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New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Crop Uses and Products

Starch

[search terms: starch, carbohydrate, polysaccharide]

 

Xanthosoma sagittifolium

Arrowleaf Elephant's Ear

4.31

Canna edulis

Saka Siri, Indian Shot, Canna, Achira, Bandera, Chancle, Coyol, Platanillo

4.21

Metroxylon sagu

Sago Palm, True Sago Palm

3.36

Dioscorea alata

Water Yam

3.35

Canavalia ensiformis

Wonderbean, Common Jack Bean, Jack Bean, Feijão-De-Porco

2.28

Manihot esculenta

Cassava, Manioc, Yuca, Balinghoy, Kamoteng Kahoy, Tabolchu, Mogo, Mandioca, Tapioca-Root, Kappa, Manioc Root

1.83

Dioscorea opposita

Nagaimo, Chinese Yam, Korean Yam

1.66

Colocasia esculenta

Coco Yam

1.24

Phaseolus radiatus

Mung  Bean, Moong Bean, Green Gram, Golden Gram

1.12

Amaranthus cruentus

Huautli, Alegría, Blood Amaranth, Red Amaranth, Purple Amaranth, Prince's Feather, Mexican Grain Amaranth, Shravani Maath

1.10

Dioscorea rotundata

Guinea Yam, White Yam

1.07

Eleusine coracana

African Finger Millet, Caracan Millet, Koracan, Finger Millet

0.95

Solenostemon rotundifolius

Hausa Potato

0.93

Dolichos biflorus

 

0.89

Manihot utilissima

Cassava, Manioc, Yuca, Balinghoy, Kamoteng Kahoy, Tabolchu, Mogo, Mandioca, Tapioca-Root, Kappa, Manioc Root

0.77

Avena nuda

Hulless Oat, Naked Oat

0.74

Lotus tetragonolobus

 

0.72

Lycium barbarum

Matrimony Vine, Chinese Wolfberry, Chinese Boxthorn, Himalayan Goji, Tibetan Goji, Mede Berry, Barbary Matrimony Vine, Duke Of Argyll's Tea Tree, Duke Of Argyll's Tea Plant, Murali, Red Medlar

0.68

Dioscorea cayenensis

Yellow Guinea Yam, Yellow Yam

0.68

Dioscorea esculenta

Lesser Yam

0.67

Galanthus nivalis

Snowdrop, Common Snowdrop

0.66

Arracacia xanthorrhiza

Arracacha

0.62

Acacia senegal

Gum Arabic, Rfaudraksha, Gum Acacia, Gum Arabic Tree, Gum Senegal Tree

0.60

Phaseolus mungo

Urad Dal, Black Gram, Black Lentil, White Lentil, Black Matpe Bean

0.60

Erythrina cristagalli

Ceibo, Seíbo, Corticeira, Bucaré, Cockspur Coral Tree, Crybabytree

0.58

Phaseolus lunatus

Sieva Bean, Butter Bean, Lima Bean

0.57

Amaranthus hypochondriacus

Prince-Of-Wales Feather, Prince's Feather, Quelite, Blero, Quintonil

0.57

Dioscorea dumetorum

Bitter Yam, Trifoliate Yam

0.55

Maackia amurensis

Amur Maackia

0.54

Pachyrhizus ahipa

Yam Bean, Andean Bean, Andean Yam Bean

0.54

Ipomoea batatas

Sweetpotato, Sweet Potato

0.53

Ulex europaeus

Common Gorse

0.53

Erythrina corallodendron

Connate Erythrina, Coral Erythrina

0.52

Araucaria brasiliensis

 

0.52

Helianthus tuberosus

Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower, Paleleaf Sunflower, Woodland Sunflower

0.51

Okenia hypogaea

Burrowing Four O'clock

0.48

Sphenostylis stenocarpa

African Yam Bean

0.47

Cicer arietinum

Chick Pea, Garbanzo Bean, Ceci Bean, Channa, Bengal Gram

0.47

Mucuna pruriens

Cowitch, Velvet Bean, Cowhage, Donkey Eye, Monkey Tamarind, Buffalo Beans

0.46

Artocarpus integrifolia

Jackfruit

0.45

Amorphophallus konjac

Konjac, Konnyaku, Gonyak, Juruò, Konjak, Konjaku, Konnyaku Potato, Devil's Tongue, Voodoo Lily, Snake Palm, Elephant Yam

0.45

Pachyrhizus erosus

Yam Bean, Jicama, Mexican Yam, Mexican Turnip

0.45

Canavalia gladiata

Sword Jackbean, Sword Bean, Chamma Kaya, Tammi Kaya, Valavaraik-Kay, Valavaran-Gai

0.41

Amaranthus caudatus

Love-Lies-Bleeding, Love-Lies-A'bleeding, Pendant Amaranth, Tassel Flower, Velvet Flower, Foxtail Amaranth, Quilete

0.41

Chenopodium rubrum

Red Goosefoot, Coastblite Goosefoot

0.41

Laminaria japonica

Dashi Kombu

0.41

Amaranthus paniculatus

Love-Lies-Bleeding, Love-Lies-A'bleeding, Pendant Amaranth, Tassel Flower, Velvet Flower, Foxtail Amaranth, Quilete

0.40

Aloe barbadensis

Chinese Aloe, Indian Aloe, True Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Burn Aloe, First Aid Plant

0.40

Auricularia auricula-judae

Jew's Ear, Wood Ear, Jelly Ear

0.39

Bupleurum falcatum

Chinese Thoroughwax, Sickle Hare's Ear, Sickle-Leaf Hare's Ear

0.38

Chenopodium quinoa

Quinoa

0.38

Trapa natans

Water Chestnut

0.37

Lathyrus maritimus

Sea Pea, Beach Pea, Circumpolar Pea, Sea Vetchling

0.36

Tacca leontopetaloides

Batflower

0.35

Cajanus cajan

Pigeonpea, Pigeon Pea, Kardis, Gandule Bean, Tropical Green Pea, Kadios, Congo Pea, Gungo Pea, Gunga Pea, Fio-Fio, Mgb'mgb', No-Eye Pea, Toor Dal, Arhar Dal,Togari Bele, Thuvaram Paruppu, Kandi Pappu

0.34

Lolium temulentum

Darnel Ryegrass, Darnel, Poison Darnel, Cockle

0.34

Cajanus cinereus

 

0.32

Schizophyllum commune

 

0.31

Clarkia xantiana

Gunsight Clarkia

0.31

Cetraria islandica

Island Cetraria Lichen, Iceland Moss

0.31

Nicotiana sylvestris

South American Tobacco, Woodland Tobacco, Flowering Tobacco

0.30

Sambucus nigra

American Black Elderberry, Black Elderberry, Blue Elderberry, European Black Elderberry

0.29

Voandzeia subterranea

 

0.29

Bryophyllum daigremontianum

Mother Of Thousands, Alligator Plant, Mexican Hat Plant

0.29

Ramalina usnea

Cartilage Lichen

0.28

Pachyrrhizus erosus

Singkamas, Yambean

0.28

Maranta arundinacea

Arrowroot, Maranta West Indian Arrowroot, Obedience Plant, Bermuda Arrowroot, Araru, Ararao, Hulankeeriya

0.27

Digitaria decumbens

 

0.27

Vigna angularis

Adzuki Bean

0.26

Ramalina peruviana

Peruvian Cartilage Lichen

0.25

Kalanchoe daigremontiana

Devil's Backbone, Mother Of Thousands, Alligator Plant, Mexican Hat Plant

0.25

Glinus oppositifolius

 

0.25

Flaveria linearis

Narrowleaf Yellowtops

0.25

Cassia javanica

Apple Blossom, Java Cassia, Pink Shower, Apple Blossom Tree, Rainbow Shower Tree

0.24

Physalis alkekengi

Strawberry Groundcherry, Bladder Cherry, Chinese Lantern, Japanese Lantern, Winter Cherry, Hozuki

0.24

Dioscorea oppositifolia

Chinese Yam, Nagaimo, Chinese Yam, Korean Yam

0.22

Lens culinaris

Lentil

0.22

Mesembryanthemum crystallinum

Common Iceplant, Crystalline Iceplant, Ice Plant

0.21

Detarium senegalense

Ditax, Ditakh, Detar

0.21

Laminaria digitata

Oarweed

0.21

Eleocharis dulcis

Chinese Water Chestnut, Water Chestnut

0.21

Ramalina celastri

Cartilage Lichen

0.21

Wisteria floribunda

Japanese Wisteria

0.20

Vicia narbonensis

Purple Broad Vetch

0.20

Curcuma zedoaria

Zedoary, White Turmeric, Kentjur

0.20

Eragrostis tef

Teff, Teff, Williams Lovegrass, Annual Bunch Grass, Taf, Xaafii

0.20

Araucaria angustifolia

Parana Pine, Paraná Pine, Brazilian Pine, Candelabra Tree

0.19

Sedum telephium

 

0.19

Arabidopsis thaliana

Mouseear Cress, Thale Cress, Mouse-Ear Cress, Arabidopsis

0.19

Metroxylon rumphii

 

0.18

Pueraria lobata

 

0.18

Flammulina velutipes

Enokitake, Enokidake, Enoki, Golden Needle Mushroom, Lily Mushroom, Winter Mushrooms, Velvet Foot, Velvet Stem

0.18

Artemisia tripartita

Threetip Sagebrush

0.18

Stirlingia latifolia

 

0.18

Agaricus bisporus

Common Mushroom, Button Mushroom, White Mushroom, Cultivated Mushroom, Table Mushroom, Champignon Mushroom, Swiss Brown Mushroom, Roman Brown Mushroom, Italian Brown, Italian Mushroom, Cremini Mushroom, Crimini Mushroom, Brown Cap Mushrooms, Chestnut Mushroom, Portobello Mushroom

0.18

Nicotiana alata

Jasmine Tobacco, Winged Tobacco, Tanbaku

0.17

Oxalis tuberosa

Oca, Uqa, New Zealand Yam

0.17

Cyamopsis tetragonoloba

Guar, Cluster Bean, Gavar, Guwar, Guvar Bean

0.17

Ipomoea cordatotriloba

Tievine, Cotton Morning Glory, Torrey's Tievine

0.17

Amorphophallus paeoniifolius

Elephant Foot Yam, Whitespot Giant Arum , Stink Lily

0.17

Populus canadensis

Carolina Poplar, Hybrid Black Poplar

0.16

Lilium longiflorum

Easter Lily, Teppouyuri

0.16

Undaria pinnatifida

 

0.16

Pleurotus ostreatus

Oyster Mushroom

0.16

Vicia graminea

 

0.16

Solorina saccata

Chocolate Chip Lichen

0.15

Clusia minor

Cupey De Monte, Cupey De Monte

0.15

Triticum vulgare

 

0.15

Lathyrus ochrus

Cyprus-Vetch

0.15

Aloe vera

Chinese Aloe, Indian Aloe, True Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Burn Aloe, First Aid Plant

0.14

Ricinus communis

castorbean, castor oil plant

0.14

Biophytum petersianum

 

0.14

Trapa bispinosa

 

0.14

Ulva rigida

 

0.14

Dioscorea trifida

Indian Yam, Cush-Cush, Yampee, Mapuey, Inhame, Tabena, Sacha Papa

0.14

Acer pseudoplatanus

Sycamore, Sycamore Maple

0.14

Enteromorpha compressa

 

0.13

Maclura pomifera

Osage Orange, Osage Orange, Hedge Apple, Horse Apple, Monkey Ball, Bois D'arc, Bodark, Bodock

0.13

Digitaria exilis

Fonio

0.13

Amaranthus pumilus

Seaside Amaranth, Seabeach Amaranth

0.13

Phytelephas macrocarpa

Ivory Nut Palm, Large-Fruited Ivory Palm, Yarina

0.13

Triticum monococcum

 

0.13

Borassus flabellifer

Asian Palmyra Palm, Toddy Palm, Sugar Palm, Cambodian Palm

0.12

Araucaria araucana

Monkeypuzzle Tree, Monkey Puzzle Tree, Monkey Tail Tree, Chilean Pine, Pehuén

0.12

Populus X

 

0.12

Marasmius oreades

Scotch Bonnet, Fairy Ring Mushroom

0.12

Dioscorea abyssinica

 

0.12

Opuntia polyacantha

El Paso Pricklypear, Hairspine Cactus, Panhandle Pricklypear, Starvation Pricklypear, Grizzlybear Pricklypear, Hairspine Pricklypear, Navajo Bridge Pricklypear, Plains Pricklypear

0.12

Aegilops tauschii

Tausch's Goatgrass

0.12

Laburnum alpinum

Scotch Laburnum

0.12

Rhodymenia palmata

dulse, dillisk, dilsk, red dulse, sea lettuce flakes, creathnach

0.12

Triticum durum

Durum Wheat

0.11

Acacia tortuosa

Twisted Acacia, Poponax, Huisachillo

0.11

Opuntia monacantha

Common Pricklypear, Drooping Prickly Pear, Cochineal Prickly Pear, Barbary Fig

0.11

Bauhinia purpurea

Orchid Tree, Hong Kong Orchid Tree, Purple Bauhinia, Camel's Foot, Butterfly Tree, Hawaiian Orchid Tree

0.11

Artocarpus communis

 

0.11

Setaria italica

Foxtail Bristlegrass

0.11

Plantago ovata

Desert Indianwheat, Blond Psyllium, Blond Plantago, Che Qian Zi, Dietary Fiber, Englishman's Foot, Indian Plantago, Ispágula, Isabgola, Isabgul, Ispagol, Pale Psyllium, Plantaginis Ovatae Semen, Plantaginis Ovatae Testa, Plantago Decumbens, Plantago Ispaghula, Ispaghula, Psilio, Psillium Blond, Psyllium, Psyllium Husk, Sand Plantain, Spogel

0.11

Thamnolia subuliformis

Whiteworm Lichen

0.11

Lygodium japonicum

Japanese Climbing Fern

0.11

Parkia speciosa

Parkia, Bitter Bean, Twisted Cluster Bean, Stinker, Stink Bean

0.11

Codonopsis pilosula

Bellflower, Dangshen, Dang Shen, Poor Man's Ginseng

0.11

Opuntia ficus-indica

Barbary Fig, Indian Fig Opuntia, Barbary Fig, Cactus Pear, Spineless Cactus, Prickly Pear

0.10

Asparagus officinalis

Garden Asparagus, Asparagus

0.10

Spirodela polyrhiza

 

0.10

Physcomitrella patens

Physcomitrella Moss

0.10

Sedum praealtum

Green Cockscomb

0.10

Selaginella lepidophylla

Flower Of Stone

0.10

 

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 July 2014 by: ANCW