New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Species attracting attention:
for likely biofuel production

The species below have attracted recent attention in the literature.
The percentages after each crop use/product reflect the rank of likely biofuel production
amongst the 68 crop uses/products investigated for each species

Listings of species attracting attention by scientific name, common name or keyword are available here.
The listing of all species on the website is available here.

Other likely crop uses/products investigated are:

[allelopathy]  [aquatic]  [beverage]  [bioindicator]  [birdseed]  [boundary]  [breeding]  [cane/bamboo]  [cereal]  [charcoal]  [chewing]  [clothing fibre]  [companion plant]  [cosmetics]  [cut flower]  [dietary fibre]  [dye]  [erosion control]  [essential oil]  [flavouring/spice]  [fodder]  [food dye]  [food for humans]  [forage]  [fruit]  [fuelwood]  [genetics]  [grain legume]  [green manure]  [hemiparasite]  [honey]  [host for disease]  [industrial product]  [insect repellent]  [insectivorous]  [jewellery]  [medicinal]  [model]  [nut]  [nutraceutical]  [oilseed/fat]  [ornamental]  [paper pulp]  [pesticide]  [phytoamelioration]  [phytoextractive]  [plant grafting]  [plant gum]  [poison]  [pseudocereal]  [psychoactive]  [resin]  [revegetation]  [rubber]  [seagrass]  [shade]  [smoking]  [soil amelioration]  [starch]  [sweetener]  [tannin]  [timber]  [turf]  [vegetable]  [wastewater treatment]  [weed]  [wood fibre]


Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):

Species name

Biofuel (98.0)

Vernicia montana

Biofuel (97.5)

Madhuca indica

Biofuel (97.1)

Jatropha curcas

Biofuel (96.9)

Pongamia pinnata

Biofuel (95.6)

Brassica carinata

Biofuel (94.8)

Calophyllum inophyllum

Biofuel (94.7)

Cerbera odollam

Biofuel (93.2)

Jatropha integerrima

Biofuel (91.1)

Camelina sativa

Biofuel (89.0)

Sapium sebiferum

Biofuel (82.6)

Astrocaryum vulgare

Biofuel (81.9)

Xanthoceras sorbifolia

Biofuel (81.7)

Jatropha gossypiifolia

Biofuel (81.6)

Vernicia fordii

Biofuel (80.5)

Cynara cardunculus

Biofuel (79.6)

Aphanamixis polystachya

Biofuel (77.8)

Lobaria quercizans

Biofuel (73.6)

Elaeis guineensis

Biofuel (70.9)

Miscanthus sacchariflorus

Biofuel (65.4)

Camellia oleifera

Biofuel (63.2)

Terminalia catappa

Biofuel (60.2)

Moringa oleifera

Biofuel (59.7)

Garcinia indica

Biofuel (59.2)

Lophozia longidens

Biofuel (56.1)

Panicum virgatum

Biofuel (55.1)

Hypericum reflexum

Biofuel (51.4)

Acrocomia aculeata

Biofuel (47.0)

Balanites aegyptiaca

Biofuel (39.9)

Echinochloa polystachya

Biofuel (38.8)

Arundo donax

Biofuel (36.2)

Lophozia ventricosa

Biofuel (33.2)

Lesquerella fendleri

Biofuel (29.7)

Melia azedarach

Biofuel (28.6)

Ceiba pentandra

Biofuel (28.5)

Astrebla lappacea

Biofuel (27.7)

Camellia japonica

Biofuel (27.0)

Mirabilis jalapa

Biofuel (26.1)

Cyperus laxus

Biofuel (26.0)

Umbellularia californica

Biofuel (24.9)

Argemone mexicana

Biofuel (24.4)

Christella parasitica

Biofuel (23.9)

Crataeva magna

Biofuel (23.3)

Guizotia abyssinica

Biofuel (21.4)

Cassia nigricans

Biofuel (20.2)

Broussonetia papyrifera

Biofuel (20.1)

Azadirachta indica

Biofuel (19.8)

Salvia plebeia

Biofuel (19.7)

Orbignya phalerata

Biofuel (19.6)

Agave tequilana

Biofuel (19.4)

Ipomoea carnea

Biofuel (18.2)

Acacia crassicarpa

Biofuel (18.2)

Miscanthus sinensis

Biofuel (16.6)

Eruca sativa

Biofuel (16.1)

Momordica dioica

Biofuel (14.9)

Buddleja davidii

Biofuel (14.4)

Andropogon gerardii

Biofuel (14.0)

Clerodendrum inerme

Biofuel (13.1)

Acacia auriculiformis

Biofuel (12.7)

Ziziphus mauritiana

Biofuel (11.5)

Cotula coronopifolia

Biofuel (10.9)

Citrus limetta

Biofuel (10.8)

Salicornia bigelovii

Biofuel (10.8)

Ricinus communis

Biofuel (10.4)

Populus tomentosa

Biofuel (10.2)

Xylocarpus moluccensis

Biofuel (8.4)

Salvinia minima

Biofuel (8.4)

Argemone ochroleuca

Biofuel (7.7)

Crataeva tapia

Biofuel (7.6)

Brachiaria brizantha

Biofuel (7.4)

Euphorbia rigida

Biofuel (7.3)

Hypericum japonicum

Biofuel (7.3)

Schinus polygamus

Biofuel (7.2)

Salix viminalis

Biofuel (7.0)

Lepraria incana

Biofuel (6.0)

Plumbago auriculata

Biofuel (5.7)

Abutilon indicum

Biofuel (5.5)

Elymus virginicus

Biofuel (5.4)

Phalaris arundinacea

Biofuel (5.3)

Barleria lupulina

Biofuel (5.2)

Desmodium canadense

Biofuel (5.2)

Mauritia flexuosa

Biofuel (5.2)

Pueraria montana

Biofuel (5.0)

Linum usitatissimum

Biofuel (5.0)

Coleus amboinicus

Biofuel (4.5)

Sorghastrum nutans

Biofuel (4.3)

Leymus triticoides

Biofuel (4.3)

Derris trifoliata

Biofuel (4.2)

Cestrum nocturnum

Biofuel (4.1)

Plagiomnium cuspidatum

Biofuel (4.1)

Copaifera officinalis

Biofuel (3.9)

Hibiscus sabdariffa

Biofuel (3.9)

Sesamum indicum

Biofuel (3.9)

Eichhornia crassipes

Biofuel (3.5)

Eucryphia cordifolia

Biofuel (2.6)

Enteromorpha prolifera

Biofuel (2.6)

Asphodelus aestivus

Biofuel (2.6)

Acacia nilotica

Biofuel (2.6)

Cladonia coniocraea

Biofuel (2.1)

Cocos nucifera

Biofuel (1.9)

Albizia julibrissin

Biofuel (1.8)

Commiphora opobalsamum


RIRDC Farm Diversity Website:


Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC)
Home Page

RIRDC New and Developing Plant Industries
Home Page

includes publications and project reports

RIRDC New Crop Industries Handbook
530 pages
as pdf download

essential oils, tea tree oil, wildflowers and natives, bioenergy, organic farming

Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct; Wiley Online Library; High Wire; Oxford Journals; USDA National Agricultural Library; for synonyms: The Plant List; for common names:; etc.

All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 

Contact: Webmaster, Australian New Crops Website
Latest update 31 May 2015 by: ANCW