New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
for likely starch production

The species below have attracted recent attention in the literature.
The percentages after each crop use/product reflect the rank of likely starch production
amongst the 68 crop uses/products investigated for each species

Listings of species attracting attention by scientific name, common name or keyword are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.

Other likely crop uses/products investigated are:

[allelopathy]  [aquatic]  [beverage]  [biofuel]  [bioindicator]  [birdseed]  [boundary]  [breeding]  [cane/bamboo]  [cereal]  [charcoal]  [chewing]  [clothing fibre]  [companion plant]  [cosmetics]  [cut flower]  [dietary fibre]  [dye]  [erosion control]  [essential oil]  [flavouring/spice]  [fodder]  [food dye]  [food for humans]  [forage]  [fruit]  [fuelwood]  [genetics]  [grain legume]  [green manure]  [hemiparasite]  [honey]  [host for disease]  [industrial product]  [insect repellent]  [insectivorous]  [jewellery]  [medicinal]  [model]  [nut]  [nutraceutical]  [oilseed/fat]  [ornamental]  [paper pulp]  [pesticide]  [phytoamelioration]  [phytoextractive]  [plant grafting]  [plant gum]  [poison]  [pseudocereal]  [psychoactive]  [resin]  [revegetation]  [rubber]  [seagrass]  [shade]  [smoking]  [soil amelioration]  [sweetener]  [tannin]  [timber]  [turf]  [vegetable]  [wastewater treatment]  [weed]  [wood fibre]


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Species name

Starch (95.3)

Canna edulis

Starch (95.2)

Metroxylon sagu

Starch (92.7)

Dioscorea alata

Starch (92.6)

Pachyrhizus ahipa

Starch (88.7)

Dioscorea opposita

Starch (86.5)

Dioscorea oppositifolia

Starch (84.8)

Glinus oppositifolius

Starch (77.2)

Cetraria islandica

Starch (72.7)

Amorphophallus paeoniifolius

Starch (70.1)

Colocasia esculenta

Starch (65.1)

Pachyrhizus erosus

Starch (62.9)

Lycium barbarum

Starch (60.8)

Oxalis tuberosa

Starch (60.0)

Erythrina corallodendron

Starch (59.3)

Wisteria floribunda

Starch (58.6)

Erythrina cristagalli

Starch (57.7)

Parkia speciosa

Starch (56.9)

Clarkia xantiana

Starch (55.2)

Biophytum petersianum

Starch (54.4)

Canavalia ensiformis

Starch (54.0)

Manihot esculenta

Starch (51.4)

Comarum palustre

Starch (51.0)

Boschniakia rossica

Starch (50.5)

Ulex europaeus

Starch (49.3)

Canavalia gladiata

Starch (49.1)

Bupleurum falcatum

Starch (49.1)

Amorphophallus konjac

Starch (48.3)

Acanthus ebracteatus

Starch (46.3)

Ensete ventricosum

Starch (43.3)

Araucaria araucana

Starch (43.1)

Amaranthus cruentus

Starch (41.8)

Borassus flabellifer

Starch (40.5)

Galanthus nivalis

Starch (39.9)

Ipomoea batatas

Starch (37.9)

Sambucus nigra

Starch (37.3)

Eleocharis dulcis

Starch (36.0)

Nicotiana sylvestris

Starch (35.8)

Bauhinia purpurea

Starch (35.5)

Acacia senegal

Starch (34.7)

Mesembryanthemum crystallinum

Starch (34.7)

Canavalia brasiliensis

Starch (34.2)

Flammulina velutipes

Starch (33.6)

Mahonia aquifolium

Starch (33.3)

Curcuma zedoaria

Starch (33.2)

Aloe barbadensis

Starch (33.1)

Laminaria japonica

Starch (32.6)

Dioscorea japonica

Starch (31.8)

Nicotiana alata

Starch (31.2)

Anadenanthera colubrina

Starch (30.9)

Trapa natans

Starch (30.8)

Digitaria exilis

Starch (29.2)

Sesbania virgata

Starch (29.0)

Amaranthus hypochondriacus

Starch (27.3)

Canavalia maritima

Starch (27.2)

Dioscorea batatas

Starch (25.4)

Cladonia furcata

Starch (24.1)

Laminaria digitata

Starch (23.9)

Bletilla striata

Starch (23.9)

Blumea balsamifera

Starch (23.5)

Cochlospermum religiosum

Starch (23.4)

Lepidium meyenii

Starch (22.9)

Pueraria lobata

Starch (22.7)

Cynanchum auriculatum

Starch (21.6)

Araucaria angustifolia

Starch (19.9)

Codonopsis pilosula

Starch (19.7)

Mucuna pruriens

Starch (19.7)

Phoenix canariensis

Starch (19.1)

Vicia narbonensis

Starch (19.1)

Lycium ruthenicum

Starch (18.9)

Costus spicatus

Starch (18.8)

Zizyphus jujuba

Starch (17.6)

Plantago major

Starch (17.6)

Coprinus comatus

Starch (17.6)

Volvariella volvacea

Starch (17.6)

Orbignya phalerata

Starch (17.3)

Eragrostis tef

Starch (16.8)

Astragalus mongholicus

Starch (15.4)

Achyranthes bidentata

Starch (14.7)

Acer tegmentosum

Starch (14.3)

Artocarpus altilis

Starch (14.2)

Angelica gigas

Starch (14.1)

Cajanus cinereus

Starch (14.0)

Dioscorea bulbifera

Starch (13.0)

Australopyrum retrofractum

Starch (12.9)

Flaveria bidentis

Starch (12.8)

Talisia esculenta

Starch (12.8)

Livistona chinensis

Starch (12.6)

Cassia spectabilis

Starch (12.0)

Acacia schaffneri

Starch (11.7)

Asparagus officinalis

Starch (11.6)

Ulva rigida

Starch (11.4)

Aesculus chinensis

Starch (11.3)

Anogeissus latifolia

Starch (11.2)

Bauhinia forficata

Starch (11.1)

Phalaenopsis amabilis

Starch (10.9)

Retama raetam

Starch (10.7)

Borassus aethiopum

Starch (10.6)

Pueraria montana

Starch (10.3)

Flaveria trinervia

Starch (10.2)

Ugni molinae

Starch (9.6)

Acer pseudoplatanus

Starch (9.5)

Chenopodium quinoa

Starch (9.4)

Quillaja saponaria

Starch (9.3)

Argyrolobium uniflorum

Starch (9.3)

Symplocos cochinchinensis

Starch (8.9)

Theobroma grandiflorum

Starch (8.8)

Xanthoria elegans

Starch (8.8)

Cudrania tricuspidata

Starch (8.7)

Cochlospermum gossypium

Starch (8.6)

Nelumbo nucifera

Starch (8.5)

Tamarindus indica

Starch (8.4)

Undaria pinnatifida

Starch (8.4)

Eriophorum vaginatum

Starch (8.2)

Epipactis helleborine

Starch (7.5)

Cajanus cajan

Starch (7.3)

Kalanchoe pinnata

Starch (7.2)

Choerospondias axillaris

Starch (7.1)

Cycas revoluta

Starch (7.1)

Sphagnum fallax

Starch (7.1)

Cicer arietinum

Starch (6.9)

Opuntia ficus-indica

Starch (6.8)

Eucalyptus pauciflora

Starch (6.7)

Castanea crenata

Starch (6.7)

Miscanthus sacchariflorus

Starch (6.6)

Crataegus pinnatifida

Starch (6.3)

Plantago psyllium

Starch (6.3)

Oxyria digyna

Starch (6.0)

Lens culinaris

Starch (5.9)

Ulva lactuca

Starch (5.8)

Prosopis ferox

Starch (5.8)

Curcuma xanthorrhiza

Starch (5.7)

Astrocaryum jauari

Starch (5.6)

Hymenaea courbaril

Starch (5.5)

Desmodium canadense

Starch (5.4)

Pteris multifida

Starch (5.4)

Rubus caesius

Starch (5.2)

Trigonella foenum-graecum

Starch (5.2)

Coix lacryma

Starch (5.2)

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Starch (5.2)

Cucurbita maxima

Starch (5.1)

Poa secunda

Starch (5.1)

Craterostigma plantagineum

Starch (5.1)

Paxillus involutus

Starch (5.0)

Juniperus communis

Starch (5.0)

Hieracium pilosella

Starch (4.9)

Marchantia polymorpha

Starch (4.8)

Aloe vera

Starch (4.6)

Aegilops tauschii

Starch (4.5)

Argania spinosa

Starch (4.4)

Erythrina caffra

Starch (4.2)

Ceratonia siliqua

Starch (4.1)

Caesalpinia spinosa

Starch (3.9)

Centaurium pulchellum

Starch (3.9)

Althaea officinalis

Starch (3.5)

Cestrum parqui

Starch (3.4)

Artocarpus heterophyllus

Starch (1.8)

Chenopodium pallidicaule

Starch (1.7)

Alonsoa meridionalis

Starch (1.2)

Alyssum desertorum

Starch (1.0)

Copaifera langsdorfii


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct; Wiley Online Library; High Wire; Oxford Journals; USDA National Agricultural Library; for synonyms: The Plant List; for common names:; etc.

All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 

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Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW