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New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Crop Uses and Products

Chewing

[search terms: chewing gum, masticator, bubble gum]

 

Areca alicae

 

12.70

Areca laxa

 

12.70

Areca glandiformis

 

12.10

Areca concinna

 

11.29

Pinanga dicksonii

 

7.62

Vigna decipiens

 

5.19

Agave utahensis

Kaibab Agave, Utah Agave.

3.92

Juniperus cedrus

Canary Islands Juniper

3.45

Areca catechu

Areca Palm, Areca Nut Palm, Betel Palm, Bunga, Pinang, Adakka, Adike, Caccu, Betel Tree

2.60

Vigna praecox

 

2.07

Achras zapota

Sapodilla

1.97

Salvadora persica

 

1.83

Scirpus americanus

 

1.59

Arjona tuberosa

 

1.38

Angostura trifoliata

Angostura

1.30

Piper betle

Betel Plant, Betel Pepper

1.08

Anacardium rhinocarpus

 

0.90

Mesembryanthemum anatomicum

 

0.80

Pinus maritima

Maritime Pine, Cluster Pine

0.68

Anacardium nanum

 

0.67

Rheedia macrophylla

 

0.61

Anacardium spruceanum

 

0.57

Melissa officinalis

Common Balm, Lemon Balm, Balm, Balm Mint

0.56

Cyperus papyrus

Papyrus, Papyrus Sedge, Paper Reed, Indian Matting Plant, Nile Grass

0.55

Moraea fugax

 

0.52

Bauhinia esculenta

Camel's Foot

0.49

Albizzia lebbeck

Lebbeck, Lebbek Tree, Flea Tree, Frywood, Koko, Woman's Tongues Tree

0.49

Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii

Serendipity Berry

0.48

Pueraria javanica

Tropical Kudzu

0.48

Dioscorea praehensilis

Bush Yam

0.45

Acacia arabica

Gum Arabic Tree, Babul, Kikar, Egyptian Thorn, Sant Tree, Al-Sant, Prickly Acacia, Thorn Mimosa, Prickly Acacia, Lekkerruikpeul, Scented Thorn, Karuvela Maram

0.41

Astrocaryum vulgare

Tucum, Tucumã-Do-Pará, Aouara, Wara Awara, Awarra, Chontilla

0.40

Nymphaea X

 

0.37

Bacopa monnieri

Herb Of Grace, Waterhyssop, Brahmi, Thyme-Leafed Gratiola, Water Hyssop

0.35

Vigna oblongifolia

 

0.31

Piper betel

Betel Pepper, Betel Plant

0.31

Calophyllum inophyllum

Alexandrian Laurel, Alexandrian Laurel, Balltree, Beach Calophyllum, Beach Touriga, Beautyleaf, Borneo-Mahogany, Indian Doomba Oiltree, Indian-Laurel, Laurelwood, Red Poon, Satin Touriga, Tacamahac-Tree

0.29

Anacardium giganteum

Cajui

0.26

Pistacia lentiscus

Mastic Tree

0.25

Pistacia terebinthus

Cyprus Turpentine, Terebinth, Turpentine Tree

0.24

Baptisia tinctoria

Yellow False Indigo, Wild Indigo, Horseflyweed

0.23

Acacia catechu

Black Cutch, Catechu, Cachou, Cutchtree, Black Cutch, Black Catechu

0.23

Luehea speciosa

Luehea, Tepecaulote

0.21

Anacardium humile

 

0.20

Glyceria fluitans

Water Mannagrass

0.20

Erythroxylum novogranatense

Colombian Coca, Trujillo Coca

0.19

Flacourtia ramontchi

Ramontchi, Governor's Plum, Batoko Plum, Indian Plum

0.19

Chrysolepis sempervirens

Bush Chinquapin

0.19

Citrullus vulgaris

Watermelon

0.18

Agonandra brasiliensis

Pau-Marfim

0.15

Chrysophyllum argenteum

Bastard Redwood, Balata

0.13

Cola acuminata

Abata Cola

0.13

Mesembryanthemum tortuosum

 

0.12

Euphorbia antisyphilitica

 

0.12

Chenopodium quinoa

Quinoa

0.12

Chrysanthemum balsamita

 

0.11

Helianthus debilis

Cusick's Sunflower, Turniproot Sunflower

0.10

Artocarpus elasticus

Artocarpus, Jati

0.10

Ginkgo biloba

Maidenhair Tree

0.09

Romulea rosea

rosy sandcrocus, Guildford grass, onion grass

0.09

Mespilus germanica

Medlar, Common Medlar

0.07

Carthamus tinctorius

Safflower, Kusumbha

0.07

Sorbus alnifolia

 

0.07

Anacardium excelsum

Wild Cashew, Espavé

0.07

Copaifera officinalis

Copaiba

0.07

Ricinodendron rautanenii

manketti, mongongo tree

0.07

Cola nitida

Ghanja Kola, Cola Nut

0.06

Gyrocarpus americanus

 

0.06

Foeniculum vulgare

Sweet Fennel, Fennel

0.06

Phyllanthus tenellus

Mascarene Island Leaf-Flower

0.06

Pinus pinaster

Maritime Pine, Cluster Pine

0.06

Gnetum africanum

African Jointfir, Eru, Okok, M'fumbua, Fumbua, Koko, Ukase, Afang, M'fumbua, Fumbua

0.05

Bagassa guianensis

Cow Wood, Katowar, Tuwue, Yawahedan, Gele Bagasse, Jawahedan, Kauhoedoe, Kaw-Oedoe, Bacasse, Bagasse, Odon, Odoun, Tatajuba, Tareka'y, Amaparana, Taraiko'i, Tatajuba, Tatajuba

0.05

Syagrus coronata

Ouricury Palm

0.05

Centrosema pubescens

Flor De Conchitas, Centro, Butterfly Pea

0.05

Styrax benzoin

Styrax

0.05

Mentha spicata

Spearmint, Spear Mint

0.05

Melicoccus bijugatus

Spanish Lime, Genip, Guinep, Genipe, Ginepa, Quenepa, Chenet, Canepa, Mamon, Limoncillo, Mamoncillo

0.05

Chiococca alba

West Indian Milkberry, David's Milkberry, West Indian Milkberry, Cahinca, West Indian Snowberry

0.04

Iriartea deltoidea

Bombona, Cacho De Vaca, J'ag'na, J'aìg'na, Pambil, Pona Palm

0.04

Chrysobalanus icaco

Coco Plum, Paradise Plum, Icaco

0.04

Rhodymenia palmata

dulse, dillisk, dilsk, red dulse, sea lettuce flakes, creathnach

0.04

Cinnamomum zeylanicum

True Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon, Sri Lanka Cinnamon

0.04

Virola sebifera

Virola

0.04

Ficus citrifolia

Wild Banyantree, Shortleaf Fig, Giant Bearded Fig

0.04

Echinacea pallida

Pale Purple Coneflower

0.04

Pueraria phaseoloides

Tropical Kudzu

0.04

Maclura tinctoria

Fustictree, Old Fustic, Dyer's Mulberry

0.03

Callicarpa japonica

Japanese Callicarpa, Japanese Beautyberry

0.03

Garcinia kola

Garcinia, Bitter Kola

0.03

Chrysophyllum albidum

White Star Apple

0.03

Atractylodes lancea

 

0.03

Albizia zygia

Albizia

0.03

Bupleurum falcatum

Chinese Thoroughwax, Sickle Hare's Ear, Sickle-Leaf Hare's Ear

0.03

Sasa senanensis

 

0.03

Daucus carota

Queen Anne's Lace, Wild Carrot, Bird's Nest, Bishop's Lace

0.02

Thaumatococcus daniellii

Miracle Fruit

0.02

Tabebuia serratifolia

Yellow Poui

0.02

Actinidia polygama

Silver Vine, Cat Powder

0.02

Hypericum androsaemum

Tinker's Penny, Creeping St. John's-Wort, Bog St. John's-Wort

0.02

Dioscorea dumetorum

Bitter Yam, Trifoliate Yam

0.02

Cinnamomum verum

Cinnamon, True Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon, Sri Lanka Cinnamon

0.02

Lithocarpus densiflorus

Tanoak, Tanbark-Oak

0.02

Quercus kelloggii

California Black Oak, Black Oak, Kellogg Oak

0.02

Anacardium occidentale

Cashew, Cashew Tree

0.02

Setaria sphacelata

African Bristlegrass, Splendid Bristlegrass

0.02

Piper nigrum

Black Pepper

0.02

Myristica fragrans

Nutmeg

0.02

Ochroma pyramidale

West Indian Balsa, Balsa Tree

0.01

Basella alba

Vine Spinach, Red Vine Spinach, Climbing Spinach, Creeping Spinach, Buffalo Spinach, Malabar Spinach, Ceylon Spinach

0.01

Mauritia flexuosa

Muriti, Moriche Palm, Ité Palm, Ita, Buriti, Canangucho, Aguaje

0.01

Arbutus menziesii

Pacific Madrona, Madrone, Arbutus

0.01

Calocedrus decurrens

Incense Cedar, California Incense Cedar

0.01

Crithmum maritimum

Samphire, Rock Samphire, Sea Fennel

0.01

Prosopis juliflora

Mesquite, Bayahonda Blanca, Vanni-Andara, Katu Andara

0.01

Acacia mangium

Black Wattle, Hickory Wattle, Mangium, Forest Mangrove

0.01

Erythroxylum coca

Amazonian Coca, Coca

0.01

Valeriana officinalis

Garden Valerian

0.01

Virola surinamensis

 

0.01

Cecropia peltata

Trumpet Tree, Snakewood

0.01

Dioscorea bulbifera

Air Yam, Air Potato, Varahi, Kaachil, Dukkar Kand

0.01

Acacia senegal

Gum Arabic, Rfaudraksha, Gum Acacia, Gum Arabic Tree, Gum Senegal Tree

0.01

Euphorbia tirucalli

Indiantree Spurge, Aveloz, Firestick Plants, Indian Tree Spurge, Naked Lady, Pencil Tree, Sticks On Fire, Milk Bush

0.01

Stipa tenacissima

Esparto

0.01

Brosimum alicastrum

Bolivar Brosimum, Maya Nut, Ojoche, Ojite, Ojushte, Ujushte, Ujuxte, Capomo, Mojo, Ox, Iximche, Masica, Uje, Mojote

0.01

Pinus lambertiana

Sugar Pine, Sugar Cone Pine

0.01

Hyacinthus orientalis

Tassel Hyacinth

0.01

Panax ginseng

Chinese Ginseng, Ginseng

0.01

Syzygium aromaticum

Clove

0.01

Argania spinosa

Argan

0.01

Leucaena leucocephala

White Leadtree, Jumbay, White Popinac

0.01

Euonymus alatus

Burningbush, Winged Spindle, Winged Euonymus, Burning Bush, Corky Spindletree

0.01

Harpagophytum procumbens

Arizona Grapplinghook, Palmer's Grapplinghook

0.01

Mentha piperita

Peppermint

0.01

Simmondsia chinensis

Jojoba

0.01

Actinidia arguta

Tara Vine, Hardy Kiwi

0.01

Aloe vera

Chinese Aloe, Indian Aloe, True Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Burn Aloe, First Aid Plant

0.01

Schinus molle

Peruvian Peppertree

0.01

Abies concolor

White Fir, Concolor Fir

0.01

Eugenia jambolana

Jambul, Jambolan, Jamblang, Jamun

0.01

Catha edulis

Khat, Qat, Edible Kat

0.01

 

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 July 2014 by: ANCW