Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: main_banner.gif

New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Crop Uses and Products

Timber

[search terms: timber, lumber, wood, joinery, hardwood, softwood, building materials, furniture]

 

Abies balsamea

Balsam Fir

1.23

Acer rubrum

Drummond's Maple, Red Maple, Swamp Maple, Water Maple, Soft Maple

1.21

Pinus taeda

Loblolly Pine

1.07

Fagus sylvatica

European Beech, Common Beech

1.06

Fagus grandifolia

American Beech, North American Beech

0.97

Pinus radiata

Monterey Pine, Insignis Pine, Radiata Pine

0.91

Acer saccharum

Sugar Maple, Rock Maple

0.83

Tsuga canadensis

Eastern Hemlock

0.70

Quercus rubra

Northern Red Oak, Champion Oak

0.65

Quercus robur

English Oak, Pedunculate Oak, French Oak

0.63

Pinus contorta

Beach Pine, Shore Pine, Twisted Pine, Contorta Pine, Bolander Beach Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Sierra Lodgepole Pine

0.59

Tsuga heterophylla

Western Hemlock

0.59

Betula papyrifera

Kenai Birch, Paper Birch, White Birch, Canoe Birch

0.55

Quercus petraea

Durmast Oak, Sessile Oak, Cornish Oak, Irish Oak, Welsh Oak, Durmast Oak

0.54

Eucalyptus globulus

Eurabbie, Southern Blue Gum, Blue Gum, Tasmanian Bluegum

0.53

Sequoia sempervirens

Redwood

0.51

abies alba

Silver Fir, European Silver Fir

0.51

Liriodendron tulipifera

Tuliptree, Tulip Tree, American Tulip Tree, Tulip Poplar, Whitewood, Fiddle-Tree, Yellow Poplar

0.48

Picea sitchensis

Sitka Spruce

0.48

Picea mariana

Black Spruce

0.48

Pinus pinaster

Maritime Pine, Cluster Pine

0.47

Quercus alba

White Oak

0.47

Fraxinus americana

White Ash, American Ash

0.45

Populus deltoides

Eastern Cottonwood, Plains Cottonwood, Rio Grande Cottonwood

0.43

Populus tremula

European Aspen, Aspen, Common Aspen, Eurasian Aspen, Quaking Aspen

0.42

Eucalyptus regnans

Mountain-Ash, Giant Ash, Mountain Ash, Victorian Ash, Swamp Gum, Tasmanian Oak, Stringy Gum

0.41

Liquidambar styraciflua

Sweetgum, American Sweetgum, Sweet Gum, Sweet-Gum, Hazel Pine, American-Storax, Bilsted, Red-Gum, Satin-Walnut, Star-Leaved Gum, Alligator-Wood

0.41

Pinus ponderosa

Ponderosa Pine, Bull Pine, Blackjack Pine, Western Yellow Pine

0.40

Fraxinus excelsior

European Ash, Ash, Common Ash

0.40

Eucalyptus grandis

Grand Eucalyptus, Flooded Gum, Rose Gum

0.39

Tilia americana

American Basswood

0.38

Pinus resinosa

Red Pine

0.38

Picea rubens

Red Spruce, Yellow Spruce, West Virginia Spruce, Eastern Spruce, He-Balsam

0.37

Pinus strobus

Eastern White Pine, White Pine, Northern White Pine, Weymouth Pine, Soft Pine

0.37

Picea glauca

White Spruce, Canadian Spruce, Skunk Spruce, Cat Spruce, Black Hills Spruce, Western White Spruce, Alberta White Spruce, Porsild Spruce

0.36

Pinus palustris

Longleaf Pine

0.34

Prunus serotina

Black Cherry, Wild Black Cherry, Rum Cherry, Mountain Black Cherry, Capulí

0.33

Pinus banksiana

Jack Pine

0.33

Cryptomeria japonica

Japanese Cedar, Sugi

0.32

Betula pubescens

Downy Birch, Moor Birch, White Birch, European White Birch, Hairy Birch

0.31

Ostrya virginiana

Chisos Hophornbeam, American Hophornbeam, Eastern Hophornbeam, Hardhack, Ironwood, Leverwood, Hophornbeam

0.30

Eucalyptus nitens

Shining Gum

0.29

Thuja plicata

Western Redcedar

0.28

Alnus rubra

Red Alder

0.27

Populus grandidentata

Bigtooth Aspen, Large-Tooth Aspen, Big-Tooth Aspen, American Aspen, White Poplar

0.27

Betula pendula

European White Birch, Silver Birch

0.26

Acer campestre

Field Maple, Hedge Maple, Common Maple

0.26

Tectona grandis

Teak

0.25

Betula lenta

Sweet Birch, Black Birch, Cherry Birch, Mahogany Birch, Spice Birch

0.25

Nyssa sylvatica

Blackgum, Black Tupelo, Tupelo, Black Gum

0.25

Robinia pseudoacacia

black locust, false acacia

0.24

Carpinus betulus

European Hornbeam, Common Hornbeam

0.24

Sorbus aucuparia

European Mountain Ash

0.23

Cornus florida

Flowering Dogwood

0.23

Populus balsamifera

Balsam Poplar, Bam, Bamtree, Eastern Balsam Poplar, Hackmatack, Tacamahac Poplar, Tacamahaca, Black Cottonwood

0.23

Pinus echinata

Shortleaf Pine

0.23

Ulmus americana

American Elm

0.23

Thuja occidentalis

Arborvitae

0.23

Quercus velutina

Black Oak, Eastern Black Oak

0.21

Abies lasiocarpa

Corkbark Fir, Subalpine Fir, Rocky Mountain Fir

0.21

Acer pseudoplatanus

Sycamore, Sycamore Maple

0.21

Acer macrophyllum

Bigleaf Maple, Oregon Maple

0.21

Swietenia macrophylla

Honduras Mahogany

0.20

Alnus incana

Gray Alder, Grey Alder, Speckled Alder

0.20

Taxodium distichum

Bald Cypress

0.20

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Green Ash, Red Ash

0.20

Juniperus virginiana

Eastern Redcedar, Eastern Red-Cedar, Red Cedar, Eastern Juniper, Red Juniper, Pencil Cedar, Aromatic Cedar, Chansha, Hante', Southern Redcedar

0.20

Quercus prinus

Chestnut Oak

0.20

Populus nigra

Lombardy Poplar, Black Poplar

0.20

Arabidopsis thaliana

Mouseear Cress, Thale Cress, Mouse-Ear Cress, Arabidopsis

0.20

Quercus falcata

Southern Red Oak, Spanish Oak

0.19

Quercus coccinea

Scarlet Oak, Kermes Oak

0.19

Pinus densiflora

Japanese Red Pine, Akamatsu, Mematsu

0.18

Pinus edulis

Twoneedle Pinyon, Colorado Pinyon, Two-Needle Pinyon, Pińon Pine

0.18

Camellia sinensis

Assam Tea, Tea Plant, Tea Shrub

0.18

Larix kaempferi

Japanese Larch, Karamatsu

0.18

Acer spicatum

Mountain Maple, Mountain Maple

0.18

Fraxinus nigra

Black Ash

0.18

Pinus nigra

Austrian Pine, Black Pine, Corsican Pine, Crimean Pine

0.18

Sassafras albidum

Sassafras

0.17

Platanus occidentalis

American Sycamore, American Planetree, Occidental Plane, Buttonwood

0.17

Prosopis glandulosa

Honey Mesquite, Western Honey Mesquite

0.17

Quercus nigra

Water Oak

0.17

Anemone nemorosa

European Thimbleweed, Wood Anemone, Windflower, Thimbleweed, Smell Fox

0.17

Carya glabra

Pignut Hickory, Pignut, Sweet Pignut, Coast Pignut Hickory, Smoothbark Hickory, Swamp Hickory, Broom Hickory

0.16

Acer negundo

Arizona Boxelder, Box Elder, Boxelder Maple, Maple Ash, Sugar Ash, Three-Leaved Maple, Western Boxelder, American Maple, Ash-Leaf Maple, Manitoba Maple, Elf Maple, Ash Maple, Ash-Leaf Maple, Black Ash, California Boxelder, Cutleaf Maple, Cut-Leaved Maple, Negundo Maple, Red River Maple, Stinking Ash

0.16

Acer pensylvanicum

Striped Maple, Moosewood, Moose Maple

0.16

Eucalyptus populnea

Poplar Box, Bimble Box

0.16

Prunus pensylvanica

Pin Cherry, Bird Cherry, Fire Cherry, Red Cherry

0.16

Corylus cornuta

Beaked Hazelnut, Beaked Hazel

0.15

Chlorophora excelsa

African Teak, Iroko

0.15

Eucalyptus camaldulensis

River Redgum, River Red Gum

0.15

Populus fremontii

Fremont Cottonwood, Fremont's Cottonwood, Alamo Cottonwood

0.15

Chamaecyparis obtusa

Hinoki False Cypress, Japanese Cypress, Hinoki Cypress, Hinoki

0.15

Callitris glaucophylla

White Cypress-Pine, Murray River Cypress-Pine, Northern Cypress-Pine

0.15

Pinus elliottii

Florida Slash Pine, Honduras Pine, Slash Pine

0.15

Circaea lutetiana

Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade, Enchanter's Nightshade

0.15

Alnus glutinosa

Black Alder, European Alder, Common Alder

0.15

Tilia cordata

Littleleaf Linden

0.15

Picea engelmannii

Engelmann Spruce, White Spruce, Mountain Spruce, Silver Spruce

0.14

Pinus patula

Mexican Weeping Pine, Patula Pine, Pino Patula

0.14

Brassica oleracea

Broccoli, Chinese Kale, Cauliflower, Kale, Savoy

0.14

Eucalyptus delegatensis

Alpine-Ash, Gum-Topped Stringybark, White-Top

0.14

Larix decidua

European Larch

0.14

Larix sibirica

Siberian Larch, Russian Larch

0.14

Carya tomentosa

Mockernut Hickory, Mockernut, White Hickory, Whiteheart Hickory, Hognut, Bullnut

0.14

Carpinus caroliniana

American Hornbeam, Blue-Beech, Ironwood, Musclewood

0.14

Citrus sinensis

Sweet Orange, Orange

0.14

Pinus caribaea

Caribbean Pine

0.13

Abies amabilis

Pacific Silver Fir, White Fir, Red Fir, Lovely Fir, Amabilis Fir, Cascades Fir, Silver Fir

0.13

Capsicum annuum

Cayenne Pepper, Bell Peppers, Chili Peppers

0.13

Avena sativa

Common Oat

0.13

Allium cepa

Garden Onion, Onion, Bulb Onion

0.13

Larix laricina

Tamarack, Hackmatack, Eastern Larch, Black Larch, Red Larch, American Larch

0.13

Abies grandis

Grand Fir, Giant Fir, Lowland White Fir, Great Silver Fir, Western White Fir, Vancouver Fir, Oregon Fir

0.13

Eucalyptus obliqua

Messmate, Australian Oak, Brown Top, Brown Top Stringbark, Messmate Stringybark, Stringybark, Tasmanian Oak

0.13

Acer platanoides

Norway Maple

0.13

Carya ovata

Shagbark Hickory

0.12

Dichrostachys cinerea

Aroma, Sicklebush, Bell Mimosa, Chinese Lantern Tree, Kalahari Christmas Tree, Acacia Saint Domingue, El Marabu, Kalahari-Weihnachtsbaum, Kéké, Mimosa Clochette

0.12

Gmelina arborea

Gumhar, Beechwood, Gmelina, Goomar Teak, Kashmir Tree, Malay Beechwood, White Teak, Vemane, Gamhar

0.12

Arbutus menziesii

Pacific Madrona, Madrone, Arbutus

0.12

Fraxinus mandshurica

Manchurian Ash

0.12

Abies sachalinensis

Sakhalin Fir

0.12

Arachis hypogaea

Peanut, Groundnut

0.12

Cucumis melo

Cantaloupe, Muskmelon, Honeydew, Crenshaw, Casaba, Cantaloupe, Persian Melon, Santa Claus Melon, Christmas Melon

0.12

Quercus ilex

Holly Oak, Evergreen Oak, Holm Oak

0.12

Ulmus glabra

Wych Elm

0.12

Celtis laevigata

Netleaf Hackberry, Southern Hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Hackberry

0.12

Eucalyptus saligna

Sydney Bluegum, Sydney Blue Gum

0.12

Pinus halepensis

Aleppo Pine, Jerusalem Pine

0.12

Cicer arietinum

Chick Pea, Garbanzo Bean, Ceci Bean, Channa, Bengal Gram

0.11

Dacrydium cupressinum

New Zealand Red Pine, Rimu

0.11

Quercus stellata

Post Oak

0.11

Acer saccharinum

Silver Maple, Creek Maple, Silverleaf Maple, Soft Maple, Water Maple, Swamp Maple, White Maple

0.11

Eucalyptus marginata

Jarrah

0.11

Acacia tortilis

Umbrella Thorn, Umbrella Thorn Acacia, Israeli Babool

0.11

Hypholoma fasciculare

Redlead Roundhead

0.11

Armillaria mellea

Honey Fungus

0.11

Beta vulgaris

Beet, Beet

0.11

Eucalyptus diversicolor

Karri

0.11

Cucumis sativus

Garden Cucumber

0.11

Populus alba

White Poplar, Abele, Silver Poplar, Silverleaf Poplar

0.11

Salix caprea

Goat Willow

0.11

Cunninghamia lanceolata

Chinese Fir

0.11

Pinus cembra

Swiss Stone Pine, Swiss Pine, Arolla Pine

0.11

Juniperus monosperma

Oneseed Juniper, One-Seed Juniper

0.10

Aralia nudicaulis

Wild Sarsaparilla, False Sarsaparilla, Shot Bush, Small Spikenard, Wild Liquorice, Rabbit Root

0.10

Raphanus sativus

Cultivated Radish, Radish

0.10

Oxalis acetosella

Wood Sorrel, Common Wood Sorrel

0.10

Stellaria holostea

Addersmeat

0.10

Castanea sativa

European Chestnut, Sweet Chestnut

0.10

Carya cordiformis

Bitternut Hickory, Bitternut, Swamp Hickory

0.10

Curcuma longa

Common Turmeric

0.10

Betula occidentalis

Water Birch, Red Birch

0.10

Juglans nigra

Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut

0.10

Acacia mangium

Black Wattle, Hickory Wattle, Mangium, Forest Mangrove

0.10

Abies concolor

White Fir, Concolor Fir

0.10

Cedrela odorata

Spanish Cedar, Mexican Cedar, Cigar-Box Cedar, Cedro-Cheiroso

0.10

Carex sylvatica

European Woodland Sedge

0.10

 

 


RIRDC Farm Diversity Website: http://www.farmdiversity.com.au/

 

Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC)
Home Page

RIRDC New and Developing Plant Industries
Home Page

includes publications and project reports

RIRDC New Crop Industries Handbook
530 pages
as pdf download


RIRDC
essential oils, tea tree oil, wildflowers and natives, bioenergy, organic farming


Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


Contact: Webmaster, Australian New Crops Website
australiannewcrops@gmail.com
Latest update 31 July 2014 by: ANCW