseeds, such as weeds of oilseed crops]
5[Some species identified as “pesticide” were not sources of pesticides but were commercial crops whose production requires pesticides]
6[Some species were identified as “pseudocereal” but were actually species frequently associated with pseudocereals in some manner]
7[This term referred to plant species that provide or require shade]
8[This term referred to plant species whose product may be used for smoking but also includes those species whose seeds may require smoke to germinate]
9[This term identified plant species that naturally grow amongst timber in a forest (or on timber, such as a lichen), as well as those with a timber product; it also identified some species whose product may have been described as “woody”]

 


RIRDC Farm Diversity Website: http://www.farmdiversity.com.au/

 

Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC)
Home Page

RIRDC New and Developing Plant Industries
Home Page

includes publications and project reports

RIRDC New Crop Industries Handbook
530 pages
as pdf download


RIRDC
essential oils, tea tree oil, wildflowers and natives, bioenergy, organic farming


Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


Contact: Webmaster, Australian New Crops Website
australiannewcrops@gmail.com
Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW