New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
 genus B..

The species below (from genus B..) have attracted recent attention in the literature.
Samples of their
keyword and crop use/product entries from the Website
may assist in explaining the recent increase in mentions in the literature.

For keywords: Species, family and the term Internet resources have been omitted, below; 
the number after each keyword is the number of papers in which the keyword and the species have been mentioned together.
  Larger numbers will be more reliable.


For crop use/product: The percentages after each crop use/product enabled the 68 crop uses/products to be ranked for each individual species;
 the footnote below the table explains the superscripts (1-9) included in the crop use/product column

Listings of species attracting attention by common name, keyword or crop use/product are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.


Species name


Common name(s)

 


Keywords

 


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Baccaurea ramiflora

Baccaurea, Burmese Grape

Carbon Monoxide (5), Rubber Plantation (5), Antioxidant Activity (3), Artificial Tropical Rainforest (3)…

Rubber (88.28), Medicinal (1.77)…

Backhousia citriodora

Lemon Myrtle, Lemon Scented Myrtle, Lemon Scented Ironwood

Essential Oils (20), Essential Oil (14), Antimicrobial Activity (8), Antioxidant Activity (8), Citral (8), MTS Assay (7), Antifungal Activity (6)…

Essential Oil (42.07), Insect Repellent (23.29), Pesticide5 (18.42), Flavouring/Spice (6.73)…

Bacopa monnieri

Herb Of Grace, Waterhyssop, Brahmi, Thyme-Leafed Gratiola, Water Hyssop

Oxidative Stress (70), Cadmium (50), Lipid Peroxidation (38), Medicinal Plants (38), Antioxidants (37), Antioxidant Enzymes (30), Glutathione (29), Heavy Metals (26), Phytoremediation (25), Chromium (16), India (15), Bacoside A (14), Copper (14), Lead (14), Epilepsy (13)…

Poison (15.92), Medicinal (13.75), Smoking8 (11.83), Chewing (11.65), Aquatic (9.95), Phytoamelioration (7.74)…

Bactris gasipaes

Peach Palm, Peach-Palm, Pejibaye, Chontaduro, Pijuayo, Pijiguao, Tembι, Pibα, Pupunha, Peewah

Agroforestry (34), Brazil (33), Amazonia (28), Costa Rica (21), Amazon (12), Peru (12)…

Green Manure (25.77), Companion Plant (17.86)…

Bagassa guianensis

Cow Wood, Katowar, Tuwue, Yawahedan, Gele Bagasse, Jawahedan, Kauhoedoe, Kaw-Oedoe, Bacasse, Bagasse, Odon, Odoun, Tatajuba, Tareka'y, Amaparana, Taraiko'i, Tatajuba, Tatajuba

Tropical Forest (6), Brazil (5), Gene Flow (5), Reduced Impact Logging (5), Amazon (4), Amazon Forest (4), Antifungal (4), Forest Management (4)…

Timber9 (64.29), Chewing (8.50), Fruit (5.74)…

Balanites aegyptiaca

Desert Date, Soap Berry Tree, Soap Berry Bush, Thron Tree, Egyptian Myrobalan, Egyptian Balsam, Zachum Oil Tree, Lalob, Hidjihi, Inteishit, Heglig, Hijlij, Aduwa, Mchunju, Bedena

Sahel (38), Medicinal Plants (35), Ethiopia (27), Sudan (23), Ethnobotany (21), West Africa (19), Kenya (18), Remote Sensing (18), Agroforestry (17), Burkina Faso (17), Saponins (17)…

Biofuel (47.05), Timber9 (13.11), Fuelwood (7.26)…

Bambusa vulgaris

Common Bamboo, Golden Bamboo, Buddha's Belly Bamboo

Bamboo (23), Medicinal Plants (10), Abortifacient (7), Bamboo Mosaic Virus (5), Bamboo Shoot (5)…

Cane/Bamboo (88.79), Wood Fibre (3.80)…

Banisteriopsis caapi

Ayahuasca, Caapi, Yajι

Ayahuasca (45), Harmine (26), Medicinal Plants (25), Hallucinogens (15), Alkaloids (14), Dimethyltryptamine (14), Shamanism (14), Traditional Medicine (13), Ethnobotany (12)…

Psychoactive (86.33), Medicinal (7.27)…

Banksia attenuata

Candlestick Banksia, Slender Banksia, Biara

Western Australia (11), Fire (9), Australia (6), Banksia Woodland (6), Phreatophyte (6), Restoration (6)…

Smoking8 (32.64), Honey3 (13.49), Timber9 (11.36), Genetics (8.64), Ornamental (8.34)…

Banksia hookeriana

 

Fire (12), Serotiny (9), AFLP (8), Fire Frequency (6), Climate Change (5), Fire Ecology (5)…

Ornamental (30.77), Smoking8 (19.50), Breeding (10.73), Genetics (9.24)…

Banksia ilicifolia

Holly-Leaved Banksia

Ecohydrology (4), Monitoring (4), Genetic Structure (3), Groundwater Drawdown (3)…

Honey3 (55.66), Breeding (20.11), Timber9 (5.20)…

Banksia menziesii

Firewood Banksia, Port Wine Banksia, Strawberry Banksia

Western Australia (11), Pollination (10), Australia (6), Cut Flowers (6), Phenology (6), Fire (5), Banksia Woodland (4)…

Honey3 (75.99), Smoking8 (11.14), Breeding (2.25)…

Banksia prionotes

 

Hydraulic Redistribution (6), Proteoid Roots (5), Xylem (5), Australia (4), Competition (4), Fire (4), Hydraulic Lift (4)…

Honey3 (43.79), Timber9 (8.99), Medicinal (6.90), Ornamental (6.16)…

Banksia sphaerocarpa

Fox Banksia, Round-Fruit Banksia

Fragmentation (3), Pollination (3), Habitat Fragmentation (2)…

Honey3 (29.48), Revegetation (14.37), Ornamental (14.35)…

Barbarea vulgaris

Garden Yellowrocket, Bittercress, Herb Barbara, Rocketcress, Yellow Rocketcress, Winter Rocket, Wound Rocket

Glucosinolates (39)…

Hemiparasite (29.17), Weed (15.33), Model (11.98)…

Barleria lupulina

Hophead Philippine Violet, Hop-Headed Barleria

Antioxidant (8), Diabetes (7), Anti-Inflammatory (5), Diabetes Mellitus (5), Antibacterial (4), Blood Glucose (4)…

Medicinal (73.62), Biofuel (5.35)…

Basella alba

Vine Spinach, Red Vine Spinach, Climbing Spinach, Creeping Spinach, Buffalo Spinach, Malabar Spinach, Ceylon Spinach

Medicinal Plants (18), Antioxidant Activity (10), Antioxidants (8), Testosterone (8), Vitamin A (8), Uganda (7), Ethnobotany (6), Plants (6), Anti-Inflammatory Activity (5)…

Plant Gum (35.72), Vegetable (28.77), Nutraceutical (19.40), Dietary Fibre (1.95)…

Bauhinia blakeana

Hong Kong Orchid Tree

Heavy Metals (9), Urban Ecology (7), Air Pollution (4), Urban Forest (4), Air Quality Monitoring Station (3), Fine Particles (3), Food-Deceptive Orchids (3), Germination (3), Guangzhou (3), Hong Kong (3)…

Bioindicator (77.20), Ornamental (12.81), Rubber (3.39)…

Bauhinia forficata

Cow's-Foot, Brazilian Orchid Tree,Pata De Vaca

Diabetes (25), Lectin (22), Diabetes Mellitus (18), Flavonoids (15), Medicinal Plants (15), Insulin (13), Hyperglycemia (12), Glucose Uptake (11), Antioxidant Activity (10)…

Medicinal (18.06), Poison (15.59), Oilseed/Fat4 (11.84), Starch (11.25)…

Bauhinia galpinii

Pride Of De Kaap, Orchid Tree, Red Bauhinia, Nasturtium Bauhinia, African Plume, Red Orchid Bush

Cytotoxicity (8), Mutagenicity (5), Antioxidant (4), Genotoxicity (4), Medicinal Plants (4), DPPH (3), Ethnobotany (3), Flavonoids (3), South Africa (3), Traditional Healers (3), Antibacterial Activity (2)…

Fuelwood (47.91), Medicinal (17.23), Poison (13.78)…

Bauhinia monandra

Pink Bauhinia, Orchid Tree, Napoleon's Plume

Lectin (35), Toxicity (13), Insecticidal Activity (7), Genotoxicity (6)…

Poison (45.87), Oilseed/Fat4 (24.45)…

Bauhinia purpurea

Orchid Tree, Hong Kong Orchid Tree, Purple Bauhinia, Camel's Foot, Butterfly Tree, Hawaiian Orchid Tree

Lectins (26), Lectin (13), Carbohydrates (12), Fatty Acids (9), DSC (8), HPLC (8), Leaves (8), Plant Biochemistry (8), Plant Physiology (8), Cytotoxicity (7)…

Starch (35.85), Fuelwood (17.43), Oilseed/Fat4 (8.52), Nutraceutical (6.69)…

Bauhinia variegata

Mountain Ebony, Orchid Tree, Camel's Foot Tree, Mountain-Ebony

Medicinal Plants (14), Flavonoids (13), India (10), Antioxidants (9), Cytotoxicity (8), Ethnobotany (7), Oxidative Stress (7), Traditional Medicine (7)…

Fuelwood (58.85), Fodder (17.31), Tannin (5.90), Medicinal (5.46)…

Begonia malabarica

 

Antibacterial Activity (6), Oxidative Stress (6), Phytochemistry (6), Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (5), Antifungal Activity (4), Dermatophytosis (4), Flower Extracts (4), Folk Medicine (4)…

Pesticide5 (30.03), Medicinal (23.41), Tannin (13.28)…

Beilschmiedia pendula

Slugwood

Barro Colorado Island (7), Costa Rica (5), Panama (5), Seed Dispersal (4)…

Shade7 (79.19), Honey3 (3.64), Companion Plant (2.75)…

Belamcanda chinensis

Blackberry Lily, Blackberry Lily, Leopard Flower, Leopard Lily

Tectorigenin (11), Isoflavones (10), Medicinal Plants (10), Flavonoids (7), Aldose Reductase (6), Phytoestrogens (6), Plant Extracts (6), Rhizomes (6), Tectoridin (6), Chinese Herbal Medicine (5), Cytotoxicity (5)…

Medicinal (75.08), Resin (3.96)…

Benincasa hispida

Waxgourd, Winter Melon, White Gourd, Winter Gourd, Ash Gourd

India (13), Purification (10), Serine Protease (10), Vegetables (10), Cultivars (9), Melon (9)…

Plant Grafting (33.81), Vegetable (32.86), Cosmetics (12.72)…

Berberis aristata

Indian Barberry, Tree Turmeric

Berberine (83), Ayurveda (12), Apoptosis (11), Medicinal Plants (11), Antioxidant Activity (8), Traditional Medicine (7), Antioxidant (6), India (6)…

Medicinal (49.23), Fodder (18.77), Fuelwood (5.20)…

Berberis koreana

Korean Barberry

Berberine (12), Nitric Oxide (9), Prostaglandin E2 (9), Anti-Inflammatory Effects (5), Anti-Inflammatory Effect (4)…

Medicinal (53.07), Pesticide5 (8.23)…

Berberis thunbergii

Japanese Barberry,Thunberg's Barberry, Red Barberry

Invasive Species (28), Berberine (12), Disturbance (9), Invasion (9), Invasive Plants (7), New Jersey (7)…

Ornamental (48.34), Timber9 (16.19), Shade7 (10.72)…

Berberis vulgaris

Common Barberry, European Barberry, Barberry

Berberine (108), Apoptosis (16), Medicinal Plants (16), Antioxidant (13), Ethnobotany (13), Oxidative Stress (13), Alkaloids (11), Antioxidant Activity (11)…

Medicinal (54.54), Weed (7.76)…

Bertholletia excelsa

Brazilnut, Brazil Nut

Brazil Nut (49), Amazonia (33), Brazil (32), Brazil Nuts (31), Food Allergy (31), Amazon (29), Selenium (23), Seed Dispersal (21), Non-Timber~ Forest Products (20), 2S Albumin (18), Allergy (18)…

Nut (87.69), Poison (3.46), Medicinal (1.46)…

Berula erecta

Cutleaf Waterparsnip, Water Parsnip

Macrophytes (32), Aquatic Plants (15), Disturbance (11), Aquatic Macrophytes (9), Hydrochory (9), Macroinvertebrates (9), Macrophyte (8)…

Aquatic (92.55), Bioindicator (4.45)…

Beta vulgaris

Beet

Sugar Beet (1114), Crop Yield (641), Roots (499), Leaves (374), Sucrose (314)…

Sweetener (89.90), Medicinal (2.12)…

Betula lenta

Sweet Birch, Black Birch, Cherry Birch, Mahogany Birch, Spice Birch

Disturbance (28), Climate Change (22), Succession (16)…

Timber9 (79.55), Shade7 (5.84)…

Betula neoalaskana

Alaska Birch, Alaska Paper Birch, Resin Birch

Alaska (7), Boreal Forest (7), Permafrost (7), Bark (4), Betulinic Acid (4), Biorefinery (4), Climate Change (4)…

Phytoamelioration (25.01), Timber9 (24.15), Ornamental (22.22)…

Betula occidentalis

Water Birch, Red Birch

Hydraulic Conductivity (31), Stomatal Conductance (29), Transpiration (28), Hydraulic Conductance (26), Water Potential (23), Cavitation (21), Drought (21), Water Relations (19), Xylem Cavitation (19)…

Timber9 (71.51), Plant Grafting (6.39)…

Betula papyrifera

Kenai Birch, Paper Birch, White Birch, Canoe Birch

Forest Trees (93), Boreal Forest (83), Climate Change (75), Boreal Forests (65)…

Timber9 (66.46), Charcoal (10.37)…

Betula pendula

European White Birch, Silver Birch

Leaves (170), Ozone (141), Photosynthesis (134), Finland (123)…

Timber9 (49.14), Shade7 (9.93), Charcoal (8.54)…

Betula platyphylla

Asian White Birch, Japanese White Birch

Holocene (30), Photosynthesis (28), Climate Change (26), China (25), Leaves (22), Pollen (22), Japan (21), Forest Trees (16)…

Timber9 (32.06), Ornamental (10.61), Charcoal (10.13), Shade7 (7.13)…

Betula pubescens

Downy Birch, Moor Birch, White Birch, European White Birch, Hairy Birch

Climate Change (134), Sweden (116), Finland (109), Leaves (84), Forest Trees (75)…

Timber9 (51.17), Tannin (16.21), Charcoal (6.14)…

Bidens alba

Romerillo, Shepherd's Needles, Beggarticks, Spanish Needles, Butterfly Needles

Florida (5), Heavy Metals (4), Chemotaxonomy (3), Fecundity (3), Phytoremediation (3)…

Allelopathy (39.24), Phytoextractive (29.68), Phytoamelioration (20.21)…

Bidens frondosa

Devil's Beggartick, Devil's Beggarticks, Devil's-Pitchfork, Devil's Bootjack, Sticktights, Bur Marigold, Pitchfork Weed, Tickseed Sunflower, Leafy Beggarticks, Common Beggar-Ticks

Triclosan (14), Seed Germination (9), Dormancy (8), Exotic Species (8), Plant Invasions (7), Czech Republic (6)…

Aquatic (32.38), Wastewater Treatment (23.34), Weed (20.64), Phytoextractive (5.69)…

Bidens laevis

Smooth Beggartick, Bur-Marigold, Smooth Beggarticks

Endosulfan (6), Chromosome Aberrations (5), Micronuclei (4), Colombia (3), Inundation (3), Seed Germination (3), Seedling Emergence (3), Wetland Macrophytes (3), Wetlands (3), Antioxidant Enzymes (2), Biomarkers (2), Biomineralization (2)…

Aquatic (56.00), Wastewater Treatment (13.16), Pesticide5 (12.18)…

Bidens pilosa

Hairy Beggarticks, Beggar-Ticks, Cobbler's Pegs, Spanish Needle

Medicinal Plants (93), Traditional Medicine (53), Ethnobotany (40), Allelopathy (35), Germination (31), Antioxidant (29), Weeds (28), Phytoremediation (24)…

Weed (23.58), Allelopathy (21.53), Medicinal (20.08)…

Bidens subalternans

 

Crop Rotation (5), Glyphosate (5), No-Tillage (5), Riparian Vegetation (5), Genetically Modified Soyabean (4), Antifungal Activity (3)…

Weed (44.24), Grain Legume2 (40.12)…

Biophytum petersianum

 

Immunomodulation (8), Saponins (7), Digestion (6), Pectin (6), Rhamnogalacturonan I (6), Polysaccharide (5), Anti-Ulcer (4), Dendritic Cells (4), Growth (4), Inulin (4), Phytochemicals (4)…

Starch (55.29), Tannin (14.77), Dietary Fibre (9.75), Nutraceutical (4.72)…

Bischofia javanica

Javanese Bishopwood, Bishop Wood

Carbon Sequestration (5), Medicinal Plants (5), Urban Ecology (5), Ethnobotany (4), Forest Trees (4), Indigenous Species (4), Invasive Species (4)…

Shade7 (39.88), Medicinal (21.91), Ornamental (4.76)…

Biserrula pelecinus

 

Rhizobia (22), Phylogeny (15), Nitrogen Fixation (13), Legumes (9), Forage Legumes (8)…

Fodder (53.72), Soil Amelioration (12.70), Revegetation (8.94), Forage (3.60)…

Bituminaria bituminosa

Arabian Pea, Pitch Trefoil

Spain (7), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (5), Coumarins (5), Diversity (5), Forage Legumes (5), Rain (5), Angelicin (4)…

Forage (36.29), Fodder (26.44), Tannin (12.53), Erosion Control (4.05)…

Bixa orellana

Lipsticktree, Achiote, Achiotl, Aploppas, Uruku

Bixin (58), Annatto (44), Carotenoids (44), Medicinal Plants (39), Norbixin (39), Ethnobotany (35), Food Coloring (23), Traditional Medicine (21), Brazil (18)…

Dye (50.07), Food Dye (27.88), Medicinal (7.94)…

Bletilla striata

Urn Orchid

Phenanthrene (14), Cryopreservation (11), Traditional Chinese Medicine (10), Angiogenesis (7), Polysaccharide (7), Tubers (7)...

Medicinal (42.89), Starch (23.98), Poison (7.66)…

Blumea balsamifera

Ngai Camphor

Phenanthrene (14), Cryopreservation (11), Traditional Chinese Medicine (10), Angiogenesis (7), Polysaccharide (7), Tubers (7)…

Medicinal (42.89), Starch (23.98), Poison (7.66)…

Boea hygroscopica

 

Desiccation Tolerance (12), Resurrection Plants (12), Glutathione (11), Water Stress (8), Oxidative Stress (7), Ascorbate (6)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (81.94), Grain Legume2 (4.99)…

Boehmeria nivea

Chinese Grass, Ramie, China Grass, Chinese Plant, White Ramie, Green Ramie, Rhea

Ramie (27), Mechanical Properties (17), Cellulose (14), China (10), Cotton (9), Degumming (9), Fabrics (9), Lipid Peroxidation (9), Flax (8), Mercerization (8), Natural Fibers (8)…

Clothing Fibre (52.34), Wood Fibre (35.16), Erosion Control (3.01)…

Boerhavia diffusa

Punarnava, Red Spiderling, Spreading Hogweed, Tarvine

Medicinal Plants (31), India (17), Ethnobotany (11), Plant Extracts (11), Ethnopharmacology (10), Traditional Medicine (10)…

Medicinal (67.70), Weed (7.40)…

Boesenbergia pandurata

 

Chalcone (17), Cardamonin (16), Flavonoids (15), Pinostrobin (9), Antioxidant Activity (7), Candida (7), Biofilm (6), Cancer Chemoprevention (6)…

Flavouring/Spice (25.50), Pesticide5 (24.23), Poison (10.88), Insect Repellent (5.66)…

Boesenbergia rotunda

Rotund Boesenbergia, Chinese Keys, Fingerroot, Lesser Galangal, Chinese Ginger

Pinostrobin (9), Dengue Virus (7), Antioxidant (6), Flavonoids (6), Apoptosis (5), Antimicrobial Activity (4)…

Medicinal (36.87), Insect Repellent (35.37), Poison (3.35),

Bombax ceiba

Red Silk Cottontree, Cotton Tree

India (17), Medicinal Plants (16), Nepal (12), Ethnobotany (9), Lupeol (9)…

Medicinal (35.20), Fuelwood (17.34), Cane/Bamboo (4.74)…

Borago officinalis

Common Borage, Borage, Starflower

Medicinal Plants (49), Ethnobotany (46), Fatty Acids (32), Linolenic Acid (28), Antioxidant Activity (26), Antioxidants (21), Borage Oil (21)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (44.98), Medicinal (21.60)…

Borassus aethiopum

Palmyra Palm, African Fan Palm, African Palmyra Palm, Deleb Palm, Ron Palm, Toddy Palm, Black Rhun Palm, Ronier Palm

Adsorption (22), Biosorption (20), Chromium (12), Buffer Strips (11), Reduction (11), Geotextiles (9), Kinetics (8), Biological Geotextiles (6)…

Erosion Control (65.58), Dye (16.36), Starch (10.74)…

Borassus flabellifer

Asian Palmyra Palm, Toddy Palm, Sugar Palm, Cambodian Palm

Starch (9), Preconcentration (8), India (7), Ethnobotany (6), Indonesia (6), Biodiversity (5), Ethanol (5)…

Starch (41.87), Erosion Control (27.54)…

Boschniakia rossica

Northern Groundcone

Polysaccharide (7), Verbascoside (6), Antitumor (5), Pharmacokinetics (5), Bioavailability (4), Liver Fibrosis (4), Acteoside (3), Anti-Inflammatory (3)…

Starch (51.08), Psychoactive (24.01)…

Boswellia carteri

Frankincense, Olibanum-Tree

Frankincense (8), Essential Oils (7), Yemen (5), Antimicrobial (4), Chinese Herbs (4), Essential Oil (4), Ethnopharmacology (4)…

Resin (39.17), Essential Oil (23.50), Medicinal (16.15), Insect Repellent (7.69)…

Boswellia frereana

Elemi Frankincense, Dhidin, Maydi, Meydi, Meyti, Maidi, Maieti, Mayeti, Yigaar Tree, Yegaar Tree, Luban

Frankincense (5), Yemen (5), Antimicrobial (4), Essential Oil (3), Essential Oils (3)…

Resin (89.93), Essential Oil (3.65)…

Boswellia papyrifera

Elephant Tree

Ethiopia (20), Frankincense (16), Africa (5), Essential Oils (5)…

Resin (54.25), Insect Repellent (22.88), Smoking8 (10.50)…

Boswellia sacra

Frankincense, Olibanum-Tree

Frankincense (11), Essential Oils (10), Resins (7), Medicinal Plants (6), Gums (5)…

Resin (44.10), Honey3 (22.13), Essential Oil (15.86), Medicinal (4.61)…

Boswellia serrata

Indian Frankincense, Salai, Shallaki

Apoptosis (37), Boswellic Acids (29), Inflammation (22), Osteoarthritis (21), Medicinal Plants (19), Boswellic Acid (15), Frankincense (15), Triterpenoids (15), Plant Extracts (14), Anti-Inflammatory (13)…

Resin (53.90), Medicinal (26.86), Poison (3.08)…

Bothriochloa laguroides

Silver Beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Argentina (7), Grasslands (6), Conservation (5), Grassland (4), Herbicide (4), Rangeland Restoration (4), Soil Health (4), Texas (4), Allelopathy (3)…

Cereal1 (27.42), Forage (17.21), Allelopathy (13.31), Revegetation (7.51)…

Bothriochloa macra

Redleg Grass

New South Wales (8), Australia (7), Grazing (6), Biodiversity (5), Drought (5), Biomass Production (4), Climate Change (4), Conservation (4), Grassland (4)..

Smoking8 (46.36), Phytoextractive (39.11)…

Bougainvillea spectabilis

Great Bougainvillea

Diabetes Mellitus (7), Medicinal Plants (7), Ethnobotany (6), India (5), Insulin (5), Pinitol (5)…

Ornamental (35.13), Dye (11.83), Smoking8 (9.25), Medicinal (7.83)…

Bouteloua curtipendula

Sideoats Grama

Tallgrass Prairie (37), Grassland (36), Texas (28), Grazing (24), Grasslands (23), Climate Change (22)…

Forage (33.50), Turf (23.61), Revegetation (9.16), Ornamental (4.83)…

Bouteloua eriopoda

Black Grama

Chihuahuan Desert (36), New Mexico (27), Desertification (26), Grasslands (23), Runoff (18), Climate Change (16), Erosion (16)…

Ornamental (51.84), Smoking8 (9.08), Timber9 (8.87), Forage (5.81)…

Bouteloua gracilis

Blue Grama, Blue Grama Grass

Grazing (97), Colorado (65), Climate Change (64), Nitrogen (63), Grasslands (61), Grasses (59), Grassland (58)…

Forage (49.09), Turf (15.29), Ornamental (8.15)…

Bouvardia ternifolia

Firecrackerbush, Scarlet Bouvardia

Cytotoxicity (12), Bouvardin (9), RA-VII (7), Cocoa Butter (5), Cyclopeptides (5), Inhibition Of NO Production (5), Lanolin (5)…

Pesticide5 (44.79), Tannin (22.02), Breeding (6.61), Poison (6.00)…

Brabejum stellatifolium

Wild Almond, Bitter Almond, Ghoeboontjie

Biological Invasions (6), Restoration (5), Fynbos (4), Fire (3), Rivers (3), Alien Tree Removal (2), Beverages (2), Botanical Diversity (2), Cape Floristic Region (2)…

Revegetation (44.43), Wastewater Treatment (35.91), Erosion Control (8.48)…

Brachiaria brizantha

Palisade Grass

Progesterone (32), Brazil (23), Cattle (22)…

Forage (30.72), Weed (24.60), Biofuel (7.62), Green Manure (7.34)…

Brachiaria decumbens

Surinam Grass, Signal Grass

Brazil (36), Cattle (26), Sheep (21), Biological Control (20), Pastures (20), Phytoremediation (20), Progesterone (20), Beef Cattle (16)…

Forage (38.79), Green Manure (19.87), Phytoextractive (7.81)…

Brachiaria humidicola

Koronivia Grass

Pasture (13), Amazonia (12), Brazil (12), Nitrification (12), Beef Cattle (11), Pastures (11), Nitrogen (9), Progesterone (9)…

Forage (33.42), Tannin (28.55), Boundary (20.37)…

Brachypodium distachyon

Purple False Brome

Wheat (37), Arabidopsis (29), Grasses (29), Evolution (26), Rice (25), Gene Expression (23), Genes (21)…

Cereal1 (40.66), Model (36.17), Genetics (6.45)…

Brachypodium phoenicoides

Thinleaf False Brome

Spain (8), Organic Farming (6), Succession (6), Catalonia (4), Competition (4), Disturbance (4), Land Use (4), Mediterranean (4)…

Boundary (35.10), Ornamental (25.92), Erosion Control (13.17)…

Brachypodium pinnatum

Tor-Grass, Heath False Brome

Grazing (28), Nitrogen (26), Conservation (24), Grassland (24), Management (22), Biodiversity (19), Species Diversity (19)…

Ornamental (38.78), Turf (11.09), Shade7 (9.30)…

Brachypodium retusum

 

Mediterranean (21), Spain (21), Vegetation (18), Wildfire (18), Soil Erosion (16), Runoff (13), Erosion (12), Semiarid (12), Mediterranean Shrubland (11)…

Erosion Control (22.42), Ornamental (20.97)…

Brachypodium rupestre

 

Italy (7), Restoration (6), Conservation (4), Land Abandonment (4), Variation Partitioning (4), Activation Energy (3), Calcareous Grassland (3)…

Cane/Bamboo (37.16), Ornamental (36.59)…

Brachypodium sylvaticum

False Brome, Slender False Brome, Wood False Brome

Biodiversity (25), Invasive Species (17), Species Richness (15), Conservation (14), Colonization (10), Endophytes (10), Forest Management (10)…

Timber9 (47.41), Boundary (13.53)…

Brassavola nodosa

Lady Of The Night Orchid

Pollination (12), Epiphytes (6), Floral Display (6), Fruit Set (6), Reproductive Biology (6), Barro Colorado Island (5), Orchids (5)…

Fruit (64.84), Honey3 (20.25), Medicinal (2.52)…

Brassica campestris

Turnip, Mizuna, Napa Cabbage, Cime Di Rapa, Turnip Rape, Annual Turnip Rape, Canola, Field Mustard, Bird Rape, Keblock, Colza

Plant Breeding (85), Chinese Cabbage (67), Plant Genetics (64), Plants (52), Canola (50)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (20.36), Cereal1 (16.16), Vegetable (11.18)…

Brassica carinata

Ethiopian Mustard, Abyssinian Mustard

Biodiesel (282), Transesterification (117)…

Biofuel (95.62)…

Brassica chinensis

Pak Choi, Chinese Cabbage, Bok Choy, Pak Choi, Bok Choi, Pak Choy, Chinese Chard, Chinese Mustard, Celery Mustard, Spoon Cabbage, Buk Choy, Yσu Cΰi, Q'Ng Cΰi

Cadmium (34), Heavy Metals (30), Chinese Cabbage (28), Bioavailability (18), Phytoremediation (18), Heavy Metal (17), Nitric Oxide (17), Soil (17), Vegetables (17), China (14)…

Vegetable (73.14), Poison (6.82), Pesticide5 (3.64)…

Brassica cretica

Mustard

Gene Flow (10), Endemism (5), Genetic Drift (5), Conservation (4), Developmental Stability (4), Fluctuating Asymmetry (4), Inbreeding Depression (4), Phylogeography (4)…

Breeding (92.88), Boundary (1.92)…

Brassica juncea

Mustard Greens, Indian Mustard, Chinese Mustard, Leaf Mustard

 

 

Brassica napus

Rapeseed, Rape, Oilseed Rape, Rapa, Rappi, Rapaseed, Canola

 

 

Brassica nigra

Black Mustard, Rajakshavak, Kali Mohari

Glucosinolates (80)…

Hemiparasite (20.46), Boundary (10.59), Allelopathy (9.87)…

Brassica oleracea

Broccoli, Chinese Kale, Cauliflower, Kale, Savoy

 

 

Brassica rapa

Colza, Turnip, Mizuna, Napa Cabbage, Cime Di Rapa, Turnip Rape

Crop Yield (281), Cultivars (272), Leaves (190), Glucosinolates (183), Chinese Cabbage (179)…

Vegetable (30.72), Oilseed/Fat4 (12.98), Breeding (9.65), Genetics (7.77)…

Bromus carinatus

California Brome, Mountain Brome

Nitrogen (9), Grasslands (8), Heavy Metal (8), California (5), Exotic Species (5), Fire (5), Heavy Metals (5), Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus (4), Biodiversity (4)…

Green Manure (51.40), Weed (13.56), Revegetation (8.22)…

Bromus catharticus

Rescuegrass

Crop Yield (17), Forage (16), Forage Grasses (16), Grazing (16), Nutritive Value (16)…

Forage (80.73), Weed (4.26)…

Bromus diandrus

Ripgut Brome, Great Brome

California (16), Competition (14), Fire (12), Restoration (11), Western Australia (11), Grasses (9), Invasive Species (9), Succession (9), Weed Control (9), Weeds (9)…

Cereal1 (38.25), Weed (24.96), Fodder (7.65)…

Bromus erectus

Erect Brome, Upright Brome, Meadow Brome

Biodiversity (21), Grazing (21), Conservation (20), Grassland (19), Carbon Dioxide (16), Competition (16), Calcareous Grassland (14)…

Ornamental (45.35), Hemiparasite (11.33), Turf (10.90)…

Bromus hordeaceus

Soft Brome, Bull Grass, Soft Cheat, Soft Chess

California (25), Biodiversity (22), Grassland (21), Grasslands (20), Restoration (16), Species Diversity (15), Species Richness (15), Conservation (14), Nitrogen (14), Grazing (13)…

Ornamental (22.36), Weed (16.85), Boundary (11.17), Green Manure (8.50)…

Bromus madritensis

Compact Brome

Climate Change (18), Invasive Species (18), Restoration (14), Competition (13), Elevated CO2 (13), Mojave Desert (12), Carbon Dioxide (10), Grazing (10)…

Fodder (33.84), Revegetation (29.10), Soil Amelioration (9.18)…

Bromus riparius

Meadow Brome

Alberta (22), Saskatchewan (18), Cultivars (15), Crop Yield (14), Forage Grasses (13), Nutritive Value (12)…

Forage (94.45), Green Manure (1.44)…

Bromus rubens

Red Brome, Compact Brome

Invasive Species (15), Restoration (14), Elevated CO2 (11), Hydroseeding (10), Vegetation (10), Climate Change (9)…

Revegetation (46.98), Cereal1 (12.74), Ornamental (9.35)…

Bromus setifolius

 

Endophyte (9), Argentina (6), Facilitation (6), Grass (5), Competition (4), Endophytes (4)…

Forage (33.66), Allelopathy (32.24), Charcoal (10.29)…

Bromus tectorum

Cheatgrass, Drooping Brome, Cheat Grass

Invasive Species (166), Weed Control (130), Grasses (75), Rangelands (70)…

Weed (57.28), Forage (6.23)…

Brosimum alicastrum

Bolivar Brosimum, Maya Nut, Ojoche, Ojite, Ojushte, Ujushte, Ujuxte, Capomo, Mojo, Ox, Iximche, Masica, Uje, Mojote

Mexico (48), Tropical Dry Forest (19), Tropical Rain Forest (14), Seed Dispersal (13), Tropical Forest (12), Los Tuxtlas (11), Yucatan Peninsula (11), Panama (10)…

Shade7 (25.72), Ornamental (16.91), Tannin (10.49)…

Broussonetia papyrifera

Paper Mulberry, Tapa Cloth Tree

Diabetes (13), Flavonoids (11), Antioxidant Activity (9), Biodiversity (9), Biodiesel (8), Taiwan (8)…

Wood Fibre (21.68), Biofuel (20.24), Paper Pulp (8.37)…

Brucea javanica

 

Quassinoids (24), Cytotoxicity (15), Malaria (13), Apoptosis (11), Alkaloids (9), Chemical Constituents Of Plants (8)…

Medicinal (36.69), Poison (22.56), Hemiparasite (11.54)…

Brugmansia suaveolens

Angel's-Tears, White Angel Trumpet

Medicinal Plants (15), Traditional Medicine (11), Peru (7), Potato Spindle Tuber Viroid (7), Ethnobotany (6), Chazuta (4), Peruvian Amazon (4)…

Medicinal (55.06), Boundary (13.90)…

Bruguiera gymnorhiza

Black Mangrove, Swart-Wortelboom, Isikhangati, Isihlobane

Leaves (20), Mangrove (20), Mangrove Forests (20), Mangroves (15), Salinity (15), South Africa (14)…

Model (21.38), Tannin (19.98), Honey3 (18.43), Charcoal (9.04), Boundary (4.98)…

Bruguiera gymnorrhiza

Black Mangrove, Swart-Wortelboom, Isikhangati, Isihlobane

Mangrove (110), Mangroves (42), Salinity (28), Oxidative Stress (22), Photosynthesis (19)…

Seagrass (18.24), Phytoamelioration (17.99), Tannin (11.33), Boundary (8.09)…

Bruguiera parviflora

Smallflower Bruguiera

Salinity (30), Salt Stress (29), Mangrove (23), Antioxidant Enzymes (19), Oxidative Stress (17), Photosynthesis (17), Mangroves (15)…

Oilseed/Fat4 (31.14), Soil Amelioration (15.88), Model (8.93), Wastewater Treatment (6.22)…

Bruguiera sexangula

Oriental Mangrove, Upriver Orange Mangrove

Mangrove (25), Mangroves (16), Growth (8), Conservation (7), Salt Tolerance (7), Competition (5), Salt Stress (5)…

Tannin (64.80), Ornamental (9.19), Phytoextractive (8.83)…

Bryonia laciniosa

 

Testosterone (11), Aphrodisiac (7), N-Alkylamides (4), Sexual Behavior (4), FSH (3), LH (3), Male Sexual Behavior (3)…

Medicinal (45.71), Poison (21.07), Cosmetics (11.29)…

Bryophyllum pinnatum

Air Plant, Life Plant, Miracle Leaf, Goethe Plant

Medicinal Plants (37), Leaves (23), Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (20), Ethnobotany (14), Flavonoids (11), Traditional Medicine (11)…

Medicinal (76.28)…

Bryoria fuscescens

Horsehair Lichen

Lichens (28), Air Pollution (14), Heavy Metals (11), Biomonitoring (10), Indicator Species (8), Bryophytes (7), Copper (7), Boreal Forest (6)…

Bioindicator (79.03), Timber9 (6.21), Phytoextractive (2.92)…

Bryum pseudotriquetrum

Common Green Bryum Moss, Marsh Bryum

Antarctica (19), Bryophytes (13), Moss (12), Climate Change (8), Sphagnum (7), Vascular Plants (7)…

Bioindicator (33.51), Aquatic (23.70), Ornamental (10.87)…

Buddleja davidii

Orange Eye Butterflybush, Summer Lilac, Butterfly-Bush, Orange Eye

Invasive Species (24), Cellulose (16), Biological Control (13), Alien Species (11), Biological Invasion (11)…

Ornamental (37.36), Biofuel (14.97), Weed (13.23)…

Buddleja officinalis

Pole Butterflybush

Oxidative Stress (8), Antioxidant (5), Diabetes Mellitus (5), Flavonoids (4), Plant Extracts (4), Reactive Oxygen Species (4), Anti-Inflammation (3), Cell Proliferation (3), Macrophage (3), Saponin (3)…

Medicinal (73.46), Fruit (3.36)…

Buellia griseovirens

Disc Lichen

Forest Management (9), Lichen (9), Lichens (6), Air Pollution (4), Bark Ph (4), Epiphytes (4), Logging (4)…

Fuelwood (47.06), Timber9 (35.98), Ornamental (8.69)…

Bunias orientalis

Turkish Wartycabbage

Glucosinolates (15), Invasive Species (6), Phenolic Compounds (6), Phenolics (6), Allelopathy (5)…

Nut (31.90), Allelopathy (30.77), Vegetable (14.13)…

Bupleurum falcatum

Chinese Thoroughwax, Sickle Hare's Ear, Sickle-Leaf Hare's Ear

Saponins (20), Yokukansan (20), Polysaccharides (18), Polysaccharide (17), Roots (15), Medicinal Plants (14), Pectin (14), Saikosaponins (14)…

Starch (49.19), Medicinal (22.56), Cosmetics (8.51)…

Bursera fagaroides

Fragrant Bursera

Mexico (7), Cytotoxicity (4), Tropical Dry Forest (4), Allometry (3), Arid Ecosystems (3)…

Ornamental (52.45), Poison (7.56), Resin (6.16)…

Bursera simaruba

Gumbo Limbo, Copperwood, Chaca

Mexico (42), Tropical Dry Forest (34), Medicinal Plants (25), Caribbean (17), Ethnobotany (15), Lianas (15), Panama (14), Puerto Rico (14), Traditional Medicine (14)…

Shade7 (19.88), Cane/Bamboo (17.48), Ornamental (9.00), Timber9 (6.85), Medicinal (6.27)…

Butea monosperma

Bengal Kino, Palash, Dhak, Palah, Flame Of, Forest, Bastard Teak, Parrot Tree, Keshu, Kesudo

Medicinal Plants (19), India (16), Osteogenic (10), Apoptosis (9), Ethnobotany (9), Antioxidants (8), Cytotoxicity (8), Oxidative Stress (8), Anthelmintic Activity (6)…

Medicinal (49.59), Dye (15.01), Weed (5.32)…

Butomus umbellatus

Flowering Rush, Grass Rush

Macrophytes (15), Aquatic Macrophytes (11), Aquatic Plants (11), Biodiversity (9), Plant Anatomy (8), Clonal Reproduction (7), Invasive Species (7)…

Aquatic (96.56), Bioindicator (0.65)…

Buxus sempervirens

Common Box, European Box, Boxwood

Mediterranean (24), Spain (22), Leaves (20), Alkaloids (17), Pollen (17), Pyrenees (17), Climate Change (15), Medicinal Plants (15)…

Ornamental (21.27), Charcoal (18.57), Timber9 (18.52), Host For Disease (16.91)…

Byrsonima crassifolia

Maricao Cimun, Nanche, Nance, Chacunga, Changunga, Craboo, Kraabu, Savanna Serrette, Savanna Serret, Golden Spoon

Medicinal Plants (24), Central America (11), Antioxidant Activity (10), Traditional Medicine (10), Tropical Dry Forest (10), Brazil (9), Costa Rica (9), Agroforestry (8), Ethnobotany (8)…

Fuelwood (30.88), Fruit (11.21), Medicinal (10.06), Dietary Fibre (9.02)…

 

Footnote re most likely scope for crop use/product: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product.  Examples are provided below (1-9, and superscripts in the crop use/product column, above) for those terms which were influenced in this manner:

1[Some species were identified as “cereal” but were actually species frequently associated with cereals, perhaps as weeds of cereal crops]
2[Some species were identified as “grain legume” but were actually species frequently associated with grain legumes, such as weeds of grain legume crops]
3[Some species were identified as “honey” but were actually studies on flower structure or pollination]
4[Some species were identified as “oilseed/fat” but were actually species frequently associated with oilseeds, such as weeds of oilseed crops]
5[Some species identified as “pesticide” were not sources of pesticides but were commercial crops whose production requires pesticides]
6[Some species were identified as “pseudocereal” but were actually species frequently associated with pseudocereals in some manner]
7[This term referred to plant species that provide or require shade]
8[This term referred to plant species whose product may be used for smoking but also includes those species whose seeds may require smoke to germinate]
9[This term identified plant species that naturally grow amongst timber in a forest (or on timber, such as a lichen), as well as those with a timber product; it also identified some species whose product may have been described as “woody”]

 


RIRDC Farm Diversity Website: http://www.farmdiversity.com.au/

 

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW