New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
 genus C..

The species below (from genus C..) have attracted recent attention in the literature.
Samples of their
keyword and crop use/product entries from the Website
may assist in explaining the recent increase in mentions in the literature.

For keywords: Species, family and the term Internet resources have been omitted, below; 
the number after each keyword is the number of papers in which the keyword and the species have been mentioned together.
  Larger numbers will be more reliable.


For crop use/product: The percentages after each crop use/product enabled the 68 crop uses/products to be ranked for each individual species;
 the footnote below the table explains the superscripts (1-9) included in the crop use/product column

Listings of species attracting attention by common name, keyword or crop use/product are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.


Species name


Common name(s)

 


Keywords

 


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Cabomba caroliniana

Carolina Fanwort, Green Cabomba

Macrophyte (8), Aquatic Weeds (7), Water Hyacinth (7), Basal Angiosperms (5), Plant Morphology (5), Allelopathy (4), Anaerobic Digestion (4)…

Aquatic (92.98), Allelopathy (3.32)…

Cabomba furcata

Forked Fanwort, Red Cabomba

Flood Disturbance (4), Abiotic Factors (3), Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (3), Co-Occurrence (3), Dark Septate Fungi (3), Diversity (3), ENSO (3), Floodplain (3)…

Aquatic (99.02)…

Cactus opuntia

 

Zearalenone (24), Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (21), Oxidative Stress (21), Digestibility (20), Prickly Pear (19)…

Rubber (15.87), Forage (15.63), Fodder (15.43), Dye (15.12), Nutraceutical (5.48), Medicinal (5.10), Fruit (4.83), Dietary Fibre (2.29)…

Caesalpinia bonduc

Yellow Nicker, Gray Nicker

Medicinal Plants (30), Traditional Medicine (14), Ethnobotany (11), Plant Extracts (8), Rats (8), Terpenes (8), India (6)…

Medicinal (76.56), Timber9 (2.93)…

Caesalpinia bonducella

Sagargoti

Antioxidant Activity (19), Anti-Inflammatory (17), Antioxidant (17), Medicinal Plants (13), Analgesic (11), Antioxidants (11), Diabetes Mellitus (11), Diabetes (9)…

Medicinal (40.05), Oilseed/Fat4 (32.76), Weed (3.37)…

Caesalpinia crista

Gray Nicker

Anthelmintic (7), Anthelmintic Activity (6), Medicinal Plants (6), Diterpenes (5)…

Hemiparasite (56.27), Medicinal (10.49)…

Caesalpinia echinata

Brazilwood, Pau-Brasil, Pau De Pernambuco, Pernambuco Tree, Nicaragua Wood, Ibirapitanga

Genetic Diversity (12), Ozone (12), RAPD (12), Brazil (9), Gene Flow (8), Brazilwood (7), Flavonoids (7), Tropical Tree (7), Antioxidants (6), Bioindicator Efficiency (6)…

Dye (48.45), Timber9 (21.18), Bioindicator (17.50)…

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Pride-Of-Barbados, Poinciana, Peacock Flower, Red Bird Of Paradise, Mexican Bird Of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Pride Of Barbados, Flamboyan-De-Jardin

Medicinal Plants (20), Galactomannan (17), Galactomannans (13), Anti-Inflammatory (9), Cytotoxicity (9), Ethnobotany (9)…

Fruit (18.60), Ornamental (9.73), Medicinal (5.57), Timber9 (5.28), Starch (5.25), Essential Oil (5.15)…

Caesalpinia sappan

Sappanwood, Suou

Brazilin (28), Apoptosis (16), Brazilein (16), Medicinal Plants (14), Antioxidant Activity (13), Flavonoids (10), Homoisoflavonoid (10), Inflammation (10)…

Dye (57.20), Medicinal (28.76)…

Caesalpinia spinosa

Spiny Holdback, Tara

Galactomannan (10), Galactomannans (10), Tannins (8), Tara Gum (8), Ethnobotany (5), Guar Gum (5), Locust Bean Gum (5), Medicinal Plants (5), Gallic Acid (4), Gums (4), Polysaccharide (4)…

Tannin (77.09), Plant Gum (8.24), Dye (4.47), Starch (4.14)…

Cajanus cajan

Pigeonpea, Pigeon Pea, Kardis, Gandule Bean, Tropical Green Pea, Kadios, Congo Pea, Gungo Pea, Gunga Pea, Fio-Fio, Mgb'mgb', No-Eye Pea, Toor Dal, Arhar Dal,Togari Bele, Thuvaram Paruppu, Kandi Pappu

India (315), Pigeon Peas (308), Crop Yield (137), Cultivars (130), Intercropping (88), Phosphorus (73), Growth (72)…

Grain Legume2 (63.25), Companion Plant (8.63), Starch (7.58)…

Cajanus cinereus

 

Pigeonpea (37), Functional Properties (25), Antioxidant Enzymes (20), Pigeon Pea (20), Lipid Peroxidation (17), Soybean (17), Urease (16), Immobilization (14), Legumes (14)…

Grain Legume2 (56.80), Starch (14.14), Companion Plant (7.56)…

Cakile maritima

European Searocket

Salt Stress (30), Salinity (26), Antioxidant Activity (23), Halophyte (22), Halophytes (21), Antioxidant Enzymes (18)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (29.37), Rubber (10.83), Model (8.99)…

Caladenia tentaculata

Large Greencomb Spider Orchid, Fringed Spider Orchid

Sexual Deception (9), Pollination (7), Allozymes (6), Speciation (6), Spatial Genetic Structure (5)…

Breeding (45.48), Honey3 (23.38), Genetics (7.83)…

Caladium bicolor

Heart Of Jesus, Elephant Ear, Angel Wings

Biosorption (32), Adsorption (22), Cultivars (19), Kinetics (16), Leaves (15), Florida (11), Tubers (11), Potted Foliage Plants (10)…

Dye (36.41), Cane/Bamboo (10.15), Wood Fibre (9.67), Resin (8.57)…

Calamagrostis canadensis

Bluejoint, Bluejoint Reedgrass, Marsh Reedgrass, Canadian Reedgrass, Meadow Pinegrass, Marsh Pinegrass

Alaska (30), Boreal Forest (27), Nitrogen (23), White Spruce (22), Wetland (21)…

Timber9 (30.95), Shade7 (21.28), Wastewater Treatment (15.90)…

Calamintha nepeta

Lesser Calamint

Essential Oils (24), Ethnobotany (17), Essential Oil (10), Medicinal Plants (9), Pulegone (9), Antimicrobial Activity (8), Italy (7)…

Essential Oil (60.06), Medicinal (17.79), Insect Repellent (4.45)…

Calendula arvensis

Field Marigold

Species Richness (9), Heavy Metals (7), Biodiversity (6), Bosnia And Herzegovina (6), Cultivated Medicinal Plants (6), Ethno Medicine (6), Medicinal Plants (6)…

Honey3 (52.70), Weed (17.21), Green Manure (4.79)…

Calendula officinalis

Pot Marigold, Ruddles, Common Marigold, Garden Marigold, English Marigold, Scottish Marigold

Medicinal Plants (60), Compositae (37), Supercritical Fluid Extraction (36), Plant Biochemistry (31), Plant Extracts (30), Plant Physiology (30), Antioxidant (23)…

Cosmetics (28.69), Medicinal (24.81), Poison (13.80)…

Calicotome spinosa

Thorny Broom, Spiny Broom

Mediterranean (5), Biodiversity (3), Fire (3), Iberian Peninsula (3), Resprouter (3), Conservation (2), Cork Oak (2), Environment (2), Essential Oil (2)…

Honey3 (37.86), Green Manure (20.15), Allelopathy (8.07), Essential Oil (7.93), Soil Amelioration (6.97)…

Calliandra calothyrsus

 

Digestibility (49), Tannins (45), Agroforestry (42), Soil Fertility (38), Kenya (34), Condensed Tannins (33)…

Tannin (76.20), Forage (7.60), Fodder (6.13)…

Callicarpa americana

American Beautyberry

Forest Management (9), Herbicide (9), Repellent (7), Callicarpenal (6), Florida (5)…

Insect Repellent (28.63), Cosmetics (24.14), Timber9 (12.65), Essential Oil (9.52)…

Calliergonella cuspidata

Calliergonella Moss, Pointed Spear-Moss

Bryophytes (11), Moss (11), Bryophyte (7), Bryopsida (7), Sphagnum (7), Vascular Plants (7), Arctic (6), Eutrophication (6), Fens (6), Netherlands (6)…

Aquatic (60.97), Ornamental (17.11), Turf (4.57)…

Callistemon citrinus

Crimson Bottlebrush

Essential Oils (10), Essential Oil (6), Mesotrione (6), Leaves (5), Medicinal Plants (5)…

Essential Oil (27.32), Honey3 (20.63), Revegetation (15.03), Ornamental (14.26)…

Callistemon viminalis

Weeping Bottlebrush

Antibacterial Activity (6), Essential Oil (6), Essential Oils (6), Fumigation (4), Antimicrobial Activity (3), Antioxidant (3)…

Honey3 (49.45), Cut Flower (22.65), Essential Oil (17.50)…

Callitriche hamulata

Intermediate Water Starwort

Aquatic Macrophytes (14), Macrophytes (13), Eutrophication (8), Macrophyte (8), Phosphorus (6), Water Framework Directive (6), Aquatic Plants (5)…

Aquatic (96.69), Bioindicator (1.29)…

Callitris columellaris

White Cypress-Pine, Murray River Cypress-Pine, Northern Cypress-Pine

Australia (12), Dendrochronology (8), Stable Isotopes (8), Climate Change (6), Conservation (6), Forest Products (6), Forestry (6), Grazing (6)…

Timber9 (51.28), Insect Repellent (27.38), Resin (10.07)…

Callitris glaucophylla

White Cypress-Pine, Murray River Cypress-Pine, Northern Cypress-Pine

Australia (32), Fragmentation (12), New South Wales (12), Biodiversity (10), Climate Change (10)…

Timber9 (56.00), Green Manure (12.58), Ornamental (10.60)…

Calluna vulgaris

Heather, Common Heather, Ling

Heathlands (117), Nitrogen (116), Grazing (88), Climate Change (85), Scotland (78), Vegetation (69), Peat (67), Heathland (63)…

Honey3 (48.31), Charcoal (14.64), Timber9 (7.72), Ornamental (5.25)…

Calocedrus decurrens

Incense Cedar, California Incense Cedar

California (56), Sierra Nevada (42), Fire (22), Tree Mortality (22), Climate Change (17)…

Charcoal (26.12), Timber9 (22.89), Wastewater Treatment (19.96)…

Calodendrum capense

Cape-Chestnut

Huanglongbing (14), Citrus Greening (9), Kenya (8), South Africa (8), Asian Citrus Psyllid (6), Citrus (5)…

Plant Grafting (38.78), Fuelwood (11.02)…

Calophyllum brasiliense

Guanandi

Costa Rica (18), Medicinal Plants (16), Reforestation (14), Cerrado (13), Succession (13), Xanthones (13), Brazil (12)…

Timber9 (49.65), Fuelwood (12.89), Shade7 (8.27)…

Calophyllum inophyllum

Alexandrian Laurel, Alexandrian Laurel, Balltree, Beach Calophyllum, Beach Touriga, Beautyleaf, Borneo-Mahogany, Indian Doomba Oiltree, Indian-Laurel, Laurelwood, Red Poon, Satin Touriga, Tacamahac-Tree

Biodiesel (68), Transesterification (24), Xanthones (18), Emission (12), Kinetics (12)…

Biofuel (94.87), Chewing (2.05)…

Caloplaca cerina

Orange Lichen

Lichens (10), Air Pollution (4), Anthraquinones (3), Biodiversity (3), Biomonitoring (3), Italy (3)…

Bioindicator (46.30), Fuelwood (32.45), Phytoextractive (5.28)…

Calopogon tuberosus

Simpson's Grasspink

Orchid (8), Asymbiotic Seed Germination (5), Conservation (5), Pollination (5)…

Insectivorous (96.64)…

Calothamnus quadrifidus

Common Netbush, One-Sided Bottlebrush

Fire (6), Fragmentation (6), Pollination (5), Mating System (4), Mutualism Disruption (4), Pollen Dispersal (4)…

Honey3 (89.60), Revegetation (3.37)…

Calotropis procera

Roostertree, Apple Of Sodom, Sodom Apple, Mudar, Osher, Stabragh

Medicinal Plants (62), Latex (46), Ethnobotany (30), Plant Extracts (28), India (24), Anti-Inflammatory (20)…

Rubber (78.20), Medicinal (9.85)…

Calycophyllum candidissimum

Degame, Madroρo, Lemonwood, Digame

Panama (12), Costa Rica (8), Tropical Dry Forest (8), Central America (6), Nicaragua (4), Phenology (4), Soil Nutrients (4), Species Selection Trials (4), Agroforestry (3)…

Fuelwood (71.76), Timber9 (5.46), Ornamental (4.93), Erosion Control (3.26), Boundary (2.57)…

Calypogeia muelleriana

 

Bryophytes (8), Lichens (4), Classification (3), Fire (3), Ground Vegetation (3), Liverwort (3), Liverworts (3)…

Revegetation (24.89), Essential Oil (21.05), Ornamental (16.28)...

Calystegia sepium

Appalachia False Bindweed, Larger Bindweed, Hedge Bindweed, Rutland Beauty, Bugle Vine, Heavenly Trumpets, Bellbind

Biodiversity (21), Calystegine (19), Alkaloids (18), Lectin (17), Tropane Alkaloids (17), Calystegines (14), Weed Control (14)…

Weed (58.79), Boundary (12.51)…

Calystegia soldanella

Seashore False Bindweed, Shore Bindweed, Shore Convolvulus, Beach Morning Glory

Phylogeography (6), Biodiversity (5), AFLP (4), Coastal Plants (4), Coastal Sand Dunes (4)…

Resin (28.19), Erosion Control (11.90), Turf (9.59)…

Camelina sativa

Gold-Of-Pleasure, Camelina, Gold-Of-Pleasure, False Flax, Wild Flax, Linseed Dodder, German Sesame, Siberian Oilseed

Biodiesel (140), Transesterification (59), Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (21), Biofuel (19), Fatty Acid Composition (19), Fatty Acids (19), Fuel Properties (19), Oilseeds (17), Oil Crops (16)…

Biofuel (91.14), Oilseed/Fat4 (3.58)…

Camellia japonica

Camellia, Japanese Camellia, Rose Of Winter

Microsatellites (19), Leaves (18), Microsatellite (17), Genetic Structure (16), Japan (15), Photosynthesis (15)…

Biofuel (27.72), Grain Legume2 (9.75), Tannin (7.32)…

Camellia oleifera

Oil-Seed Camellia, Tea Oil Camellia

Antioxidant (18), Antioxidant Activity (15), Biodiesel (12), Camellia Oil (9), Activated Carbon (8), China (8), Saponins (8)…

Biofuel (65.46), Beverage (17.64), Tannin (3.32)…

Camellia sinensis

Assam Tea, Tea Plant, Tea Shrub

Tea (599), Green Tea (470), Antioxidant Activity (254), Polyphenols (247), Catechins (181), Leaves (163), Caffeine (153), Antioxidant (138), Antioxidants (131)…

Beverage (96.71)…

Campanula patula

Spreading Bellflower

Biodiversity (12), Species Richness (11), Plant Biochemistry (8), Plant Physiology (8), Vegetation (7), Grassland Restoration (6)…

Ornamental (56.37), Turf (11.76)…

Campanula rapunculoides

Rampion Bellflower, Creeping Bellflower

Inbreeding Depression (17), Mating System (14), Pollination (10), Self-Incompatibility (10)…

Breeding (89.19)…

Campanula rotundifolia

Bluebell Bellflower, Harebell

Biodiversity (25), Conservation (17), Pollination (17), Species Richness (17), Grassland (15), Competition (14), Dispersal (13), Climate Change (12)…

Honey3 (34.84), Ornamental (30.78), Medicinal (5.86)…

Campanulastrum americanum

American Bellflower, Tall Bellflower

Phenotypic Plasticity (7), Maternal Effects (5), Epistasis (4), Local Adaptation (4), Mitochondria (4), Phenology (4), Selfing (4)…

Breeding (80.07), Genetics (8.41)…

Cananga odorata

Ilang-Ilang, Ylang-Ylang, Cananga Tree, Kenanga, Fragrant Cananga, Macassar-Oil Plant, Perfume Tree

Essential Oils (30), Essential Oil (17), Antioxidant Activity (7), Aromatherapy (6), Cytotoxicity (6), Olfaction (6), Repellent (6)…

Essential Oil (85.40), Poison (2.34)…

Canarium indicum

Java Almond, Canarium Nut

Nuts (7), Domestication (6), Papua New Guinea (6), Solomon Islands (6), Food Allergy (5), Agroforestry (4), Commercialization (4)…

Poison (55.69), Food For Humans (12.61), Nut (8.28)…

Canarium schweinfurthii

Schweinfurth's Olive, African Elemi, Canarium

Africa (9), Medicinal Plants (9), Food Analysis (7), Food Composition (7), Uganda (6), Antioxidant (5)…

Charcoal (58.07), Fruit (9.92), Nut (9.28)…

Canavalia brasiliensis

Brazilian Jackbean, Barbicou-Bean, Feijγo-Bravo Do Cearα

Lectin (32), Lectins (18), Crystal Structure (10), Toxicity (10), Forced Swimming Test (8), Legume Lectin (8)…

Starch (34.74), Grain Legume2 (20.95), Poison (9.78)…

Canavalia ensiformis

Wonderbean, Common Jack Bean, Jack Bean, Feijγo-De-Porco

Lectin (106), Lectins (97), Concanavalin A (93), Urease (92), Functional Properties (49), Seeds (39), Starch (36)…

Starch (54.44), Grain Legume2 (26.00)…

Canavalia gladiata

Sword Jackbean, Sword Bean, Chamma Kaya, Tammi Kaya, Valavaraik-Kay, Valavaran-Gai

Seeds (16), Lectin (12), Amino Acids (9), Oxidation (8), Starch (8)…

Starch (49.38), Grain Legume2 (33.53), Nutraceutical (4.85)…

Canavalia maritima

Beach Bean, Bay Bean, Seaside Jack-Bean, Coastal Jack-Bean, Mackenzie Bean

Lectins (14), Lectin (13), Crystal Structure (6), Seeds (5), Colombia (4)…

Starch (27.38), Grain Legume2 (18.21), Food For Humans (16.81), Soil Amelioration (12.02)…

Candelaria concolor

Lemon Lichen

Lichens (19), Biomonitoring (18), Air Pollution (17), Biodiversity (9), Italy (9), Forest Management (7), Lichen (7), Cyanolichens (6), Eutrophication (5), Epiphytic Lichens (4), Heavy Metals (4)…

Bioindicator (87.75)…

Candelariella xanthostigma

Eggyolk Lichen

Biomonitoring (13), Lichens (13), Air Pollution (11), Biodiversity (8), Italy (7), Epiphytic Lichens (5), Forest Management (5), Cyanolichens (4)…

Bioindicator (78.24)…

Canna edulis

Saka Siri, Indian Shot, Canna, Achira, Bandera, Chancle, Coyol, Platanillo

Starch (39), Physicochemical Properties (20), Resistant Starch (13), Rheological Properties (13), Amylose (12), Amylopectin (9), Cassava Starch (9),..

Starch (95.35)…

Canna indica

Indian Shot, Saka Siri, Indian Shot, Canna, Achira, Bandera, Chancle, Coyol, Platanillo

Constructed Wetland (29), Constructed Wetlands (28), Phytoremediation (15), Medicinal Plants (14), Nitrogen (13), Wastewater Treatment (12)…

Wastewater Treatment (82.13)…

Cannabis sativa

Marijuana

Cannabinoids (278), Hemp (214), Cannabinoid (168), Cannabidiol (138), Marijuana (96), Anandamide (76), Endocannabinoids (63), Tetrahydrocannabinol (58), Phytoremediation (56), Inflammation (51), Schizophrenia (51)…

Psychoactive (76.73), Smoking8 (7.77), Medicinal (3.86)…

Capparis spinosa

Caper, Caper Bush, Flinders Rose

Medicinal Plants (29), Ethnobotany (14), Antioxidant Activity (12), Capers (12), Cytotoxicity (11), Ethnopharmacology (11), Traditional Medicine (11)…

Medicinal (42.23), Honey3 (23.80), Timber9 (5.80)…

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Shepherd's Purse

Weeds (54), Biodiversity (46), Ethnobotany (46), Medicinal Plants (46), Weed Control (39), Organic Farming (25), Species Richness (23), Traditional Medicine (22)…

Weed (79.83), Green Manure (4.42)…

Capsicum annuum

Cayenne Pepper, Bell Peppers, Chili Peppers

Sweet Peppers (484), Peppers (476), Crop Yield (412), Cultivars (381), Leaves (300), Disease Resistance (259), Fruits (212), Carotenoids (201)…

Fruit (60.24), Vegetable (9.32), Medicinal (6.88)…

Capsicum baccatum

Aji, Aji Amarillo, Amarillo Chili, Ajν Escabeche, Peppadew, Lemon Drop, Bishop's Crown, Brazilian Starfish, Wild Baccatum

Peppers (14), Genetic Variation (11), Capsaicinoids (10)…

Fruit (76.44), Breeding (4.76)…

Capsicum chinense

Aji, Adjoema, Adjuma, Ajν Dulce, Ajν Panca, Aji Umba, Bhut Jolokia, Boabs Bonnet, Bonney Peppers, Caribbean Red Peppers, Carolina Reaper, Chili Pepper, Datil, Datil Pepper, Fatalii, Habanero, Hainan Yellow Lantern Chili, Madame Jeanette, Naga, Naga Jolokia, Ojemma, Red Savina Pepper, Scotch Bonnet, Scotty Bons, Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, Trinidad Scorpion Butch T Pepper, Yellow Lantern, Yellow Lantern Chili

Hot Peppers (44), Cultivars (39), Peppers (37), Disease Resistance (36), Pepper (31), Capsaicinoids (25)…

Fruit (65.19), Breeding (3.94), Medicinal (3.38)…

Capsicum frutescens

Piri Piri, African Bird's Eye, African Devil, Kambuzi Pepper, Malawian Pepper, Malagueta Pepper, Tabasco Pepper, Tjabe Rawit, Siling Labuyo

Capsaicin (82), Capsaicinoids (39), Pepper (37), Peppers (37), Cultivars (33), Carotenoids (32)…

Fruit (36.70), Vegetable (19.06), Flavouring/Spice (13.34)…

Capsicum pubescens

Rocoto, Ruqutu, Locoto, Luqutu

Pepper (13), Antioxidant (9), Capsaicinoids (9), Antioxidants (8)…

Fruit (35.83), Breeding (12.55), Food Dye (9.20), Vegetable (6.99)…

Caragana chamlagu

Jin Quθ-Gen

Biotransformation (6), Nootkatone (3), Anti-Inflammatory (2)…

Beverage (65.42), Nutraceutical (5.80), Medicinal (3.98)…

Caragana korshinskii

Peashrub

Loess Plateau (31), China (26), Caragana (19), Tengger Desert (19), Hemicelluloses (18), Revegetation (18), Soil Moisture (16)…

Revegetation (91.15)…

Caragana microphylla

Littleleaf Peashrub

Desertification (17), Loess Plateau (17), Restoration (15), Inner Mongolia (13), Soil Properties (13), Soil Moisture (12), Afforestation (11), China (11)…

Revegetation (42.05), Ornamental (13.60), Soil Amelioration (7.88)…

Carapa guianensis

Crabwood, Carapa

Amazonia (24), Brazil (24), Amazon (21), Gene Flow (14), Tropical Forests (13), Medicinal Plants (12)…

Timber9 (51.22), Rubber (9.92), Weed (4.91), Insect Repellent (3.35)…

Cardamine hirsuta

Hairy Bittercress

Biodiversity (18), Species Richness (11), Weed Control (10), Conservation (9), Weeds (9)…

Weed (62.10), Boundary (6.77), Model (5.40)…

Cardaria draba

Whitetop, Hoary Cress

Weeds (14), Glucosinolates (12), Allelopathy (8), Herbicides (6), Invasive Species (6)…

Weed (63.04), Allelopathy (11.81), Rubber (8.33)…

Cardiospermum halicacabum

Balloon Vine, Love In A Puff

Medicinal Plants (26), Antioxidant (15), Traditional Medicine (13), Ethnobotany (11), Anti-Inflammation (10), Antioxidant Activity (10), Antimicrobial Activity (8)…

Medicinal (72.53), Tannin (6.00)…

Carduus crispus

Curly Plumeless Thistle, Welted Thistle

Vegetation (5), Alkaloids (3), Bumblebees (3), Diversity (3), Field Margin (3), Mowing (3), Species Richness (3)…

Boundary (55.50), Weed (13.92), Allelopathy (9.13), Ornamental (6.23)…

Carduus nutans

Nodding Plumeless Thistle, Musk Thistle, Nodding Thistle

Biological Control (110), Weed Control (86), Weeds (45), Biological Control Agents (40), Invasive Species (31)…

Weed (45.85), Honey3 (36.38), Allelopathy (6.83)…

Carduus pycnocephalus

Italian Plumeless Thistle, Italian Thistle, Italian Plumeless Thistle, Plymouth Thistle

Biological Control (14), Weeds (10), Classical Biological Control (8), Biological Control Agents (6)…

Weed (45.70), Rubber (23.15), Tannin (17.15)…

Carex aquatilis

Sitka Sedge, Leafy Tussock Sedge

Climate Change (28), Tundra (25), Wetland (21), Alaska (20), Permafrost (18), Wetlands (18), Arctic (16)…

Wastewater Treatment (29.22), Forage (27.87), Aquatic (14.18)…

Carex atrofusca

Darkbrown Sedge, Scorched Alpine-Sedge

Phylogeography (11), AFLP (5), Alpine Grassland (5), Aflps (4), Alpine Wetland (4), Genetic Diversity (4), Glacial Refugia (4), Tibetan Plateau (4), Alpine Meadow (3), Arctic (3)…

Boundary (63.06), Forage (9.47), Breeding (9.19)…

Carex bigelowii

Bigelow's Sedge

Climate Change (36), Tundra (30), Arctic (25), Grazing (20), Alaska (13), Nitrogen Deposition (13), Clonal Growth (12), Clonal Plants (12), Nitrogen (12), Arctic Tundra (11)…

Boundary (29.29), Turf (18.67), Ornamental (11.57)…

Carex duriuscula

Needleleaf Sedge

Eddy Covariance (12), Grassland (11), Evapotranspiration (8), Mongolia (7), Inner Mongolia (6), Steppe (6), Vegetation (6), Grazing (5), Plant Macrofossils (5)…

Boundary (46.22), Ornamental (17.41), Revegetation (10.20), Forage (9.41)…

Carex flacca

Heath Sedge, Blue Sedge, Gray Carex, Glaucous Sedge, Carnation-Grass

Biodiversity (20), Conservation (18), Germination (17), Grazing (17), Calcareous Grassland (14)…

Ornamental (23.75), Shade7 (19.53), Timber9 (12.03), Soil Amelioration (7.93)…

Carex kobomugi

Japanese Sedge

Kobophenol A (6), Apoptosis (5), Japan (5), Osteoblast (5), Evolution (4), Invasive Species (4)…

Seagrass (78.49), Boundary (15.12), Revegetation (1.64)…

Carex lacustris

Hairy Sedge, Lake Sedge

Wetland (14), Wetlands (11), Phosphorus (8), Macrophytes (6), Nitrogen (6), Invasive Species (5)…

Aquatic (55.61), Revegetation (18.92), Wastewater Treatment (5.83)…

Carex lasiocarpa

American Woollyfruit Sedge, Slender Sedge

Wetland (29), Methane (18), Methane Emission (18), Peatland (18), Sanjiang Plain (18), Peatlands (17), Climate Change (14)…

Wastewater Treatment (59.63), Aquatic (18.31), Forage (5.65)…

Carex limosa

Mud Sedge, Shore Sedge

Peatland (22), Sphagnum (18), Fen (12), Bog (11), Wetland (11), Climate Change (10)…

Bioindicator (55.17), Ornamental (19.84)…

Carex magellanica

Boreal Bog Sedge, Tall Bog-Sedge, Poor Sedge

Peatland (6), Fen (4), Biodiversity (3), Bog (3), Photosynthesis (3), Remote Sensing (3), Stratospheric Ozone Depletion (3)…

Ornamental (32.44), Model (19.07), Charcoal (15.78), Turf (13.87)…

Carex nigra

Smooth Black Sedge, Common Sedge, Black Sedge

Biodiversity (16), Species Richness (16), Conservation (15), Succession (15), Grazing (14), Climate Change (12)…

Ornamental (22.67), Boundary (16.16), Aquatic (15.08), Forage (7.08)…

Carex oligosperma

Fewseed Sedge

Peatland (7), Peatlands (7), Bog (6), 0497 Wetlands (4), 0428 Carbon Cycling (3), 3D Image (3), Bogs (3), Carbon Cycle (3)…

Turf (38.16), Soil Amelioration (30.91), Wastewater Treatment (21.76)…

Carex pensylvanica

Pennsylvania Sedge

Disturbance (12), Fire Ecology (5), Species Richness (5), Competition (4), Invasive Species (4), Massachusetts (4), New England (4)…

Timber9 (58.55), Shade7 (22.49)…

Carex rostrata

Beaked Sedge, Bottle Sedge

Peatland (29), Sphagnum (26), Nitrogen (25), Fen (24), Macrophytes (23), Wetlands (22), Methane (20), Wetland (20), Climate Change (19)…

Aquatic (77.91), Wastewater Treatment (10.69)…

Carex sempervirens

 

Nitrogen (9), Alps (7), Germination (7), Alpine Plants (6), Climate Change (6), Switzerland (6)…

Charcoal (42.91), Forage (15.34), Model (6.40)…

Carex stricta

Upright Sedge, Tussock Sedge

Wetland (21), Wetlands (19), Restoration (12), Invasive Species (11), Species Richness (11)…

Phytoamelioration (32.36), Wastewater Treatment (24.08), Revegetation (9.66)…

Carex sylvatica

European Woodland Sedge

Species Richness (14), Secondary Succession (12), Biodiversity (11), Forest Management (11), Beech (7), Disturbance (7), Dispersal Limitation (6), Indicator Species (6)…

Timber9 (65.93), Shade7 (7.30)…

Carica papaya

 

Papayas (402), Fruit Crops (103), Papain (100), Ripening (93), Cultivars (82), Disease Resistance (81), India (80), Medicinal Plants (79), Papaya (79), Crop Yield (78), Hawaii (72), Transgenic Plants (71), Latex (70)…

Fruit (41.53), Rubber (33.17), Timber9 (4.79)…

Carica pubescens

Mountain Papaya, Mountain Papaya, Mountain Pawpaw

Cysteine Proteinases (7), Latex (6), Amino Acid Sequences (5), Molecular Sequence Data (5)…

Fruit (74.03)…

Carissa spinarum

Conkerberry, Bush Plum, Currant Bush, Native Currant, Black Currant, Wild Karanda

Medicinal Plants (13), Ethnobotany (12), Traditional Medicine (5), Uganda (5), Collagen (4), Ethiopia (4), Species Diversity (4), Wound Healing (4)…

Medicinal (50.96), Fuelwood (21.25)…

Carnegiea gigantea

Saguaro

Sonoran Desert (45), Arizona (38), Facilitation (12), Population Structure (12), Cactus (11), Drosophila (10), Nurse Plant (9)…

Honey3 (40.59), Shade7 (11.03), Fruit (8.10), Ornamental (7.56)…

Carpinus betulus

European Hornbeam, Common Hornbeam

Pollen (58), Climate Change (46), Biodiversity (44), Holocene (42), Forest Management (41), Vegetation (30), Species Richness (29), Conservation (28), Pollen Analysis (26)…

Timber9 (52.41), Charcoal (15.81), Ornamental (6.72), Medicinal (4.94)…

Carpinus caroliniana

American Hornbeam, Blue-Beech, Ironwood, Musclewood

Climate Change (30), Pollen (28), Forest Management (23), Biodiversity (22), Holocene (21), Disturbance (20)…

Timber9 (54.10), Shade7 (8.64), Medicinal (5.26)…

Carpobrotus edulis

Hottentot Fig, Ice Plant, Highway Ice Plant, Pigface, Hottentot Fig, Sour Fig

Invasive Species (28), Biological Invasions (17), Competition (14), Phenolic Compounds (14), Antioxidant Activity (12), California (12), Facilitation (11), Invasibility (11)…

Cut Flower (20.97), Medicinal (20.28), Ornamental (10.64), Fruit (7.04), Soil Amelioration (4.95)…

Carrichtera annua

 

Competition (7), Biological Soil Crusts (6), Cyanobacteria (6), Facilitation (6), Grazing (6), Climate Change (5)…

Rubber (88.68), Weed (1.46)…

Carthamus tinctorius

Safflower, Kusumbha

Crop Yield (75), Safflower (70), Cultivars (51), Seeds (48), India (45), Medicinal Plants (39), Fatty Acids (37), Field Crops (34)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (43.48), Medicinal (13.09)…

Carum carvi

Caraway, Meridian Fennel, Persian Cumin

Essential Oil (84), Essential Oils (74), Caraway (68), Carvone (47), Medicinal Plants (40), Limonene (32), Plant Extracts (28), Spices (28), Antioxidant (26)…

Essential Oil (55.06), Flavouring/Spice (21.75), Medicinal (4.99)…

Carum copticum

Ajowan, Ajwain, Bishop's Weed, Ajowan Caraway, Carom Seeds, Thymol Seeds, Vaamu, Omam

Essential Oil (20), Antioxidant Activity (10), Thymol (10), Essential Oils (7), Medicinal Plants (7), Antibacterial Activity (6)…

Essential Oil (74.41), Smoking8 (4.23)…

Carya cordiformis

Bitternut Hickory, Bitternut, Swamp Hickory

Disturbance (17), Climate Change (15), Seedlings (7), Succession (7), Tree Migration (7), Biodiversity (6), Forest Management (6), Paleoecology (6), Plant Macrofossils (6)…

Timber9 (54.46), Shade7 (13.83), Ornamental (7.88)…

Carya glabra

Pignut Hickory, Pignut, Sweet Pignut, Coast Pignut Hickory, Smoothbark Hickory, Swamp Hickory, Broom Hickory

Succession (16), Climate Change (14), Disturbance (13), Prescribed Fire (10), Stemflow (9), Oak Regeneration (7)…

Timber9 (76.20), Shade7 (7.00)…

Caryocar brasiliense

Pequi, Souari Nut

Cerrado (39), Brazil (34), Microsatellites (20), Savanna (16), Pequi (12), Carotenoids (11)…

Honey3 (58.41), Nut (7.38), Breeding (5.35)…

Casearia decandra

Wild Honeytree, Cambroι

Fire (6), Atlantic Forest (5), Araucaria Forest (4), Brazil (3), Campos (3), Campos-Grassland (3), Historical Records (3), Human Impact (3)…

Fruit (34.45), Ornamental (16.12), Boundary (15.22), Charcoal (6.00)…

Casearia nitida

Smooth Honeytree

Herbivory (8), Tropical Dry Forest (5), Ontogeny (4), Habitat Characteristics (3), Natural Enemies (3), Non-Crop Habitats (3)…

Boundary (67.29), Shade7 (19.96)…

Casearia sylvestris

Crackopen

Medicinal Plants (26), Plant Extracts (20), Atlantic Forest (15), Cerrado (14), Snake Venom (14), Brazil (13), Snake Venoms (12), Cytotoxicity (11), Anti-Inflammatory (8)…

Poison (52.57), Cane/Bamboo (9.31), Medicinal (5.99)…

Casimiroa tetrameria

Matasano, Woolly-Leaf White Sapote, Yellow Sapote

Anti-Inflammatory (4), Diarrhoea (4), Anti-Cancer Agents (3), Antidiarrhoeal Activity (3), Biogeography (3), Drug History (3), Enteropooling (3)…

Medicinal (69.27), Poison (8.39)…

Cassia alata

Candle Bush, Candelabra Bush, Empress Candle Plant, Ringworm Tree, Candletree

Medicinal Plants (34), Antifungal Activity (13), Antimicrobial Activity (12), Flavonoids (11), Traditional Medicine (11), Anthraquinones (10), Anti-Inflammatory (10)…

Medicinal (76.16), Pesticide5 (3.32)…

Cassia angustifolia

Senna

Medicinal Plants (18), Polysaccharide (18), India (13), Galactomannan (11), Senna (10), Plant Biochemistry (9), Plant Physiology (9), Salt Stress (9)…

Medicinal (36.80), Plant Gum (21.58), Poison (10.87)…

Cassia auriculata

Avaram, Ranawara, Avaram Senna

Diabetes (27), Medicinal Plants (27), Diabetes Mellitus (20), Antioxidant (17), Streptozotocin (16), Lipid Peroxidation (15), Oxidative Stress (15), Plant Extracts (11), Antidiabetic (8)…

Medicinal (46.09), Oilseed/Fat4 (17.94)…

Cassia didymobotrya

 

Heteranthery (6), Medicinal Plants (5), Cell Culture (4), Medicinal Plant (4), African Medicinal Plants (3)…

Rubber (43.77), Medicinal (28.80), Honey3 (4.47)…

Cassia fistula

Golden Shower, Golden Shower Tree

Antioxidant Activity (95), Medicinal Plants (61), Antioxidant (47), Biosorption (47), Larvicidal Activity (26), Plant Extracts (25), India (24), Ethnobotany (22)…

Medicinal (52.05), Tannin (7.73), Weed (4.26)…

Cassia grandis

Pink Shower, Pink Shower Tree, Carao

Adsorption (11), Galactomannan (11), Central America (8), Agroforestry (7), Isotherm (7), Medicinal Plants (7)…

Resin (42.77), Fuelwood (16.16), Shade7 (4.26)…

Cassia nigricans

 

Medicinal Plants (8), Ethnobotany (6), Larvicidal Activity (6), Anthraquinones (5), Antifeedant (4), Larvicidal (4), Plant Extracts (4), Traditional Medicine (4)…

Medicinal (27.00), Biofuel (21.43), Smoking8 (15.27), Insect Repellent (15.05)…

Cassia occidentalis

Au'auko'i, Coffee Senna, Coffeeweed, Mogdad Coffee, Negro-Coffee, Senna Coffee, Stephanie Coffee, Stinkingweed, Styptic Weed

Medicinal Plants (57), Traditional Medicine (19), Ethnopharmacology (16), Ethnobotany (15), Malaria (15), Antioxidant (12)…

Medicinal (51.18), Plant Gum (11.17), Poison (10.16)…

Cassia senna

Alexandrian Senna, Egyptian Senna, Tinnevelly Senna, East Indian Senna, Sιnι De La Palthe

Medicinal Plants (10), Ethnopharmacology (7), Anthraquinones (5), Herbal Medicine (5), Lectin (5)…

Medicinal (69.40), Poison (8.06)…

Cassia siamea

Kassod Tree, Cassod Tree

Agroforestry (21), Fly Ash (19), Medicinal Plants (18), India (14), Ethnobotany (11)…

Boundary (54.23), Fuelwood (13.81)…

Cassia spectabilis

 

Agroforestry (8), Alley Cropping (7), Galactomannan (7), Medicinal Plants (7), Rheology (7),…

Boundary (25.71), Pesticide5 (14.68), Starch (12.67)…

Cassia surattensis

 

Fly Ash (9), Revegetation (6), Rhizobium (4), Amendments (3), Antimicrobial Activity (3), Antioxidant Activity (3)…

Revegetation (60.33), Ornamental (10.98), Pesticide5 (8.56)…

Cassia tora

Sickle Wild Sensitive-Plant

Oxidative Stress (36), Medicinal Plants (32), Antioxidant Activity (29), Nitric Oxide (26), Anthraquinones (23), Antioxidant (21), Salicylic Acid (18)…

Dye (31.51), Medicinal (17.06), Poison (11.09), Plant Gum (7.74)…

Cassiope tetragona

White Arctic Mountain Heather, Arctic Bell-Heather, White Arctic Mountain Heather, Arctic White Heather

Arctic (72), Climate Change (70), Tundra (27), Nitrogen (19), Temperature (15), Greenland (14), Phylogeography (14), Holocene (12), Svalbard (11), Alaska (10), Arctic Tundra (10)…

Boundary (35.47), Timber9 (12.97), Ornamental (10.94)…

Castanea crenata

Japanese Chestnut

Chestnuts (49), Hybrids (39), Interspecific Hybridization (27), Cultivars (25), Genetic Variation (22), Lectin (21), Japan (18)…

Nut (33.47), Timber9 (23.59), Tannin (8.00), Starch (6.76)…

Castanea sativa

European Chestnut, Sweet Chestnut

Chestnuts (395), Genetic Variation (107), Cultivars (103), Plant Pathogenic Fungi (102), Italy (99), Spain (88)…

Honey3 (20.06), Tannin (19.33), Charcoal (16.16), Timber9 (14.56), Nut (11.80)…

Castanopsis sclerophylla

Broadleaf Chinquapins

China (4), Evergreen Broad-Leaved Forest (3), Genetic Structure (3), Gutianshan National Nature Reserve (3), Habitat Fragmentation (3)…

Cane/Bamboo (82.45), Charcoal (5.16), Erosion Control (4.67)…

Castilla elastica

Castilla, Panama Rubber Tree

Panama (10), Species Richness (7), Biodiversity (6), Tropical Dry Forest (5), Biogeography (4), Lianas (4), Tropical Forests (4), Agroforestry (3)…

Rubber (67.23), Shade7 (15.79), Resin (8.14)…

Casuarina equisetifolia

Beach Sheoak, Coast Sheoak, Coast She Oak, Coastal She-Oak, Beach Casuarina, Beach Oak, Beach Sheoak, Beach She-Oak, Whistling Tree, Horsetail She Oak, Horsetail Beefwood, Horsetail Tree, Australian Pine, Ironwood, Whistling Pine, Filao Tree, Agoho

Nitrogen Fixation (35), Nitrogen (23), Invasive Species (21), Nodulation (21), Symbiosis (18), India (17)…

Soil Amelioration (25.78), Timber9 (12.82), Charcoal (8.85), Cane/Bamboo (7.70)…

Casuarina glauca

Gray Sheoak, Swamp She-Oak, Swamp Oak, Grey Oak, River Oak

Root Nodules (31), Symbiosis (29), Gene Expression (24), Nitrogen Fixation (19), Metallothionein (14)…

Soil Amelioration (60.28), Boundary (11.47)…

Catha edulis

Khat, Qat, Edible Kat

Khat (123), Cathinone (86), Ethiopia (40), Amphetamine (39), Dopamine (34), Mephedrone (30), Medicinal Plants (25), Cathine (24), Cocaine (21), Designer Drugs (19)…

Psychoactive (77.07), Smoking8 (10.61), Medicinal (4.54)…

Catharanthus roseus

Madagascar Periwinkle, Madagascar Rosy Periwinkle, Cape Periwinkle, Rose Periwinkle, Rosy Periwinkle, Old-Maid

Biosynthesis (244), Alkaloids (183), Cell Suspension Culture (181), Indole Alkaloids (160), Plant Biochemistry (122), Plant Physiology (119), Gene Expression (117), Enzyme Activity (116), Cell Culture (108), Medicinal Plants (96),..

Medicinal (25.93), Genetics (10.14), Timber9 (9.50), Oilseed/Fat4 (7.85), Model (6.80)…

Caulerpa taxifolia

Killer Alga

Invasive Species (67), Mediterranean Sea (40), Seagrass (36), Mediterranean (30), Biological Invasions (27), Macroalgae (25)…

Seagrass (93.67), Bioindicator (1.38), Phytoextractive (1.03)…

Cavernularia hultenii

Hulten's Pitted Lichen

Phylogeography (8), Dispersal (7), Lichens (7), Population Genetics (7), Lichen (4), Lichen-Forming Fungi (4), Algae (3), Divergence Time (3), Epiphytes (3), Establishment (3), Glacial Refugia (3)…

Timber9 (50.81), Ornamental (26.76), Model (4.37)…

Cayratia japonica

Bushkiller, Yabu Garashi, Japanese Cayratia Herb

Flavonoids (6), Quercetin (6), Apoptosis (4), Antioxidant (3), Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Receptor Type A (3), Invasive Species (3)…

Birdseed (86.81), Medicinal (3.04)…

Ceanothus verrucosus

Barranca Brush, Wart-Stem Ceanothus, Barranca Brush, White Coast Ceanothus

Climate Change (11), Population Viability Analysis (4), Species Distribution Model (4), Population Model (3)…

Ornamental (84.57), Boundary (4.85)…

Cecropia obtusifolia

Trumpet Tree, Pop-A-Gun, Tree-Of-Laziness, Snakewood Tree, Guarumo

Mexico (48), Gene Flow (30), Seed Dispersal (29), Diabetes (19), Spatial Autocorrelation (19), Allozymes (17), Spatial Genetic Structure (17), Genetic Structure (16), Type 2 Diabetes (16)…

Shade7 (45.39), Medicinal (15.03), Breeding (4.03)…

Cecropia peltata

Trumpet Tree, Snakewood

Costa Rica (15), Tropical Forest (15), Mexico (13), Seed Dispersal (13), Medicinal Plants (12), Mutualism (10), Tropical Dry Forest (9)…

Cane/Bamboo (27.24), Boundary (20.96), Shade7 (7.00)…

Cecropia schreberiana

Pumpwood

Puerto Rico (25), Disturbance (13), Secondary Succession (8), Succession (8), Tropical Forest (8)…

Cane/Bamboo (96.49), Medicinal (0.55)…

Cedrela odorata

Spanish Cedar, Mexican Cedar, Cigar-Box Cedar, Cedro-Cheiroso

Mexico (37), Costa Rica (35), Conservation (26), Traditional Medicine (25), Medicinal Plants (24), Phylogeography (24), Bolivia (21)…

Timber9 (52.28), Shade7 (11.99), Fuelwood (9.04)…

Cedrus deodara

Deodar Cedar, Himalayan Cedar, Deodar, Devadaru, Devadar, Daruk, Xue Song

Apoptosis (28), India (21), Pollen (17), Essential Oils (16), Cytotoxicity (11), Ayurveda (10), Essential Oil (10)…

Resin (29.79), Smoking8 (12.62), Essential Oil (12.52)…

Ceiba pentandra

Kapoktree, Kapok, Java Cotton, Java Kapok, Silk Cotton, Ceiba.

Adsorption (66), Activated Carbon (32), Kinetics (32), Medicinal Plants (26), Tropical Forest (20), Ghana (19), Kapok Fiber (17)…

Biofuel (28.66), Timber9 (17.42), Charcoal (12.47), Fuelwood (7.54)…

Celastrus orbiculatus

Oriental Bittersweet, Chinese Bittersweet, Asian Bittersweet, Round-Leaved Bittersweet, Asiatic Bittersweet

Invasive Species (20), Celastrol (12), Introduced Species (8), Lianas (8), Disturbance (7)…

Fruit (41.44), Ornamental (5.12), Plant Grafting (4.73)…

Celosia argentea

Silver Cock's Comb, Plumed Cockscomb

Leaves (17), Betalains (11), Medicinal Plants (11), Growth (10), Salinity (10)…

Cut Flower (66.75), Weed (8.50), Food Dye (6.27)…

Celtis africana

White Stinkwood

Regeneration (21), Disturbance (13), Restoration (10), Succession (10), South Africa (9), Conservation (8), Ethiopia (8), Africa (7), Diversity (7), Forest (6), Frugivory (6)…

Charcoal (17.75), Timber9 (16.19), Shade7 (12.51), Fruit (12.41)…

Celtis australis

European Hackberry, European Nettle Tree, Mediterranean Hackberry, Lote Tree, Honeyberry

Physical Properties (11), Biodiversity (8), Flavonoids (6), Mediterranean (6), Species Richness (6), Conservation (5), Identification (5), Sicily (5)…

Fodder (47.29), Fuelwood (19.83), Fruit (7.28)…

Celtis bungeana

Bunge's Hackberry

Acorn (2), Adaptive Strategy (2), Cao Vit Gibbon (2), Coexistence Approach (2), Degradation (2), Early Holocene (2), Ecosystem Respiration (2), Eddy Covariance (2), Feeding Ecology (2), Fossil Plants (2)…

Sweetener (30.21), Nutraceutical (23.23), Forage (13.31)…

Celtis ehrenbergiana

Spiny Hackberry, Desert Hackberry

Habitat Fragmentation (3), Plant Functional Trait (3), Shrublands (3), Texas (3)…

Wastewater Treatment (45.20), Timber9 (28.29), Boundary (14.35)…

Celtis iguanaea

Iguana Hackberry

Medicinal Plants (4), Alternaria Brown Spot (3), Argentina (3), Brazil (3), Citrus (3), Control De Enfermedades Vegetales (3), Diversity (3)…

Fruit (27.88), Timber9 (12.87), Medicinal (11.02), Charcoal (8.22)…

Celtis laevigata

Netleaf Hackberry, Southern Hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Hackberry

Climate Change (12), Succession (11), Texas (11), Invasive Species (9), Mississippi (8), Allelopathy (7)…

Timber9 (64.28), Wastewater Treatment (5.67), Cane/Bamboo (5.53), Allelopathy (3.66)…

Celtis occidentalis

Common Hackberry, Nettletree, Beaverwood, Northern Hackberry, American Hackberry

Disturbance (17), Climate Change (11), Diversity (8), Kansas (8), Dispersal (7), Riparian Vegetation (7)…

Timber9 (37.71), Ornamental (17.66), Wastewater Treatment (10.61)…

Celtis philippensis

 

Australia (3), Disturbance (3), Kenya (3), Northern Territory (3), Tropical Rain Forest (3), Anaikatty Hills (2), Clonal Reproduction (2), Conservation (2)…

Timber9 (29.45), Revegetation (25.74), Ornamental (11.11), Boundary (9.58)…

Celtis sinensis

Chinese Hackberry

Urban Ecology (8), Japan (6), Korea (6), Seed Dispersal (6), Urban Trees (5), Germination (4), Guangzhou (4), Species Diversity (4), Urban Forest (4), Alien Plants (3)…

Birdseed (43.17), Timber9 (29.39), Medicinal (4.94)…

Cenchrus biflorus

Indian Sandbur, Bhurat, Bhurut, Haskaneet, K 'Arangiya, Ngibbi, Cram-Cram

Sahel (17), West Africa (9), Africa (7), Livestock (6), Remote Sensing (6), Dhar Nema (5), Dhar Tichitt (5), Dhar Walata (5), Intensification (5), Mali (5)…

Cereal1 (25.66), Companion Plant (16.08), Boundary (11.94), Weed (8.32), Forage (7.35)…

Cenchrus ciliaris

Buffelgrass, African Foxtail Grass

Grazing (42), Texas (41), India (37), Apomixis (36), Sheep (36), Grasses (32), Australia (30), Forage (29), Digestibility (28), Plants (28), Arid Zones (26)…

Forage (51.54), Fodder (15.10)…

Centaurea calcitrapa

Red Star-Thistle, Purple Starthistle

Proteolysis (12), Milk Clotting (10), Aspartic Proteinase (8), Ethnobotany (8), Biological Control (7), Conservation (7), Weed Control (7)…

Medicinal (37.29), Rubber (17.53), Honey3 (16.88), Poison (4.23)…

Centaurea depressa

Iranian Knapweed, Low Cornflower

Weed (5), Anti-Inflammatory (4), Essential Oils (3), Flavonoids (3), Herbicide (3), Host Plant Specificity (3), Medicinal Plants (3)…

Weed (64.42), Cereal1 (12.46), Medicinal (4.16)…

Centaurea diffusa

Diffuse Knapweed, White Knapweed, Tumble Knapweed

Biological Control (61), Weed Control (48), Invasive Species (41), Biological Control Agents (35), Allelopathy (23), Invasion (17), Weeds (17)…

Weed (62.88), Allelopathy (30.36)…

Centaurea iberica

Iberian Knapweed, Iberian Starthistle

Medicinal Plants (11), Ethnobotany (8), Traditional Medicine (7), Turkey (7), Competition (6), Anti-Inflammatory (5)…

Medicinal (42.74), Weed (22.58), Fodder (5.60)…

Centaurea jacea

Brownray Knapweed, Brown Knapweed

Biodiversity (31), Ozone (31), Dispersal (21), Polyploidy (19), Species Richness (18), Grassland (14), Grassland Restoration (14)…

Ornamental (32.17), Charcoal (20.20), Honey3 (14.09)…

Centaurea melitensis

Maltese Star-Thistle, Tocalote, Tocolote

Compositae (6), Conservation (6), Flavonoids (6), Invasive Species (6), California (5)…

Green Manure (21.90), Weed (19.09), Timber9 (11.42), Revegetation (7.47)…

Centaurea solstitialis

Yellow Star-Thistle, Golden Starthistle, Yellow Cockspur, St. Barnaby's Thistle, Barnaby Thistle

Weed Control (114), Biological Control (79), California (65), Invasive Species (63), Biological Control Agents (58), Weeds (38), Idaho (34)…

Weed (78.09), Allelopathy (3.17)…

Centaurea stoebe

Spotted Knapweed

Invasive Species (104), Montana (48), Weed Control (41), Weeds (34), Biological Control (33)…

Weed (67.64), Allelopathy (24.71)…

Centaurea virgata

Squarrose Knapweed

Turkey (6), Ethnobotany (5), Flavonoids (5), Traditional Medicine (4)…

Weed (47.77), Medicinal (21.84), Fodder (10.02)…

Centaurium erythraea

European Centaury, Common Centaury

Medicinal Plants (38), Ethnobotany (24), Antioxidant (23), Xanthones (20), Antioxidant Activity (17), Mice (14), Phenolic Compounds (14), Biodiversity (13), Traditional Medicine (13)…

Medicinal (78.57), Fruit (3.93)…

Centaurium pulchellum

Branched Centaury, Lesser Centaury

Conservation (9), Afrique Du Nord (6), Biodiversity (6), North Africa (6), Plant Communities (6), Disturbance (5), Hydrophytes (5)…

Cereal1 (61.31), Fruit (4.67), Starch (3.97), Wastewater Treatment (3.23), Weed (3.21)…

Centella asiatica

Spadeleaf, Centella, Asiatic Pennywort, Indian Pennywort

Medicinal Plants (112), Oxidative Stress (95), Wound Healing (69), Asiaticoside (68), Antioxidant (67), Antioxidant Activity (43), Traditional Medicine (40), Ethnobotany (34), Apoptosis (32), Asiatic Acid (32), Madecassoside (32)…

Medicinal (66.82), Resin (4.94)…

Cerastium arvense

Field Chickweed

Grassland (13), Restoration (11), Facilitation (9), Grazing (9), Patagonia (8)…

Fodder (46.79), Turf (8.47), Ornamental (7.05), Insectivorous (6.25)…

Cerastium fontanum

Big Chickweed, Mouse-Ear Chickweed, Common Mouse-Ear, Starweed

Biodiversity (35), Species Richness (27), Restoration (26), Conservation (25), Grazing (24), Grassland (22), Seed Bank (19), Vegetation (18)…

Weed (29.17), Ornamental (15.15), Boundary (14.13), Turf (10.68)…

Cerastium glomeratum

Sticky Chickweed, Sticky Mouse-Ear Chickweed, Clammy Chickweed

Biodiversity (15), Species Richness (14), Conservation (12), Grazing (12), Earthworms (11), Disturbance (10), Diversity (7), Invasive Plants (7)…

Weed (68.43), Green Manure (6.59)…

Ceratodon purpureus

Ceratodon Moss, Fire Moss, Purple Horn Toothed Moss

Mosses And Liverworts (48), Bryophytes (31), Moss (29), Succession (26), Mosses (23), Phytochrome (21), Plant Physiology (21), Plant Biochemistry (19), Gravitropism (18), Antarctica (17)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (40.11), Bioindicator (12.35), Genetics (12.15)…

Ceratonia siliqua

St. John's Bread, Carob Tree

Carob (73), Galactomannan (56), Tannins (53), Locust Bean Gum (37), Polyphenols (34), Sheep (33), Mediterranean (30), Rheology (29), Galactomannans (27), Goats (27), Israel (23)…

Tannin (65.26), Dietary Fibre (6.96), Plant Gum (4.65), Nutraceutical (4.44), Starch (4.20)…

Ceratophyllum demersum

Coon's Tail, Hornwort, Rigid Hornwort, Coontail

Macrophytes (114), Oxidative Stress (100), Cadmium (82), Aquatic Plants (71), Eutrophication (66), Heavy Metals (56), Antioxidant Enzymes (52), Cyanobacteria (47), Phosphorus (47), Phytoremediation (47)…

Aquatic (92.83)…

Ceratopteris richardii

Triangle Waterfern

Arabidopsis (14), Evolution (14), Phylogeny (13), Gametophytes (11), Plant Development (11), Mutants (10), Plant Anatomy (10), Ferns (9)…

Model (47.44), Genetics (26.44), Boundary (8.23…

Cerbera odollam

Suicide Tree, Pong-Pong, Othalanga

Biodiesel (31), Transesterification (12), Biofuel (6), Palm Oil (6), Sulfated Zirconia (6), Analgesic Activity (5), Poisoning (5)…

Biofuel (94.72), Oilseed/Fat4 (2.19)…

Cercidiphyllum japonicum

Katsura Tree, Katsura

Chlorophyll (9), Evolution (8), Japan (6), Riparian Forest (6), Supercooling (6), Biodiversity (5), Senescence (5)…

Timber9 (55.69), Tannin (9.77), Resin (8.55)…

Cercis canadensis

Eastern Redbud

Climate Change (14), Photosynthesis (12), Seedlings (12), Stomatal Conductance (11)…

Shade7 (35.32), Timber9 (28.04), Medicinal (9.10)…

Cercocarpus ledifolius

Curl-Leaf Mountain Mahogany

Nevada (15), Seed Dispersal (12), Facilitation (11), Climate Change (10), Utah (10), Microhabitat (8)…

Timber9 (50.44), Cane/Bamboo (10.59), Ornamental (8.73), Shade7 (5.56)…

Ceriops tagal

Indian Mangrove, Indiese Wortelboom, Isinkaha

Mangrove (76), Mangroves (57), Genetic Diversity (16), Growth (15), ISSR (12), Genetic Variation (11), Kenya (11), Salinity (11), Australia (10)…

Seagrass (87.76), Shade7 (2.49)…

Cestrum diurnum

Day Jessamine, Din Ka Raja, Day-Blooming Cestrum, Day-Blooming Jessamine, Day-Blooming Jasmine

Vitamin D (10), Puerto Rico (5), Antibacterial Activity (4), Biosynthesis (4), Essential Oil (4), Evolution (4), Vitamin D3 (4)…

Poison (51.09), Nutraceutical (9.83), Dye (4.81)…

Cestrum nocturnum

Night Jessamine, Raatraani, Night-Blooming Cestrum, Hasna Hena, Lady Of, Night, Queen Of, Night, Night-Blooming Jessamine, Night-Blooming Jasmine

Traditional Medicine (9), Essential Oil (6), Epilepsy (5), Insomnia (5), Phenylacetaldehyde (5), Plant Extracts (4)…

Essential Oil (47.03), Medicinal (15.50), Biofuel (4.28)…

Cestrum parqui

Chilean Jessamine, Green Cestrum, Green Poison Berry, Chilean Cestrum, Willow-Leaved Jessamine

Habitat Fragmentation (10), Phytotoxicity (9), Contraceptive (8), Medicinal Plants (8), Allelopathy (7), Argentina (7), Chile (7), Spermicide (7)…

Pesticide5 (16.98), Poison (15.22), Resin (12.95), Medicinal (11.07), Tannin (4.90), Starch (3.55), Nutraceutical (2.39)…

Cetraria islandica

Island Cetraria Lichen, Iceland Moss

Lichens (62), Antioxidant Activity (35), Lichen (34), Polysaccharides (16), Climate Change (15), Air Pollution (14), Anti-Inflammatory (12), Kinetics (11), Lichenan (10), Medicinal Plants (10)…

Starch (77.26), Weed (3.46)…

Chamaecrista fasciculata

Partridge Pea

Climate Change (29), Local Adaptation (29), Gene Flow (24), Outbreeding Depression (18), Inbreeding Depression (17), Pollination (16)…

Breeding (78.78), Honey3 (8.23)…

Chamaecyparis obtusa

Hinoki False Cypress, Japanese Cypress, Hinoki Cypress, Hinoki

Japan (91), Forestry (61), Forest Trees (34), Wood (33)…

Timber9 (54.07), Poison (7.35), Resin (6.09)…

Chamaecytisus proliferus

 

Pulp (36), Autohydrolysis (25), Canary Islands (23), Paper (23), Pulping (17), Tagasaste (17), Lignin (16), Biorefinery (14), Organosolv (14)…

Phytoextractive (36.65), Honey3 (17.88), Timber9 (5.88), Forage (5.66)…

Chamaedaphne calyculata

Leatherleaf

Peatland (51), Peatlands (32), Sphagnum (27), Climate Change (22), Eddy Covariance (20), Holocene (19), Bog (18), Methane (17), Peat (14)…

Wastewater Treatment (35.23), Timber9 (18.06), Turf (14.69), Charcoal (7.53)…

Chamaelirium luteum

Fairywand, Blazing-Star, Devil's Bit, False Unicorn, Fairy Wand, Helonias Root

Paternity Analysis (36), Gene Flow (21), Pollen Dispersal (19), Microsatellites (17), Parentage Analysis (14), Dioecy (13)…

Breeding (64.24), Nut (21.13), Genetics (2.04)…

Chamaemelum mixtum

Weedy Dogfennel

Medicinal Plants (4), Mediterranean Grassland (4), Spain (4), Acculturation (3)…

Medicinal (35.35), Essential Oil (22.51), Revegetation (11.95)…

Chamaemelum nobile

Roman Chamomile, Chamomile, Camomile, Roman Chamomile, English Chamomile, Garden Chamomile, Ground Apple, Low Chamomile, Whig Plant

Medicinal Plants (22), Essential Oils (19), Chamomile (11), Ethnobotany (9), Spain (9), Traditional Knowledge (9), Allergic Contact Dermatitis (8)…

Medicinal (45.46), Essential Oil (24.47)…

Chamaerops humilis

European Fan Palm, Mediterranean Dwarf Palm, Dwarf Fan Palm

Mediterranean (16), Spain (15), Pollen (12), Climate Change (10), Pollination (10), Palynology (9), Soil Quality (9)…

Ornamental (30.62), Insectivorous (17.58), Honey3 (8.64), Fruit (5.85)…

Chamaesyce maculata

Spotted Sandmat, Spotted Spurge, Prostrate Spurge

Weeds (4), Arid Environments (3), Biogenic Silica (3), Great Basin Desert (3), Phytoliths (3), Plant Opal (3), Restoration (3), Species Richness (3)…

Weed (38.69), Turf (15.58), Food For Humans (10.22), Wastewater Treatment (8.65)…

Chamerion angustifolium

Fireweed, Great Willow-Herb, Rosebay Willowherb

Polyploidy (39), Hybridization (12), Reproductive Isolation (12), Speciation (12), Succession (12), Boreal Forest (11)…

Boundary (48.57), Breeding (16.59)…

Chamomilla recutita

Chamomile, Camomile, German Chamomile, Hungarian Chamomile, Kamilla, Wild Chamomile, Scented Mayweed

Chamomile (43), Essential Oils (34), Essential Oil (31), Flavonoids (31), Medicinal Plants (29), Supercritical Fluid Extraction (18), Ethnobotany (15)…

Essential Oil (42.91), Medicinal (30.97)…

Chasmanthium latifolium

Indian Woodoats, Woodoats, Inland Sea Oats, Northern Sea Oats, River Oats

Molecular Phylogeny (4), Chinese Privet (3), Dredge Material (3), Grasses (3), Indigenous Vegetation (3)…

Wastewater Treatment (57.93), Ornamental (23.59)…

Chelidonium majus

Celandine, Greater Celandine

Sanguinarine (65), Medicinal Plants (54), Alkaloids (41), Apoptosis (36), Ethnobotany (33), Chelerythrine (26), Cytotoxicity (22), Chelidonine (19), Isoquinoline Alkaloids (17), Alkaloid (16), Cancer (15)…

Medicinal (54.22), Poison (10.65), Fruit (4.51), Cosmetics (4.44)…

Chenopodium album

Lambsquarters, Lamb's Quarters, Melde, Goosefoot, Fat-Hen, White Goosefoot

Weed Control (320), Weeds (198), Crop Yield (154), Application Rate (123), Herbicides (103)…

Weed (84.85)…

Chenopodium ambrosioides

Mexican Tea, Epazote, Wormseed, Jesuit's Tea, Mexican Tea, Paico, Herba Sancti Mariζ

Medicinal Plants (75), Essential Oil (48), Ethnobotany (48), Essential Oils (35), Traditional Medicine (34), Ethnopharmacology (25), Antifungal (21), Plant Extracts (21), Toxicity (18), Aflatoxin B1 (17), Antioxidant (15)…

Essential Oil (32.51), Medicinal (30.17), Poison (8.28)…

Chenopodium glaucum

Oakleaf Goosefoot, Oak-Leaved Goosefoot

Species Richness (9), Biodiversity (5), Productivity (5), Vegetation (5), Restoration (4), Seed Bank (4), Seed Germination (4), Soil Properties (4)…

Weed (59.99), Companion Plant (13.48), Allelopathy (9.03)…

Chenopodium pallidicaule

Canihua, Caρihua, Canihua, Kaρiwa

Quinoa (23), Phenolic Compounds (11), Flavonoids (9), Amaranth (8), Antioxidant Capacity (6), Food Composition (6), Drought (5), Functional Foods (5)…

Pseudocereal6 (49.76), Cereal1 (21.21), Nutraceutical (15.72), Dietary Fibre (6.27), Starch (1.84)…

Chenopodium quinoa

Quinoa

Plant Viruses (68), Quinoa (62), Saponins (47), Seeds (44), Antioxidant Activity (42), RNA (39), Nucleotide Sequences (38), Leaves (33), Molecular Sequence Data (33)…

Pseudocereal6 (64.64), Cereal1 (15.35), Starch (9.53)…

Chloris virgata

Feather Fingergrass, Feather Windmillgrass

Salt Stress (12), Grassland (9), Grazing (9), Alkali Stress (8), Degradation (8), Halophytes (8), Desertification (7), Restoration (7), China (6), Grasses (6)…

Revegetation (21.35), Forage (16.47)…

Choerospondias axillaris

Lapsi, Nepali Hog Plum, Nΰnsuanzao, Lepchipoma, Amrda

Antioxidant Activity (12), Antioxidant (11), Extraction (5), Seed Dispersal (5), Activated Carbon (4), Adsorption (4), Antioxidant Properties (4), China (4)…

Charcoal (66.33), Companion Plant (10.90), Starch (7.25)…

Christella parasitica

 

Phytochemistry (15), Antibacterial Activity (7), Anti-Bacterial (6), Antimicrobial (6), Antioxidant (6), Phytochemical Screening (6), Secondary Metabolites (6)…

Tannin (30.85), Biofuel (24.47), Pesticide5 (23.93), Rubber (6.11)…

Chromolaena odorata

Jack In, Bush, Siam Weed, Christmas Bush, Devil Weed, Camfhur Grass, Common Floss Flower

Invasive Species (39), Biological Control (30), Nigeria (24), Biological Invasions (22), Weed Control (22), Antioxidant (20), CLIMEX (20), Ghana (20), Phytoremediation (20)…

Weed (68.94), Allelopathy (8.76), Fruit (3.67), Phytoextractive (2.19)…

Chrysanthemoides monilifera

Boneseed, Bitou Bush, Bietou, Tick Berry, Bosluisbessie, Weskusbietou

Biological Control (25), Invasive Species (20), Biological Invasions (19), Invasive Plants (18), Weed Control (18), Australia (16), Weeds (16)…

Weed (48.84), Smoking8 (24.01), Revegetation (6.86)…

Chrysanthemum coronarium

Crown Daisy

Essential Oils (18), Essential Oil (17), Antioxidant Activity (14), Heavy Metals (12), Conjugated Linoleic Acid (10), Flavonoids (10), Medicinal Plants (10)…

Vegetable (34.41), Essential Oil (29.38), Forage (7.19), Phytoextractive (5.49)…

Chrysanthemum indicum

 

Essential Oil (19), Horticultural Crops (17), Plant Biochemistry (16), Plant Physiology (16), Medicinal Plants (13), Apoptosis (12)…

Medicinal (28.23), Essential Oil (14.27), Cut Flower (11.81), Birdseed (9.24)…

Chrysobalanus icaco

Coco Plum, Paradise Plum, Icaco

Palynology (8), Florida (7), Sea-Level (6), Seychelles (6), Species Richness (6), Tree Islands (6), Biogeography (5), Everglades (5), Taxonomy (5), Ethnopharmacology (4)…

Chewing (32.00), Fruit (6.44), Medicinal (6.10), Weed (5.11)…

Chrysophyllum albidum

White Star Apple

Conservation (7), Logging (6), Biodiversity (5), Biotic Exclusion Zone (5), Fatty Acids (5), Forest (5), Global C Cycling (5), Organomineral Interactions (5), Kibale (4), Nigeria (4), Uganda (4)…

Fruit (35.19), Fuelwood (9.71), Chewing (9.52), Tannin (4.95), Weed (4.69)…

Chrysothamnus nauseosus

Chamisa, Rubber Rabbitbrush, Gray Rabbitbrush

Utah (17), Photosynthesis (14), California (13), Mortality (11), Seed Germination (11), Rangelands (10)…

Rubber (47.77), Ornamental (7.62), Essential Oil (5.66)…

Chusquea quila

Argentinian Quila

Chile (13), Bamboo Flowering (5), Home Range (5), Temperate Forest (5)…

Cane/Bamboo (95.63), Shade7 (2.07)…

Cicer arietinum

Chick Pea, Garbanzo Bean, Ceci Bean, Channa, Bengal Gram

Chickpeas (746), Crop Yield (335), India (310), Cultivars (292), Chickpea (267), Disease Resistance (199)…

Grain Legume2 (61.16), Cereal1 (10.69), Starch (7.14), Nutraceutical (3.30)…

Cichorium endivia

Cultivated Endive, Endive

Endive (30), Leaves (19), Lettuce (19), Somatic Embryogenesis (18), Chicory (16), Vegetables (15), Cultivars (14), Food Safety (14), Antioxidant Activity (13)…

Vegetable (88.89)…

Cichorium intybus

Chicory, Common Chicory

Chicory (258), Inulin (126), Roots (115), Leaves (65), Cultivars (60), Medicinal Plants (53), Fructans (52), Ethnobotany (46), Enzyme Activity (45)…

Forage (28.14), Vegetable (12.53), Nutraceutical (12.49)…

Cicuta virosa

Mackenzie's Water Hemlock, Cowbane, Northern Water Hemlock

Antifungal (20), Essential Oil (19), Aflatoxin B1 (12), Antioxidant (10), Essential Oils (9), Pollen (8), Holocene (7), Polyacetylenes (7), Antifungal Activity (6)…

Poison (51.21), Essential Oil (20.87), Aquatic (12.83)…

Cimicifuga racemosa

Black Cohosh, Black Bugbane, Black Snakeroot, Fairy Candle

Menopause (72), Black Cohosh (66), Phytoestrogens (35), Medicinal Plants (21), Uterus (18), Herbal Medicine (17), Hot Flushes (17), Osteoporosis (17), Hepatotoxicity (16), Dietary Supplements (15), Hormone Replacement Therapy (15)…

Medicinal (70.02), Nutraceutical (7.13)…

Cinchona officinalis

Quinine, Quinine Bark Tree, Qinchona Qinchona, Quinquina

Medicinal Plants (12), Alkaloids (9), Malaria (7), Quinine (6), Terpenoids (6), Ethnobotany (5), Juvenile Wood (5), Metabolic Engineering (5), Antimalarial Drug (4), Antiplasmodial (4), Bark (4)…

Medicinal (42.13), Poison (9.38), Resin (5.06)…

Cinchona pubescens

Quinine, Red Cinchona, Quinine, Cascarilla, Cinchona, Quina-Do-Amazonas, Quineira

Facilitation (8), Traditional Medicine (8), Alien Species (7), Alkaloids (7), Biological Invasions (7), Disturbance (6), Invasiveness (6), Medicinal Plants (6)…

Medicinal (69.74)…

Cinnamomum aromaticum

Cassia, Chinese Cassia, Chinese Cinnamon

Plant Extracts (22), Essential Oils (20), Bark (19), Cinnamon (18), Medicinal Plants (14), Herbal Medicines (13), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (12), Traditional Medicine (12), Antibacterial Properties (10)…

Essential Oil (47.08), Flavouring/Spice (13.31), Medicinal (6.56), Pesticide5 (4.75)…

Cinnamomum burmannii

Padang Cassia, Indonesian Cinnamon, Padang Cassia, Korintje

Antimicrobial Activity (6), Cinnamon (6), Spices (6), Antibacterial (5), Diabetes (5), Essential Oil (5), Flavonoids (5), Juvenile Wood (5), Obesity (5)…

Essential Oil (34.33), Pesticide5 (31.06), Flavouring/Spice (22.53)…

Cinnamomum camphora

Camphortree, Camphor Tree, Camphorwood, Camphor Laurel

Biosynthesis (41), Silver Nanoparticles (41), Essential Oil (38), Essential Oils (37), Gold Nanoparticles (27), Nanoparticles (27), Green Synthesis (25), Adsorption (22), Antimicrobial Activity (18)…

Essential Oil (38.16), Medicinal (13.19), Poison (11.05)…

Cinnamomum cassia

Chinese Cassia, Chinese Cinnamon

Cinnamaldehyde (51), Essential Oil (45), Cinnamon (39), Traditional Chinese Medicine (35), Essential Oils (32), Diabetes (27), Inflammation (27), Antioxidant (21), Medicinal Plants (21), Apoptosis (20)…

Medicinal (31.14), Essential Oil (22.31), Flavouring/Spice (17.66)…

Cinnamomum tamala

Indian Bark, Indian Bay Leaf, Tejpat, Malabar Leaf, Indian Bark, Indian Cassia, Malabathrum

Antioxidant (13), Medicinal Plants (12), Essential Oils (9), Oxidative Stress (9), Leaves (8), Spices (8), India (7), Cinnamaldehyde (6), Diabetes (6), Flavonoids (6), Terpenoids (6)…

Flavouring/Spice (31.44), Medicinal (27.67), Essential Oil (9.25), Resin (4.44)…

Cinnamomum verum

Cinnamon, True Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon, Sri Lanka Cinnamon

Essential Oils (99), Cinnamon (62), Antioxidant Activity (44), Plant Extracts (35), Medicinal Plants (34), Bark (28), Antioxidant (23), Ethnobotany (22)…

Essential Oil (59.17), Flavouring/Spice (9.90), Medicinal (8.08), Pesticide5 (7.29)…

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

True Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon, Sri Lanka Cinnamon

Essential Oils (88), Essential Oil (64), Cinnamon (51), Spices (36), Medicinal Plants (35), Antioxidant (29), Antioxidant Activity (27), Antibacterial Activity (25), Plant Extracts (24), Diabetes (23)…

Essential Oil (54.95), Flavouring/Spice (22.01), Pesticide5 (6.37)…

Cirsium arvense

Canada Thistle, Creeping Thistle, Canadian Thistle, Lettuce From Hell Thistle, California Thistle, Corn Thistle, Cursed Thistle, Field Thistle, Green Thistle, Hard Thistle, Perennial Thistle, Prickly Thistle, Small-Flowered Thistle, Way Thistle

Weed Control (193), Weeds (125), Biological Control (106), Biodiversity (77), Herbicides (55), Invasive Species (55), Biological Control Agents (48)…

Weed (80.43)…

Cirsium oleraceum

Cabbage Thistle

Biodiversity (9), Flavonoids (4), Germination (4), Oomycetes (4), Antioxidant Activity (3)…

Ornamental (30.63), Timber9 (16.89), Vegetable (8.70), Hemiparasite (5.87), Poison (5.74)…

Cirsium vulgare

Bull Thistle, Spear Thistle

Grazing (42), Biodiversity (36), Disturbance (32), Species Richness (31), Succession (26), Weed Control (26), Conservation (24), Weeds (23), Biological Control (22), Competition (20)…

Weed (50.38), Boundary (8.50), Ornamental (7.41), Medicinal (5.72)…

Cissampelos pareira

Velvetleaf, Xν Sheng Tιng, Abuta, Laghu Patha, Ponmusutai

Medicinal Plants (28), Ethnobotany (17), Rheology (14), Pectin (13), Traditional Medicine (13), Antioxidant (10), Plant Extracts (8), Hepatoprotective (7), Lipid Peroxidation (7)…

Medicinal (76.19)…

Cissus quadrangularis

Veldt-Grape, Veldt Grape, Devil's Backbone

Medicinal Plants (34), Traditional Medicine (20), Ethnobotany (15), Aspirin (9), Plant Extracts (9), Anti-Inflammatory (8), Oxidative Stress (8), Antioxidant (7), Ethnomedicine (7), India (7)…

Medicinal (77.17)…

Cissus verticillata

Seasonvine

Ethnobotany (8), Medicinal Plants (6), Ethnopharmacology (4), Caribbean (3), Cultural Keystone Practice (3), Dominican Republic (3), Ethnomedicine (3), Herbal Remedies (3)…

Medicinal (85.44)…

Cistus creticus

Pink Rock-Rose, Hoary Rock-Rose

Essential Oil (14), Anthocyanins (13), Medicinal Plants (12), Essential Oils (10), Mediterranean (9), Labdane Diterpenes (8), Statistical Analysis (8), Traditional Medicine (8), Turkey (8)…

Honey3 (58.84), Essential Oil (16.24), Medicinal (5.44)…

Cistus incanus

Cretan Rockrose, Grey-Haired Rockrose

Greece (13), Fire (12), Essential Oils (7), Aromatic Plants (6), Climate Change (6), Flavonoids (6)…

Tannin (17.61), Beverage (15.05), Essential Oil (9.92), Medicinal (8.12), Weed (7.04)…

Cistus ladanifer

Common Gum Cistus, Gum Rockrose, Laudanum, Labdanum, Common Gum Cistus, Brown-Eyed Rockrose

Spain (39), Portugal (35), Antimony (30), Mediterranean (26), Shrubs (22), Antioxidant Activity (19), Flavonoids (19), Heavy Metals (18), Allelopathy (16), Essential Oils (16)...

Allelopathy (25.35), Honey3 (11.55), Ornamental (5.98), Weed (5.63), Medicinal (4.47)…

Cistus ladaniferus

Gum Rockrose, Laudanum, Labdanum, Common Gum Cistus, Brown-Eyed Rockrose

Activated Carbon (8), Bee Pollen (7), Char (7), Antioxidant Activity (6), Essential Oils (5), Flavonoids (5), Polyphenols (5), Rockrose (5)…

Charcoal (29.22), Essential Oil (26.23), Honey3 (15.24), Beverage (5.77)…

Cistus monspeliensis

Montpelier Cistus

Drought (23), Mediterranean (22), Climate Change (16), Fire (15), Gas Exchange (13), Conservation (12), Resilience (12), Spain (11), Essential Oil (10)…

Honey3 (39.71), Smoking8 (34.05), Essential Oil (3.92), Cut Flower (3.75)…

Cistus salviifolius

Salvia Cistus, Sage-Leaved Rock Rose

Conservation (11), Phytostabilization (11), Medicinal Plants (9), Spain (8), Traditional Medicine (8), Turkey (8), Ethnobotany (7)…

Honey3 (14.48), Medicinal (13.97), Essential Oil (10.10), Hemiparasite (9.44), Revegetation (7.23), Phytoextractive (6.49)…

Citharexylum spinosum

Spiny Fiddlewood, Florida Fiddlewood

Biological Control (5), Carbon Tetrachloride (4), Lipid Peroxidation (4), Cat's Claw Creeper (3), Nephrotoxicity (3), Oxidative Stress (3)…

Cane/Bamboo (27.96), Dye (10.54), Weed (9.78), Tannin (7.97), Allelopathy (7.00)…

Citrullus colocynthis

Colocynth, Bitter Apple, Bitter Cucumber, Desert Gourd, Egusi, Vine Of Sodom

Medicinal Plants (35), Larvicidal Activity (20), Plant Extracts (19), Apoptosis (16), Plant Biochemistry (16), Plant Physiology (16), Antioxidant (15)…

Medicinal (63.88), Timber9 (5.14)…

Citrullus lanatus

Watermelon

Watermelons (355), Crop Yield (174), Cultivars (168), Disease Resistance (80), Florida (72)…

Fruit (35.25), Plant Grafting (30.37), Vegetable (6.93)…

Citrus aurantium

Bergamot Orange, Bitter Orange, Seville Orange, Sour Orange, Bigarade Orange, Marmalade Orange

Flavonoids (91), Rootstocks (74), Leaves (68), Sour Oranges (58), Antioxidant Activity (55), Essential Oil (46), Medicinal Plants (46)…

Plant Grafting (38.38), Fruit (11.20), Medicinal (7.60), Dietary Fibre (7.23), Essential Oil (6.06), Nutraceutical (5.10)…

Citrus bergamia

Bergamot Orange

Essential Oils (45), Flavonoids (41), Linalool (23), Essential Oil (22), Antioxidant Activity (19), Bergamot Oranges (14), Bergamot (13), Aromatherapy (12), Bergamot Essential Oil (12)…

Essential Oil (79.80), Pesticide5 (4.60)…

Citrus grandis

Shaddock, Pomelo, Pummelo, Pommelo, Lusho Fruit

Adsorption (31), Methylene Blue (23), Pummelos (22), Flavonoids (21), Naringin (21), Antioxidant (20), Antioxidant Activity (18)…

Fruit (44.14), Dye (40.38)…

Citrus hystrix

Kaffir Lime

Essential Oils (14), Essential Oil (8), Cancer Chemoprevention (7), Limes (7), Antioxidant Activity (5), Ethnobotany (5), Leaves (5), Plant Extracts (5), Volatile Compounds (5)…

Essential Oil (62.87), Medicinal (8.80), Insect Repellent (7.19)…

Citrus limetta

Bitter Orange, Sweet Lime, Sweet Lemon, Sweet Limetta

Flavonoids (10), Medicinal Plants (6), Antioxidant Activity (5), Cyclic Voltammetry (5), Ethnobotany (5), Juvenile Wood (5), Scanning Electron Microscopy (5), Wastewater Treatment (5)…

Fruit (14.67), Biofuel (10.98), Beverage (7.29), Ornamental (7.02), Resin (6.09)…

Citrus limon

Lemon

Lemons (158), Essential Oils (86), Leaves (72), Flavonoids (58), Medicinal Plants (58), Ethnobotany (57)…

Fruit (45.96), Essential Oil (14.26), Plant Grafting (7.47)…

Citrus limonia

Mandarin Lime, Lemandarin, Rangpur, Canton Lemon, Hime Lemon, Cravo Lemon, Mandarin-Lime

Rootstocks (63), Citrus (47), Leaves (33), Roots (28), Brazil (25)…

Plant Grafting (93.43), Fruit (3.03)…

Citrus maxima

Shaddock, Shaddock, Pomelo, Pummelo, Pommelo, Lusho Fruit

Pummelos (75), Leaves (28), Cultivars (22), Essential Oils (22), Antioxidant Activity (19), Hybrids (18)…

Fruit (62.21), Plant Grafting (5.75), Essential Oil (4.29)…

Citrus medica

Citron

Essential Oils (17), Medicinal Plants (16), Antioxidant Activity (14)…

Medicinal (36.53), Essential Oil (15.30), Fruit (11.47)…

Citrus paradisi

Grapefruit

Grapefruits (156), Florida (147), Rootstocks (99), Leaves (97), Grapefruit (92), Flavonoids (66)…

Fruit (70.99), Plant Grafting (14.39)…

Citrus reticulata

Tangerine, Mandarin Orange, Mandarin, Mandarine

Mandarins (150), Leaves (88), Hybrids (79), Cultivars (72), Rootstocks (70), Essential Oils (68)…

Fruit (56.29), Plant Grafting (23.94)…

Citrus sinensis

Sweet Orange, Orange

Oranges (510), Florida (223), Leaves (196), Cultivars (162), Rootstocks (157), Crop Yield (141), Orange Juice (139)…

Fruit (62.69), Plant Grafting (15.00)…

Cladina arbuscula

Bering Reindeer Lichen

Lichens (14), Copper (8), Lichen (8), Cladonia (7), Boreal Forest (6), Bryophytes (6), Heavy Metals (6), Metal Uptake (6), Moss (6), Chlorophyll (5), Ground Vegetation (5)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (25.03), Phytoextractive (18.34), Ornamental (9.83), Bioindicator (9.12), Forage (8.39)…

Cladonia coniocraea

Cup Lichen

Lichens (17), Forest Management (14), Lichen (11), Air Pollution (9), Species Composition (9), Boreal Forest (8), Biodiversity (7), Biomonitoring (7), Species Richness (7), Cyanolichens (6), Heavy Metals (6), Indicator Species (6)…

Timber9 (70.27), Fuelwood (6.35), Ornamental (3.95), Biofuel (2.61)…

Cladonia furcata

Cup Lichen

Biosorption (49), Kinetics (29), Thermodynamics (17), Lichen (16), Lichens (16), Heavy Metals (15), Isotherm (12), Isotherms (12), Adsorption (11), Apoptosis (11),

Desorption (10), Lead (10)…

Charcoal (46.10), Starch (25.44), Revegetation (4.23)…

Cladophora coelothrix

 

Bioremediation (7), Macroalgae (7), Algae (5), Carbon Sequestration (5), Soil Carbon (5), Fatty Acids (4), Seaweed (4), Bacteria (3), Biochar (3), Bioindicators (3)…

Charcoal (84.26), Turf (6.24)…

Clarkia breweri

Fairy Fans, Brewer's Clarkia

Biosynthesis (19), Metabolic Engineering (17), Floral Scent (16), Volatiles (15), Terpene Synthase (14), Flavonoids (11), Gene Expression (11), Linalool (11), Evolution (10), Methyltransferase (10), Phenylpropanoids (10)…

Essential Oil (44.11), Genetics (12.49), Fruit (6.28), Resin (5.78)…

Clarkia concinna

Raiche's Clarkia

Fragmentation (8), Habitat Fragmentation (7), Population Size (6), Terpene Synthase (6), Pollination (5), Reproductive Success (5), Allee Effect (4), California (4), Fitness (4), Floral Scent (4)…

Breeding (53.67), Ornamental (22.05), Genetics (6.02)…

Clarkia dudleyana

Dudley's Clarkia

Quantitative Genetics (13), QST (8), Allozymes (7), Genetic Drift (7), Population Differentiation (7), FST (6), Gene Flow (6), Genetic Diversity (6), Habitat Fragmentation (6)…

Breeding (51.27), Genetics (32.49)…

Clarkia pulchella

Pinkfairies, Ragged Robin, Deerhorn Clarkia

Genetic Diversity (26), Effective Population Size (23), Inbreeding Depression (19), Genetic Variation (16), Microsatellites (16), Conservation (15), Extinction (11), Genetic Drift (11), Habitat Fragmentation (11), Inbreeding (10)…

Breeding (94.68), Genetics (2.75)…

Clarkia springvillensis

Springville Clarkia

Seed Bank (9), Genetic Variation (6), Soil Seed Bank (5), Competition (4), Endangered Species (4), Genetic Diversity (4), Microsatellites (4), Spatial Autocorrelation (4)…

Breeding (45.87), Dye (23.50), Smoking8 (11.42), Charcoal (6.34), Genetics (5.73)…

Clarkia xantiana

Gunsight Clarkia

Mating System (18), Photosynthesis (13), Local Adaptation (11), Pollination (11), Pollen Limitation (10), Adaptation (9), Reproductive Assurance (9), Self-Fertilization (9)…

Starch (56.98), Breeding (24.56), Genetics (2.71)…

Clausena excavata

 

Alkaloids (19), Coumarins (12), Coumarin (10), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (9), Cytotoxicity (8), Carbazoles (7), Immunomodulation (7), Medicinal Plants (7), Natural Products (7)…

Essential Oil (47.87), Poison (17.71), Medicinal (8.19)…

Clausena lansium

Wampi, Wampee

Antioxidant Activity (9), Cytotoxicity (9), DPPH (9), Seeds (9), Clausenamide (8), Alkaloids (6), Antioxidant (6), Apoptosis (6)…

Medicinal (13.27), Phytoextractive (10.97), Honey3 (10.65), Poison (8.44), Timber9 (6.13), Nutraceutical (5.59), Weed (4.96)…

Claytonia virginica

Hammond's Claytonia, Eastern Spring Beauty, Virginia Spring Beauty, Fairy Spud

Pollination (11), Phenology (9), Herbivory (6), Mutualism (5), Phenotypic Selection (5), Polyploidy (5)…

Honey3 (63.14), Timber9 (8.40), Shade7 (4.99)…

Cleistes bifaria

Small Spreading Pogonia

Dormancy (7), Detection Probability (4), Habitat (4), Survival (4), Climate Warming (3), Disturbance (3), Microclimate (3), Pollination Biology (3), Prolonged Dormancy (3)…

Fruit (41.75), Honey3 (26.80), Breeding (15.53)…

Cleistocalyx operculatus

 

Diabetes (11), Flavonoids (9), Antioxidant Activity (8), Apoptosis (8), Essential Oils (8), Total Phenolic Content (6), Hepatocellular Carcinoma (5), Inflammation (5)…

Essential Oil (64.08), Pesticide5 (7.25), Insect Repellent (4.51)…

Cleistogenes squarrosa

 

Grassland (28), Inner Mongolia (22), Steppe (17), Mongolia (16), China (13), Grazing Intensity (13), Climate Change (12)…

Boundary (28.60), Companion Plant (20.93), Forage (18.33)…

Clematis armandii

Armand Clematis, Evergreen Clematis

Chemotaxonomy (4), Chinese Herbal Medicine (4), Herbal Medicines (4), Pharmacovigilance (4),

Medicinal (81.10), Fruit (2.31)…

Cleome gynandra

Spiderwisp, Ajagandha, Tilavan, Chinsaga, Shona Cabbage, African Cabbage

Medicinal Plants (18), Ethnobotany (12), C4 Photosynthesis (10), Uganda (10), Antioxidant (8), Antioxidants (7), Phenolic Compounds (7)…

Medicinal (37.82), Vegetable (33.77)…

Clerodendrum inerme

Embrert, Glory Bower

Isolation (8), Diterpenoids (6), Medicinal Plants (6), Spectral Analysis (6), Flavonoids (5), India (5), Mangroves (5), Antibacterial Activity (4), Antioxidant (4)…

Tannin (30.86), Medicinal (21.79), Biofuel (14.09)…

Cleyera japonica

Sakaki

Japan (6), Seed Dispersal (6), Dispersal Limitation (4), Fine Roots (4), Litter Fall (4), Phylogenetic Signal (4), Seasonality (4), Source Limitation (4)…

Shade7 (26.47), Timber9 (23.58), Hemiparasite (13.55), Beverage (13.31)…

Clidemia hirta

Soapbush, Koster's Curse

Invasive Species (26), Hawaii (10), Invasion (10), Invasiveness (10), Biological Control (9), Phenotypic Plasticity (9), Weeds (9), Biological Invasions (8), Tannins (8)…

Tannin (54.65), Weed (16.16)…

Clinopodium vulgare

Wild Basil

Biodiversity (10), Antioxidant Activity (9), Essential Oil (6), Disturbance (4), Endangered Species (4), Grazing (4), Species Diversity (4)…

Essential Oil (56.49), Timber9 (12.75)…

Clintonia borealis

Bluebead, Blue-Bead Lily, Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Corn Lily, Cow Tongue, Yellow Beadlily, Yellow Bluebeadlily, Snakeberry, Dogberry, Straw Lily

Herbivory (9), White-Tailed Deer (7), Biodiversity (6), Pollination (6), Understory Vegetation (6), Boreal Forest (5)…

Timber9 (53.24), Shade7 (14.52), Charcoal (11.31)…

Clitoria ternatea

Asian Pigeonwings, Butterfly-Pea, Blue-Pea, Cordofan-Pea

Medicinal Plants (24), Anthocyanins (17), India (15), Flavonoids (13), Ethnobotany (9), Legumes (9), Ayurveda (7)…

Medicinal (33.85), Grain Legume2 (14.96), Dye (8.11), Forage (6.47)…

Clusia rosea

Scotch Attorney, Autograph Tree, Copey, Balsam Apple, Pitch-Apple

Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (9), Cytotoxicity (8), Nemorosone (8), Benzophenone (7)…

Resin (32.38), Poison (22.33), Pesticide5 (6.56)…

Cnidium monnieri

Monnier's Snowparsley

Osthole (65), Imperatorin (24), Osthol (16), Coumarins (15), Coumarin (14), Osteoporosis (13), Apoptosis (11)…

Medicinal (73.60)…

Cnidoscolus aconitifolius

Treadsoftly, Chaya, Tree Spinach

Mexico (6), Defoliation (4), Medicinal Plants (4), Demography (3), Green Leafy Vegetables (3), Leaf Harvesting (3), Non-Timber~ Forest Products (3)…

Boundary (28.67), Medicinal (20.20), Vegetable (7.70), Oilseed/Fat4 (6.78)…

Coccinia cordifolia

 

Alloxan (3), Antioxidant (3), Co-Administration (3), Glibenclamide (3), Hypoglycemic Activity (3), India (3), Metformin (3)…

Smoking8 (28.36), Vegetable (24.56), Medicinal (15.47), Oilseed/Fat4 (8.03)…

Coccinia grandis

Ivy Gourd, Baby Watermelon, Little Gourd, Gentleman's Toes, Tindora

Medicinal Plants (18), India (14), Flavonoids (9), Antioxidant Activity (8), Plant Extracts (8), Hawaii (7), Antioxidant (5), Antioxidants (5), Ethnomedicine (5)…

Medicinal (67.06), Timber9 (5.29)…

Coccinia indica

 

Diabetes (22), Diabetes Mellitus (21), Streptozotocin (17), Medicinal Plants (13), Insulin (10), Larvicidal Activity (10), Oxidative Stress (10)…

Medicinal (41.57), Oilseed/Fat4 (32.18)…

Coccoloba diversifolia

Tietongue, Pigeonplum, Doveplum, Pigeon Seagrape

Puerto Rico (5), Succession (5), Caribbean (4), Novel Ecosystems (4), Phosphorus (4), Dry Forests (3), Emerging Forests (3)…

Cane/Bamboo (74.30), Timber9 (13.89)…

Cocculus orbiculatus

Queen Coralbead, Huehue

Aconite (2), Biogeography (2), Burning (2), Chinese Herbal Medicines (2)…

Medicinal (25.21), Paper Pulp (20.79), Poison (17.89), Wood Fibre (13.00)…

Cochlospermum gossypium

Galgal

Gum Kondagogu (25), Silver Nanoparticles (22), Gums (11), Antibacterial (6), Biosorption (6), Green Synthesis (6), Hydrocolloid (6), Methylation Analysis (6), Mucilage (6)…

Plant Gum (80.32), Starch (8.72), Rubber (4.36)…

Cochlospermum religiosum

Silk-Cotton Tree, Buttercup Tree

Structure (6), Gums (5), Katira Gum (4), Polysaccharides (4), Flavonoids (3), Polysaccharide (3), Agrobiodiversity (2), Aldose Reductase (2), Antioxidant (2), Antioxidants (2)…

Fuelwood (29.55), Starch (23.59), Rubber (13.98), Ornamental (10.11)…

Cochlospermum vitifolium

Silk Cottontree

Medicinal Plants (10), Tropical Dry Forest (9), Naringenin (8), Traditional Medicine (8), Costa Rica (7), Panama (7), Antihypertensive (6), Biomass (5), Ethnobotany (5)…

Medicinal (22.59), Ornamental (19.61), Wastewater Treatment (11.36), Timber9 (6.69), Shade7 (5.00), Weed (4.58)…

Cocos nucifera

Coconut Palm

Coconuts (134), India (79), Adsorption (56), Coconut (54), Medicinal Plants (51), Ethnobotany (50), Biological Control (44), Brazil (39)…

Nut (38.16), Dye (20.42), Weed (6.44), Charcoal (4.17), Timber9 (3.35), Biofuel (2.14)…

Codonopsis pilosula

Bellflower, Dangshen, Dang Shen, Poor Man's Ginseng

Polysaccharide (36), Response Surface Methodology (29), Polysaccharides (22), Extraction (21), Optimization (18), Traditional Chinese Medicine (12), Medicinal Plants (11), Antioxidant Activity (8), Chinese Herbs (8)…

Medicinal (61.40), Starch (19.98)…

Coffea arabica

Arabian Coffee, Mountain Coffee

Coffee (228), Coffee (Beverage) (137), Caffeine (117), Coffee Beans (113), Brazil (102), Leaves (89), Agroforestry (84)…

Grain Legume2 (30.64), Shade7 (21.76), Cane/Bamboo (13.25), Beverage (7.99)…

Coffea canephora

Robusta Coffee

Coffee (116), Coffee (Beverage) (58), Coffee Beans (52), Roasting (46), Caffeine (43), Plant Breeding (39)…

Cane/Bamboo (65.79), Grain Legume2 (18.81), Beverage (3.87)…

Coix lacryma

Job's Tears, Coixseed, Tear Grass, Hato Mugi, Adlay, Adlai

Medicinal Plants (23), Plant Extracts (18), Seeds (16), Gene Expression (13), Rats (12), Animal Models (11), Antioxidant Activity (11)…

Jewellery (54.88), Medicinal (15.59), Wastewater Treatment (5.84), Starch (5.26)…

Colchicum autumnale

Autumn Crocus, Meadow Saffron, Naked Lady

Colchicine (78), Alkaloids (17), Gout (15), Medicinal Plants (14), Biosynthesis (9), Management (9), Traditional Medicine (8), Tubulin (8), Biodiversity (7), Cytotoxicity (7)…

Poison (41.95), Medicinal (34.15)…

Coleogyne ramosissima

Blackbrush

Mojave Desert (14), Goats (12), Utah (11), Grazing (9), Tannins (9), Colorado Plateau (7), Diet Selection (7), Fire (7), Seed Germination (7), Shrubs (7), Climate Change (6)…

Tannin (42.73), Forage (31.73)…

Coleus amboinicus

Country Borage, French Thyme, Indian Borage, Indian Mint, Mexican Mint, Soup Mint, Spanish Thyme, Big Thyme, Broadleaf Thyme, Cuban Oregano, Mexican Thyme, Queen Of Herbs, Three-In-One Herb, Allherb, Mother Of Herbs

Gold Nanoparticles (12), Medicinal Plants (10), Silver Nanoparticles (10), Surface Plasmon Resonance (7), Green Synthesis (6), Antimicrobial Activity (5)…

Essential Oil (31.57), Allelopathy (27.89), Medicinal (10.21), Pesticide5 (5.04), Biofuel (5.01), Tannin (4.59)…

Coleus aromaticus

Country Borage, French Thyme, Indian Borage, Indian Mint, Mexican Mint, Soup Mint, Spanish Thyme, Big Thyme, Broadleaf Thyme, Cuban Oregano, Mexican Thyme, Queen Of Herbs, Three-In-One Herb, Allherb, Mother Of Herbs

Antioxidant Activity (25), Antioxidant (11), Essential Oils (11), Apoptosis (10), Medicinal Plants (10), Genotoxicity (8), Free Radicals (7), Reactive Oxygen Species (6), Antibacterial (5)…

Essential Oil (31.33), Pesticide5 (11.40), Poison (10.06), Tannin (5.72)…

Collema coccophorum

Jelly Lichen, Soil Pulp Lichen, Jelly Lichen

Biological Soil Crusts (7), Biological Soil Crust (4), Cyanobacteria (4), Lichen (4), Lichens (4)…

Erosion Control (39.21), Ornamental (33.84), Soil Amelioration (18.52)…

Collema cristatum

Jelly Lichen

Lichens (8), Lichen (7), Photosynthesis (5), Biological Soil Crusts (3), Cyanolichens (3)…

Cosmetics (68.38), Ornamental (10.77)…

Collema tenax

Coral Jelly Lichen, Black Lichen, Desert Lichen

Biological Soil Crusts (21), Biological Soil Crust (16), Cyanobacteria (10), Lichen (8), Photosynthesis (8), Climate Change (7), Lichens (7), Colorado Plateau (5), Desert (5), Lichen Crusts (5)…

Soil Amelioration (50.78), Revegetation (31.51), Bioindicator (9.94), Erosion Control (3.34)…

Collinsia heterophylla

Purple Chinese Houses, Innocence

Sexual Conflict (7), Inbreeding Depression (5), Sexual Selection (5), Crossing (4), Pollination (4), Purging (4), Self-Fertilization (4), Selfing (4)…

Breeding (82.51), Fruit (6.97)…

Collinsia parviflora

Maiden Blue Eyed Mary, Small-Flowered Collinsia

Mating System (6), Disturbance (5), Pollination (4), Pollinator Behaviour (4), Wildfire (4)…

Breeding (56.57), Ornamental (16.79), Hemiparasite (6.54)…

Collinsia sparsiflora

Spinster's Blue Eyed Mary, Spinster's Blue-Eyed Mary, Few-Flowered Collinsia

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (8), Serpentine Soils (6), SSU Rdna (6), Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis (4)…

Genetics (44.26), Breeding (17.73), Nutraceutical (12.57), Soil Amelioration (8.09)…

Collinsia verna

Spring Blue Eyed Mary, Blue-Eyed Mary

Germination (5), Mating System (5), Reproductive Assurance (5), Evolution (4), Inbreeding Depression (4), Outcrossing (4)…

Breeding (90.64)…

Colocasia esculenta

Coco Yam

Taro (118), Cultivars (61), Starch (53), Corms (47), Crop Yield (43), Leaves (43), Food Composition (39), Hawaii (34), Genetic Variation (27), Physicochemical Properties (26), Cassava (25)…

Starch (70.19), Vegetable (5.21)…

Colophospermum mopane

Balsam Tree, Mopane, Mopani, Butterfly Tree, Turpentine Tree

Savanna (29), Kruger National Park (21), Nitrogen (21), Africa (19), Zimbabwe (19), Climate Change (13), Elephants (12), Remote Sensing (12), South Africa (11), Drought (10), Fire (10)…

Timber9 (38.48), Boundary (11.96), Forage (11.23), Tannin (10.94)…

Comarum palustre

Purple Marshlocks, Swamp Cinquefoil, Marsh Cinquefoil

Holocene (11), Plant Macrofossils (9), Pollen (9), Pectin (7), Tundra (7), Anti-Inflammatory Activity (6), Biogeography (6)…

Starch (51.49), Ornamental (11.68), Dye (6.23)…

Combretum imberbe

Leadwood, Hardekool, Mohwelere-Tšhipi, Motswiri, Impondondlovu

Savanna (8), Kruger National Park (7), Antimicrobial (5), Botswana (5), South Africa (5), Traditional Medicine (5), Grazing (4), Hydrology (4), Medicinal Plants (4)…

Timber9 (38.87), Fuelwood (30.91), Tannin (5.34)…

Commelina benghalensis

Jio, Benghal Dayflower, Tropical Spiderwort

Medicinal Plants (22), Weeds (19), Weed Control (15), Ethnobotany (11), Guard Cells (9), India (9), Plant Biochemistry (9), Seed Germination (8), Stomata (8), Georgia (7)…

Weed (76.21), Medicinal (4.32)…

Commelina diffusa

Climbing Dayflower, Spreading Dayflower

Weeds (15), Medicinal Plants (10), Weed Control (7), Traditional Medicine (5), Ethnobotany (4), Nutrient Removal (4), Peru (4)…

Weed (78.62), Allelopathy (4.95),..

Commelina erecta

Whitemouth Dayflower, Slender Dayflower

Argentina (7), Chaco (5), Medicinal Plants (5), Brazil (4), Parasitism (4), Urbanisation (4), Ethnomedicine (3)…

Hemiparasite (72.88), Weed (6.67)…

Commiphora opobalsamum

Mecca Myrrh

Gastric Ulcer (5), Antiproliferative (3), Anti-Ulcerogenic (3), Cytotoxicity (3), Gastric Barrier Mucus (3), Hepatoprotective (3), Majoon-E-Dabeed-Ul-Ward (3), Materia Medica (3), Medicinal Plants (3), Quassinoids (3), Traditional Medicine (3)…

Resin (48.09), Medicinal (34.74), Biofuel (1.83)…

Comparettia falcata

Snail Orchid

Pollination (6), Puerto Rico (5), Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (3), Endangered Species (3)…

Honey3 (94.71)…

Conium maculatum

Poison Hemlock, Hemlock

Alkaloids (36), Ethnobotany (15), Homeopathy (14), Poisonous Plants (14), Toxicity (13), Medicinal Plants (12), Traditional Medicine (12), Coniine (11)…

Poison (70.81), Medicinal (7.90)…

Convolvulus arvensis

Field Bindweed

Weed Control (101), Weeds (67), Glyphosate (41), Herbicides (38), Biological Control (31), Biodiversity (24), Species Richness (24)…

Weed (85.75)…

Conyza bonariensis

Asthmaweed, Flax-Leaf Fleabane, Wavy-Leaf Fleabane, Argentine Fleabane

Glyphosate (30), Herbicide Resistance (21), Paraquat (17), Species Richness (12), Biodiversity (11), Herbicide-Resistant Weeds (11)…

Weed (82.02)…

Conyza canadensis

Canadian Horseweed, Horseweed, Canadian Horseweed, Canadian Fleabane, Coltstail, Marestail, Butterweed

Glyphosate (104), Herbicide Resistance (72), Weed Control (56), Herbicide-Resistant Weeds (55), Broadleaf Weeds (36)…

Weed (89.12)…

Conyza sumatrensis

Fleabane, Tall Fleabane, Broad-Leaved Fleabane, White Horseweed, Sumatran Fleabane, Guernsey Fleabane

Essential Oils (5), Ethnobotany (5), Glyphosate (5), Medicinal Plants (5), Biological Invasion (4), Chemical Composition (4), Invasive Plant (4), Traditional Knowledge (4), Antimalarial (3)…

Turf (30.76), Weed (29.10), Medicinal (5.26)…

Copaifera langsdorfii

Diesel Tree, Kerosene Tree, Kupa'y, Cabismo, Copaϊva

Xyloglucan (14), Sesquiterpenes (10), Seed Oil (6), Copaiba (5), Kaurenoic Acid (5), Fatty Acids (4)…

Resin (92.45), Starch (1.06), Rubber (1.03)…

Copaifera multijuga

Copaifera

Sesquiterpenes (10), Oleoresin (8), Essential Oil (6), Antileishmanial Activity (5), Apoptosis (5)…

Resin (93.88), Poison (1.34)…

Copaifera officinalis

Copaiba

Amazonia (4), Essential Oils (4), Terpenoids (4), Traditional Medicine (4), Biodiesel (3), Climate Change (3), Developmental Stages (3), Ethnobotany (3), Indigenous Knowledge (3), Medicinal Plants (3)…

Resin (51.48), Essential Oil (13.65), Chewing (10.78), Medicinal (6.81), Biofuel (4.10)…

Copernicia alba

Copernicia

Bolivia (5), Bioglyphs (3), Calibration (3), Climate (3), Diatoms (3), Fossil Crustacean Burrows (3), Freshwater Crab (3), Holocene (3)…

Ornamental (79.50), Forage (2.74), Wastewater Treatment (2.20)…

Coprinus comatus

Shaggy Ink Cap, Lawyer's Wig, Shaggy Mane

Polysaccharide (24), Mushrooms (21), Fungi (16), Edible Mushrooms (15), Antioxidant (12), Antioxidant Activity (10), Heavy Metals (10), Mushroom (10), Structural Analysis (10)…

Poison (44.32), Starch (17.66), Weed (5.04)…

Coprosma quadrifida

 

Australia (3), Exotic Invasion (3), Natural Flow Regime (3), Plant Species Diversity (3), Tasmania (3), Wildfire (3)…

Wastewater Treatment (77.33), Timber9 (9.41)…

Corallorhiza striata

Hooded Coralroot, Striped Coralroot

Plastid DNA (3), Biodiversity (2), Canada (2), Fungi (2), Geographical Distribution (2), Mexico (2), Phylogeny (2), Phylogeography (2)…

Hemiparasite (64.18), Boundary (8.26), Timber9 (8.11), Shade7 (6.42)…

Corallorhiza trifida

Yellow Coralroot, Early Coralroot, Northern Coralroot

Mycoheterotrophy (9), Mycorrhiza (9), Mycorrhizal Fungi (7), Symbiosis (7), Biodiversity (6), Succession (6), Conservation (5), Plant Communities (5)…

Hemiparasite (91.26), Nutraceutical (2.13)…

Cordia alliodora

Spanish Elm, Ecuador Laurel, Cypre, Salmwood

Agroforestry (49), Costa Rica (48), Central America (21), Tropical Dry Forest (20), Panama (18), Mexico (13), Bolivia (12)…

Shade7 (47.38), Fuelwood (21.11), Timber9 (17.35)…

Cordia globosa

Curaciao Bush, Bloodberry, Butterfly Sage, Butterfly Bush

Amebicidal Activity (3), Brazil (3), Ethnobotany (3), Giardicidal Activity (3), Herbal Formulations (3), Infectious Bowel Diseases (3), Mayan Traditional Medicine (3), Medicinal Potions (3)…

Medicinal (47.57), Fuelwood (33.44)…

Cordia sinensis

Grey-Leaved Saucer Berry, Grey-Leaved Cordia, Marer, Mnya Mate, Mkamasi

Ephemeral River (3), Ethiopia (3), Leaf Deposits (3), Paleoecology (3), Point Bar (3), Taphonomy (3)…

Medicinal (29.38), Forage (25.25), Ornamental (12.33), Poison (4.42)…

Cordyline fruticosa

Tiplant, Cabbage Palm, Good Luck Plant, Palm Lily, Ti Plant, Ki, La'I, Ti Pore, Si, Lauti, Auti

Hawaii (5), CENTURY (4), Colonization (4), Ethnobotany (4), Food Ratio (4), Micropropagation (4), Ornamental Plants (4), Paleodemography (4), Polynesian Archaeology (4), Shoots (4), Sustainability (4)…

Cut Flower (42.53), Ornamental (33.43), Medicinal (5.39)…

Coriandrum sativum

Coriander, Cilantro, Chinese Parsley, Dhania

Essential Oils (99), Essential Oil (94), Antioxidant Activity (67), Medicinal Plants (67), Antioxidant (54), Spices (52), Fatty Acids (46), Coriander (37)…

Essential Oil (34.11), Flavouring/Spice (27.73), Vegetable (9.95)…

Coriaria nepalensis

Masuri Berry, Tanner's Tree, Mansur Shrub, Masuri, Makola, Masurya, Macchaino

Nucleotide Sequences (4), Ribosomal RNA (4), Endophytes (3), Essential Oils (3)…

Fuelwood (61.91), Timber9 (11.69), Genetics (7.08), Soil Amelioration (5.70)…

Coridothymus capitatus

 

Essential Oils (39), Essential Oil (21), Carvacrol (18), Antimicrobial Activity (10), Thymol (10), Chemical Composition (8), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (8), P-Cymene (8), Herbal Medicine (7)…

Essential Oil (78.28), Honey3 (4.99), Pesticide5 (3.54), Allelopathy (3.52)…

Cornus canadensis

Bunchberry Dogwood, Canadian Dwarf Cornel, Canadian Bunchberry, Quatre-Temps, Crackerberry, Creeping Dogwood

Boreal Forest (24), Disturbance (13), Biodiversity (12), Black Spruce (10), Eddy Covariance (9), Vegetation (9), Regeneration (8), Logging (7)…

Timber9 (44.15), Wastewater Treatment (15.66), Shade7 (7.25), Charcoal (6.94)…

Cornus controversa

Giant Dogwood, Wedding Cake Tree

Anthocyanins (10), Species Diversity (7), Antioxidant (6), Antioxidant Activity (5), Cornelian Cherry (5), Flavonoids (5), Japan (5), Seed Bank (5), Seed Dispersal (5), Anticancer (4)…

Fruit (32.44), Timber9 (25.01), Poison (5.47)...

Cornus drummondii

Roughleaf Dogwood

White-Tailed Deer (4), Acorn (3), Agroforestry (3), Competition (3), Drought (3), Facilitation (3), Kansas (3)…

Timber9 (29.77), Fruit (21.72), Wastewater Treatment (16.43)…

Cornus kousa

Kousa Dogwood

Hybrids (13), Cultivars (12), Anthocyanins (10), Antioxidant (10), Patents (10), Antioxidant Activity (7), Phenolic Compounds (7), United States (6)…

Tannin (25.83), Oilseed/Fat4 (14.78), Timber9 (11.51), Fruit (7.42), Nutraceutical (7.12)…

Cornus mas

Cornelian Cherry, European Cornel, Dogwood

Antioxidant Activity (21), Ethnobotany (20), Anthocyanin (17), Anthocyanins (16), Cornelian Cherry (15), Medicinal Plants (13), Ursolic Acid (13), Archaeobotany (11)…

Fruit (23.91), Weed (9.28), Medicinal (8.55), Nutraceutical (8.54), Timber9 (7.64), Poison (6.82)…

Cornus officinalis

Asiatic Dogwood, Japanese Cornel, Japanese Cornelian Cherry, Cornelian Cherries

Medicinal Plants (19), Oxidative Stress (19), Traditional Chinese Medicine (19), Apoptosis (16), Fructus Corni (15), Alzheimer's Disease (12), Inflammation (11), Antioxidant Activity (10), Flavonoids (9)…

Medicinal (47.03), Tannin (24.46), Cosmetics (9.27)…

Cornus sanguinea

Bloodtwig Dogwood, Common Dogwood

Archaeobotany (9), Biodiversity (9), Central Europe (8), Secondary Succession (8), Human Impact (7), Agricultural Landscapes (6), Disturbance (6), France (6), Grazing (6)…

Timber9 (56.47), Boundary (8.08), Charcoal (4.31)…

Coronilla minima

 

Carbon Isotope (3), Floristic Data (3), Functional Traits (3), Grass- And Shrubland (3), Jaccard Similarity (3), Meso-Scale (3), Niche Complementarity (3), Redundancy (3), Spatial Patterns (3), UTM Cartographic Grid (3)…

Smoking8 (90.04), Ornamental (3.45)…

Cortaderia jubata

Purple Pampas Grass, Andean Pampas Grass

Weeds (6), Alien Plants (4), Alien Species (4), Biological Invasions (4), Invasive Species (4), Invasiveness (4), California (3)…

Weed (31.44), Ornamental (25.32), Aquatic (12.03)…

Cortaderia selloana

Uruguayan Pampas Grass, Pampas Grass

Weeds (8), Argentina (7), Invasive Species (7), New Zealand (6), Pampas (6), Weed Control (6), Biogeography (5), Biological Invasions (5), California (5)…

Ornamental (31.70), Cereal1 (15.47), Dye (14.82), Fruit (5.16), Cane/Bamboo (5.16)…

Corydalis ambigua

 

Pollination (10), Dopamine (7), Japan (6), Seed Set (6), Flowering Phenology (5), Inflorescence Size (5)…

Honey3 (89.76)…

Corylus avellana

Common Filbert, Common Hazel

Hazelnuts (345), Cultivars (178), Italy (101), Pollen (84), Oregon (79), Hazelnut (74), Holocene (57), Turkey (Country) (50), Food Allergy (49), Spain (47), Climate Change (46)…

Nut (65.11), Poison (8.25), Charcoal (6.12), Timber9 (5.90)…

Corylus cornuta

Beaked Hazelnut, Beaked Hazel

Boreal Forest (24), Regeneration (11), Biodiversity (10), Disturbance (10), Eddy Covariance (9), Natural Regeneration (9), Climate Change (8), Minnesota (8)…

Timber9 (67.14), Shade7 (8.76)…

Corylus heterophylla

Siberian Hazelnut, Asian Hazel

Interspecific Hybridization (5), Blank Fruit (4), China (4), Hazelnut (4), Land Use Change (4), Plant Breeding (4)…

Tannin (82.68), Nut (4.60)…

Corymbia bella

Weeping Ghost Gum

Transpiration (6), Climate Variability (2), Community Structure (2), Daly River (2), Drought (2), Eucalypts (2), Fish Abundance (2), Fish Assemblage (2), Forest Dynamics (2), Functional Convergence (2), Jarvis–Stewart Model (2), Katherine River (2), Large Woody Debris (2), Riverbank Stability Analysis (2), Root-Area-Ratio (2), Rooting Depth (2), Root-Reinforcement (2), Slope Stability (2), Tree Water-Use (2), Tropical Dry Forest (2), Western Ghats (2), Wood Recruitment (2)…

Wastewater Treatment (78.87), Timber9 (15.14)…

Corymbia calophylla

Redgum, Marri, Port Gregory Gum

Western Australia (28), Australia (15), Jarrah Forest (15), Logging (14), Coarse Woody Debris (12)…

Timber9 (42.87), Smoking8 (21.03), Tannin (6.37), Ornamental (5.69), Revegetation (4.39)…

Corymbia citriodora

Lemonscented Gum, Lemon-Scented Gum, Blue Spotted Gum, Lemon Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus Citriodora

Essential Oils (34), Leaves (33), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (22), Forest Trees (17), Citronellal (15), Forest Plantations (14)…

Insect Repellent (61.72), Essential Oil (15.90), Timber9 (10.54)…

Corymbia ficifolia

Redflower Gum, Red Flowering Gum, Albany Red Flowering Gum

Cryptococcosis (2), Emerging Outbreak (2), Fungal Infections (2), Meningitis (2), Pulmonary Disease (2)…

Bioindicator (69.92), Smoking8 (11.25), Ornamental (6.33), Timber9 (5.28)…

Corymbia gummifera

Red Bloodwood

Australia (10), Ethnobotany (5), Fragmentation (5), Coarse Woody Debris (4), Ecological Niche Models (4), Fire Regimes (4), Logging (4)…

Bioindicator (43.30), Medicinal (18.40), Ornamental (4.85), Timber9 (4.27)…

Corymbia intermedia

Pink Bloodwood

Australia (3), Biodiversity (3), Impacts (3), Prescribed Burning (3)…

Bioindicator (55.98), Charcoal (21.33), Ornamental (10.38), Medicinal (4.88)…

Corymbia torelliana

 

Hybrids (8), Forest Trees (6), Interspecific Hybridization (6), Micropropagation (6), Plantation Forestry (6)…

Boundary (47.30), Resin (36.36), Timber9 (4.96)…

Corynephorus canescens

Gray Clubawn Grass, Grey Hair-Grass

Species Richness (9), Succession (8), Conservation (7), Soil Ph (7), Vegetation (7), Biodiversity (6), Fragmentation (6), Sandy Grassland (6)…

Cane/Bamboo (48.85), Ornamental (13.61), Soil Amelioration (12.37), Bioindicator (11.38)…

Corynocarpus laevigatus

Karaka Nut, Karaka, New Zealand Laurel

New Zealand (11), Invasive Species (4), Forest Trees (3), Null Model (3), Pollen (3), Seed Size (3)…

Poison (29.26), Shade7 (20.48), Ornamental (9.79), Charcoal (6.61), Timber9 (6.60)…

Cosmos caudatus

Wild Cosmos, Ulam Raja

Antioxidants (10), Antioxidant Activity (8), Flavonoids (6), NMR (5), Phenolic Compounds (5), Vegetables (5), Antibacterial Activity (4), Flavonoid (4), Metabolomics (4)…

Vegetable (85.39), Medicinal (4.59)…

Costus speciosus

Canereed, Crepe Ginger, Isebsab, Keu, Kemuk, Keumul, Keukand, Thebu, Pakarmula, Pushkarmula, Jom Lakhuti, Kostam, Kosta, Kostamu

Medicinal Plants (29), Diosgenin (20), Plant Biochemistry (20), Plant Physiology (20), Streptozotocin (16), Ethnobotany (13), Phytochemistry (12), Antidiabetic (11), Biosynthesis (11), India (11)…

Medicinal (74.45)…

Costus spicatus

Spiked Spiralflag, Spiked Spiralflag Ginger, Indian Head Ginger

Brazil (8), Medicinal Plants (8), Ethnopharmacology (6), Ethnobotany (5), Leaves (5), Inflammation (4), Pain (4), Traditional Medicine (4)…

Medicinal (43.25), Starch (18.94), Poison (7.03), Beverage (4.25)…

Cotinus coggygria

European Smoketree, Eurasian Smoketree, Smoke Tree, Smoke Bush

Antioxidant Activity (7), Flavonoids (7), Leaves (6), Rooting (5), Anthocyanins (4), Climate (4), Electrospray (4), Lipid Peroxidation (4), Liquid Chromatography (4), Natural Dyes (4)…

Dye (89.12), Food Dye (3.61)…

Cotula coronopifolia

Common Brassbuttons, Brass Buttons, Golden Buttons, Buttonweed

Biodiversity (7), Hydrophytes (6), Afrique Du Nord (5), North Africa (5), Biodiversitι (4), Habitat (3), Mediterranean (3), Mιditerranιe (3), Salt Marsh (3), Vegetation (3), Wetlands (3)…

Cut Flower (37.46), Aquatic (22.79), Wastewater Treatment (19.18), Biofuel (11.53)…

Couroupita guianensis

Cannonball Tree, Macacarecuia, Coco Sachapura, Bala De Canon, Kanonskogelboom, Arbre ΐ Boulet De Canon, Kouroupitoumou, Nagkeshar, Sala, Granadillo De Las Huacas, Ayahuma, Boskalebas

Medicinal Plants (14), Traditional Medicine (12), Antinociceptive Activity (11), Antifeedant (10), Pain (9), Peru (9), Larvicidal (8), Anti-Inflammatory Activity (7)…

Medicinal (77.46)…

Crassocephalum crepidioides

Redflower Ragleaf, Ebolo, Thickhead, Redflower Ragleaf, Fireweed

Medicinal Plants (9), Antioxidant (5), Hepatotoxicity (5)…

Medicinal (45.87), Weed (15.52), Fruit (5.29), Poison (4.31)…

Crassula helmsii

Swamp Stonecrop, New Zealand Pigmyweed

Biodiversity (6), Hydrophytes (6), Invasive Species (6), Aquatic Weeds (5), Photosynthesis (5), Copper Tolerance (4), Eutrophication (4), Invasiveness (4)…

Aquatic (50.92), Insectivorous (43.54)…

Crataegus azarolus

Azarole, Azerole, Mediterranean Medlar

Hawthorn (7), Cyprus (4), Procyanidins (4), Antioxidant Activity (3), Chemotaxonomy (3), Lebanon (3), Medicinal Plants (3)…

Medicinal (69.76), Poison (3.96)…

Crataegus laevigata

Smooth Hawthorn, Midland Hawthorn, English Hawthorn, Woodland Hawthorn, Mayflower

Antioxidant Activity (20), Flavonoids (20), Hawthorn (19), Antioxidant (12), Medicinal Plants (12), Phenolics (11)…

Medicinal (26.74), Timber9 (12.26), Honey3 (11.64), Weed (7.56)…

Crataegus monogyna

Oneseed Hawthorn, Common Hawthorn, Single-Seeded Hawthorn, May, Mayblossom, Maythorn, Quickthorn, Whitethorn, Motherdie, Haw

Medicinal Plants (47), Biodiversity (36), Ethnobotany (36), Flavonoids (36), Hawthorn (36), Spain (33), Seed Dispersal (31), Antioxidant Activity (28), Species Richness (21), Antioxidant (19)…

Timber9 (32.81), Boundary (24.98), Ornamental (9.28), Poison (5.54)…

Crataegus orientalis

 

Ethnobotany (11), Medicinal Plants (9), Turkey (9), Traditional Medicine (8), FIC (5), Antioxidant (3)…

Medicinal (83.59)…

Crataegus pinnatifida

Chinese Haw, Chinese Hawthorn, Chinese Hawberry, Shanzha

Hawthorn (26), Traditional Chinese Medicine (17), Antioxidant Activity (16), Flavonoids (14), Ursolic Acid (12), Apoptosis (9), Chlorogenic Acid (9), Corosolic Acid (9)…

Medicinal (41.43), Beverage (10.01), Starch (6.63), Oilseed/Fat4 (5.55), Timber9 (5.06)…

Crataeva magna

 

Ethnobotany (3), Medicinal Plants (3), Phytochemistry (3)…

Biofuel (23.97), Ornamental (20.51), Medicinal (12.93), Pesticide5 (7.65), Fuelwood (5.51)…

Crataeva tapia

Tapia

Lectin (10), Chromatography (7), Fingerprint (6), HPTLC Profile (6), Ethnobotany (5), HPTLC (5), Purification (5), Glycosides (4), Steroids (4), Termiticidal Activity (4), Antimicrobial Activity (3)…

Fuelwood (28.46), Medicinal (13.39), Tannin (9.07), Biofuel (7.77)…

Craterostigma plantagineum

Blue Gem

Abscisic Acid (33), Desiccation Tolerance (33), Gene Expression (26), Water Stress (26), Drought (24), Abiotic Stress (22), Desiccation (22), LEA Proteins (21), Phospholipase D (17), Resurrection Plant (17)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (28.51), Sweetener (25.44), Cereal1 (12.24), Starch (5.13), Genetics (4.79)…

Crepis biennis

Rough Hawksbeard, Rough Hawk's-Beard

Biodiversity (10), Species Diversity (7), Vegetation (7), Grassland Restoration (6), Restoration (6), Species Richness (6), Litter Decomposition (5), Nitrogen (5), Mulch (4), Organic Farming (4)…

Weed (26.40), Ornamental (25.40), Green Manure (24.07)…

Crepis vesicaria

Beaked Hawksbeard, Kokkinogoula, Lekanida, Prikousa

Vegetation (6), Ethnopharmacology (5), Polyphenols (4), Soil (4), Arid (3)…

Medicinal (28.19), Ornamental (11.84), Bioindicator (8.48), Revegetation (7.71), Soil Amelioration (6.21), Weed (5.99)…

Crinum asiaticum

Poisonbulb, Poison Bulb, Giant Crinum Lily, Grand Crinum Lily, Grand Crinum Lily, Spider Lily

Ethnobotany (12), Alkaloids (10), Serine Protease (10), Lycorine (8), Antioxidant (6), Crinumin (5), Invasive Species (5), Medicinal Plant (5), Medicinal Plants (5)…

Medicinal (72.84), Rubber (10.28)…

Crinum macowanii

Pyjama Lily

Alkaloids (9), Lycorine (8), Acetylcholinesterase (6), Alkaloid (5), Bulbs (5), Cytotoxicity (5), Micropropagation (5), Toxicity (5), Galanthamine (4), Medicinal Plants (4)…

Medicinal (24.73), Poison (23.08), Genetics (15.12), Charcoal (5.70), Psychoactive (5.50)…

Crithmum maritimum

Samphire, Rock Samphire, Sea Fennel

Antioxidant Activity (41), Halophytes (26), Salt Stress (25), Salinity (20), Antioxidant Enzymes (18), Essential Oils (16), Cytotoxicity (13), Essential Oil (13), Halophyte (13)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (38.35), Essential Oil (30.53), Cut Flower (6.57)…

Crocus sativus

Saffron Crocus

Saffron (334), Crocin (70), Corms (67), Specialty Crops (55), Oxidative Stress (52), Iran (51), Crocetin (44), Safranal (43), Carotenoids (42), Medicinal Plants (39), Stigma (39), Crop Yield (32)…

Flavouring/Spice (39.00), Medicinal (25.26), Dye (8.25), Cosmetics (5.82)…

Crossandra infundibuliformis

Firecracker Flower

Antibacterial Activity (16), Antifungal Activity (8), Antimicrobial Activity (6), Inhibition Zone (6), Green Synthesis (5), Antimicrobial (4)…

Pesticide5 (43.85), Tannin (18.31), Honey3 (9.84), Ornamental (5.99)…

Crotalaria juncea

Sunn Hemp, Sunn

Cover Crops (58), Green Manures (49), Crop Yield (45), Nitrogen (36), Crop Rotation (35), India (35)…

Green Manure (67.79), Grain Legume2 (8.72), Companion Plant (6.25)…

Crotalaria lachnophora

 

Antioxidant Activity (2), Biological Homogenisation (2), Bujumbura (2), Burundi (2), Invasive Plants (2), Urban Ecology (2), Urbanization (2)…

Erosion Control (84.20), Green Manure (4.13)…

Crotalaria micans

Caracas Rattlebox

Pollination Mechanism (3), Reproductive Assurance (3), Acid Soils (2), Adult Inbreeding Depression (2), Anther Dimorphism (2)…

Breeding (46.67), Fodder (10.11), Grain Legume2 (9.07), Honey3 (9.02), Green Manure (7.33)…

Crotalaria pallida

Smooth Rattlebox

Seed Predation (8), Lectin (7), Plant Defense (7), Biological Control (5), Trypsin Inhibitor (5), Antifungal Activity (4), Antifungal Peptides (4), Crop Rotation (4)…

Rubber (37.85), Hemiparasite (15.78), Green Manure (13.66), Medicinal (7.23)…

Croton flavens

Yellow Balsam, Sangre Drago

Essential Oil (11), Essential Oils (9), Anticancer (7), Antimicrobial Activity (6), Cytotoxicity (5), Anti-Mutagenic Activity (4), Antioxidant (4), Mutagenic Activity (4)…

Essential Oil (88.58), Pesticide5 (3.78)…

Cryptantha flava

Brenda's Yellow Cryptantha, Yellow Cryptantha

Drought (7), Utah (6), Climate Change (5), Desert (4), Mortality (4), Ovules (4), Seed Dispersal (4)…

Fruit (40.24), Shade7 (30.98)…

Cryptomeria japonica

Japanese Cedar, Sugi

Japan (153), Forestry (146), Forest Trees (80), Wood (78), Plant Physiology (70), Plant Biochemistry (68), Pollen (66), Lignin (64), Tree Physiology (48), Silviculture (43)…

Timber9 (43.86), Poison (21.28), Resin (8.70), Medicinal (5.31)…

Cryptostegia grandiflora

Palay Rubbervine, Rubber Vine

Invasive Species (12), Biological Control (11), Weeds (11), Conservation (8), Invasive Plants (8), Queensland (8), Australia (7), Fire (7), Weed Control (7)…

[Rubber (91.76)], Weed (3.63)…

[The Common Name Of This Species Is Rubber Vine; It Is A Noxious Weed]

Cucumis melo

Cantaloupe, Muskmelon, Honeydew, Crenshaw, Casaba, Cantaloupe, Persian Melon, Santa Claus Melon, Christmas Melon

Melons (575), Cultivars (257), Crop Yield (250), Disease Resistance (223), Plant Pathogenic Fungi (170), Fruit Quality (150)…

Fruit (69.71), Plant Grafting (7.85)…

Cucumis sativus

Garden Cucumber

Cucumbers (982), Greenhouse Production (330), Leaves (322), Crop Yield (287), Cucumber (267), Enzyme Activity (245), Roots (225), Plant Pathogenic Fungi (217)…

Fruit (27.67), Vegetable (10.88), Medicinal (8.66), Timber9 (8.59), Oilseed/Fat4 (6.45), Plant Grafting (6.20), Grain Legume2 (5.93)…

Cucumis trigonus

 

Latex (13), Serine Protease (9), Streptozotocin (8), Diabetes Mellitus (7), Tenderness (7), Isoproterenol (6), Proteases (6), Antioxidant (5), Purification (5), Antidiabetic (4), Antioxidants (4), Aqueous Extract (4), Blood Glucose (4)…

Rubber (85.53), Oilseed/Fat4 (3.10)…

Cucurbita ficifolia

Figleaf Gourd, Seven Year Melon

Grafting (23), Rootstocks (14), Polyamines (10), Oxidative Stress (9), Rootstock (8)…

Plant Grafting (88.80), Allelopathy (3.69)…

Cucurbita maxima

Winter Squash, Arikara Squash, Banana Squash, Boston Marrow, Buttercup Squash, Candy Roaster Landrace, Hubbard Squash, Jarrahdale Pumpkin, Kabocha, Lakota Squash, Turk's Turban, French Turban

Pumpkins (70), Phloem (51), Pumpkin (46), Winter Squashes (45), Enzyme Activity (44), Grafting (43)…

Plant Grafting (52.92), Fruit (9.55), Vegetable (7.29), Starch (5.21)…

Cucurbita moschata

Crookneck Squash, Butternut Squash, Dickinson Field Pumpkin, Kentucky Field Pumpkin, Long Island Cheese Pumpkin, Calabaza, Tromboncino, Zucchetta, Seminole Pumpkin, Neck Pumpkin, Long Of Naples Squash, Giromon

Pumpkins (50), Pumpkin (42), Grafting (40), Cultivars (34), Crop Yield (30), Carotenoids (28), Rootstocks (28)…

Plant Grafting (62.11), Fruit (10.71), Vegetable (9.10)…

Cucurbita pepo

Field Pumpkin, Acorn Squash, Cocozzelle Squash, Crookneck Squash, Pumpkin, Scallop Squash, Straightneck Squash, Vegetable Marrow, Zucchini, Ornamental Gourds

Zucchini (175), Pumpkins (158), Crop Yield (120), Cultivars (112), Leaves (98), Squashes (88), Plant Viruses (71)…

Honey3 (19.07), Fruit (15.25), Vegetable (12.13), Timber9 (9.55), Phytoextractive (5.91), Medicinal (5.21)…

Cudrania cochinchinensis

 

Naringin (8), Oxidative Stress (8), Roots (7), Flavonoids (6), Mitochondria (6), Phenolic Compounds (6), Medicinal Plants (5), Taiwan (5)…

Medicinal (27.79), Oilseed/Fat4 (26.99), Poison (6.87), Cosmetics (6.34)…

Cudrania tricuspidata

Storehousebush, Cudrang, Mandarin Melon Berry, Silkworm Thorn, Zhe, Che, Chinese Mulberry

Apoptosis (13), Flavonoids (12), Xanthones (11), Nitric Oxide (9), Antioxidant (7), Cytotoxicity (5), Heme Oxygenase (HO)-1 (5), Medicinal Plants (5)…

Birdseed (53.29), Medicinal (11.63), Starch (8.81), Poison (6.29)…

Cullen australasicum

Native Scurf Pea

Forage Legumes (7), Phosphorus (5), Field Experimentation (4), Methane (4), Perennials (4), Rumen Fermentation (4), Drought (3), Essential Oils (3)…

Cereal1 (30.07), Forage (19.70), Nutraceutical (13.34), Tannin (6.35), Cane/Bamboo (5.97)…

Cuminum cyminum

Cumin

Essential Oil (86), Cumin (66), Essential Oils (64), Medicinal Plants (50), Spices (49), Antioxidant Activity (45), Antioxidant (32), Antimicrobial Activity (24), Ethnobotany (23)…

Flavouring/Spice (43.05), Essential Oil (39.60), Medicinal (4.73)…

Cunninghamia lanceolata

Chinese Fir

China (76), Biomass (29), Carbon Sequestration (20), Bio-Oil (18), Wood (17), Carbon Storage (15), Forest Trees (15), Liquefaction (15), Chinese Fir (14), Forestry (14)…

Cane/Bamboo (47.42), Timber9 (31.12), Resin (4.74), Wood Fibre (4.26)…

Cupressus arizonica

Arizona Cypress

Allergy (29), Pollen (21), Pollinosis (14), Allergen (13), Food Allergy (13), Allergens (12), Ige (12), Asthma (10), Essential Oil (10)…

Poison (88.41)…

Cupressus lusitanica

Bentham Cypress, Cedro Blanco, Teotlate, Mexican White Cedar

Ethiopia (21), Methyl Jasmonate (11), Regeneration (11), Kenya (10), Elicitation (9), Essential Oils (9), Forestry (9)…

Timber9 (35.65), Fuelwood (18.02), Resin (7.33), Smoking8 (6.11)…

Cupressus sempervirens

Italian Cypress, Mediterranean Cypress, Tuscan Cypress, Graveyard Cypress, Pencil Pine

Essential Oils (39), Essential Oil (31), Medicinal Plants (25), Pollen (23), Italy (19)…

Poison (54.02), Essential Oil (14.14), Dye (4.87)…

Curculigo orchiodes

 

Medicinal Plants (3), Alkaline Phosphatase (2), Atoor Village (2), Bone Nodule (2), Curculigoside (2), DPPH Radical Scavenging Activity (2), Ethnobotany (2), Growth Periods (2), Kanyakumari (2), MC3T3-E1 Cells (2), Nadars (2), Norlignan Glucosides (2), Proliferation (2)…

Medicinal (85.59)…

Curcuma amada

Mango Ginger

Antibacterial Activity (7), Ethnomedicine (7), Mango Ginger (6), Rhizomes (6), Antioxidant (5), Essential Oils (5), India (5)…

Medicinal (27.30), Pesticide5 (11.57), Flavouring/Spice (7.87), Fruit (7.68), Timber9 (6.40)…

Curcuma aromatica

Curcuma, Wild Turmeric

Larvicidal Activity (12), Antioxidant (11), Rhizomes (10), Essential Oil (9), Essential Oils (9), Medicinal Plants (9)…

Medicinal (44.70), Essential Oil (18.30), Insect Repellent (7.98), Dye (4.91)…

Curcuma domestica

Kunyit Turmeric

Curcuminoids (21), Curcumin (19), Turmeric (17), Medicinal Plants (12), Cytotoxicity (7), Essential Oils (7)…

Medicinal (28.90), Flavouring/Spice (22.01), Nutraceutical (10.63), Essential Oil (10.37)…

Curcuma longa

Common Turmeric

Curcumin (1169), Turmeric (218), Oxidative Stress (193), Apoptosis (164), Antioxidant (128), Inflammation (109), Curcuminoids (97), Antioxidant Activity (92), Antioxidants (91), Medicinal Plants (72), Cancer (67)…

Flavouring/Spice (27.89), Medicinal (12.93), Poison (10.86), Nutraceutical (6.73), Oilseed/Fat4 (5.49), Dye (5.44)…

Curcuma xanthorrhiza

Temulawak, Java Ginger, Javanese Ginger, Temulawak, Koneng Gede, Temu Labak

Xanthorrhizol (20), Curcumin (19), Apoptosis (14), Curcuminoids (10), Inflammation (10), Turmeric (10), Anti-Inflammatory Activity (9), Medicinal Plants (9)…

Medicinal (38.18), Oilseed/Fat4 (7.31), Starch (5.80), Poison (4.94)…

Curcuma zedoaria

Zedoary, White Turmeric, Kentjur

Curcumin (24), Essential Oil (14), Medicinal Plants (14), Turmeric (13), Essential Oils (11), Germacrone (10), Antifungal Activity (9), Antioxidant (9), Inflammation (9)…

Starch (33.30), Medicinal (21.95), Essential Oil (9.82), Flavouring/Spice (8.20)…

Cuscuta chinensis

 

Traditional Chinese Medicine (15), Antioxidant (14), Acetaminophen (8), Flavonoid (8), Osteoblast (8), Medicinal Plants (7), Chinese Herbal Medicine (6), Estrogen Receptor (6), Herbal Medicine (6)…

Medicinal (77.27)…

Cuscuta pentagona

Bushclover Dodder

Parasitic Plants (12), Seed Germination (5), Salicylic Acid (4), Seedlings (4), Weeds (4), Dodder (3)…

Hemiparasite (95.98)…

Cuscuta reflexa

Giant Dodder, Dodder

Parasitic Plants (33), Plants (15), Medicinal Plants (14), Parasitism (14), Parasitic Plant (12), Phytochelatins (12), Weeds (11), Cadmium (10), Dodder (10)…

Hemiparasite (91.17)…

Cycas micronesica

 

Cyanobacteria (26), BMAA (19), ALS/PDC (12), Excitotoxicity (11), Guam (11), Cycad (10), Parkinson's Disease (10), Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (9), Dementia (8), Neurotoxin (8), Parkinsonism (8)…

Poison (74.35), Phytoextractive (8.95)…

Cycas revoluta

Sago Palm, King Sago, Sago Cycad, Japanese Sago Palm

Cyanobacteria (31), BMAA (15), Symbiosis (14), Cycad (11), Phylogeny (11), Cycads (10), Gymnosperms (10)…

Fruit (26.80), Medicinal (10.68), Poison (7.26), Starch (7.19)…

Cyclamen persicum

Florist's Cyclamen, Persian Cyclamen

Somatic Embryogenesis (33), Ornamental Plants (25), Micropropagation (18), Somatic Embryos (18), Horticultural Crops (17)…

Breeding (20.94), Ornamental (15.72), Genetics (12.49), Pesticide5 (8.19), Grain Legume2 (7.35)…

Cyclopia genistoides

Kustee, Coastal Tea

Mangiferin (18), Honeybush (11), Herbal Tea (9), Flavonoids (6), ORAC (6), Plant Nutrition (6)…

Beverage (45.13), Honey3 (32.63), Medicinal (5.67)…

Cyclopia subternata

Vleitee, Marshland Tea, Valleitee, Valley Tea

Herbal Tea (13), Honeybush (8), Flavonoids (6), Mangiferin (6), Rooibos (6), Industry (5), Processing (5), Xanthones (5)…

Beverage (62.45), Honey3 (18.78)…

Cydonia oblonga

Quince

Quinces (98), Antioxidant Activity (79), Rootstocks (60), Phenolic Compounds (47), Pears (46), Cultivars (43), Organic Acids (41), Medicinal Plants (39), Quince (33), Ethnobotany (32), Flavonoids (31)…

Plant Grafting (35.26), Fruit (24.62)…

Cymbopogon citratus

Lemon Grass, Oil Grass

Essential Oils (174), Essential Oil (111), Medicinal Plants (108), Ethnobotany (61), Plant Extracts (51), Antimicrobial Activity (36), Traditional Medicine (36), Citral (34), Antioxidant Activity (33)…

Essential Oil (59.61), Medicinal (14.93), Pesticide5 (5.56)…

Cymbopogon flexuosus

East Indian Lemongrass, Cochin Grass, Malabar Grass, Inchippullu

Essential Oils (44), Essential Oil (41), India (24), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (20), Biosynthesis (17), Citral (17), Geraniol (17), Crop Yield (15), Apoptosis (13), Gold Nanoparticles (11)…

Essential Oil (91.70)…

Cymbopogon martinii

Rosha Grass, Palmarosa, Indian Geranium, Gingergrass, Rosha

Essential Oils (50), Essential Oil (34), Geraniol (27), India (19), Crop Yield (15), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (13), Palmarosa (11)…

Essential Oil (90.42)…

Cymbopogon nardus

Citronella Grass

Essential Oils (58), Essential Oil (46), Medicinal Plants (13), Citronella Oil (11), Plant Extracts (11), Repellent (11), Antimicrobial Activity (10), Microencapsulation (10)…

Essential Oil (69.46), Insect Repellent (14.67), Pesticide5 (7.13)…

Cymbopogon winterianus

Cymbopogon Grass

Essential Oils (35), Essential Oil (30), India (23), Geraniol (17), Crop Yield (13), Citronellol (11), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (10), Leaves (9), Medicinal Plants (8), Repellent (8)…

Essential Oil (91.02)…

Cynanchum auriculatum

Niu Pi Xiao

Apoptosis (5), Antitumor (4), Caudatin Derivatives (4), Pregnane Glycosides (4), Synthesis (4), Traditional Chinese Medicine (4), Antidepressant (3)…

Medicinal (37.37), Starch (22.76), Poison (9.83)…

Cynara cardunculus

Cardoon, Artichoke Thistle, Cardone, Cardoni, Carduni, Cardi

Artichokes (153), Cardoons (145), Biomass (114), Biodiesel (111), Pyrolysis (77), Proteolysis (75), Transesterification (75), Italy (63), Cultivars (62), Antioxidant Activity (56), Spain (50)…

Biofuel (80.59), Paper Pulp (9.51), Vegetable (3.71)…

Cynara scolymus

Globe Artichoke

Antioxidant Activity (47), Artichoke (40), Artichokes (33), Flavonoids (33), Inulin (32), Polyphenol Oxidase (29), Caffeoylquinic Acids (28), Chlorogenic Acid (27), Phenolic Compounds (25), Polyphenols (25), Antioxidant (22), Antioxidants (22)…

Dietary Fibre (27.49), Nutraceutical (18.89), Vegetable (17.02)…

Cynoglossum officinale

Gypsyflower, Houndstongue, Houndstooth, Dog's Tongue, Gypsy Flower, Rats, Mice

Biological Control (29), Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids (25), Weed Control (12), Herbivory (11), British Columbia (10), Invasive Species (9), Biological Control Agents (8), Netherlands (8)…

Boundary (33.78), Honey3 (10.81), Weed (9.91), Poison (7.16), Ornamental (5.79)…

Cynosurus cristatus

Crested Dogstail Grass, Crested Dog's-Tail

Grazing (23), Biodiversity (22), Grassland (17), Restoration (16), Species Richness (12), Agri-Environment Schemes (11), Calcareous Grassland (10)…

Hemiparasite (43.46), Boundary (12.34), Ornamental (12.19), Charcoal (8.25), Medicinal (4.97)…

Cyperus articulatus

Jointed Flatsedge, Priprioca

Medicinal Plants (16), Traditional Medicine (12), Anticonvulsant (9), Picrotoxin (8), Amazonia (7), Epilepsy (7), Ethnobotany (7), Sesquiterpenes (7), Africa (6)…

Medicinal (45.45), Aquatic (26.21)…

Cyperus difformis

Variable Flatsedge, Smallflower Umbrella-Sedge

Rice (33), Weeds (28), Weed Control (21), Allelopathy (18), Herbicide Resistance (14), Weed Management (12)...

Weed (76.90), Allelopathy (14.19)…

Cyperus involucratus

Unbrella Plant

Constructed Wetland (21), Phosphorus (16), Constructed Wetlands (12), Nitrogen (12), Vertical Flow (12), Domestic Wastewater (7), Macrophytes (7), BOD (5), Horizontal Flow (5), Wastewater (5)…

Wastewater Treatment (92.23), Aquatic (5.58)…

Cyperus iria

Ricefield Flatsedge, Rice Flat Sedge, Rice Flatsedge

Weed Control (18), Rice (16), Weeds (14), India (9), Allelopathy (8), Cultural Control (7), Emergence (7), Herbicide (7)…

Weed (89.39)…

Cyperus laxus

 

Phytoremediation (26), Bioremediation (11), Biodegradation (6), Hydrocarbons (6), Degradation (5), Mangrove Sediments (4), Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (Tphs) (4), Amazon (3), Amuesha (3), Arawak (3), Chlorpyrifos (3), Contaminated Soil (3)…

Phytoamelioration (72.10), Biofuel (26.12)…

Cyperus longus

Common Galingale

Bioenergy (10), Mediterranean (9), Essential Oils (7), Afrique Du Nord (6), Conservation (6), North Africa (6), Hydrophytes (5), Photosynthesis (5), Vegetation (5), Antimicrobial Activity (4), Biodiversity (4), Biofuel (4)…

Aquatic (28.71), Shade7 (9.96), Essential Oil (8.93), Charcoal (6.55), Medicinal (4.22), Wastewater Treatment (3.45)…

Cyperus papyrus

Papyrus, Papyrus Sedge, Paper Reed, Indian Matting Plant, Nile Grass

Constructed Wetlands (37), Wetlands (27), Constructed Wetland (23), Kenya (18), Lake Victoria (18), Wetland (18), Macrophytes (15), Wastewater Treatment (15), Africa (13), Swamps (13)…

Wastewater Treatment (71.17), Aquatic (17.91), Chewing (6.13)…

Cyperus rotundus

Nutgrass, Coco-Grass, Java Grass, Nut Grass, Purple Nut Sedge, Red Nut Sedge, Khmer Kravanh Chruk

Weed Control (177), Weeds (149), Plants (80), Weed Science (67), Application Rate (57), Herbicides (57), Tubers (56), Crop Yield (45), Glyphosate (43), Medicinal Plants (38)…

Nut (41.61), Weed (40.83)…

Cytisus multiflorus

White Spanishbroom, White Spanish Broom

Biomass (7), Antioxidants (6), Phytostabilization (6), Shrubs (6), Soil Erosion (6), Phenolic Compounds (5), Portugal (5), Antioxidant Activity (4), Ethnobotany (4)…

Revegetation (82.39)…

Cytisus scoparius

Scotch Broom, Common Broom

Invasive Species (56), Biodiversity (31), Biological Control (28), Spain (24), Climate Change (23), Species Richness (22), Invasion (20), Weed Control (20), Forest Management (19)…

Ornamental (17.83), Timber9 (14.83), Weed (12.77), Fruit (5.50), Revegetation (4.42)…

Cytisus striatus

Striated Broom, Portuguese Broom, French Broom, Spanish Broom

Arsenic (27), Antimony (24), Phytoremediation (15), Response Surface Methodology (15), Enzymatic Hydrolysis (14), Soil Pollution (10)…

Phytoamelioration (22.60), Sweetener (15.80), Phytoextractive (13.73), Smoking8 (13.68), Revegetation (13.16)…

Cytisus villosus

Hairybroom, Hairy Broom

Hydrophytes (5), Mediterranean (5), Phylogeny (5)…

Honey3 (34.26), Medicinal (28.75), Essential Oil (4.09)…

 

Footnote re most likely scope for crop use/product: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product.  Examples are provided below (1-9, and superscripts in the crop use/product column, above) for those terms which were influenced in this manner:

1[Some species were identified as “cereal” but were actually species frequently associated with cereals, perhaps as weeds of cereal crops]
2[Some species were identified as “grain legume” but were actually species frequently associated with grain legumes, such as weeds of grain legume crops]
3[Some species were identified as “honey” but were actually studies on flower structure or pollination]
4[Some species were identified as “oilseed/fat” but were actually species frequently associated with oilseeds, such as weeds of oilseed crops]
5[Some species identified as “pesticide” were not sources of pesticides but were commercial crops whose production requires pesticides]
6[Some species were identified as “pseudocereal” but were actually species frequently associated with pseudocereals in some manner]
7[This term referred to plant species that provide or require shade]
8[This term referred to plant species whose product may be used for smoking but also includes those species whose seeds may require smoke to germinate]
9[This term identified plant species that naturally grow amongst timber in a forest (or on timber, such as a lichen), as well as those with a timber product; it also identified some species whose product may have been described as “woody”]

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW