New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
as likely shade species

The species below have attracted recent attention in the literature.
The percentages after each crop use/product reflect the rank of likely shade species
amongst the 68 crop uses/products investigated for each species

Please note: This term referred to plant species that provide or require shade

Listings of species attracting attention by scientific name, common name or keyword are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.

Other likely crop uses/products investigated are:

[allelopathy]  [aquatic]  [beverage]  [biofuel]  [bioindicator]  [birdseed]  [boundary]  [breeding]  [cane/bamboo]  [cereal]  [charcoal]  [chewing]  [clothing fibre]  [companion plant]  [cosmetics]  [cut flower]  [dietary fibre]  [dye]  [erosion control]  [essential oil]  [flavouring/spice]  [fodder]  [food dye]  [food for humans]  [forage]  [fruit]  [fuelwood]  [genetics]  [grain legume]  [green manure]  [hemiparasite]  [honey]  [host for disease]  [industrial product]  [insect repellent]  [insectivorous]  [jewellery]  [medicinal]  [model]  [nut]  [nutraceutical]  [oilseed/fat]  [ornamental]  [paper pulp]  [pesticide]  [phytoamelioration]  [phytoextractive]  [plant grafting]  [plant gum]  [poison]  [pseudocereal]  [psychoactive]  [resin]  [revegetation]  [rubber]  [seagrass]  [smoking]  [soil amelioration]  [starch]  [sweetener]  [tannin]  [timber]  [turf]  [vegetable]  [wastewater treatment]  [weed]  [wood fibre]


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Species name

Shade (93.8)

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Shade (93.3)

Euonymus kiautschovicus

Shade (91.6)

Licania platypus

Shade (88.4)

Amomyrtus luma

Shade (85.6)

Mahonia repens

Shade (79.6)

Erythrina poeppigiana

Shade (79.1)

Beilschmiedia pendula

Shade (73.8)

Hedera canariensis

Shade (72.8)

Eucryphia cordifolia

Shade (66.1)

Embothrium coccineum

Shade (60.8)

Acacia salicina

Shade (56.9)

Microstegium vimineum

Shade (55.3)

Quercus coccifera

Shade (49.5)

Ilex asprella

Shade (49.2)

Wigandia urens

Shade (48.5)

Aristotelia chilensis

Shade (47.3)

Cordia alliodora

Shade (46.6)

Inga vera

Shade (45.3)

Cecropia obtusifolia

Shade (45.1)

Phillyrea latifolia

Shade (44.3)

Neolitsea dealbata

Shade (41.7)

Hakea psilorrhyncha

Shade (40.5)

Amphibromus scabrivalvis

Shade (39.8)

Bischofia javanica

Shade (39.6)

Pennisetum setaceum

Shade (38.6)

Phlomis fruticosa

Shade (37.9)

Fitzroya cupressoides

Shade (37.4)

Melicytus ramiflorus

Shade (36.3)

Encelia farinosa

Shade (35.3)

Cercis canadensis

Shade (35.1)

Acer platanoides

Shade (34.7)

Drimys winteri

Shade (32.1)

Geum rivale

Shade (31.5)

Huperzia lucidula

Shade (31.3)

Galax urceolata

Shade (31.1)

Sporobolus compositus

Shade (30.9)

Cryptantha flava

Shade (30.9)

Eucalyptus pauciflora

Shade (28.5)

Ambrosia deltoidea

Shade (27.4)

Lycopodium annotinum

Shade (27.0)

Metrosideros polymorpha

Shade (26.9)

Tetraclinis articulata

Shade (26.4)

Cleyera japonica

Shade (25.7)

Brosimum alicastrum

Shade (24.6)

Gustavia superba

Shade (23.5)

Astrolepis sinuata

Shade (23.4)

Linnaea borealis

Shade (22.8)

Fragaria virginiana

Shade (22.5)

Ardisia crenata

Shade (22.4)

Carex pensylvanica

Shade (22.2)

Quercus rubra

Shade (21.7)

Coffea arabica

Shade (21.5)

Guarea guidonia

Shade (21.2)

Calamagrostis canadensis

Shade (21.0)

Gaylussacia baccata

Shade (20.4)

Corynocarpus laevigatus

Shade (20.2)

Orthilia secunda

Shade (20.2)

Ulmus pumila

Shade (20.0)

Haloxylon ammodendron

Shade (19.9)

Casearia nitida

Shade (19.8)

Bursera simaruba

Shade (19.5)

Carex flacca

Shade (19.1)

Inga laurina

Shade (17.8)

Sapium glandulosum

Shade (17.8)

Moehringia trinervia

Shade (17.7)

Eucalyptus microtheca

Shade (17.6)

Metrosideros umbellata

Shade (17.0)

Alchornea latifolia

Shade (16.9)

Glechoma hederacea

Shade (16.8)

Milium effusum

Shade (16.8)

Quercus ilex

Shade (15.8)

Pinus flexilis

Shade (15.7)

Castilla elastica

Shade (15.6)

Genipa americana

Shade (15.4)

Pinus canariensis

Shade (15.2)

Ilex aquifolium

Shade (14.7)

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa

Shade (14.5)

Clintonia borealis

Shade (14.3)

Austrocedrus chilensis

Shade (14.0)

Leontodon hispidus

Shade (13.8)

Gevuina avellana

Shade (13.8)

Carya cordiformis

Shade (13.6)

Morella faya

Shade (13.4)

Ulmus rubra

Shade (13.4)

Viburnum tinus

Shade (13.3)

Poa lanuginosa

Shade (13.3)

Khaya anthotheca

Shade (13.1)

Dryobalanops aromatica

Shade (13.1)

Rhaphiolepis indica

Shade (13.0)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Shade (12.9)

Iriartea deltoidea

Shade (12.9)

Quercus suber

Shade (12.8)

Acacia papyrocarpa

Shade (12.5)

Celtis africana

Shade (12.3)

Molinia caerulea

Shade (12.1)

Lobaria pulmonaria

Shade (12.0)

Nothofagus dombeyi

Shade (12.0)

Fraxinus americana

Shade (11.9)

Cedrela odorata

Shade (11.9)

Nothofagus cunninghamii

Shade (11.8)

Melastoma candidum

Shade (11.8)

Elymus hystrix

Shade (11.7)

Lonicera maackii

Shade (11.6)

Deschampsia flexuosa

Shade (11.6)

Glyceria striata

Shade (11.3)

Acer rubrum

Shade (11.2)

Ostrya virginiana

Shade (11.0)

Carnegiea gigantea

Shade (10.8)

Lysimachia vulgaris

Shade (10.7)

Ligustrum vulgare

Shade (10.7)

Berberis thunbergii

Shade (10.5)

Stipa tenacissima

Shade (10.4)

Spathodea campanulata

Shade (10.4)

Abies lasiocarpa

Shade (10.4)

Graphis scripta

Shade (10.2)

Lindera melissifolia

Shade (9.9)

Cyperus longus

Shade (9.9)

Betula pendula

Shade (9.8)

Ambrosia dumosa

Shade (9.8)

Impatiens capensis

Shade (9.6)

Acer pseudoplatanus

Shade (9.5)

Mycelis muralis

Shade (9.5)

Asplenium australasicum

Shade (9.5)

Dryopteris carthusiana

Shade (9.5)

Fagus sylvatica

Shade (9.3)

Brachypodium pinnatum

Shade (9.2)

Galium triflorum

Shade (8.8)

Acer saccharum

Shade (8.7)

Corylus cornuta

Shade (8.6)

Carpinus caroliniana

Shade (8.5)

Goodyera repens

Shade (8.5)

Quercus garryana

Shade (8.3)

Ranunculus glacialis

Shade (8.2)

Calophyllum brasiliense

Shade (8.1)

Alyssum desertorum

Shade (8.0)

Laetia procera

Shade (7.8)

Athyrium filix-femina

Shade (7.5)

Quercus petraea

Shade (7.3)

Goodyera oblongifolia

Shade (7.3)

Carex sylvatica

Shade (7.2)

Cornus canadensis

Shade (7.2)

Swietenia macrophylla

Shade (7.1)

Fagus grandifolia

Shade (7.1)

Betula platyphylla

Shade (7.1)

Enterolobium cyclocarpum

Shade (7.1)

Stipagrostis uniplumis

Shade (7.0)

Carya glabra

Shade (7.0)

Cecropia peltata

Shade (6.8)

Rubus nivalis

Shade (6.8)

Phyla canescens

Shade (6.8)

Elaeagnus angustifolia

Shade (6.7)

Hydrocotyle bonariensis

Shade (6.7)

Guazuma ulmifolia

Shade (6.5)

Aloe secundiflora

Shade (6.4)

Corallorhiza striata

Shade (6.3)

Eucalyptus pellita

Shade (6.3)

Spondias mombin

Shade (6.3)

Astrocaryum jauari

Shade (6.3)

Tsuga canadensis

Shade (6.0)

Eucalyptus aggregata

Shade (5.9)

Pinus halepensis

Shade (5.9)

Hymenaea courbaril

Shade (5.8)

Betula lenta

Shade (5.6)

Liquidambar styraciflua

Shade (5.6)

Salix arctica

Shade (5.5)

Inga edulis

Shade (5.5)

Cercocarpus ledifolius

Shade (5.5)

Mahonia nervosa

Shade (5.4)

Hydrangea paniculata

Shade (5.3)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Shade (5.2)

Symphyotrichum ericoides

Shade (5.2)

Hymenoclea salsola

Shade (5.2)

Lespedeza bicolor

Shade (5.1)

Lomandra longifolia

Shade (5.1)

Frangula purshiana

Shade (5.0)

Gaultheria shallon

Shade (5.0)

Cochlospermum vitifolium

Shade (4.9)

Claytonia virginica

Shade (4.8)

Gymnocarpium dryopteris

Shade (4.4)

Ericameria nauseosa

Shade (4.2)

Cassia grandis

Shade (2.4)

Ceriops tagal

Shade (2.0)

Chusquea quila


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct; Wiley Online Library; High Wire; Oxford Journals; USDA National Agricultural Library; for synonyms: The Plant List; for common names:; etc.

All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 

Contact: Webmaster, Australian New Crops Website
Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW