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New Crops Info 2014
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Crop Uses and Products

Charcoal

[search terms: charcoal, char, biochar]

 

Pinus resinosa

Red Pine

7.05

Acacia mangium

Black Wattle, Hickory Wattle, Mangium, Forest Mangrove

3.79

Tripsacum floridanum

Florida Gamagrass

2.54

Abies alba

Silver Fir, European Silver Fir

1.85

Koeleria macrantha

Prairie Junegrass, Crested Hair-Grass

1.53

Eucalyptus deglupta

Indonesian Gum, Rainbow Eucalyptus, Mindanao Gum, Rainbow Gum

1.32

Cladophora coelothrix

 

1.28

Fagus sylvatica

European Beech, Common Beech

1.04

Fraxinus excelsior

European Ash, Ash, Common Ash

1.00

Quercus rugosa

Netleaf Oak

0.98

Castanea sativa

European Chestnut, Sweet Chestnut

0.95

Pinus uncinata

Mountain Pine, Dwarf Mountain Pine, Scrub Mountain Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine, Mugo Pine, Creeping Pine

0.84

Pinus cembra

Swiss Stone Pine, Swiss Pine, Arolla Pine

0.82

Manilkara surinamensis

 

0.81

Larix gmelinii

Dahurian Larch, Kurile Larch

0.78

Xanthorrhoea latifolia

 

0.72

Betula glandulosa

Resin Birch, American Dwarf Birch, Shrub Birch

0.62

Rhizophora apiculata

mangrove, bakhaw lalaki, Randho, Šu'c, Garjan

0.60

Betula papyrifera

Kenai Birch, Paper Birch, White Birch, Canoe Birch

0.58

Picea mariana

Black Spruce

0.56

Plantago lanceolata

Narrowleaf Plantain, English Plantain, Ribwort Plantain, Ribleaf, Buckhorn Plantain, Buckhorn, Lamb's Tongue

0.52

Quercus laurifolia

Laurel Oak, Swamp Laurel Oak, Diamond-Leaf Oak, Water Oak, Obtusa Oak

0.52

Miscanthus sinensis

Chinese Silvergrass, Chinese Silver Grass, Eulalia Grass, Maiden Grass, Zebra Grass, Susuki Grass, Porcupine Grass

0.52

Carpinus betulus

European Hornbeam, Common Hornbeam

0.50

Pinus pinaster

Maritime Pine, Cluster Pine

0.50

Themeda australis

 

0.47

Corylus avellana

Common Filbert, Common Hazel

0.45

Calluna vulgaris

Heather, Common Heather, Ling

0.45

Quercus robur

English Oak, Pedunculate Oak, French Oak

0.44

Alnus viridis

Green Alder

0.43

Spartina spartinae

Gulf Cordgrass

0.40

Lumnitzera x

 

0.40

Minuartia laricifolia

 

0.40

Erica arborea

Briar Root, Tree Heath

0.38

Quercus ilex

Holly Oak, Evergreen Oak, Holm Oak

0.37

Muhlenbergia cuspidata

Plains Muhly

0.36

Cissus oblonga

 

0.36

Crinum pedunculatum

Swamp Lily, River Lily, Mangrove Lily

0.36

Cyperus pedunculatus

 

0.36

Leptocarpus ramosus

 

0.36

Lithomyrtus obtusa

Beach Myrtella

0.36

Paspalidium gausum

 

0.36

Terminalia porphyrocarpa

 

0.36

Trachystylis stradbrokensis

 

0.36

Euphorbia rigida

Upright Myrtle Spurge, Gopher Spurge

0.36

Genista aetnensis

Mt. Etna Broom

0.35

Larix decidua

European Larch

0.35

Lycopodium clavatum

Running Clubmoss, Wolf's-Foot Clubmoss, Stag's-Horn Clubmoss, Ground Pine

0.34

Betula pendula

European White Birch, Silver Birch

0.33

Pinus banksiana

Jack Pine

0.31

Canarium schweinfurthii

Schweinfurth's Olive, African Elemi, Canarium

0.29

Cyperus enervis

 

0.29

Digitaria parviflora

 

0.29

Leucopogon leptospermoides

 

0.29

Panicum virgatum

Switchgrass, Tall Panic Grass, Wobsqua Grass, Blackbent, Tall Prairiegrass, Wild Redtop, Thatchgrass, Virginia Switchgrass

0.28

Eucalyptus saligna

Sydney Bluegum, Sydney Blue Gum

0.28

Geodorum densiflorum

Nodding Swamp Orchid

0.28

Pinus halepensis

Aleppo Pine, Jerusalem Pine

0.27

Cyathea affinis

 

0.27

Oxalis spiralis

Spiral Sorrel, Volcanic Sorrel

0.27

Kalanchoe integra

Neverdie

0.26

Calocedrus decurrens

Incense Cedar, California Incense Cedar

0.26

Betula pubescens

Downy Birch, Moor Birch, White Birch, European White Birch, Hairy Birch

0.26

Centaurea jacea

Brownray Knapweed, Brown Knapweed

0.25

Pinus mugo

Dwarf Mountain Pine, Mountain Pine, Scrub Mountain Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine, Mugo Pine, Creeping Pine, Mugo Pine

0.25

Choerospondias axillaris

Lapsi, Nepali Hog Plum, Nąnsuanzao, Lepchipoma, Amrda

0.25

Pinus ponderosa

Ponderosa Pine, Bull Pine, Blackjack Pine, Western Yellow Pine

0.24

Habenaria macroceratitis

 

0.24

Podocarpus falcata

 

0.24

Vicia magellanica

 

0.24

Ilex aquifolium

English Holly, Holly, Common Holly, English Holly, European Holly, Christmas Holly

0.24

Tripsacum dactyloides

Eastern Gamagrass

0.23

Alnus glutinosa

Black Alder, European Alder, Common Alder

0.22

Solidago macrophylla

Largeleaf Goldenrod

0.22

Pinus pinea

Italian Stone Pine, Stone Pine, Umbrella Pine, Parasol Pine

0.21

Ligusticum calderi

Calder's Licorice-Root, Calder's Lovage

0.20

Macaranga involucrata

 

0.20

Chenopodium quinoa

Quinoa

0.20

Sonchus megalocarpus

 

0.20

Stipa teretifolia

 

0.20

Empetrum nigrum

Black Crowberry, Crowberry

0.20

Pteridium aquilinum

Decomposition Brackenfern, Bracken, Brake, Common Bracken, Eagle Fern, Hairy Brackenfern, Western Brackenfern

0.20

Abies concolor

White Fir, Concolor Fir

0.20

Tsuga mertensiana

Mountain Hemlock

0.20

Vernonia arkansana

Arkansas Ironweed

0.20

Vaccinium myrtillus

Whortleberry

0.20

Pleurozium schreberi

Schreber's Big Red Stem Moss

0.19

Acacia cambagei

Gidgee, Gidgee, Stinking Wattle, Stinking Gidgee

0.19

Hyophila involuta

Vasey's Rubberweed

0.18

Pinus nigra

Austrian Pine, Black Pine, Corsican Pine, Crimean Pine

0.18

Berberis harrisoniana

Harrison's Barberry

0.18

Heterotheca pumila

Oregon False Goldenaster

0.18

Phoradendron coryae

Cory's Mistletoe, Oak Mistletoe

0.18

Renanthera monachica

 

0.18

Syzygium smithii

 

0.18

Tetradymia argyraea

Striped Cottonthorn

0.18

Quercus kelloggii

California Black Oak, Black Oak, Kellogg Oak

0.18

Thuarea involuta

Kuroiwa Grass

0.18

Buxus sempervirens

Common Box, European Box, Boxwood

0.17

Calamagrostis arundinacea

 

0.17

Quercus garryana

Oregon White Oak, Garry Oak, Oregon Oak

0.17

Nardus stricta

Matgrass, Moor Matgrass, Nard Grass

0.17

Melastoma polyanthum

Lasiandra, Blue Tongue, Straits Rhododendron, Chinese Wild Peony

0.17

Juniperus communis

Common Juniper

0.16

Hymenoxys odorata

Lemmon's Rubberweed, Lemmon's Bitterweed, Alkali Hymenoxys

0.16

Lepyrodia scariosa

 

0.16

Maximiliana regia

Maripa Palm

0.16

Scleria polycarpa

Nutrush

0.16

Grewia similis

 

0.16

Licaria triandra

Pepperleaf Sweetwood, Florida Licaria, Gulf Licaria

0.16

Axonopus aureus

Golden Carpetgrass

0.16

Salicornia depressa

Virginia Glasswort

0.16

Calamovilfa gigantea

Giant Sandreed

0.16

Melaleuca squamea

Swamp Honey-Myrtle

0.16

Cypripedium reginae

Showy Lady's Slipper, Pink-And-White Lady's-Slipper, Queen's Lady's-Slipper

0.16

Eriophorum vaginatum

Tussock Cottongrass, Hare's-Tail Cottongrass, Sheathed Cottonsedge

0.16

Orobanche minor

Hellroot, Common Broomrape, Lesser Broomrape, Small Broorape, Clover Broomrape

0.15

Eriochloa procera

 

0.15

Sphagnum girgensohnii

Girgensohn's Sphagnum

0.15

Anemone canadensis

Canadian Anemone, Canada Anemone, Round-Headed Anemone, Meadow Anemone, Crowfoot

0.15

Cladonia furcata

Cup Lichen

0.15

Rubus geoides

 

0.15

Pinus strobus

Eastern White Pine, White Pine, Northern White Pine, Weymouth Pine, Soft Pine

0.14

Cistus ladaniferus

Gum Rockrose, Laudanum, Labdanum, Common Gum Cistus, Brown-Eyed Rockrose

0.14

Atriplex subspicata

Saline Saltbush, Halberdleaf Orach

0.14

Halosarcia indica

Shrubby Samphire, Grey Glasswort

0.14

Pinus radiata

Monterey Pine, Insignis Pine, Radiata Pine

0.14

Pinus rigida

Pitch Pine

0.14

Festuca pallescens

 

0.14

Vaccinium uliginosum

Bog Blueberry

0.14

Ceiba pentandra

Kapoktree, Kapok, Java Cotton, Java Kapok, Silk Cotton, Ceiba.

0.14

Hypelate trifoliata

 

0.14

Pteridium esculentum

Austral Bracken, Bracken

0.13

Frangula alnus

Glossy Buckthorn, Alder Buckthorn

0.13

Antirhea lucida

Palo Iloron

0.13

Briza uniolae

 

0.13

Eugenia cormiflora

Bumpy Satinash

0.13

Lepidosperma semiteres

 

0.13

Pultenaea involucrata

 

0.13

Arundo donax

Giant Cane, Carrizo, Arundo, Spanish Cane, Colorado River Reed, Wild Cane, Giant Reed

0.13

Larix laricina

Tamarack, Hackmatack, Eastern Larch, Black Larch, Red Larch, American Larch

0.13

Guapira obtusata

Roundleaf Blolly

0.13

Kalmia angustifolia

Sheep Laurel

0.13

Spiraea douglasii

Menzies' Spirea, Rose Spirea

0.13

Leptocarpus tenax

 

0.13

Osteomeles anthyllidifolia

Hawai'i Hawthorn, Ulei, Eluehe, U'ulei, Hawaiian Rose, Hawaiian Hawthorn

0.13

Ranunculus bonariensis

Carter's Buttercup

0.13

Scheuchzeria palustris

Rannoch-Rush

0.13

Lolium perenne

Italian Ryegrass, English Ryegrass, Winter Ryegrass, Perennial Ryegrass

0.12

Sedum hispanicum

Spanish Stonecrop

0.12

Abies lasiocarpa

Corkbark Fir, Subalpine Fir, Rocky Mountain Fir

0.12

Lycium europaeum

European Teatree, European Matrimony-Vine

0.12

Paspalum decumbens

Decumbent Crowngrass

0.12

Rumex acetosella

common sheep sorrel

0.12

Erigeron melanocephalus

Blackhead Fleabane

0.12

Gaultheria humifusa

Alpine Spicywintergreen, Alpine Wintergreen

0.12

Riccia lamellosa

 

0.12

Sorbus aucuparia

European Mountain Ash

0.12

Casuarina equisetifolia

Beach Sheoak, Coast Sheoak, Coast She Oak, Coastal She-Oak, Beach Casuarina, Beach Oak, Beach Sheoak, Beach She-Oak, Whistling Tree, Horsetail She Oak, Horsetail Beefwood, Horsetail Tree, Australian Pine, Ironwood, Whistling Pine, Filao Tree, Agoho

0.12

Gahnia trifida

Coastal Saw-Sedge

0.12

Myriophyllum quitense

Andean Watermilfoil, Andean Water-Milfoil

0.12

Calomeria amaranthoides

Incense Plant

0.11

Casuarina monilifera

 

0.11

Lepidosperma limicola

 

0.11

Pinus taeda

Loblolly Pine

0.11

Pinus brutia

Afghan Pine, East Mediterranean Pine, Brutia Pine, Turkish Pine, Calabrian Pine

0.11

Alnus crispa

Green Alder

0.11

Terminalia oblongata

 

0.11

Blechnum cartilagineum

Gristle Fern, Soft Water Fern

0.11

Arbutus unedo

Strawberry Tree, Cane Apple, Irish Strawberry Tree, Killarney Strawberry Tree

0.10

Ribes glandulosum

skunk currant

0.10

Phaeoceros laevis

Phaeoceros

0.10

Quercus serrata

Bao Li

0.10

Phalaenopsis amabilis

Moth Orchid

0.10

Spinifex sericeus

 

0.10

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Kinnikinnick, Pinemat Manzanita

0.10

Vaccinium oxycoccos

Small Cranberry

0.10

Baumea rubiginosa

 

0.10

 

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


All information is included in good faith but this website does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of any information on these pages, nor does the website accept responsibility for any loss arising from the use of this information.  Views and opinions are those of the authors themselves.  Every effort has been made to respect copyright owners' rights. 


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Latest update 31 July 2014 by: ANCW