New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
 genus F..

The species below (from genus F..) have attracted recent attention in the literature.
Samples of their
keyword and crop use/product entries from the Website
may assist in explaining the recent increase in mentions in the literature.

For keywords: Species, family and the term Internet resources have been omitted, below; 
the number after each keyword is the number of papers in which the keyword and the species have been mentioned together.
  Larger numbers will be more reliable.


For crop use/product: The percentages after each crop use/product enabled the 68 crop uses/products to be ranked for each individual species;
 the footnote below the table explains the superscripts (1-9) included in the crop use/product column

Listings of species attracting attention by common name, keyword or crop use/product are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.


Species name


Common name(s)

 


Keywords

 


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Fagopyrum esculentum

Buckwheat

Buckwheat (260), Rutin (82), Antioxidant Activity (62), Flavonoids (60), Seeds (57), Crop Yield (36), Phenolic Compounds (35), Conservation Biological Control (33), Quercetin (30), Antioxidant (28)…

Pseudocereal6 (25.79), Honey3 (19.24), Cereal1 (13.28), Timber9 (7.48)…

Fagopyrum tataricum

Tartary Buckwheat, Duckwheat, India Buckwheat, India Wheat, Green Buckwheat, Bitter Buckwheat

Buckwheat (53), Rutin (36), Flavonoids (23), Quercetin (22), Tartary Buckwheat (18), Antioxidant Activity (17), Antioxidant (11), Flavonoid (11)…

Grain Legume2 (31.95), Cereal1 (15.26), Dietary Fibre (13.32), Nutraceutical (9.09), Pseudocereal6 (5.22)…

Fagus grandifolia

American Beech, North American Beech

Disturbance (75), Forest Trees (71), Climate Change (64), Succession (51), Forests (47), Forest Management (40), Forest Ecology (39)…

Timber9 (66.40), Shade7 (7.18)…

Fagus sylvatica

European Beech, Common Beech

Forest Trees (243), Leaves (187), Ozone (159), Forest Soils (156), Germany (156), Climate Change (140), Nitrogen (137), Photosynthesis (115), Drought (113)…

Timber9 (57.92), Charcoal (10.87), Shade7 (9.52), Medicinal (4.98)…

Faidherbia albida

Applering Acacia, Ana Tree, Balanzan Tree, Winter Thorn

Agroforestry (31), Sahel (28), Niger (23), Nitrogen Fixation (20), Africa (18), Growth (18), Senegal (17), Burkina Faso (16)…

Fodder (24.44), Companion Plant (18.81), Timber9 (13.21), Soil Amelioration (9.72), Tannin (5.74)…

Fallopia convolvulus

Black-Bindweed, Wild Buckwheat

Weed Control (28), Biodiversity (26), Weeds (26), Phytotoxicity (13), Agroecology (11), Crop Rotation (11), Herbicides (11)…

Weed (87.98)…

Festuca arizonica

Arizona Fescue, Mountain Bunchgrass, Pinegrass

Endophytes (16), Symbiosis (13), Arizona (12), Endophyte (12), Ponderosa Pine (8), Wildfire (7)…

Hemiparasite (29.50), Turf (17.43), Forage (14.17), Weed (6.15)…

Festuca eskia

 

Local Adaptation (6), Clinal Variation (5), Pyrenees (5), Climate Change (4), Altitude (3), Endemism (3), Gene Flow (3), Genetic Differentiation (3), Phenotypic Plasticity (3)…

Model (43.50), Ornamental (21.19), Breeding (8.96), Genetics (7.19)…

Festuca hallii

Plains Rough Fescue, Piper Plains Rough Fescue

Tillers (5), Climate Change (4), Genetic Variation (4), Seed Germination (4), Bayesian Inference (3), Decomposition (3), Prescribed Burning (3)…

Hemiparasite (25.69), Weed (20.69), Forage (18.85), Pesticide5 (12.12), Ornamental (7.15)…

Festuca idahoensis

Idaho Fescue, Blue Bunchgrass, Roemer's Fescue

Grazing (26), Oregon (26), Invasive Species (19), Grasses (17), Montana (16), Plant Communities (16), Rangelands (16), Idaho (14)…

Forage (54.44), Allelopathy (14.53), Weed (9.65)…

Festuca nigrescens

Alpine Chewing's Fescue

Subalpine Grasslands (6), Climate Change (4), Grazing Exclusion (4), Species Richness (4), Annual Ryegrass Toxicity (3), Biodiversity (3), Holocene (3), Upland Pasture (3)…

Hemiparasite (41.58), Poison (16.74), Cereal1 (7.36), Ornamental (7.19), Food For Humans (6.60)…

Festuca pallescens

 

Patagonia (26), Argentina (21), Grazing (12), Desertification (6), Disturbance (5), Holocene (5), NDVI (5), Pollen Analysis (5), Southern Patagonia (5)…

Charcoal (34.22), Forage (20.34), Ornamental (18.90), Smoking8 (11.46), Fuelwood (5.48)…

Festuca rubra

Chewing's Fescue, Creeping Red Fescue, Red Fescue, Richardson's Fescue

Nitrogen (68), Cultivars (66), Lawns And Turf (51), Grassland (49), Grazing (49)…

Turf (81.91), Green Manure (7.16)…

Ficus benghalensis

Indian Banyan

India (16), Larvicidal Activity (13), Medicinal Plants (13), Latex (12), Repellent Activity (12), Ethnobotany (8)…

Rubber (89.82)…

Ficus carica

Edible Fig, Common Fig

Figs (161), Cultivars (61), Medicinal Plants (48), Turkey (Country) (44), Ethnobotany (40), Fig (40), Italy (34), Genetic Diversity (29), Fruit Quality (25), Fruits (24), Pollination (23), Latex (22)…

Rubber (59.82), Fruit (24.24)…

Ficus hirta

 

Mithun (9), Pharmacokinetics (7), Emodin (6), Dioecy (4), Ethnobotany (4), Medicinal Plants (4), Northern Thailand (4), Semi-Wild (4), Succession (4)…

Medicinal (76.38)…

Ficus hispida

 

Mutualism (20), India (14), Dioecy (12), Pollination (12), Diabetes (10), China (7), Medicinal Plants (7)…

Fuelwood (47.55), Fodder (13.28), Hemiparasite (9.71), Medicinal (8.30)…

Ficus microcarpa

Chinese Banyan, Malayan Banyan, Taiwan Banyan, Indian Laurel, Curtain Fig, Gajumaru

Mutualism (14), Seed Dispersal (13), Antioxidant (11), Antioxidant Activity (9), Frugivory (8), Urban Ecology (8), China (7), Urban Forest (7), Antibacterial Activity (6)…

Fruit (29.22), Bioindicator (21.84)…

Ficus racemosa

Clustertree, Cluster Fig Tree, Indian Fig Tree, Goolar Fig, Gular Fig

Antioxidant Activity (19), Antioxidant (15), Medicinal Plants (15), Oxidative Stress (13), India (10), Ethnobotany (9)…

Medicinal (33.35), Fuelwood (22.81), Tannin (9.58)…

Ficus sur

Cape Fig, Broom Cluster Fig

Medicinal Plants (17), Ethnobotany (10), Pollination (8), Traditional Medicine (8), Fig Wasps (6), Uganda (6), Fig Wasp (5), Figs (5), Mutualism (5), Pan Troglodytes (5), South Africa (5)…

Fruit (26.24), Hemiparasite (15.96), Medicinal (11.45), Charcoal (8.15), Weed (5.10), Poison (5.05)…

Ficus sycomorus

Sycamore Fig, Fig-Mulberry, Sycamore, Sycomore

Medicinal Plants (23), Mutualism (19), Pollination (13), Ethnobotany (11), Fig Wasp (11), Dispersal (10), Kenya (10), Traditional Medicine (10)…

Fruit (23.05), Medicinal (20.79), Hemiparasite (13.99), Fuelwood (5.85), Weed (5.82)…

Ficus thonningii

 

Medicinal Plants (11), Mutualism (7), Traditional Medicine (7), Kenya (6), Nigeria (6), Seed Dispersal (6), Africa (5), Fig Wasps (5)…

Fruit (42.01), Medicinal (12.61), Hemiparasite (9.94)…

Filifolium sibiricum

 

China (5), Inner Mongolia (5), Inner Mongolia Grassland (3), Pollen (3), Precipitation Gradient (3), Spatial Heterogeneity (3)…

Cereal1 (38.55), Ornamental (23.72), Timber9 (7.54), Soil Amelioration (6.35)…

Filipendula ulmaria

Queen Of The Meadow, Meadowsweet, Mead Wort, Pride Of The Meadow, Meadow-Wort, Meadow Queen, Lady Of The Meadow, Dollof, Meadsweet, Bridewort

Biodiversity (29), Vegetation (24), Species Richness (20), Sweden (20), Conservation (19), Grazing (18), Dispersal (17), Germination (17), Grassland (16), Nitrogen (16)…

Ornamental (26.68), Fruit (8.70), Poison (6.65), Timber9 (5.86), Boundary (5.39), Medicinal (4.72)…

Fitzroya cupressoides

Patagonian Cypress, Alerce, Lahuαn

Patagonia (29), Chile (21), Dendrochronology (16), Argentina (14), Climate Change (14)…

Shade7 (37.92), Timber9 (29.46), Charcoal (5.03), Ornamental (4.92)…

Flacourtia indica

Governor's Plum, Ramontchi, Batoko Plum, Indian Plum

Medicinal Plants (15), Ethnobotany (11), Phenolic Compounds (8), India (7), Malaria (7), Antibacterial (6), Antifungal (6), Antimicrobial (6)…

Tannin (44.17), Medicinal (24.45)…

Flammulina velutipes

Enokitake, Enokidake, Enoki, Golden Needle Mushroom, Lily Mushroom, Winter Mushrooms, Velvet Foot, Velvet Stem

Mushroom (67), Mushrooms (45), Fungi (33), Polysaccharide (23), Lectin (21), Purification (19)…

Starch (34.24), Fruit (19.41), Nutraceutical (4.91)…

Flaveria bidentis

Coastal Plain Yellowtops, Smelter's Bush

Photosynthesis (33), C4 Photosynthesis (26), Carbonic Anhydrase (18), Gene Expression (14), Enzyme Activity (13), Leaves (13), Photorespiration (13), Transgenic Plants (13)…

Sweetener (32.83), Genetics (14.19), Model (13.80), Starch (12.93), Cane/Bamboo (6.32)…

Flaveria trinervia

Clustered Yellowtops

Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxylase (32), C4 Photosynthesis (30), Photosynthesis (23), Evolution (13), Gene Expression (13), Photorespiration (13)…

Sweetener (22.62), Starch (10.33), Grain Legume2 (10.02), Resin (9.99), Rubber (6.32), Timber9 (5.09)…

Flavocetraria cucullata

 

Lichens (14), Climate Change (9), Arctic (7), Biodiversity (6), Fungi (6), Phylogeography (6), Copper (5), Lichen (5), Coalescent Methods (4), Migration (4), Tundra (4), Air Pollution (3)…

Boundary (35.22), Oilseed/Fat4 (20.33), Ornamental (12.05), Forage (9.21), Green Manure (4.12)…

Flavocetraria nivalis

 

Lichens (25), Arctic (11), Climate Change (11), Phylogeography (6), Temperature (5), Usnic Acid (5), Biodiversity (4), Coalescent Methods (4), Fungi (4)…

Boundary (76.95)…

Flavoparmelia caperata

Flavoparmelia Lichen, Common Greenshield Lichen

Lichens (40), Air Pollution (20), Biomonitoring (19), Lichen (17), Heavy Metals (9), Epiphytic Lichens (8), Trace Elements (8), Biodiversity (6)…

Bioindicator (85.87), Phytoextractive (7.74)…

Flourensia cernua

American Tarwort, Tarbush, Hojasι, Hojasιn, Hoja Ancha

Chihuahuan Desert (29), Goats (13), Shrubs (12), Mexico (11), Stemflow (11), Infiltration (10), Sheep (10), Desertification (9), Grazing (9)…

Tannin (18.54), Ornamental (11.74), Cereal1 (9.09), Forage (7.93), Cane/Bamboo (6.65), Weed (5.90)…

Flueggea virosa

Common Bushweed, Simpleleaf Bushweed, Snowberry

Medicinal Plants (19), Ethnobotany (13), Traditional Medicine (10), Ethnopharmacology (6), Species Richness (6), Alkaloids (5), Antiplasmodial Activity (4), Epilepsy (4), Ethiopia (4), Malaria (4)…

Medicinal (40.58), Smoking8 (17.81), Timber9 (11.66), Fuelwood (6.73)…

Foeniculum vulgare

Sweet Fennel, Fennel

Essential Oil (135), Essential Oils (118), Antioxidant Activity (104), Medicinal Plants (101), Fennel (84), Ethnobotany (58), Antioxidant (42), Antioxidants (33), Seeds (32), Traditional Medicine (32)…

Essential Oil (49.15), Flavouring/Spice (16.80), Medicinal (14.46)…

Fontinalis antipyretica

Antifever Fontinalis Moss, Greater Water-Moss, Aquatic Moss, Common Water Moss, Willow Moss, Giant Antifever Fontinalis Moss, Oregon Fontinalis Moss

Heavy Metals (67), Bryophytes (43), Aquatic Plants (33), Biomonitoring (33), Macrophytes (33), Biosorption (29), Copper (28), Bioaccumulation (26), Aquatic Macrophytes (25)…

Aquatic (64.32), Bioindicator (15.95), Phytoextractive (13.81)…

Fortunella hindsii

Hong Kong Kumquat, Wild Kumquat

Citrus (12), Molecular Markers (3), Protoplast Fusion (3)…

Plant Grafting (66.62), Oilseed/Fat4 (11.64), Fruit (5.25)…

Fortunella margarita

Oval Kumquat, Nagami Kumquat

Flavonoids (13), Citrus (12), Citrus Fruits (7), Antioxidants (6), Ascorbate Peroxidase (6), Catalase (6), Kumquats (6)…

Fruit (73.26), Essential Oil (8.08)…

Fragaria ananassa

Garden Strawberry, Strawberry

Strawberries (1220), Cultivars (801), Crop Yield (459), Strawberry (271), Fruits (237), Leaves (227), Plant Pathogenic Fungi (223), Disease Resistance (174), Fungal Diseases Of Plants (159), Crop Production (155), Fruit Quality (148), Plant Breeding (144)…

Fruit (84.11)…

Fragaria chiloensis

Beach Strawberry, Chilean Strawberry, Coastal Strawberry, Pacific Beach Strawberry, Sandwich Beach Strawberry

Strawberries (54), Strawberry (33), Physiological Integration (32), Cultivars (26), Genetic Variation (22), Germplasm (21), Plant Genetic Resources (21), Genotype (20), Chile (19)…

Fruit (78.67)…

Fragaria virginiana

Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry, Common Strawberry

Strawberries (31), Gynodioecy (28), Genetic Variation (23), Strawberry (21), Cultivars (20), Germplasm (20)…

Fruit (31.89), Shade7 (22.86), Breeding (14.63), Medicinal (6.67)…

Frangula alnus

Glossy Buckthorn, Alder Buckthorn

Biodiversity (20), Species Richness (15), Anthraquinones (12), Seed Dispersal (12), Conservation (11), Forest Management (11), Invasive Species (11), Phylogeography (11), Restoration (11), Disturbance (9), Hydrophytes (9)…

Timber9 (29.14), Charcoal (17.46), Ornamental (10.27), Food Dye (9.41), Boundary (5.94), Weed (5.13)…

Frangula purshiana

Cascara Buckthorn, Cascara, Bearberry, Chittem, Chitticum

Anthraquinones (6), Oregon (4), Invasive Species (3), Landscape Epidemiology (3), Species Distribution Model (3), Antimicrobial Activity (2), Antioxidant Activity (2)…

Industrial Product (64.15), Cosmetics (13.30), Pesticide5 (5.20), Shade7 (5.15)…

Frankenia salina

Alkali Seaheath, Alkali Heath

Saltcedar (5), Biological Control (4), Host Range (4), California (3), Competition (3), Nitrogen (3), Risk Assessment (3), Salt Marshes (3), Tidal Marsh (3), Weeds (3), Wetlands (3)…

Hemiparasite (78.77), Revegetation (10.17), Weed (4.10)…

Fraxinus americana

White Ash, American Ash

Growth (44), Ozone (41), Forest Trees (39), Disturbance (38), Mortality (35), Seedlings (31), Climate Change (29)…

Timber9 (60.68), Shade7 (12.04), Medicinal (5.65), Sweetener (4.85)…

Fraxinus excelsior

European Ash, Ash, Common Ash

Forest Trees (57), Climate Change (51), Biodiversity (48), Ozone (41), Forest Management (38)…

Timber9 (50.99), Charcoal (24.43)…

Fraxinus latifolia

Oregon Ash

Riparian (8), Restoration (7), Oregon (6), Sacramento River (6), Stand Structure (5), California (4), Fluvial Geomorphology (4)…

Wastewater Treatment (69.29), Timber9 (18.03)…

Fraxinus mandshurica

Manchurian Ash

China (17), Japan (12), Microsatellites (12), Gene Flow (11), Seed Dispersal (11), Temperate Forest (11), Biomass (10), Forestry (10)…

Wood Fibre (73.76), Timber9 (17.11)…

Fraxinus nigra

Black Ash

Climate Change (19), Pollen (13), Dendrochronology (11), Regeneration (11), Disturbance (10), Forest Management (9)…

Timber9 (64.55), Ornamental (8.85)…

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Green Ash, Red Ash

Growth (41), Photosynthesis (38), Seedlings (34), Ozone (30), Mortality (28), Leaves (27), Height (23), Roots (23), Forest Trees (22)…

Timber9 (44.70), Shade7 (13.02), Wastewater Treatment (11.83), Medicinal (6.14)…

Fuchsia magellanica

Hardy Fuchsia, Hummingbird Fuchsia, Hardy Fuchsia

Pollination (9), Medicinal Plants (8), Patagonia (7), Ethnobotany (6), Forest Management (5), Pastures (4), Risk Assessment (4), Seed Dispersal (4), Water Quality (4), Bird (3), Central-Western Patagonia (3), Chile (3)…

Honey3 (96.38)…

Fumaria officinalis

Drug Fumitory, Common Fumitory, Earth Smoke

Medicinal Plants (26), Ethnobotany (16), Biodiversity (15), Organic Farming (12), Protopine (11), Traditional Medicine (10), Weeds (10), Italy (7)…

Weed (61.73), Medicinal (14.14)…

 

Footnote re most likely scope for crop use/product: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product.  Examples are provided below (1-9, and superscripts in the crop use/product column, above) for those terms which were influenced in this manner:

1[Some species were identified as “cereal” but were actually species frequently associated with cereals, perhaps as weeds of cereal crops]
2[Some species were identified as “grain legume” but were actually species frequently associated with grain legumes, such as weeds of grain legume crops]
3[Some species were identified as “honey” but were actually studies on flower structure or pollination]
4[Some species were identified as “oilseed/fat” but were actually species frequently associated with oilseeds, such as weeds of oilseed crops]
5[Some species identified as “pesticide” were not sources of pesticides but were commercial crops whose production requires pesticides]
6[Some species were identified as “pseudocereal” but were actually species frequently associated with pseudocereals in some manner]
7[This term referred to plant species that provide or require shade]
8[This term referred to plant species whose product may be used for smoking but also includes those species whose seeds may require smoke to germinate]
9[This term identified plant species that naturally grow amongst timber in a forest (or on timber, such as a lichen), as well as those with a timber product; it also identified some species whose product may have been described as “woody”]

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW