New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
for likely poison production


The species below have attracted recent attention in the literature.
The percentages after each crop use/product reflect the rank of likely poison production
amongst the 68 crop uses/products investigated for each species

Listings of species attracting attention by scientific name, common name or keyword are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.

Other likely crop uses/products investigated are:

[allelopathy]  [aquatic]  [beverage]  [biofuel]  [bioindicator]  [birdseed]  [boundary]  [breeding]  [cane/bamboo]  [cereal]  [charcoal]  [chewing]  [clothing fibre]  [companion plant]  [cosmetics]  [cut flower]  [dietary fibre]  [dye]  [erosion control]  [essential oil]  [flavouring/spice]  [fodder]  [food dye]  [food for humans]  [forage]  [fruit]  [fuelwood]  [genetics]  [grain legume]  [green manure]  [hemiparasite]  [honey]  [host for disease]  [industrial product]  [insect repellent]  [insectivorous]  [jewellery]  [medicinal]  [model]  [nut]  [nutraceutical]  [oilseed/fat]  [ornamental]  [paper pulp]  [pesticide]  [phytoamelioration]  [phytoextractive]  [plant grafting]  [plant gum]  [pseudocereal]  [psychoactive]  [resin]  [revegetation]  [rubber]  [seagrass]  [shade]  [smoking]  [soil amelioration]  [starch]  [sweetener]  [tannin]  [timber]  [turf]  [vegetable]  [wastewater treatment]  [weed]  [wood fibre]

 


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):


Species name

Poison (90.2)

Parietaria judaica

Poison (90.1)

Anemone tomentosa

Poison (88.4)

Cupressus arizonica

Poison (85.1)

Juniperus ashei

Poison (75.1)

Salsola kali

Poison (74.3)

Cycas micronesica

Poison (73.6)

Artemisia vulgaris

Poison (70.8)

Conium maculatum

Poison (67.8)

Podophyllum hexandrum

Poison (65.7)

Polygala paniculata

Poison (65.5)

Phleum pratense

Poison (63.7)

Osmanthus fragrans

Poison (56.7)

Lemna aequinoctialis

Poison (55.6)

Canarium indicum

Poison (55.5)

Enterolobium contortisiliquum

Poison (54.0)

Cupressus sempervirens

Poison (52.5)

Casearia sylvestris

Poison (51.2)

Cicuta virosa

Poison (51.0)

Cestrum diurnum

Poison (48.2)

Stryphnodendron adstringens

Poison (47.9)

Nerium oleander

Poison (46.7)

Lygodium flexuosum

Poison (45.8)

Bauhinia monandra

Poison (44.3)

Coprinus comatus

Poison (44.0)

Holcus lanatus

Poison (42.2)

Lemna gibba

Poison (42.1)

Acanthus montanus

Poison (41.9)

Colchicum autumnale

Poison (39.4)

Rhus verniciflua

Poison (37.3)

Lepidium sativum

Poison (36.4)

Aconitum carmichaelii

Poison (34.7)

Anthoxanthum odoratum

Poison (34.7)

Pteris ensiformis

Poison (34.5)

Schinus terebinthifolius

Poison (33.3)

Heliotropium amplexicaule

Poison (32.0)

Glehnia littoralis

Poison (30.3)

Illicium anisatum

Poison (30.1)

Mercurialis annua

Poison (29.3)

Lemna minor

Poison (29.2)

Corynocarpus laevigatus

Poison (27.7)

Gleditsia sinensis

Poison (27.7)

Garcinia kola

Poison (27.5)

Macrothelypteris torresiana

Poison (25.2)

Lycopodium serratum

Poison (24.8)

Silene vulgaris

Poison (24.6)

Acmella oleracea

Poison (24.3)

Acacia victoriae

Poison (24.2)

Allium cepa

Poison (24.0)

Garcinia pedunculata

Poison (23.8)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Poison (23.5)

Zizyphus spina-christi

Poison (23.1)

Paxillus involutus

Poison (23.0)

Crinum macowanii

Poison (22.5)

Brucea javanica

Poison (22.3)

Clusia rosea

Poison (22.1)

Lumnitzera racemosa

Poison (22.0)

Lysimachia japonica

Poison (21.2)

Cryptomeria japonica

Poison (21.1)

Inula britannica

Poison (21.1)

Quillaja saponaria

Poison (21.0)

Bryonia laciniosa

Poison (20.5)

Silybum marianum

Poison (20.5)

Hakea prostrata

Poison (19.9)

Apium graveolens

Poison (19.1)

Ajuga iva

Poison (18.0)

Garcinia hanburyi

Poison (17.8)

Cocculus orbiculatus

Poison (17.7)

Salvia plebeia

Poison (17.7)

Clausena excavata

Poison (17.3)

Teucrium chamaedrys

Poison (16.7)

Festuca nigrescens

Poison (16.2)

Garcinia livingstonei

Poison (15.9)

Bacopa monnieri

Poison (15.8)

Ligustrum vulgare

Poison (15.5)

Bauhinia forficata

Poison (15.4)

Tripterygium wilfordii

Poison (15.2)

Cestrum parqui

Poison (14.9)

Phaleria macrocarpa

Poison (14.3)

Hypericum hircinum

Poison (14.3)

Phyllanthus amarus

Poison (14.2)

Piper aduncum

Poison (14.1)

Mallotus macrostachyus

Poison (13.8)

Calendula officinalis

Poison (13.7)

Bauhinia galpinii

Poison (13.6)

Momordica dioica

Poison (13.4)

Nigella sativa

Poison (13.1)

Derris trifoliata

Poison (13.0)

Landoltia punctata

Poison (12.8)

Artemisia apiacea

Poison (12.4)

Phyllanthus urinaria

Poison (11.7)

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis

Poison (11.5)

Orthosiphon aristatus

Poison (11.3)

Aristolochia mollissima

Poison (11.2)

Plantago lanceolata

Poison (11.0)

Cassia tora

Poison (11.0)

Juniperus oxycedrus

Poison (11.0)

Cinnamomum camphora

Poison (10.9)

Pteris multifida

Poison (10.8)

Boesenbergia pandurata

Poison (10.8)

Cassia angustifolia

Poison (10.8)

Curcuma longa

Poison (10.6)

Euphorbia resinifera

Poison (10.6)

Chelidonium majus

Poison (10.3)

Ricinus communis

Poison (10.1)

Cassia occidentalis

Poison (10.1)

Archidendron ellipticum

Poison (10.0)

Coleus aromaticus

Poison (9.8)

Cynanchum auriculatum

Poison (9.7)

Canavalia brasiliensis

Poison (9.6)

Senecio scandens

Poison (9.6)

Plumbago zeylanica

Poison (9.5)

Hypericum patulum

Poison (9.4)

Stackhousia tryonii

Poison (9.4)

Melastoma malabathricum

Poison (9.3)

Cinchona officinalis

Poison (9.3)

Sesbania drummondii

Poison (9.1)

Lupinus sulphureus

Poison (9.1)

Vitis amurensis

Poison (8.8)

Achnatherum robustum

Poison (8.8)

Argemone ochroleuca

Poison (8.7)

Pandanus tectorius

Poison (8.4)

Clausena lansium

Poison (8.4)

Ephedra fasciculata

Poison (8.3)

Casimiroa tetrameria

Poison (8.2)

Chenopodium ambrosioides

Poison (8.2)

Corylus avellana

Poison (8.1)

Momordica cochinchinensis

Poison (8.1)

Terminalia arjuna

Poison (8.0)

Cassia senna

Poison (8.0)

Ginkgo biloba

Poison (7.9)

Aesculus chinensis

Poison (7.9)

Pogogyne douglasii

Poison (7.8)

Senna occidentalis

Poison (7.8)

Galega officinalis

Poison (7.8)

Lithrea molleoides

Poison (7.7)

Plumbago auriculata

Poison (7.6)

Bletilla striata

Poison (7.6)

Blumea balsamifera

Poison (7.6)

Phoenix canariensis

Poison (7.6)

Piper methysticum

Poison (7.5)

Dittrichia viscosa

Poison (7.5)

Bursera fagaroides

Poison (7.3)

Chamaecyparis obtusa

Poison (7.3)

Spartina densiflora

Poison (7.2)

Cycas revoluta

Poison (7.2)

Jungermannia exsertifolia

Poison (7.2)

Artemisia frigida

Poison (7.1)

Cynoglossum officinale

Poison (7.0)

Hordeum brevisubulatum

Poison (7.0)

Costus spicatus

Poison (6.9)

Phyllanthus niruri

Poison (6.9)

Ipomoea carnea

Poison (6.9)

Nypa fruticans

Poison (6.8)

Cudrania cochinchinensis

Poison (6.8)

Perilla frutescens

Poison (6.8)

Ranunculus acris

Poison (6.8)

Angelica gigas

Poison (6.8)

Brassica chinensis

Poison (6.8)

Cornus mas

Poison (6.7)

Arnica montana

Poison (6.6)

Filipendula ulmaria

Poison (6.5)

Glechoma hederacea

Poison (6.5)

Momordica charantia

Poison (6.5)

Polygonum viviparum

Poison (6.4)

Solanum trilobatum

Poison (6.4)

Rubus ulmifolius

Poison (6.4)

Dioscorea villosa

Poison (6.3)

Ribes magellanicum

Poison (6.3)

Andrographis paniculata

Poison (6.3)

Echium plantagineum

Poison (6.3)

Petasites hybridus

Poison (6.3)

Kaempferia galanga

Poison (6.2)

Cudrania tricuspidata

Poison (6.2)

Eclipta prostrata

Poison (6.1)

Lolium perenne

Poison (6.0)

Galanthus nivalis

Poison (6.0)

Geoffroea decorticans

Poison (6.0)

Ulva fasciata

Poison (6.0)

Oxyria digyna

Poison (6.0)

Bouvardia ternifolia

Poison (5.9)

Plectranthus amboinicus

Poison (5.8)

Anisomeles indica

Poison (5.7)

Inula helenium

Poison (5.7)

Cirsium oleraceum

Poison (5.7)

Lobelia frutescens

Poison (5.7)

Sphaeranthus indicus

Poison (5.6)

Maclura tinctoria

Poison (5.6)

Lecanographa hypothallina

Poison (5.5)

Eucalyptus cladocalyx

Poison (5.5)

Crataegus monogyna

Poison (5.5)

Archidendron clypearia

Poison (5.4)

Cornus controversa

Poison (5.4)

Lobelia chinensis

Poison (5.4)

Annona cornifolia

Poison (5.3)

Wolffia globosa

Poison (5.3)

Lactuca sativa

Poison (5.2)

Artemisia scoparia

Poison (5.1)

Rosa canina

Poison (5.1)

Emblica officinalis

Poison (5.1)

Potentilla reptans

Poison (5.0)

Spondias mombin

Poison (5.0)

Ficus sur

Poison (5.0)

Eurya japonica

Poison (4.9)

Arachis hypogaea

Poison (4.9)

Curcuma xanthorrhiza

Poison (4.9)

Lepidium meyenii

Poison (4.9)

Erythrina cristagalli

Poison (4.9)

Hylococcus sericeus

Poison (4.8)

Dioscorea batatas

Poison (4.8)

Alnus glutinosa

Poison (4.8)

Myriophyllum sibiricum

Poison (4.6)

Grewia flava

Poison (4.5)

Pteris vittata

Poison (4.4)

Pteris cretica

Poison (4.4)

Cordia sinensis

Poison (4.4)

Anadenanthera colubrina

Poison (4.3)

Crassocephalum crepidioides

Poison (4.2)

Diospyros lotus

Poison (4.2)

Centaurea calcitrapa

Poison (4.2)

Ambrosia deltoidea

Poison (3.9)

Crataegus azarolus

Poison (3.9)

Akebia trifoliata

Poison (3.6)

Asphodelus aestivus

Poison (3.4)

Bertholletia excelsa

Poison (3.4)

Asparagus acutifolius

Poison (3.4)

Acacia macrostachya

Poison (3.3)

Boesenbergia rotunda

Poison (3.2)

Argania spinosa

Poison (3.1)

Alnus rubra

Poison (3.0)

Boswellia serrata

Poison (2.3)

Argemone mexicana

Poison (2.3)

Cananga odorata

Poison (2.2)

Acanthus ebracteatus

Poison (2.0)

Aphanamixis polystachya

Poison (1.7)

Artabotrys hexapetalus

Poison (1.3)

Copaifera multijuga

Poison (1.0)

Ampelodesmos mauritanicus

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW