New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
 genus H..

The species below (from genus H..) have attracted recent attention in the literature.
Samples of their
keyword and crop use/product entries from the Website
may assist in explaining the recent increase in mentions in the literature.

For keywords: Species, family and the term Internet resources have been omitted, below; 
the number after each keyword is the number of papers in which the keyword and the species have been mentioned together.
  Larger numbers will be more reliable.


For crop use/product: The percentages after each crop use/product enabled the 68 crop uses/products to be ranked for each individual species;
 the footnote below the table explains the superscripts (1-9) included in the crop use/product column

Listings of species attracting attention by common name, keyword or crop use/product are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.


Species name


Common name(s)

 


Keywords

 


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Hakea prostrata

 

Proteoid Roots (8), Phosphorus (7), Carboxylates (5), Citrate (5), Rhizosphere (5), Cluster Roots (4)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (24.38), Poison (20.52), Revegetation (9.64), Model (5.54), Medicinal (5.06)…

Hakea psilorrhyncha

Harsh Hakea

Photosynthesis (7), Drought (4), Sclerophylly (4), Stomatal Conductance (4), Light (3), Phosphorus (3)…

Boundary (44.62), Shade7 (41.78)…

Halophila ovalis

Seagrass

Seagrass (144), Photosynthesis (52), Seagrasses (25), Australia (16), Chlorophyll Fluorescence (16), Disturbance (16), Chlorophyll A Fluorescence (15), Biomass (14), Salinity (14)…

Seagrass (99.09)…

Halosarcia pergranulata

 

Halophyte (11), Underwater Photosynthesis (10), Salinity (8), Osmotic Adjustment (7), Aerenchyma (6), Root Aeration (6), Salt Stress (5), Salt Tolerance (5), Submergence Tolerance (5), Waterlogging (5)…

Aquatic (19.24), Revegetation (17.14), Fruit (13.74), Sweetener (12.42), Seagrass (6.68)…

Haloxylon ammodendron

 

China (17), Desertification (13), Germination (13), Mongolia (12), Salinity (11), Xerophytes (11), Seed Germination (10), Temperature (10), Halophyte (8)…

Fuelwood (33.90), Shade7 (20.01), Boundary (6.07)…

Hamamelis virginiana

Ozark Witchhazel

Polyphenols (16), Disturbance (15), Medicinal Plants (14), Antioxidants (10), Succession (10), Proanthocyanidins (9)…

Tannin (44.19), Timber9 (11.45), Medicinal (7.01), Weed (6.64), Cosmetics (6.00)…

Hancornia speciosa

Scarletbush, Firebush, Hummingbird Bush, Scarlet Bush, Redhead

Brazil (10), Nitric Oxide (8), Tropical Fruits (8), Antioxidant Activity (7), Phenolics (7), Proanthocyanidins (6), Latex (5), Savanna (5), Antioxidants (4)…

Rubber (55.71), Fruit (20.00), Beverage (9.80)…

Harpagophytum procumbens

Arizona Grapplinghook, Palmer's Grapplinghook

Osteoarthritis (22), Devil's Claw (17), Medicinal Plants (17), Harpagoside (15), Phenylethanoid Glycosides (12), Inflammation (11), Low Back Pain (11), Pain (11), Complementary And Alternative Medicine (10), Herbal Medicine (10), Iridoids (10), Traditional Medicine (10)…

Medicinal (83.11)…

Hedera canariensis

 

Chlorophyll Fluorescence (61), Photosynthesis (49), Xanthophyll Cycle (33), Photoinhibition (25), Photoprotection (16), Non-Photochemical Quenching (15), Zeaxanthin (11), Antioxidant Enzymes (10), Ozone (10)…

Shade7 (73.89), Phytoextractive (3.68)…

Hedychium gardnerianum

Cream Garland-Lily, Yellow Ginger

Invasive Species (9), Hawaii (6), Azores (5), Nitrogen (5), Phosphorus (5), Conservation (4), Essential Oil (4), Essential Oils (4), Invasiveness (4)…

Essential Oil (41.21), Weed (30.21), Ornamental (9.72)…

Hedysarum coronarium

 

Sheep (56), Condensed Tannins (50), Tannins (41), Goats (20), Grazing (18), Nematodes (17), Gastrointestinal Nematodes (15)…

Tannin (59.62), Forage (13.56), Hemiparasite (9.01), Fodder (5.63)…

Hedysarum scoparium

 

Tengger Desert (15), China (9), Biological Soil Crusts (8), Revegetation (6), Desertification (5), Photosynthesis (5), Biodiversity (4), Desert (4), Oasis (4), Shapotou (4)…

Revegetation (67.47), Cereal1 (21.12)…

Helianthemum nummularium

Florida Scrub Frostweed

Endozoochory (9), Calcareous Grasslands (7), Sheep (7), Biodiversity (5), Grazing (5), Calcareous Grassland (4), Dispersal (4), Fragmentation (4), Functional Traits (4), Management Intensity (4)…

Ornamental (49.37), Model (10.42), Timber9 (6.65)…

Helianthus annuus

Swamp Sunflower, Narrowleaf Sunflower

Crop Yield (415), Leaves (314), Seeds (301), North Dakota (261), Sunflower (250), Hybrids (249), Cultivars (224)…

Grain Legume2 (23.09), Cereal1 (15.00), Oilseed/Fat4 (9.66), Medicinal (9.30), Phytoextractive (8.41), Timber9 (7.07)…

Helianthus paradoxus

 

Hybridization (31), Speciation (25), Adaptation (15), Natural Selection (14), Fitness (10), Introgression (9), Sunflower (9), Microsatellites (7), Polyploidy (7), QTL (7), Reproductive Isolation (7), Salt Tolerance (7)…

Genetics (54.70), Model (18.62), Breeding (9.22), Boundary (7.13)…

Helianthus petiolaris

Stiff Sunflower

Speciation (31), Hybridization (25), Introgression (20), Sunflower (20), Interspecific Hybridization (19), Hybrids (15), Reproductive Isolation (14)…

Genetics (21.12), Boundary (19.78), Breeding (11.45), Weed (10.61), Model (10.06), Dietary Fibre (5.44)…

Helicteres isora

 

Streptozotocin (12), Antioxidant (11), Diabetes Mellitus (11), Diabetes (10), Insulin (10), Ethnobotany (9), India (6), Medicinal Plants (6), Oxidative Stress (6), Rosmarinic Acid (6), Western Ghats (6)…

Medicinal (52.26), Oilseed/Fat4 (16.15)…

Heliotropium amplexicaule

 

Biological Control (11), Agent Selection (4), Classical Biological Control (4), Host-Specificity Testing (4), Risk Assessment (4), Alkaloid (3)…

Weed (51.33), Poison (33.35)…

Helleborus foetidus

 

Myrmecochory (24), Seed Dispersal (18), Pollination (14), Pollen (13), Spain (13), Pollinators (12), Elaiosome (10), Mutualism (10), Climate Change (8), Ethnobotany (8)…

Honey3 (88.16)…

Hesperostipa comata

Kauai Island-Aster, Kauai Hesperomannia

Grasses (12), Grazing (12), Biomass (10), Botanical Composition (10), Grasslands (9)…

Forage (63.61), Weed (8.02)…

Hesperostipa curtiseta

Intermediate Needle, Thread, Needle-And-Thread Grass, Needle, Thread

Community Composition (2), Fluorescent Fragment Length Polymorphism (2), Mixed Samples (2), Roots (2), Species Identification (2), Trnl-Trnf (2)…

Forage (95.74)…

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Bunjong

Photosynthesis (30), Chlorophyll Fluorescence (22), Gas Exchange (16), Drought (15), California (12), Photoinhibition (12), Chaparral (10), Phenotypic Plasticity (9)…

Shade7 (93.87)…

Heteropappus altaicus

Toyon, Christmas Berry, California Holly

Loess Plateau (7), Degradation (4), Rhizosphere (4), Seed Loss (4), Afforestation (3), Antifeedant (3)…

Revegetation (85.63), Fodder (4.92)…

Hevea brasiliensis

Bentham's Hevea, Caucho

Latex (186), Rubber (134), Adsorption (99), Plant Physiology (99), Plant Biochemistry (90), Kinetics (67), Malaysia (62), Natural Rubber (61), Plants (57), Biodiesel (53)…

Rubber (97.78)…

Hexalectris spicata

Chisos Mountain Crested Coralroot

Rhizoctonia (6), Specificity (5), Coevolution (4), Myco-Heterotrophy (4), ITS (3), Mycoheterotrophy (3), Orchids (3)…

Hemiparasite (76.68), Nutraceutical (15.56)…

Hibiscus cannabinus

 

Kenaf (186), Crop Yield (56), Lignin (43), Cultivars (35), Chemical Composition (34), Cellulose (30), Stems (28), Crop Production (26), Pulp (24), Growth (22), Mississippi (21)…

Paper Pulp (45.40), Wood Fibre (14.06), Resin (9.29), Rubber (7.51)…

Hibiscus moscheutos

 

Pollination (17), Hydrochory (13), Pollen Competition (13), Nitric Oxide (12), Cultivars (9), Gene Flow (9), Genetic Diversity (9), Planting Stock (9), Seed Dispersal (9), United States (9)…

Breeding (23.28), Fruit (22.47), Honey3 (11.07)…

Hibiscus sabdariffa

Shoeblackplant, Rose Mallow, Chinese Hibiscus, China Rose, Shoe Flower, Red Hibiscus

Anthocyanins (70), Medicinal Plants (47), Antioxidant (46), Antioxidant Activity (44), Plant Extracts (39), Oxidative Stress (37), Polyphenols (34), Anthocyanin (28)…

Beverage (59.15), Oilseed/Fat4 (6.61), Medicinal (5.08), Biofuel (3.95)…

Hibiscus tiliaceus

 

Mangrove (14), Invasive Species (8), Polynesia (7), Antioxidant Activity (6), Conservation (6), Mangroves (6), Medicinal Plants (6)…

Honey3 (51.68), Medicinal (12.23), Weed (5.50), Charcoal (4.54)…

Hieracium pilosella

Allegheny Hawkweed, Panicled Hawkweed

Biodiversity (27), Competition (24), Species Richness (23), Apomixis (22), Disturbance (18), Grassland (18), New Zealand (18), Grazing (17)…

Ornamental (18.65), Boundary (11.94), Allelopathy (7.67), Soil Amelioration (6.36), Weed (5.95), Starch (5.06)…

Hippophae rhamnoides

Manchineel, Manchineel Tree

Antioxidant Activity (55), Sea Buckthorn (42), Flavonoids (40), Antioxidant (35), Plant Biochemistry (33), Fatty Acids (32), Plant Physiology (32), Small Fruits (31), Antioxidants (30), Medicinal Plants (30)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (39.57), Weed (8.40), Nutraceutical (7.49), Tannin (5.59)…

Holcus lanatus

 

Arsenic (126), Grassland (49), Phytoremediation (42), Biodiversity (40), Cadmium (39), Nitrogen (39), Grazing (36)…

Poison (44.02), Phytoamelioration (14.93), Phytoextractive (9.12), Medicinal (6.35), Fruit (5.20)…

Hordeum brevisubulatum

California Barley, Meadow Barley

Phylogeny (7), Abiotic Stress (5), China (5), Alkaloids (4)…

Genetics (22.26), Breeding (14.06), Beverage (12.73), Ornamental (11.48), Allelopathy (7.32), Poison (7.07)…

Hordeum marinum

Wall Barley, False Barley

Salinity (18), Phylogeography (13), Phylogeny (12), Aerenchyma (10), Biogeography (9), Sodium (8), Salt Stress (7), Suberin (7), Waterlogging (7)…

Boundary (64.57), Model (9.26), Cereal1 (8.44)…

Hordeum spontaneum

Meadow Barley

Barley (55), Genetic Diversity (36), Genetic Variation (36), Israel (35), Population Genetics (35), RAPD (22), AFLP (21), Drought (20)…

Breeding (36.13), Cereal1 (34.37), Genetics (18.56)…

Hordeum vulgare

 

Barley (2750), Cultivars (1678), Crop Yield (1556), Disease Resistance (1028), Leaves (1009), Genes (801), Chromosome Mapping (776)…

Cereal1 (Further Details Not Available)

Houttuynia cordata

Pygmy Bluet

Medicinal Plants (19), Antioxidant Activity (9), Chemometrics (9), Ethnobotany (9), HPLC (9), Traditional Chinese Medicine (9), Herbal Medicines (8), Apoptosis (7), China (7), Chinese Herbal Medicine (7)…

Medicinal (62.95), Essential Oil (6.72), Timber9 (5.26)…

Humulus lupulus

Japanese Hop

Hops (270), Xanthohumol (114), Cultivars (87), Medicinal Plants (52), Hop (51), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (48), Plant Extracts (42), Genetic Variation (41), Washington (41)…

Beverage (78.26)…

Huperzia lucidula

 

Evolution (3), 18S (2), Atpb (2), Bayes Factors (2), China (2), Chloroplast DNA (2), Consensus Network (2), DNA Barcoding (2), Ferns (2), Fucogalactoxyloglucans (2), Gene Order (2), Homoplasy (2), Huperzine A (2), Hybridization Network (2), Incongruence (2), Invasive Species (2), Matk (2),  (2), Northern Hardwood Forest (2), Phylogenetic Performance (2), Phylogeny (2), Phytogeography (2), Plant Cell Walls (2), Plant Diversity (2), Rbcl (2), Reticulate Evolution (2), Shade Tolerance (2), Substitution Evenness (2), Tracheids (2), Xyloglucans (2)…

Genetics (31.89), Shade7 (31.55), Hemiparasite (9.72), Timber9 (7.13)…

Huperzia serrata

Fir Clubmoss, Northern Firmoss

Huperzine A (89), Alzheimer's Disease (56), Acetylcholinesterase (30), Alkaloids (20), Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor (16), Neuroprotection (14), Traditional Chinese Medicine (13)…

Medicinal (80.45)…

Hybanthus enneaspermus

 

Antioxidant (25), Streptozotocin (18), Diabetes (12), Aldose Reductase (11), Rat Lens (9), Antioxidant Activity (8), Insulin (8), Diabetes Mellitus (7), Phytoconstituents (7)…

Tannin (35.68), Oilseed/Fat4 (34.53), Medicinal (9.49)…

Hydrangea paniculata

French Hydrangea, Bigleaf Hydrangea, Lacecap Hydrangea, Mophead Hydrangea, Penny Mac, Hortensia

Freezing Tolerance (6), 1-Kestose (5), Climate Change (5), Soluble Sugars (5), Water Status (5)…

Timber9 (45.25), Cane/Bamboo (6.22), Shade7 (5.41)…

Hydrastis canadensis

 

Berberine (105), Medicinal Plants (32), Alkaloids (18), Goldenseal (17), Herbal Medicines (15), Apoptosis (12), Hydrastine (8)…

Medicinal (78.97)…

Hydrilla verticillata

 

Aquatic Weeds (84), Weed Control (47), Cadmium (41), Glutathione (41), Oxidative Stress (41), Biological Control (39), Invasive Species (39), Florida (36), Aquatic Plants (33), Heavy Metals (32)…

Aquatic (81.78), Phytoextractive (3.42)…

Hydrocotyle bonariensis

 

Physiological Integration (12), Phenotypic Plasticity (10), Clonal Plant (9), Clonal Growth (7), Clonal Integration (6), Clonal Plants (6), Clones (6)…

Aquatic (83.60), Shade7 (6.75)…

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides

Tropical Marshpennywort

Aquatic Weeds (6), Invasive Species (5), Barcoding (4), Biodiversity (4), Climate Change (4), Matk (4), Vegetation (4), Aquatic Plant (3), Aquatic Weed (3), Bolivia (3)…

Aquatic (83.87), Weed (5.41)…

Hylocereus undatus

Strawberry-Pear

Pitaya (10), Tropical And Subtropical Fruits (9), Antioxidant Activity (8), Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (8)…

Fruit (84.82)…

Hylococcus sericeus

Nightblooming Cactus, White-Fleshed Pitahaya, Pitahaya, Dragonfruit, Night Blooming Cereus, Strawberry Pear, Belle Of The Night, Conderella Plant, Maasik-Metskaktus, Pitaya…

Obesity (10), Inflammation (7), Survival (7), Depression (5), Heart Failure (5), Treatment (5), Body Mass Index (4), Complications (4), Conformation (4), Hypertension (4), Oxidative Stress (4), Quality Of Life (4)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (19.63), Rubber (16.31), Smoking8 (14.77), Boundary (9.67), Cereal1 (5.26), Poison (4.91)…

Hylocomium splendens

Hylocomiastrum Moss, Shaded Wood-Moss

Biomonitoring (80), Heavy Metals (78), Moss (75), Bryophytes (74), Boreal Forest (53), Mosses (53), Climate Change (46), Air Pollution (41), Bryophyte (41), Arctic (37)…

Bioindicator (80.03), Timber9 (5.13), Phytoextractive (3.69)…

Hymenaea courbaril

West Indian Marsh Grass

Xyloglucan (42), Brazil (29), Seed Dispersal (26), Bolivia (21), Tropical Dry Forest (20), Costa Rica (15), Tropical Forest (15), Medicinal Plants (13)…

Resin (49.69), Timber9 (13.48), Shade7 (5.93), Starch (5.65)…

Hymenoclea salsola

Singlewhorl Burrobrush

Stomatal Conductance (14), Mojave Desert (12), Hydraulic Conductivity (11), Hydraulic Conductance (9), Photosynthesis (9), Transpiration (9), Water Relations (9), Water Stress (8)…

Timber9 (36.69), Plant Grafting (30.66), Shade7 (5.22)…

Hyparrhenia hirta

 

Biodiversity (14), Conservation (14), Grazing (8), Mediterranean (8), South Africa (8), C3 (7), C4 (7), Climate Change (7)…

Cane/Bamboo (18.32), Ornamental (14.66), Forage (12.72), Smoking8 (8.73), Revegetation (6.10), Cereal1 (5.47)…

Hypericum androsaemum

Tinker's Penny, Creeping St. John's-Wort, Bog St. John's-Wort

Biosynthesis (13), Xanthones (11), Antioxidant Activity (10), Medicinal Plants (10), Antioxidant (7)…

Essential Oil (24.11), Tannin (14.70), Medicinal (12.46), Chewing (6.29)…

Hypericum calycinum

Buckley's St. Johnswort, Blue Ridge St. John's-Wort

Hyperforin (8), Biosynthesis (7), Hypericin (6), Antidepressant (5), Forced Swimming Test (5), Medicinal Plants (5), Anthocyanins (4), Antimicrobial Activity (4), Antioxidant Activity (4)…

Medicinal (53.37), Model (13.09), Timber9 (6.41)…

Hypericum hircinum

Sharplobe St. Johnswort

Italy (6), Quercetin (6), Rutin (6), Antidepressant (5), Antimicrobial Activity (4), Traditional Medicine (4), Acute Toxicity (3), Antioxidants (3)…

Medicinal (32.60), Essential Oil (17.19), Poison (14.39), Pesticide5 (6.78)…

Hypericum japonicum

 

Flavonoids (12), Medicinal Plants (9), Flavonoid (7), Antimicrobial Activity (6), China (6)…

Medicinal (49.79), Pesticide5 (11.83), Biofuel (7.38), Weed (4.64)…

Hypericum patulum

Sierra Madre St. Johnswort

Wound Healing (19), Xanthones (6), Cytotoxicity (5), Excision Wound (5), Flavonoids (5)…

Medicinal (33.64), Resin (15.59), Poison (9.53), Pesticide5 (6.66)…

Hypericum perforatum

St Johns wort, St Johnswort

Medicinal Plants (168), Hypericin (158), Hyperforin (103), Flavonoids (96), Depression (94), St. John's Wort (89), Herbal Medicines (60)…

Medicinal (76.34)…

Hypericum reflexum

Atlantic St. Johnswort

Antidepressant (12), Analgesic (9), Mice (6), Forced Swim Test (5), Forced Swimming Test (5), Xanthones (5), Antiplasmodial (4)…

Biofuel (55.16), Medicinal (28.18), Hemiparasite (4.88)…

Hypericum triquetrifolium

St. Peter's Wort, Peterwort, Square Stemmed St. John's Wort, Square Stalked St. John's Wort

Medicinal Plants (15), Hypericin (10), Antioxidant Activity (9), Ethnobotany (9), Traditional Medicine (7), Antioxidant (6), Essential Oil (6)…

Medicinal (41.16), Essential Oil (37.55)…

Hypnum cupressiforme

 

Biomonitoring (74), Mosses (44), Moss (39), Bryophytes (38), Heavy Metals (37), Atmospheric Deposition (35), Air Pollution (27), Trace Elements (21), Lichen (19), Mosses And Liverworts (17)…

Bioindicator (88.14), Phytoextractive (7.99)…

Hypocenomyce scalaris

Cockleshell Lichen

Lichens (11), Lichen (9), Lichen-Forming Fungi (8), Air Pollution (7), Boreal Forest (5), Epiphytes (5), Lichen Substances (5), Bark Chemistry (4), Indicator Species (4), Tree Age (4), Biomonitoring (3)…

Fuelwood (33.75), Timber9 (20.58), Bioindicator (19.57), Ornamental (8.36)…

Hypochaeris glabra

Brazilian Cat's Ear, Tweedy's Cat's Ear

Climate Change (7), Disturbance (6), Eddy Covariance (6), Biological Invasions (5), Land-Use Change (5), Monitoring (5), Central Chile (4), Endemism (4), Fire (4), Grassland (4), Invasion (4), Plant Invasions (4), Restoration (4), Annual Grasses (3), Annual Grassland (3)…

Hemiparasite (37.96), Smoking8 (14.27), Timber9 (12.57), Ornamental (6.12)…

Hypochaeris radicata

Smallhead Cat's Ear

Grazing (26), Conservation (20), Biodiversity (19), Restoration (19), Grassland (15), Species Richness (15), Succession (14), Dispersal (13)…

Ornamental (25.86), Weed (19.16), Boundary (11.31), Turf (8.30), Breeding (5.73)…

Hypochoeris radicata

Spotted Cat's-Ear

Conservation (19), Restoration (13), Grazing (11), Disturbance (10), Biodiversity (9), Horse (8), Species Richness (8), Succession (7), Grassland (6), Introduced Species (6)…

Turf (22.17), Breeding (15.64), Ornamental (14.17), Revegetation (6.38), Companion Plant (5.25)…

Hypogymnia physodes

Seaside Tube Lichen

Lichens (144), Air Pollution (82), Lichen (82), Biomonitoring (49), Heavy Metals (48), Photosynthesis (27), Indicator Species (25)…

Bioindicator (92.91), Phytoextractive (2.58)…

Hyptis capitata

Marubio Oscuro

Ursolic Acid (8), Tormentic Acid (7), Nitric Oxide (6), Apoptosis (5), Medicinal Plants (5), Traditional Medicine (4), Triterpenoids (4), Antioxidant (3)…

Medicinal (42.34), Essential Oil (21.36), Timber9 (6.06)…

Hyptis suaveolens

Marubio

Essential Oil (38), Essential Oils (30), Medicinal Plants (27), Antifungal Activity (14), Traditional Medicine (12), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (11)…

Essential Oil (70.54)…

Hyssopus officinalis

 

Essential Oil (42), Essential Oils (33), Medicinal Plants (25), Ethnobotany (13), Antioxidant (11), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (9), Hyssop (9), Antifungal Activity (8), Herbs (8), Limonene (8)…

Essential Oil (72.26), Medicinal (6.53), Flavouring/Spice (5.53)…

 

Footnote re most likely scope for crop use/product: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product.  Examples are provided below (1-9, and superscripts in the crop use/product column, above) for those terms which were influenced in this manner:

1[Some species were identified as “cereal” but were actually species frequently associated with cereals, perhaps as weeds of cereal crops]
2[Some species were identified as “grain legume” but were actually species frequently associated with grain legumes, such as weeds of grain legume crops]
3[Some species were identified as “honey” but were actually studies on flower structure or pollination]
4[Some species were identified as “oilseed/fat” but were actually species frequently associated with oilseeds, such as weeds of oilseed crops]
5[Some species identified as “pesticide” were not sources of pesticides but were commercial crops whose production requires pesticides]
6[Some species were identified as “pseudocereal” but were actually species frequently associated with pseudocereals in some manner]
7[This term referred to plant species that provide or require shade]
8[This term referred to plant species whose product may be used for smoking but also includes those species whose seeds may require smoke to germinate]
9[This term identified plant species that naturally grow amongst timber in a forest (or on timber, such as a lichen), as well as those with a timber product; it also identified some species whose product may have been described as “woody”]

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW